Bitmaps and Vector Graphics Definition of Terms and Differences

The Paint and Shadow modules create and process data in an entirely different manner to the Animation module. The Animation module uses pixel graphics while the Paint and Shadow modules work with vector graphics. At first glance, the result may often be the same - however, the differences between these two forms of data processing are significant. CAD systems that aim to produce precise drawings work with CAD data that is geometry-oriented. The elements in a CAD drawing are saved as vectors....

Common approaches in Project Pilot

If you are already familiar with Windows Explorer, you will quickly find your way around the ProjectPilot. Most steps can be accomplished via the shortcut menu or by dragging and dropping. You can sort the displayed documents by clicking on the title of a column. The first time you click the column title, the documents are sorted in ascending order. Clicking the same column title again sorts the documents in descending order. An arrow is displayed to indicate which column is being sorted and...

Custom Reference Planes

Default reference planes do not afford the possibility of accounting for height differences within a component - sloping walls, for example. In this case, custom reference planes are used. These reference planes come in pairs, too. However, they do not stretch to infinity. They have a boundary. You can define the outline of the planes in plan - any shape you wish. These planes (there are always two) can be inclined at any angle and any height that you assign to them. You can define as many...

Defining custom reference planes

The custom reference planes will be created on the drawing file with the carport you just copied. Each carport roof will have its own pair of reference planes. The lower reference plane in each pair will remain horizontal while the upper reference plane will be defined by placing two points and specifying an angle of inclination. Tip A plane can be defined with three points or with two points and a slope. A Upper custom plane B Upper default plane C Ground floor slab D Carport roof A Upper...

Dimensions

A tool is used for dimensioning architectural elements. This tool will create complete, associative dimension line blocks. The tool provided is Dimension Walls in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module. 'Associative' means that all dimension lines are updated automatically to reflect any changes you make as you go Dimension lines, sill height and elevation specifications are each assigned to a separate layer. Having all the elements in the same drawing file ensures that the associativity...

Finish Specifications

Tip You can use this approach to modify surfaces that have been created using You have already defined the finish of the single room in other words, you have assigned vertical surfaces, ceilings and floors (as well as baseboard). These surfaces are given properties (for example, material, building trade and thickness). This information is used when calculating floor space and performing quantity takeoff calculations. The rooms you have defined automatically have not yet been assigned any finish...

Modifying the thickness of walls

Some of the walls are now no longer exterior walls - they have become interior walls. To change the thickness of these walls, you will use the _ Apply Archit. Component Properties tool. When creating these walls, you defined the offset direction inwards the wall axis is thus on the outside. As the side where the axis is located does not change, the new thickness would also be applied toward the inside. You therefore need to move the axes of these walls to the opposite side (inside). Tip More...

Settings in the Tools palette for the exercises that follow

1 Select the Tools tab in the palette. 2 Select the Architecture family on the pulldown menu. 3 On the right-hand side of the palette, select the tab for the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module. The program presents the tools in the Create and Change areas of the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module. 4 There are different options for arranging the palettes on screen. To reposition the palette window, click its top border with the left mouse button and keep it pressed down 5 Drag the...

Summary of Modification Functions

You should now be aware of the main modification tools. It's up to you to decide whether it's quicker to employ one of these tools or whether it's more efficient drawing new elements from scratch. Don't I Iff Modifying offset between parallel lines, -F Stretch entities and Fold Line are also used in 2D designs in the same way. forget the other, more general tools which you can use to copy, mirror etc. To modifying parameters (such as height, thickness, dimensions etc.) of architectural...

To activate and save a section

1 Click K Open on a Project-Specific Basis. 2 On the right-hand side under Derived from building structure open the Detached house - Sections folder, Section 1. 3 Open the shortcut menu of drawing file 1010 and select Source drawing files for section. 4 Click on the drawing files 2, 100, 101, 109, 110, 112, 116, 120 and 129 and click OK to close. C Users BSCHLU l AppData Loca Mem p 5 Open the shortcut menu of drawing file 1010 again and activate Layer setting, plot set (current), 6 In the Layer...

To calculate floor space

1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis. 2 On the right-hand side under Derived from building structure open the shortcut menu of the Architecture Tutorial, point to ' Insert structural level and click Lists. 3 Open the shortcut menu of Lists, point to '* Insert structural level and click List. lil T Views Detached house i i f + Sections Detached house Settings for stack lists Create stack lists 4 Open the shortcut menu of List and select Source drawing files for list. 1 1 1 Sections Detached...

To copy components between documents

You should still be in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module. 1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis, select the Building structure tab and activate drawing file 100 Ground floor model. Close all the other drawing files. 2 On the Format menu, click Select, Set Layers and make the following layers modifiable DE_GEN02, AR_WALL and AR_COL. 3 On the File menu, click 3 Copy Move Elements between Documents 4 Select Copy, activate Select with building structure and click OK. In the Select...

To create a building list which is derived from the building structure

1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis. 2 On the right-hand side under Derived from building structure, open the shortcut menu of Lists. 3 Point to Insert structural level and activate 131 List. 0 EH Views Detached house 4 Open the shortcut menu of List and select Source drawing files for list. 5 Select the following drawing files 3 Chimney 100 Ground floor, model 101 Ground floor, carport 109 Ground floor, slab 110 Top floor model 112 Roof 116 Roof upstand 5 drawing filets) selected 7 Open...

To create an axis grid

O Make drawing file 1 Grid current and set 100 Ground floor, model to reference mode. Note Only drawing files of active structural levels can be selected together. Make sure that the Detached house and Ground floor levels are checked. O In the Tools palette, activate the Advanced Draft module (Basic family). Tip In the Global Options, View tab, you can configure the program to display all the elements in reference drawing files using a single color. In addition, you can select a color. - In the...

To create horizontal and vertical dimension lines

1 In the Tools palette, activate the M Dimension Lines module (Basic family). 2 Click M Dimension Line in the Tools palette, Create area. 3 Click Properties and make the following settings In the Orientation area, select the Allplan rule and place the dimension text above the dimension line. Dimension Line Arrowhead Size in mm inch Arrowhead Advanced settings J Show dimension line Tent instead of dim tent in case of equal sections Advanced settings J Show dimension line Tent instead of dim tent...

To create the basic stair

1 Click on H U-type stair (Tools palette -> Architecture family -> Stairs module -> Create area) and activate the layer AR_STAIR 2 The first point you click will define the point where the bottom of the stair and the inner stringer meet. In all stairs this is one of the points at the bottom (inner or outer stringer). Click the other corners using the outline of the stair we created earlier. In total, you need to place 8 points. A First point, inner stringer (from bottom) 4 Activate the...

To create the main roof

O Make drawing file 112 Roof current and set 110 Top floor model and 3 Chimney to edit mode. O Make only the layers AR_WALL, AR_ROOF and AR_CHIMN visible. 0 In the Tools palette, select the 4 General Roofs, Planes, Sections module. 1 Click Roof Frame (Create area) and activate the layer AR_ROOF. The bottom of the roof frame is to be flush with the lower default reference plane in the upper floor. 4 Click Bottom level and enter 2.64. 5 Click Top level and enter 10, as the top level of the roof...

To create the title block as a label style

Tip To position the label styles quickly and accurately at a later date, you can place Point Symbols as Construction lines to mark the beginning of the original text to be deleted (Draft module, Create area). O The title block named Original you created in the Basics Tutorial is available. O Open an empty drawing file and close all the others. 1 Click Get from Library (Standard toolbar). 2 In the dialog box which appears, select the Office folder and the Text library. 3 Select Title block and...

To create window openings

1 Click Scale (status bar) and set the reference scale to 1 50. 2 Click Window (Tools palette, Create area in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module) and, if necessary, activate the layer AR_WALL. 3 Define properties or click a wall Place a point for the first side of the opening on the exterior wall and correct the distance to the corner 0.615. It is important that you click the outer line of the wall (A) as the smart window symbol will use this later for orientation. 5 Select the...

To define a layout

To do this, click El Layout Editor on the Standard toolbar or File menu. The icon remains active until you quit the layout editor and switch back to document edit mode. The Plot Layout module opens automatically. 1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis. Tip The name you enter here will appear as the Plan name attribute in the title block Open on a project-specific basis layouts Open on a project-specific basis layouts 2 Click in line 1 and enter Floor plans for the name of the layout. Close...

To define stair components

0 The Stair Outline dialog box is open. 1 Click to access the Stair Components dialog box. 2 In the Stair Components dialog box, select the Format, 2D tab. 3 Enable the components Stair tread, Inner handrail and Inner User-def (here baluster). Click in the Layer area and assign the AR_STAIR layer to the components you have just selected. Stair Components lE3l Formal 2D Geometry, 3D 0 Stair Tread 1 0.25 * 1 - * 1 z 1 AR_STAIR 7 Display of rear of tread 1 - 0.25 2 ------ 1 j DEFAULT Rise. 1 -...

To define structural levels

1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis (Standard toolbar or File menu). 2 Select the Building structure tab. 3 Activate the Do not generate a building structure it will be customized option and click OK. 5 As planes have not been assigned to drawing files, choose No when you see the Would you like to update now prompt. 6 The Plane Manager dialog box appears. Click EE New model. 6 The Plane Manager dialog box appears. Click EE New model. 7 Make the following settings in the New model dialog...

To define visible and hidden layers for the plot sets

O The Layer dialog box is still open. 0 The first plot set SC Entry is displayed. 1 As only a few layers are to be visible, start by setting all architectural layers to Hidden. To do this, click Architecture with the right mouse button and, on the shortcut menu, choose Hidden. Press the CTRL key and select the layers which are to be visible in the SC Entry plot set (see table below). Click the selection with the right mouse button and, on the shortcut menu, choose Visible. 4 Click Apply to save...

To draw a freeform slab opening

Make the layer DE_GEN02 with the stair outline visible. 2 Select the icon for a freeform opening. 3 Zoom in on the area around the stair. 4 Click the points on the boundaiy of the stair outline one after the other. To do this, click tv Entry at right angles (Input options). The last point you click should coincide with the first. Tip Slab openings and slab recesses are created in the same way. Difference slab recesses may have their own height setup as they do...

To draw doors

1 Click If Door (Tools palette, Create area in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module). 2 Click Select, Set Layers (Format menu) and activate the layer AR_WALL. 3 Click a point of the exterior wall at the bottom to place the first side of the door. Note Make sure that you enter a value of 0.000 for the Offset to reference point in the dialog line otherwise, you cannot use this entry option. Alternatively, you can also enter the desired distance and click the corner of the wall. <...

To draw the roofs over the carports

0 Make drawing file 101 Ground floor carport active and set 100 Ground floor model and 109 Ground floor slab to edit mode. 1 Click Slab again (Tools palette -> Architecture family -> Basic Walls, Openings, Components module -> Create area). 2 Change the Properties, including the height. The bottom level of the carport is positioned above the upper default level of 2.44m (2.44m + 0.11m 2.55m) assigned to this drawing file. The component thickness of the carport is 15cm. 3 Zoom in on the...

To insert a roofscape

1 Click Open on a Project-Specific Basis. 2 Select the Building structure tab. 4 Select the First upper floor structural level. This is the level into which you want to insert the roofscape. 5 Click Insert roofscape in the lower part of the Plane Manager dialog box. 6 The Insert roofscape dialog box opens. Activate From d-file in the Use roofscape from document area. 7 Select drawing file 112 Roof (check it ). 8 Click OK to confirm both dialog boxes. 9 No change is to be made to the roofscape...

To insert window openings in the curved wall

If it isn't, activate it 1 Use Qi Zoom Section to get a close-up view of the bottom left of the curved wall. 2 Click the line representing the outside of the curved wall. Make sure that you do not snap a point (see Tip) Pay attention to the direction in which you enter the opening the closed side of the preview has to point towards the outside. If required, use to select another anchor point. 3 Click the inside corner of the curved wall. In the view showing...

To modify the height of the chimney

1 Click & Open on a project-specific basis (Standard toolbar or File menu). 3 Make drawing file 3 Chimney current and close all the others. 4 You assigned Top level building (7.30 m) for the Default upper plane and Bottom level, first basement (-2.61 m) for the Default lower plane to drawing file 3 Chimney. To attach the Default upper plane to the top level of the first upper floor, select Assign planes (on the shortcut menu of drawing file 3 Chimney). 5 Activate Top level, first upper floor...

To place a chimney

1 Click K Open on a project-specific basis (Default toolbar or filemenu). 2 Select the Building structure tab. 3 Open drawing file 3. Name the file Chimney. 4 The planes of the building structure node Detached house (Default lower plane -3.50m und Default upper plane 7.30m) are automatically assigned to the drawing file 3 Chimney. Because the bottom level of chimney should be on the unfinished basement floor, the height can already be assigned to Open the shortcut menu of drawing file 3 Chimney...

To place columns

O Set drawing files 1 Grid and 100 Ground floor model to reference mode and make drawing file 101 Ground floor carport current. O Select id- List Default Planes (Tools palette, Create area in the General Roofs, Planes, Sections module) to check the height and plane settings in drawing file 101 Ground level carport Height at bottom -0.11 Height at top 2.44 (like drawing file 100 Ground floor model). 1 Click Column (Tools palette, Create area in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module)....

To select layout elements

1 Click Mt Layout Element (Tools palette, Basic family, Plot Layout module, Create area). 2 On the Context toolbar, click Building structure and layout 3 Activate drawing files 100 Ground floor, model and 101 Ground floor, carport and click OK to close the dialog box. 105 Ground floor carport - a. 2 drawing file(s) selected In the Layout Element dialog box, click Layer plot set, enable the Plot set, current setting of selected plot sets option and select the LS Design plot set. Tip To change...

To set the slabs properties

Click & Open on a Project-Specific Basis. Open drawing file 109. Name the file Ground floor slab. Open the shortcut menu of drawing file 109 Ground floor slab 5 The ground floor slab is positioned between the Top level of ground floor and Bottom level of first upper floor. Activate both these planes in the Assign planes dialog box and click OK to close. 6 Click OK to confirm the Behavior of drawing files dialog box without activating an option. 7 Make drawing file 109 Ground floor slab...

Completing the design

You will now complete the floor plan with the outline of the slab over the columns, the carports and furniture. This can all be accomplished using the 2D drafting tools. It is a good idea to keep 2D information and architectural components in separate places. Consequently, you will use the layer 'DE_GEN01' for 2D designs. First, draw the outline of the slab over the columns so that the slab extends beyond the walls. You will use a different pen and linetype to do this. The outline of the slab...

To create a movie

Divide the workspace into a number of viewports. For instance, you might have three viewports, each showing a different view of the design. Select ED 2+1 Animation Window. 1 ClickSet Camera Path (Tools palette, Presentation family, Animation module, Change area) or click in the animation window with the right mouse button and select Set Camera Path on the shortcut menu. Tip The animation window displays the view through the camera you just placed in the workspace. This way, you can check the...

Creating building list using the building list tool file menu

1 On the File menu, click Building Lists 2 Click Building Structure amp File. 3 Select the following drawing files 3 Chimney, 100 Ground floor, model, 101 Ground floor, carport, 109 Ground floor, slab, 110 Roof model, 112 Roof, 116 Roof upstand 5 In the Select List area, select General quantity lists and click Areas, overview. 6 Select the Default folder, the Unfinished Structure file and the Walls list and press OK to confirm. 7 In the Output area, select Screen printer and click Start. S XI E...

To create elevation dimensioning

1 Click K Open on a Project-Specific Basis. 2 On the right-hand side under Derived from building structure open the Detached house - Sections folder, Section 1. 3 Make drawing file 1011 current and set 1010 to edit mode. i i ft Views Detached house El 0 -Gj Sections Detached house Z 0 '''if Section 1 1010 Section A Result of hidden I ne calculation Q 1015 Section B Rc3ult of hidden trie calculation 1016 4 Rename drawing file 1011 and close the dialog box. 6 In the Tools palette, activate the M...

To set properties

Cubage Allplan

In the Tools palette, open the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module Architecture family . 1 Wall in the Tools palette, Create area. 3 In the Parameter, Attribute tab, click the button beside Catalog assignment. Material is automatically selected in the Attributes for quality selection dialog box further attributes are not required. Next, click the Material line in the right-hand column and select katlg1 in the Pull-down menus area of the Catalog assignment dialog box. 4 Enter the following...

To draw a rectangular slab opening

O Make drawing file 101 Ground floor slab active and set 3 Chimney, 100 Ground floor model and 109 Ground floor carportto edit mode. 0 If the chimney is to be hidden, make the layer AR_CHIMN visible. 1 Click Recess, Opening in Slab Plate Tools palette - gt Architecture family Basic Walls, Openings, Components module Create area . 4 Select the icon for a rectangular opening and enter 0.35 for the length and width of the opening. 5 Set the transport point to bottom right and click the bottom...

To calculate the sill height automatically

How Show Sill Height Plan

0 Open drawing file 100 Ground floor model again. 1 Click a corner of the window opening being labeled with the right mouse button and on the shortcut menu, select z i Sill Height Spec you can also find this tool in the Basic Walls, Openings, Components module, Create area . 3 Select Vertic in the Input options for the direction of lettering. 4 Click Prefix on the Context toolbar and enter the following SILL. This will appear in front of the value . 5 Switch to the text parameters and set the...

To copy drawing files using Project Pilot

Allplan File Menu

1 On the File menu, click ProjectPilot - Admin 2 Open the folder with the tutorial project, select drawing file 101 Ground floor, carport and on the shortcut menu, click Copy to 3 Select the target drawing file 105 and click OK to confirm. drawing lile Ground floor carport to K Cancel Map Source Help 4 Rename drawing file 105 Ground floor carport - alternative.