Its plan is a square enclosed by high walls. The living accommodation is ranged along two sides of the square, leaving a square courtyard. This court yard creates a transition between the interior of the human dwelling and the nature that surrounds it. The opening in the courtyard sets up a line of sight along the shore of the lake in which the island sits.
The ideas of transition, hierarchy, and heart do not only apply in the architecture of dwellings. They are used in works of architecture with different purposes. They may be very simple, or grand and complex.
This is the chapel of the President's Palace in Brasilia, Brazil, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, and built in 1958.
Its plan is very simple, but also subtle. The first basic element of the architecture of the chapel is a flat platform supported on stilts; this defines the circle of place of the chapel. On this simple platform, which is approached across a flat bridge, stands the altar. The altar is hidden from view and protected by a simple white wall that curves around it and rises to a pinnacle surmounted by a cross. This
In his plan for Liverpool Cathedral, Sir Giles Gilbert Scott created a hierarchy of spaces between the outside and the sanctuary, designed to set the altar well apart from the everyday world. Like all medieval cathedrals, this building is a manifestation of transition from the secular world to the sacred.
Reference for President's Chapel, Brasilia:
Albert Christ-Janer and Mary
Foley—Modern Church Architecture, 1962, p.77. Reference for Aalto summer house:
Richard Weston—Alvar Aalto,
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