A

Fig. 2.40. The "ancient" Egyptian Osiris as either the Moon or the Sun, with his symbol - the disc with the head of an alectryon. Taken from [1062], page 22.

Fig. 2.41. The "ancient" Egyptian Osiris as either the Moon or the Sun, with his symbol - the alectryon disc. Taken from [1062], page 69.
Fig. 2.42. An old picture showing the two-faced "ancient" Roman god Janus. Taken from [966], Volume 2, page 339.
Fig. 2.43. "Janus, the Roman god watching doors and gates from both the inside and the outside" ([1425], page 3). Taken from [1425], page 3.
Fig. 2.44. An ancient picture of the planet Mercury with a caduceus, from Tesnierio's book of astronomy dating from 1562 ([1440]). Taken from [543], page 71, ill. 33.

Fig. 2.45. A sculpture of Mercury with his caduceus resembling the Greek letter 1)f (psi). A sculpture by Giambologna allegedly dated 1564. The museum of Bologna, bronze. The sculpture was most probably made in the XVII-XVIII centuries at the latest. The finish is beautiful; the running or flying figure looks practically modern. Taken from [533], Volume 2, page 140.

Fig. 2.45. A sculpture of Mercury with his caduceus resembling the Greek letter 1)f (psi). A sculpture by Giambologna allegedly dated 1564. The museum of Bologna, bronze. The sculpture was most probably made in the XVII-XVIII centuries at the latest. The finish is beautiful; the running or flying figure looks practically modern. Taken from [533], Volume 2, page 140.

Fig. 2.46. "Ancient" Egyptian wooden sarcophagus found by G. Brugsch in Thebe in 1857. Allegedly dating from 90 A.D. Taken from a book by Henri Brugsch titled Recueil de Monuments égyptiens, dessinés sur lieux. 1862. Also see [543], page 297, ill. 148.

abovementioned planets are localized on the Zodiac with a possible deviation rate of 20 degrees to one side or another.

Figure 1 between Pisces and Aquarius Figure 2 between Cancer and Gemini Figure 3 between Virgo and Leo Figure 4 between Libra and Virgo

Figure 5 between Capricorn and Aquarius

The authors report that none of these possible combinations were realized in 568 a.d. (supporting this by computer calculations) and add that "this conclusion is of course valid for any deciphering of the figures of the Round Zodiac." ([179]) They proceed to offer 53 a.d. as a solution.

So, one may get the impression that the astronomers have finally refuted "the fantastic inventions of Morozov" and confirmed the Scaligerian chronology once again.

However, nothing here is quite as simple as it is presented to be. This is a reflection of the typical illusion of the average lay observer that it suffices to "load" some mathematical data into a computer so that "mathematical science" can provide us with an immediate answer. Let us return to the very beginning and observe just what Goloubtsova and Zavenyagin, the authors of [ 179], load into their computers. They aieKomgcgrpri

'pKtraomcptyra

pfMrao tmcftt uf

The "ancient" Egyptian pharaohs from The Universal Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel allegedly dating from 1493. They are portrayed as Christian kings of the XIV-XVI centuries wearing imperial trefoil crowns. The "ancient" pharaoh Amenope is of particular interest to us since he's wearing a crown and holding an orb and a sceptre in his hands. The pharaoh below him is wearing heavy gold-plated mediaeval armour (painted yellow on the engraving). Taken from [1396:1], sheet XXVII.

The "ancient" Biblical rulers Zemaraim, Amariah, Achab, lezebel, Ahaziah and Jehoram. An engraving from The Universal Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel allegedly dating from 1493. They are portrayed as Christian kings. We see the imperial trefoil crowns on the heads of Zemaraim, Amariah, Achab, Jezebel and Joram (see Chronz for more details on the crown). Ahaziah has a Christian cross on his orb, but there are no crosses on the orbs of Zemaraim and Jehoram. Amariah, Achab and Jezebel have no orbs whatsoever. We can see that the authors of The Universal Chronicle portrayed different rulers with different royal regalia. This obviously indicates the possibility that these were referring to certain differences between them that have no meaning to us anymore. Taken from [1396:1], sheet XLIX, reverse.

The "ancient" Biblical rulers Jehu, Jehoahaz, Jehoas and Jeroboam. The engraving is from The Universal Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel allegedly dating from 1493. They are portrayed as Christian kings with orbs and sceptres. Jehu and Jehoahaz have sceptres with crosses; Jehoahaz and Jeroboam have orbs with crosses. The sceptres of Jehoas and Jeroboam have no crosses, and there are none on the orbs of Jehu and Jehoas. Taken from [1396:1], sheet LII, reverse.

write that the five planets of the Round Zodiac are allegedly localized near the following constellations: Pisces, Aquarius, Cancer, Gemini, Virgo and Capricorn, giving presumed intervals (in degrees) that contain the planets: 340-360-20 degrees, 100-140 degrees, 160-200 degrees, 200-240 degrees and 300-340 degrees.

The problem here is that the data used by the authors of [ 179] as a basis for their calculations fails to concur with the actual depiction of the planets on the dome of the temple. Where did their strange table come from, the one they processed mathematically afterwards? It would have sufficed to carefully study the photographs of the Round Zodiac contained in the scientific literature, in order to reconstruct the correct horoscope. It differs considerably from the one described by Goloubtsova and Zavenyagin, since the Round Zodiac explicitly depicts Venus in either Aries or Pisces.

In our opinion, the fact that the authors of [179] "omitted" the constellation of Aries in their table speaks for itself. It is little wonder that the computer "failed to find a solution" in the Middle Ages. As we can see, Goloubtsova and Zavenyagin have falsified the initial data and have de facto prohibited the computer from studying the interval between 25 and 50 degrees - the actual location of the constellation of Aries.

E. S. Goloubtsova and Y. A. Zavenyagin appear to have wanted to find confirmation of Scaligerian chronology without being overly accountable for the means they used for this end. This means that avid Scaligerites should think twice before referring to this "research."

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