Identification Of The Ancient Biblical History With The Mediaeval European History

The "Scaligerian textbook" features other pieces, differing from the European-Asian chronicle E, which contain phantom duplicates and are also a sum, or a collation of several "shifted chronicles". This, for example, is pertinent to the history described in the Bible. We have already reported many phantom duplicates revealed in the Bible. See the linear chronicle B in fig. 6.55. In the description of this chronicle we intentionally used the same letter symbols as in that of the "European" chronicle E. The thing is that the Biblical chronicle B proves to be virtually identical with the part of European chronicle E describing the European-Asian mediaeval history of the XI-XVI century. In a more accurate presentation it looks like this:

the chronicle E = T K T N T (the chronicle B) RSRPS S R

Fig. 6.55 shows the identification of the Biblical chronicle B with the part of the Scaligerian European chronicle E with regard to the time scale.

It is evident that the so-called historical part of the Bible, the Old Testament, is identified with a part of the Scaligerian "European textbook" E in the range from 850 b.c. to 1400 a.d. However, since the Bible appeared to contain many phantom duplicates, then the Old Testament, likewise "Scaliger's textbook" E, can be completely restored from its smaller part -namely, the part to the right of 900 a.d. on the time axis. Furthermore, the entire Old Testament, as well as the entire Bible and the entire "chronicle £", can actually be restored from the part describing the mediaeval events of 1000-1600 a.d. Moreover, the New Testament probably describes events occurring in the XI century a.d. in the New Rome, Constantinople.

In particular, the structure of discovered duplicates leads to the conclusion that the epoch of Christ, or the XI century a.d. according to the new chronology, was reflected in the religious history of Italy of the XI century as "the epoch of Pope Gregory Hildebrand". As we have already noted, the name Hild-Brand could mean Ablaze With Gold. In the Scaligerian interpretation of the world history, it is the epoch of Hildebrand, or Pope Gregory VII, who instigated the era of crusades, is marked by the well-known schism of churches around 1054 a.d., and gives birth to the new reformist "church of Hildebrand" in Europe. However, the actual Pope Gregory Hildebrand should not be thought to have been the Christ of the Gospel. Rather on the contrary, the story about the activity of "Pope Hildebrand" in the Scaligerian version of the history of Italy was only a reflection of the actual Evangelical events of the XI century a.d. - though not in Italy, but most likely in the New Rome, or Constantinople = Jerusalem of that time. For more detail, see Chron5 and Chron6.

We discovered the identification of the Biblical chronicle B with a part of the Scaligerian European chronicle £ as a result of applying the empirico-statis-tical procedures as described above. Let us demonstrate this identification on the example of the volume graphs compared with the help of the coefficient p(X, Y). Let us examine the period from 800 b.c. until 1300 a.d. in the Scaligerian history of Italy and Europe as a whole.

We assumed the sum of two fundamental monographs, based on the "ancient" and mediaeval documents streamlined according to the Scaligerian chronology, to be the "chronicle" X describing the flow of events in the range from 800 b.c. until 1300 a.d. These are The Description of the Roman History and the Source Study by B. Niese ([579]), and The History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, a multi-volume work by F. Gregorovius ([ 196]). In doing so, the book by Niese covers an epoch from allegedly 800 b.c. to 552 a.d., and the book by Gregorovius - 300 a.d. up to 1300 a.d. By joining and collating these two books in their common interval of 300-552 a.d., we obtain the final "chronicle" X covering the total of 2100 years, from 800 b.c. to 1300 a.d.

This summary text X contains a fairly detailed chronological scale - of course, a Scaligerian one -which makes it possible to calculate the volume function vol X(T). For the calculation of the volume function on the overall interval of 300-552 a.d. in which the books by Niese and Gregorovius are identified with each other, we took the arithmetical value of their per annum volumes, so that none of the books would stand out, both being equally correct.

This "chronicle X" was then broken up into the separate fragments X(T), which made it possible to plot the volume graph of "chapters" X(T) along the entire 2100 year range from 800 b.c. until 1300 a.d.

Let us now examine the Old Testament in order to plot a volume graph of "chapters" for it and compare this graph to the appropriate graph for the Scaligerian European chronicle X. The problem is that the Bible doesn't contain a detailed enough timescale. However, as we have already mentioned, it is possible to break up the Bible into virtually unambiguous "generation chapters" B(T), where the ordinal number T varies from 1 to 218. Let us examine the first 137 "generation chapters", from the Genesis up to 2 Kings. As 1-2 Samuel +1-2 Kings actually duplicate 1-2 Chronicles, then "chapters" 138-167 duplicate "chapters" 98-137, therefore are of no interest to us now. "Chapters" 103-137 are described in 1-2 Samuel +1-2 Kings with detailed chronological indications, making it possible to quite accurately determine the length of the time interval described therein - 341 year. See a more detailed definition of this interval in [904] and [908]. The same duration of this period is indicated in [72].

For the remaining Biblical generation chapters numbered 1-102, there are no such detailed chronological indications in the Bible. Therefore, to determine the length of time interval described therein, we had to act without sufficient precision. The analysis of "chapters" 1-102 showed that virtually each of them, while describing events of one generation, connects it with some central character - "ruler". Duration of his "reign" can be accepted as the "duration of generation". We have already noted that an average duration of ancient and mediaeval reigns as calculated by us on the basis of chronological tables ([76]), is 17.1 years, or 17 years if rounded.

This average value makes it possible to approximately estimate the period "covered" by 102 Biblical generations: 102 X 17 = 1734.

Thus, the Biblical generation chapters 1-137, or the historical part of the Old Testament minus the books with moralistic content, can be considered to describe a historical period of approximately 2075 years long, since 1734 + 341 = 2075 years. This figure, as we see, appears to be very close to 2100, or the length of the Scaligerian European period as described in "chronicle" X.

Therefore, the epochs of an approximately identical length can assumed to be described in "chronicles" X and the Bible B. That is why, while comparing their volume functions, one can simply identify these time intervals with each other sans compressions or stretches. In other words, both of these "chronicles" can be attributed to the same time scale.

Now let us compare the volume functions volX(T) and vol B(T) calculated for "the Roman chronicle" X and the Bible B. Let us assume the fragmentation of the entire range from 800 b.c. until 1300 a.d. into 19 fragments as the simplest time scale common for both texts. These fragments naturally appear on the time axis if we mark the locations of all duplicates of series {T} that we discovered earlier during the statistical analysis of the Bible. Duplicates of the type {T\ are fragments of the Bible, each one covering a relatively small time interval. By indicating them on the time axis we obtain a set of "points {T}", which can be used as boundaries of 19 fragments. The boundaries of the obtained fragments appear to be approximately set by the following Scaligerian dates:

800 b.c., 770,750, 520, 509, 380,100 b.c., 14 a.d., 98, 235, 305, 493, 552, 715, 901, 1002, 1054, 1250, 1263,1300 a.d.

The "points {T}", or the duplicates of the series {T}, divide the Bible - more precisely, the historical part of the Old Testament - into 19 blocks. The volume of each one was calculated.

We have thus obtained an appropriate fragmentation of the sequence of "generation chapters" composing the chronicle B, into the following 19 groups:

1) the period of the alleged years 800-770 b.c. is not described in the Bible;

2) the period of the alleged years 770-750 b.c. corresponds to "generation chapter" number 1;

3) the period of the alleged years 750-520 b.c. corresponds to "chapters" 2-14;

4) the period of the alleged years 520-509 b.c. corresponds to "chapter" 15;

5) the period of the alleged years 509-380 b.c. corresponds to "chapters" 16-23;

6) the period of the alleged years 380-100 b.c. corresponds to "chapters" 24-39;

7) the period the alleged years from 100 b.c. to 14 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 40-46;

8) the period of the alleged years 14-98 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 47-50;

9) the period of the alleged years 98-235 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 51-59;

10) the period of the alleged years 235-305 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 60-62;

11) the period of the alleged years 305-493 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 63-73;

12) the period of the alleged years 493-552 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 74-78;

13) the period of the alleged years 552-715 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 79-88;

14) the period of the alleged years 715-901 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 89-97;

15) the period of the alleged years 901-1002 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 98-102,141,142;

16) the period of the alleged years 1002-1054 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 143-147;

17) the period of the alleged years 1054-1250 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 148-162;

18) the period of the alleged years 1250-1268 a.d. corresponds to "chapter" 163;

19) the period of the alleged years 1268-1300 a.d. corresponds to "chapters" 164-167.

At the end of the list we made use of the fact that Biblical "chapters" 141-167 duplicate "chapters" 103-137. Thus, we introduced the same time scale in both "chronicles": X = the Scaligerian textbook and B =

IW« ' 'V f ' V y* .«.,T„„u„»,„^„»,.,|^,,i> *'">i'f'i'<i'***i«iiif|Mii7iiiiiTinif»i|I*y v«I¡y*,

Fig. 6.59. The superposition of the "ancient" Biblical history of the mediaeval Eurasia. The volume function correlation is shown.

the Bible. After this, volumes of fragments describing each of the 19 listed fragments were calculated. The volume of each fragment was averaged, or divided into the length of the described time period measured in generations. For example, the volume of the Biblical generation chapters 2-14, describing the time interval number 1, equals 59 verses. The length of this interval is 13 generations. Consequently, the average value of volume per one generation equals 59/13 = 4.54. See the graphs in fig. 6.59. All local maxima, or the peaks of both volume graphs, are marked in black.

Let us recall that in order to apply the principle of correlation of maxima, we need not worry about the value of the volume function amplitude. Only the peak distribution is of importance - that of the points of local maxima. Therefore, it does not matter in what units the volume should be measured. In the Bible, for example, we measured the volume in verses, while in the books by Niese and Gregorovius - in pages and fractions of a page.

It is amazing that all the peaks, except for one, occur in the same points. It is also important that all the du plicate epochs (T) indicated in fig. 6.59 by triangles virtually coincide with the peaks of the non-averaged volume graph for the "chapters" of the Bible, calculated for the "generations" 1-137.

Thus, it is distinctly evident that all the local maxima, except for one, are reached simultaneously, on the same intervals. A vivid correlation of the "Biblical local maxima" and the "Roman local maxima" is available. See its quantitative expression below. Consequently, the two texts we compare - namely, the "chapters" 1-137 of the Bible and the "Roman chronicle" X - are dependent. This, as we already know, can indicate the description of virtually the same flow of events therein.

It is noteworthy that all the duplicate repetitions of series {T} indicated by triangles in fig. 6.59 virtually coincide with the local maxima points of the non-averaged volume function of the Bible, calculated for generation chapters 1-137. In particular, we discover that all the duplicates of series {T} stand out against an overall background of the Biblical "generation chapters", at least because they cause explicit local jumps and splashes of the volume function.

Following the procedure of local maxima makes it possible to estimate the quantitative proximity of these two series of local maxima points: the "Biblical" and the "Roman". Let us calculate the lengths of segments into which the sequence of numbers 1, 2 ..., 19 is divided by these points. We will obtain the two following vectors a(X) and a(B). Namely, a(X) = (1, 2, 3, 3, 2,3,3,1), a(B) = (1, 2,4, 2, 2, 3, 3,1).

The calculation returns B) = 1.4 X KT4, which indicates the dependence between "chapters" 1-137 of the Bible and the "Roman chronicle" X for the number of local maxima equalling 8. Let us note that for non-coincident vectors of local maxima in a discrete, integer model, q.v. above, the proximity of vectors we discovered is virtually ideal. The only divergence occurring here is by one unit in two coordinates.

As we will see below, this statistical identification of allegedly ancient "historical part" of the Bible with European-Asian history of the Middle Ages is confirmed by the results of other independent procedures.

Let us explain now why, in reference to the discovered identification of the Biblical history with the Eurasian history of the III-XVI century a.d., we speak about the latter as a partially phantom history. As we have seen, our methods commanded a further shift of Scaligers entire Biblical history by at least 1800 years forwards. Moreover, the initial events described in the Bible supposedly occur in the III-IV century a.d., while all of the more recent Biblical events develop until the XV-XVI century a.d. However; this result is far from being final. The point is that the Eurasian history of the III-XI century a.d. is also a phantom in itself, composed of reflection duplicates of the original events from the epoch of the XI-XVTI century a.d. As we shall see below, the original events are mostly located between the XIII-XVII century a.d. Furthermore, we revealed many other phantom duplicates in the Bible. That is why the Biblical chronology should be substantially truncated, after which it should fit into the range of the XI-XVI century a.d. perfectly.

Below we will describe the further development of the empirico-statistical methods, based on the principle of frequency damping.

Thus, the maxima correlation principle leads to the conclusion that the "Roman chronicle" X and the Bible B apparently describe the same events. This cer tainly does contradict the established viewpoint on the content of these "chronicles" and the corresponding historical epochs.

The appearing mutual identification of the described historical events in the Scaligerian "chronicle" X and in the Old Testament B means, in particular, the identification of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, described in the Biblical 1-2 Samuel +1-2 Kings and 1-2 Chronicles, with the part of the Holy Roman Empire of the alleged years 962-1300 a.d. It agrees with the independent identification obtained earlier on the basis of independent procedure of duplicate dynasty detection. These dynasties are identified with each other as a result of the coefficient c(a, b) being anomalously infinitesimal, which indicates a dependence between dynasties. Let us recall again that all the chronological results obtained by the methods described concur with each other well, which is a serious argument in favour of the objectivity of the duplicate system discovered.

The identification of the Biblical events with the events of the European (Italo-German) and Eastern-European history reveals the following identifications in particular. The famous events from the reign of the Biblical king Sedekiah, the wars against the pharaoh and against Nebuchadnezzar, the collapse of the Kingdom of Judah, the seizure of Jerusalem and the Babylonian captivity, are superposed over the events of the end of the XIII century a.d. in Italy. Namely, the war in Italy, the seizure of Rome, the transfer of the pontificate from Rome to the city of Avignon in France, the complete subordination of the Papacy to the French crown, or the so-called "captivity of the Papacy". The 70-year Babylonian captivity in the Bible is a reflection of the well-known 70-year Avingon captivity of Popes in 1305-1376 a.d. ([76]). Further Biblical events described in the books of Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther, such as the return to Jerusalem and "the restoration of the temple", - are partial reflections of the corresponding events in Byzantium and Italy in 1376-1410 a.d.: the "return" of the Papal throne to Rome, and certain other major events from the Russian history, or that of the Great - "Mongolian" Empire of the XV-XVI century a.d. See Chron6.

For the convenience of comparing the Biblical and the European events, we shall present an interpretation of the letter symbols of the "chronicle" B = the

Bible, indicating the backbone of a relevant Biblical legend for each letter.

In this way, the chronicle B, i.e., the Old Testament in the Bible =

Duplicate T = the legend about Adam and Eve.

Duplicate K = Cain and Abel, Enoch, Irad, Mehu-jael, Methuselah, Lamech, Seth, Enosh, Cainan, Mahalalel, Jared.

Duplicate T - Noah, "the Flood", the death and the revival of the humanity.

Duplicate N = Shem, Ham, Japheth, "sons of Ja-pheth".

Duplicate T = "the Tower of Babel", scattering of peoples.

Duplicate K = Arphaxad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, Abraham.

Duplicate T = Abraham, Sarah, the "struggle" against the pharaoh.

Duplicate K - Abraham, Aran, the division into two kingdoms, main Biblical patriarchs - Isaac, Isav, Jacob, Judas, Joseph.

Duplicate T = the history of Joseph in Egypt, serving the pharaoh, the "legend of a wife".

Duplicate T = Moses, the war against the pharaoh, the Exodus, creation of the laws of Moses.

Duplicate N/P/R = the death of Moses, Joshua son of Nun, war and the conquest of "the promised land", as well as the story of "the judges".

Duplicate T = the sons of Benjamin, the war.

Duplicate T = Ruth, Saul, Samuel, David.

The Original and Duplicate (K, R, P) - kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

The Original and Duplicate T = the wars against the pharaoh, Nebuchadnezzar, the fall of the kingdom of Judah, the beginning of the Babylonian captivity (the analogue of the well-known "Avingon captivity of Popes"), the destruction of Jerusalem.

The Original and the Duplicate (S, N) = the Babylonian captivity, the return from the 70 year captivity, the new "foundation of the temple" and the restoration of Jerusalem.

To identify these events with their European counterparts, one should turn to fig. 6.55, fig. 6.56, fig. 6.57, fig. 6.58 on which the chronicle By or the Biblical Old Testament, is depicted on the top, and compare its symbols with the content of appropriate "European symbols".

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