The Apocalypse says: "I looked, and there before me was a pale horse. Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth" (AP 6:8).
The Greek text provides the rendering "deathly pale, greenish" (). Most probably, this refers to the ominous planet Saturn. The rider on it, named Death is, apparently, Scorpio. In the Middle Ages Saturn entering Scorpio was considered an omen of great afflictions to come.
The Greek text renders another part of the passage as "They were given power," which corresponds with this pair of death symbols even better (, Volume 1, pages 46^7, ill. 27).
N. A. Morozov was not the first one to identify four of the famous horses of the Apocalypse with planets. E. Renan put this hypothesis forth a long before Morozov (, page 353). Renan considered that:
red horse = Mars (this is correct), black = Mercury (this is also correct), white = Moon (this is incorrect) pale = Jupiter (also incorrect). Renan did not provide any proof for the last two identifications, and, as we can see, they actually do not correspond to the description given in the Apocalypse. However, Renan did not even attempt to date the Apocalypse on the basis of this astronomical information.
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