Architect Bennetts Associates Engineer Ernest Griffiths and Sons Client Cummins Engine Company

As a client the Cummins Engine Co. of America is an active promoter of sound architecture their corporate HQ in the US being noted for a catalogue of thoroughbred public and institutional buildings, whilst in this country the tradition has been carried on, of which the Cummins Power Generation plant by Bennetts Associates is no exception. In the US there has been atradition of windowless factories (as sadly also of windowless schools) leading to high levels of concern as to the psychological...

Innovative Daylighting Systems

In 1998 Paul Littlefair of the BRE wrote a seminal paper on this subject, listing as its aims to improve the distribution of daylight in a space and to control direct sunlight. Of the various methods none can be said to have achieved a universal application, but each has a specific use and is worthy of mention. Mirrors. There are many ways in which the interaction of light or sunlight with a mirrored surface can be used for reflection. From the use of a large hand-held mirror to throw light...

Architect Allies and Morrison Engineer Max Fordham Client Goldsmiths College

The new Information Services Building at Goldsmiths College in New Cross, designed by the architects Allies and Morrison, provides a major extension to the college's paper-based library facilities, adding 2000 m2 of flexible accommodation comprising information technology and language resource facilities. The client's brief for the new building required its facade, which occupies a prominent position facing on to the A20 Lewisham Way, to present a new public front tothe college and be a...

Lighting designer DPA Lighting Consultants Client Royal Academy of Arts

Escalator Drawing

In ordertoensurethatthe Royal Academy keeps pace with the daylighting requirements of fine art galleries, the lecture room, together with a number of related spaces, were studied in terms of their daylighting control, on the assumption their existing glazed roof forms might be retained, but modified as needed. The general brief for the daylighting was to provide a flexible and easily controlled system suitable for all of the top lit galleries, irrespective of their orientation which allows for...

Client Serpentine Gallery

The Pavilion in Kensington Gardens designed by Toyo Ito, can hardly be described as an exercise in daylighting design however it has been included in the Case Studies, as daylight has clearly informed the architect's entire design. Perhaps the building is best described as an 'abstract work of art.' The building is the third in a series of galleries commissioned to provide a unique showcase for contemporary architectural practice, following works by Zaha Hadid, and Daniel Libeskind, to design a...

Squires Offices 77 Wicklow Street

Architect and lighting design Squire and Partners, Architects Client Squire and Partners The architectural practice of Squire and Partners has converted the ground and basement floors of a 1930s industrial warehouse into offices fortheir architectural practice. It is clear that the daylighting strategy has been influential in the creation of what is a most successful conversion. The lower ground floor originally had no natural light so the ground floor slab was cut back 6 m either side, with...

Controls

The careful introduction of lighting controls can ensure that the maximum use is made of the available daylight so that the amount of artificial light is reduced automatically when all, or most of it, is no longer required to meet the design level. The term 'daylight linking' has been used already, and this perhaps needs some explanation. It is used in the sense that the artificial lighting in a building is planned and controlled to support the natural light available during the day, to ensure...

Lighting consultant Halcrow Client Open University

Milton Keynes University Plans

The Michael Young Building for the Open University Business School, was built at the Walton Hall Campus in Milton Keynes and completed in 2001. The building provides office and support accommodation for the staff originally occupying several temporary buildings on campus in addition the building provides more meeting rooms with state of Open University Business School, Walton Drive, Milton Keynes Ground Floor Plan JESTICO + WHILES Open University Business School, Walton Drive, Milton Keynes...

Window Details

The Georgian window developed in the eighteenth century satisfied all the known criteria at the time. It admitted unadulterated daylight, it provided ventilation when required, and it could be controlled by internal shutters, providing additional security. The splay at the sides (and sometimes at the cill as well) together with the careful detailing of the glazing bars, assisted in balancing the brightness between the inside of the room and the outside. However it did little for thermal...

Client Bristol City Council

The Faculty of Education was relocated to join the main UWE campus at Frenchay, outside Bristol, requiring the master planning and landscaping of an area to the south-west of the University campus. After discussion, it was agreed that the building should be modelled on a contemporary working environment, but at the same time the brief aspired to create a model teaching environment, incorporating all the facilities to be found in primary and secondary schools. There appeared to be no...

Lighting consultant Slender Winter Partnership Client Kent County Council

The Riverhead School is a replacement for an old Victorian school supplemented by temporary classrooms. Built in 2001 by Architects Design Partnership, it was designed to be a 'green building' to fit into the landscape, and to be both educationally and environmentally responsive. The school is designed to house 270 pupils, and is not thought to require future expansion. The complex is approached from the north side, which houses the entrance, and contains the service areas of the building, with...

Artificial Light

All forms of energy use in buildings should be analysed, related to the different needs of individual architectural programmes, to see where savings can be made for example in homes, the use of the natural source has always been paramount during the day, so few savings can be made. At night however, developments in lamp technology have produced significantly more efficient artificial light sources and this is an area where, due to the large quantity of residential property, significant savings...

History

Windows architectural development takeover of artificial lighting renewal of interest in daylight energy use passive architecture strategy control 'It is impossible to overestimate the important influence of natural light on the interior and exterior forms of buildings and on those who dwell in them. So daylight is the natural beginning'1. From the earliest caves, daylight informed the lives of the inhabitants, initially in the difference between night and day but as dwellings became more...

Energy

Reduction artificial light waste daylight control solar legislation The introduction has stressed the need for a reduction in the use of energy in buildings where the part played by a strategic role for daylighting can provide considerable savings in energy, and therefore of carbon dioxide emissions, leading to a reduction in greenhouse gases and ultimately a reduction in global warming. This is now recognized by most governments, though there is still a reluctance to take sufficient measures...

Glossary

A simplified explanation of references used in the text divided into the following eight headings. Use the Index for page references. This is similar to the Glossary used in The Lit Environment, which will enable the two books to be used together. 3. LIGHT SOURCES OTHER THAN DAYLIGHT (artificial) 8. GLAZING TYPES DAYLIGHT CONTROLS Adaptation The human eye can adapt to widely differeing levels of light, but not at the same time. When entering a darkened space from a brightly lit space, the eye...

The Reichstag Berlin

Dome Shaped Metal Structure Section

Client Federal Republic of Germany The reconstruction of the old Berlin Reichstag Building from its mutilated condition after the Second World War, to its brilliant new form was rooted in four main principles The Bundestag's significance as a democratic forum A commitment to public accessibility A rigorous environmental agenda. The architects have addressed each of these principles, but the purpose of this Case Study is to concentrate on the last of these objectives, in which daylighting is...

Wood Street

Structural and Service Engineers Client Richard Rogers Partnership Ove Arup and Partners Daiwa. Europe Properties PLC Completed in 1999, the offices at 88 Wood Street, in the heart of the city of London, is the first major office block built by the Richard Rogers Partnership since Lloyds of London was completed in 1986. Won in competition in 1990, the original brief was to create a prestige headquarters for the Daiwa Banking Corporation, but the original concept design was hit by the recession...

Arup Campus Solihull

Arup Campus Solihull Drawings

Architect amp Engineer Arup Associates Client Arup It is not surprising that when the architects -Arup Associates, the lighting designers - Arup Lighting, get together with the engineers -Ove Arup and Partners, that the resulting offices built in Solihull for themselves should be state of the art where the daylighting is linked with the artificial lighting, which together with the passive structure, has led to a comfortable low energy and sustainable architecture. The building has a general...

Client American Community School Cobham

American Community School Cobham Pool

The sports complex at the American School in Cobham is designed around two key areas a 25 m pool and a sports hall to contain an international size basketball court. In addition a dance studio, fitness suite, cafe, and administration areas are provided at ground level, with changing rooms, and plant sunk at a lower level. The pool hall has a north-westerly orientation, and this is exploited to allow for full height glazing on three sides, which provides both excellent daylighting and dramatic...

Portcullis House Westminster

Architect Michael Hopkins and Partners Client House of Commons, Palace ofWestminster Tube. The main entrance to the building itself is from the river side, on the Embankment. At ground level the courtyard has an enclosed area with a vaulted glazed roof, where MPs can congregate and meet their constituents. Two rows of trees create an avenue with a central water feature, all enlivened by excellent daylighting. At the first floor level are housed meeting rooms and rooms for public select...

William Wenzler and Associates William Lam and Associates Central United Methodist Church

Artificial Lighting Churches

The Methodist Church built in Milwaukee by architects William Wenzler Associates was completed in 1982. The church is partly submerged into a hillside, with the roof being formed by the hillside itself and covered in wild flowers. The climate in the area is cold and by forming the church, sheltered by earth on three sides, it is protected to minimize operating costs. The nave is surrounded by ancillary spaces, but the architect resisted the temptation to incorporate perimeter skylights in his...