Services engineers TME Engineers Client Chelsea Village

The Chelsea Club provides private sports facilities for its members, including a 25 m level deck swimming pool, 200 m running track at high level around the perimeter, sports injury clinic, cardiovascular and aerobic studios, jacuzzi, steam room and sauna this is associated with the Chelsea football ground at Stamford Bridge. The top floor of the building houses the Chelsea World of Sport, an interactive exhibition explaining the relationship between physiological performance and sporting...

Innovative Daylighting Systems

In 1998 Paul Littlefair of the BRE wrote a seminal paper on this subject, listing as its aims to improve the distribution of daylight in a space and to control direct sunlight. Of the various methods none can be said to have achieved a universal application, but each has a specific use and is worthy of mention. Mirrors. There are many ways in which the interaction of light or sunlight with a mirrored surface can be used for reflection. From the use of a large hand-held mirror to throw light...

Architect Allies and Morrison Engineer Max Fordham Client Goldsmiths College

The new Information Services Building at Goldsmiths College in New Cross, designed by the architects Allies and Morrison, provides a major extension to the college's paper-based library facilities, adding 2000 m2 of flexible accommodation comprising information technology and language resource facilities. The client's brief for the new building required its facade, which occupies a prominent position facing on to the A20 Lewisham Way, to present a new public front tothe college and be a...

Lighting designer DPA Lighting Consultants Client Royal Academy of Arts

In ordertoensurethatthe Royal Academy keeps pace with the daylighting requirements of fine art galleries, the lecture room, together with a number of related spaces, were studied in terms of their daylighting control, on the assumption their existing glazed roof forms might be retained, but modified as needed. The general brief for the daylighting was to provide a flexible and easily controlled system suitable for all of the top lit galleries, irrespective of their orientation which allows for...

Client Serpentine Gallery

The Pavilion in Kensington Gardens designed by Toyo Ito, can hardly be described as an exercise in daylighting design however it has been included in the Case Studies, as daylight has clearly informed the architect's entire design. Perhaps the building is best described as an 'abstract work of art.' The building is the third in a series of galleries commissioned to provide a unique showcase for contemporary architectural practice, following works by Zaha Hadid, and Daniel Libeskind, to design a...

Glazing

There is now a large amount of alternative glazing for windows, and it is necessary for the architect, in conjunction with his services consultant, to write a detailed performance specification this must include the orientation of the window, its thermal and acoustic characteristics, together with its capacity for solar shading. This is of course in addition to the main function of the window which is the admission of daylight and the introduction of the view to outside. Further factors which...

Solar Shading

This is a subject where expert advice should be sought. There are many different forms of solar shading each has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and the architect must be sure of the criteria that should be taken into account when determining the nature of the shading required and whether some form of adjustability is desirable. The BRE pamphlet 'Solar Shading of Buildings' states that the principal reasons for needing shading are as follows 1. To reduce the effect of...

Client Florida Southern University Florida

The author visited Florida Southern University in 1952, shortly after the architect Frank Lloyd Wright had designed it it had been an eye opener, for university buildings of the day, with Wright's fondness for natural light providing a user friendly campus, rich in exterior landscape. Now some 50 years later it has suffered from poor construction (Wright was not responsible for supervision of the work) and neglect and was desperately in need of rehabilitation. The work was carried out by John...

Selected List of Case Studies

Reichstag Renovation Provincial Capitol, Toulouse 88 Wood Street Portcullis House 77 Wicklow Street Arup Campus MOD, Abbeywood Host Street, Bristol Venturi Scott-Brown Richard Rogers Michael Hopkins Squire & Partners Arups Sir Percy Thomas Jeremy Johnson-Marshall Orchard Learning and Resource Centre Polk County Science Centre Goldsmiths College Michael Young Building, OU Riverhead School, Sevenoaks Architect's Co-Partnership Ahrends Burton and Koralek Casson Conder Partnership Alec French...

Squires Offices 77 Wicklow Street

Architect and lighting design Squire and Partners, Architects Client Squire and Partners The architectural practice of Squire and Partners has converted the ground and basement floors of a 1930s industrial warehouse into offices fortheir architectural practice. It is clear that the daylighting strategy has been influential in the creation of what is a most successful conversion. The lower ground floor originally had no natural light so the ground floor slab was cut back 6 m either side, with...

Client Menil Foundation

The Rothko Chapel was built on a plot adjacent to the Menil Collection in Houston, Texas, to house a collection of paintings by Mark Rothko, and opened in 1971. By the 1990s the chapel was in a bad state of repair. The paintings themselves had deteriorated, and a decision was made to take the opportunity, whilst repairs were made to the structure, to employ consultants to introduce anew scheme for both daylighting and artificial lighting to ensure the long term future of the paintings. The...

Controls

The careful introduction of lighting controls can ensure that the maximum use is made of the available daylight so that the amount of artificial light is reduced automatically when all, or most of it, is no longer required to meet the design level. The term 'daylight linking' has been used already, and this perhaps needs some explanation. It is used in the sense that the artificial lighting in a building is planned and controlled to support the natural light available during the day, to ensure...

Lighting consultant Halcrow Client Open University

The Michael Young Building for the Open University Business School, was built at the Walton Hall Campus in Milton Keynes and completed in 2001. The building provides office and support accommodation for the staff originally occupying several temporary buildings on campus in addition the building provides more meeting rooms with state of Open University Business School, Walton Drive, Milton Keynes Ground Floor Plan JESTICO + WHILES Open University Business School, Walton Drive, Milton Keynes...

Window Details

The Georgian window developed in the eighteenth century satisfied all the known criteria at the time. It admitted unadulterated daylight, it provided ventilation when required, and it could be controlled by internal shutters, providing additional security. The splay at the sides (and sometimes at the cill as well) together with the careful detailing of the glazing bars, assisted in balancing the brightness between the inside of the room and the outside. However it did little for thermal...

Client Bristol City Council

The Faculty of Education was relocated to join the main UWE campus at Frenchay, outside Bristol, requiring the master planning and landscaping of an area to the south-west of the University campus. After discussion, it was agreed that the building should be modelled on a contemporary working environment, but at the same time the brief aspired to create a model teaching environment, incorporating all the facilities to be found in primary and secondary schools. There appeared to be no...

Lighting consultant Slender Winter Partnership Client Kent County Council

The Riverhead School is a replacement for an old Victorian school supplemented by temporary classrooms. Built in 2001 by Architects Design Partnership, it was designed to be a 'green building' to fit into the landscape, and to be both educationally and environmentally responsive. The school is designed to house 270 pupils, and is not thought to require future expansion. The complex is approached from the north side, which houses the entrance, and contains the service areas of the building, with...

Artificial Light

All forms of energy use in buildings should be analysed, related to the different needs of individual architectural programmes, to see where savings can be made for example in homes, the use of the natural source has always been paramount during the day, so few savings can be made. At night however, developments in lamp technology have produced significantly more efficient artificial light sources and this is an area where, due to the large quantity of residential property, significant savings...

Daylight

The most obvious vehicle for energy saving in buildings is in exploiting the most abundant source of light available to us - daylight. Environmentally conscious assessments of building design are recognizing that daylight (and natural fresh air) is an important commodity and should be exploited to the full. Generally, people when asked, always prefer to work in a daylit environment. There is a growing acknowledgement that daylight produces positive effects, both physiological and psychological....

History

Windows architectural development takeover of artificial lighting renewal of interest in daylight energy use passive architecture strategy control 'It is impossible to overestimate the important influence of natural light on the interior and exterior forms of buildings and on those who dwell in them. So daylight is the natural beginning'1. From the earliest caves, daylight informed the lives of the inhabitants, initially in the difference between night and day but as dwellings became more...

Energy

Reduction artificial light waste daylight control solar legislation The introduction has stressed the need for a reduction in the use of energy in buildings where the part played by a strategic role for daylighting can provide considerable savings in energy, and therefore of carbon dioxide emissions, leading to a reduction in greenhouse gases and ultimately a reduction in global warming. This is now recognized by most governments, though there is still a reluctance to take sufficient measures...

Client Bristol City Council and Excellence in Cities

The City Learning Centre at Monks Parks in Bristol is one of a series of Centres designed by the architects, Alec French Partnership, as apart of the Government's Excellence in Cities initiative, designed to provide specialist cutting edge ICT facilities for Bristol City Council. The buildings were commissioned in February 2001 and completed in December, being designed to provide high quality stimulating environments for both the studious and the disaffected. The lighting strategy for the...

Glossary

A simplified explanation of references used in the text divided into the following eight headings. Use the Index for page references. This is similar to the Glossary used in The Lit Environment, which will enable the two books to be used together. 3. LIGHT SOURCES OTHER THAN DAYLIGHT (artificial) 8. GLAZING TYPES DAYLIGHT CONTROLS Adaptation The human eye can adapt to widely differeing levels of light, but not at the same time. When entering a darkened space from a brightly lit space, the eye...

The Reichstag Berlin

Dome Shaped Metal Structure Section

Client Federal Republic of Germany The reconstruction of the old Berlin Reichstag Building from its mutilated condition after the Second World War, to its brilliant new form was rooted in four main principles The Bundestag's significance as a democratic forum A commitment to public accessibility A rigorous environmental agenda. The architects have addressed each of these principles, but the purpose of this Case Study is to concentrate on the last of these objectives, in which daylighting is...

Arup Campus Solihull

Solihull Arup

Architect amp Engineer Arup Associates Client Arup It is not surprising that when the architects -Arup Associates, the lighting designers - Arup Lighting, get together with the engineers -Ove Arup and Partners, that the resulting offices built in Solihull for themselves should be state of the art where the daylighting is linked with the artificial lighting, which together with the passive structure, has led to a comfortable low energy and sustainable architecture. The building has a general...

Client American Community School Cobham

American Community School Cobham Pool

The sports complex at the American School in Cobham is designed around two key areas a 25 m pool and a sports hall to contain an international size basketball court. In addition a dance studio, fitness suite, cafe, and administration areas are provided at ground level, with changing rooms, and plant sunk at a lower level. The pool hall has a north-westerly orientation, and this is exploited to allow for full height glazing on three sides, which provides both excellent daylighting and dramatic...

Portcullis House Westminster

Architect Michael Hopkins and Partners Client House of Commons, Palace ofWestminster Tube. The main entrance to the building itself is from the river side, on the Embankment. At ground level the courtyard has an enclosed area with a vaulted glazed roof, where MPs can congregate and meet their constituents. Two rows of trees create an avenue with a central water feature, all enlivened by excellent daylighting. At the first floor level are housed meeting rooms and rooms for public select...

William Wenzler and Associates William Lam and Associates Central United Methodist Church

Artificial Lighting Churches

The Methodist Church built in Milwaukee by architects William Wenzler Associates was completed in 1982. The church is partly submerged into a hillside, with the roof being formed by the hillside itself and covered in wild flowers. The climate in the area is cold and by forming the church, sheltered by earth on three sides, it is protected to minimize operating costs. The nave is surrounded by ancillary spaces, but the architect resisted the temptation to incorporate perimeter skylights in his...

Provincial Capitol Building Toulouse France76

Architect Venturi Scott Brown amp Associates Associate Architects Hermet-Blanc-Lagausie-omens-Atelier A4 and Client Conseil General de la Haute-Garonne, Toulouse, France Structural and Service Engineers Ove Arup and Partners Client Daiwa. Europe Properties Portcullis House, Westminster 82 Architect Michael Hopkins and Partners Client House of Commons, Palace of Westminster Architect and Lighting Design Squire and Partners, Architects Client Squire and Partners Architect and Lighting Design Arup...

Provincial Capitol Building Toulouse France

Site Plan Capitol Building Toulouse

Associate architects Lighting design Client Venturi Scott Brown amp Associates Hermet-Blanc-Lagausie-Momens-Atelier A4 and Anderson Swartz Architects Cabinet Berthon Conseil General de la Haute-Garonne, Toulouse, France The capitol building in Toulouse was won in architectural competition, and consists of an administrative and legislative complex to include offices, the assembly chamber, public services and support spaces, with three levels of underground parking. The design challenge for the...