Potash

Potash (K) Can refer to potassium, or various potassium compounds, but it is correctly used in reference to potassium carbonate (usually derived from wood ashes). It contains potassium, which is essential to plant growth. Potash can be obtained by washing wood ashes with water and evaporating the resultant solution until dry. This process used to be done in iron pots and thus the name derived from pot and ash. It is often used as the potassium in the basic components of a complete fertilizer...

Littoral transport

Urban features (walls, foundations, curbs, pavement, etc.) or other materials unfavorable to rooting. line level A small spirit level (bubble level) enclosed in a metal or plastic case with hooks that can be hung on a string. When the string is pulled tight the bubble indicates proximity to level by its proximity to being centered. This is useful in determining grades for drainage, checking bottoms of excavations, the slope of a pipe or ditches, or in construction or placement of objects and...

Outfall

Built-in pressure regulators can assist in overcoming some difficulties with pressure change over distance. See also emitter. ornament In design of a construction project, color, shape, etc. added as aesthetic attraction or embellishment. These adornments are not usually structurally essential. ornamental 1. A reference to a plant grown for its decorative qualities. 2. A reference to any decorative element in design. ornamental grasses Grasses and grass-like plants not utilized to sustain foot...

Sulfateresistant cement

Subulate In botanical terms, awl-shaped or tapering from a broad base to a sharp point or tip. suburb or suburban An outlying area of predominantly residential land use in or near a city. successful bidder The bidder selected to sign a contract for construction or supply of material. succession The sequential changes of plants and animals in a given area following disturbance. succulent 1. Plants having stems, or leaves, or both made up of fleshy tissue that stores water. This allows them to...

Parenchyma

One owner or a piece of land divided from another piece. parenchyma 1. The tissue of plants consisting of thin-walled cells capable of division, and being used in photosynthesis, or for storage. This tissue comprises much of leaves, stems, roots, and fruits. 2. An abnormal growth distinguished from supportive tissue. parent materials The portion of soils weathered from stone or bedrock, including the stone or bedrock itself. parging A Portland cement plaster applied over masonry. park Any...

ALT alt

Abbreviation for alternate. 2. Abbreviation for altitude. alternate In botanical terms, any plant parts (leaves, buds, branches, etc.) arranged singly at the stem nodes (not on opposite sides). They alternate which side of the branch they emerge from. alternate bid An optional bid to the base bid that deducts or adds services or materials and usually increases or decreases the base bid accordingly. alternate host Either of two plants that a fungus or insect finds necessary to...

Landscape construction

Some life forms are decreased, sometimes others are increased. land development Any improvement to a land. In most government jurisdictions, it applies only to buildings, roads, utilities, walks, parks, etc. in creating an urban or suburban area. land evaluation and site assessment (LESA) A numerical system for assessing the quality of farmland. It is generally used to select tracts for agricultural protection or to determine lowest quality farmland to allow development. This information is...

Granolithic concrete

Granolithic concrete A hard surface concrete usually with granite aggregate suitable for finished floor surfaces. granular fertilizer or granular herbicide A fertilizer or herbicide incorporated with particles usually about K0 inch diameter, or with any material that has a coarsely ground carrier suchlodicule as coal, corn cobs, or calcined clay, that is applied dry and incorporated into the soil by watering it in. granular material Gravels, sands, or silts. granular structure In soil science,...

Edible landscaping

They are most often found on undersides of leaves but also appear on petioles, cacti, etc. The most common cause is abundant, warm soil water and a cool, moist atmosphere. These conditions cause the roots to absorb water at a rate faster than transpiration, which creates a loss of water on the plant's surfaces. Water accumulates in the leaf or plant tissue in excess of its storage capability, some cells enlarge and block the stomatal openings, which usually vent...

Plant schedule

Planted molding or applied molding A molding fastened to a work instead of cut into the solid material. planter 1. An area of ground for plants on a project. 2. A container for plants. planting 1. In landscaping, the act of placing plant material, roots, bulbs, rhizomes, or seed in soil or other growing medium anticipating or intending future survival or growth of a plant. (See appendix for construction details.) 2. In masonry work, the placement of the bottom courses of masonry units as a...

B

Baccate A botanical term used in plant identification that means berrylike and pulpy. bacillus popillae Now known by the name of paenibacillus popillae. A biological (bacteria) control for the grub worms of Japanese beetles. back charge A monetary charge for damage, noncompliance with contracted construction design, or faulty construction by an owner, contractor, or subcontractor against any entity supplying or constructing a project. backer strip An asphalt-coated, water-repellent piece...

Spun concrete

Spun concrete Concrete compacted by spinning, as with the manufacture of pipes. spur 1. Some fruits such as apples and cherries that bear their fruit on specialized short twigs. 2. Projections from a flower (usually tubular) such as found in columbine (Aquilegia) flowers. They arise from sepals or petals. 3. An offshoot or projection away from the main body. sq. ft. Abbreviation for square foot (feet). sq. in. Abbreviation for square inch(es). sq. km. Square kilometer(s) 1,000,000 square...

Adt Full Form Botany

Abbreviation for addendum. 2. Abbreviation for addition. addendum A change or revision to drawings, specifications, or other information on a project out for bid, which has an effect on bids. It occurs before receipt of bids, and is usually stated in letter form that ethically should be delivered to all bidders (in fairness) with the drawings or papers indicating the change so as to allow understanding in comparison of bids. These changes become a part of construction documents for...

Hydrostatic test

Hydrograph method A way of forecasting stream flow by using a hydrograph to depict the changes in runoff of a drainage basin throughout a rainstorm. hydrologic cycle The ongoing circulation of water between ocean, atmosphere, and land. hydrologic equation The proportion of the amount of surface runoff on a piece of ground to the precipitation amount minus evapotranspiration loss, plus or minus changes in groundwater or soil water. hydrologic response The properties, distribution, and...

Fertilizer analysis

(N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). They are usually listed on containers of fertilizer in the foregoing order as a percentage of each (i.e., 5-10-8 or 5 nitrogen, 10 phosphorus, 8 potassium). See also secondary nutrients, complete fertilizer, and micronutrients. fertilizer analysis The breakdown usually labeled on fertilizer products showing the minimum percentages of nutrients included. fertilizer burn This is a burning or wilting of leaves caused by salts commonly found in fertilizers...