Side yard

name derived from how it allows pedestrians to walk beside a street, but this term is also used for any footpath located in any open space.

side yard The space to the right or left of a building as one faces it from the front. It includes the area between the building and the property line, along the entire side of the building. Most municipalities and counties specify a minimum side yard in their planning codes. The side yard as defined in codes for regulation usually includes a set minimum distance from a side property line extending from the front property line to the rear property line.

siding A covering finishing exterior walls made up of a series of horizontal strips or boards made of wood, aluminum, or such, usually applied horizontally with each strip overlapping the one immediately below it to prevent penetration of water as it drains off.

sieve A metal sheet of woven wire, closely perforated metal, or other similar device with regularly spaced openings of uniform size, mounted in a frame and used in separating earthen material according to size, cleaning, and sifting seeds, or separating any material for size.

sieve analysis or screen analysis The investigation and ascertainment of the proportions of particles and their size ranges in a granular material by using sieves (screens) with different-sized openings.

sieve method A method utilized in separating sizes of particles of a soil sample.

sight distance triangle The triangular area bounded by the street property lines of corners and a line joining points along said street lines a determined number of feet from their point of intersection. This area is kept free of visual obstructions from street to street to provide an open view of the intersection, providing more safety for those traveling toward the intersection so that they can avoid intersecting traffic.

sight line The line from an observer to an object or area viewed.

sight rail One of a series of horizontal rails used to check the gradient of a pipe in a trench. The rails are adjusted to the desired gradient so that the bottom of the trench can be measured from them and ensure the proper gradient for a pipe.

sign A device that is usually flat with words, pictures, or drawings used for visual communication of commands, warnings, directions, advertisements, or anything intended to attract attention or communicate.

signage Visual communications in symbols, pictures, letters, drawings, photographs, or words whose function is to communicate directions, identifications, warnings, advertisements, etc. to passersby.

silica brick A brick baked at high temperature that is made from quartzite containing approximately 96% silica, 2% alumina, and 2% lime.

silicate An insoluble metal salt often contained in concrete, brick, glass, clay, etc.

silicone Many types of polymeric silicon compounds useful for water resistance, electrical insulation, heat resistance, binding, or as a lubricant.

silky In botanical terms, glossy with a coat of fine and soft, close-pressed, straight hairs.

sill 1. A timber fastened to the top of a foundation useful in attaching a wood frame above it. 2. The bottom horizontal portion of a frame, especially a window frame.

sill cock A water faucet that is threaded to provide a connection for a hose and often placed on

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