itoring the weather or the soil moisture. They adjust station run time(s) or the frequency when there are changes detected in the soil moisture or the weather. Some will monitor wind, rain, or temperature. Another feature of some of these controllers is that they can monitor flow in pipes, determining if there is a break in the line. The features of these controllers are not all the same, but they include some method of automatically adjusting their schedules through the seasons of the year in an attempt to keep the optimum amount of moisture in the soil. These controllers are quite helpful in preventing waste of irrigation water. However, their accuracy and usefulness is only as good as their monitoring devices and their monitoring locations.

smart growth A term used in land planning and landscape architecture referring to urban growth that serves the economy, the community, and the environment. The movement attempts to bring this about by basing itself on the following principles: mixed land uses, compact building design, ranges of housing choices, walkable neighborhoods, attractive neighborhoods, open space, farmland, natural beauty, strengthening existing communities, providing a variety of transportation choices, making fair development decisions, and encouraging community collaboration in development decisions. These offer general directions, but do not constitute an adequate theoretical construct for whole cities.

smut and white smut diseases Fungi creating white or yellow blisters or galls with dark sooty-looking spores. These affect a variety of herbaceous plants.

snag In pruning, an improperly pruned branch where a short stub remains.

snail A terrestrial mollusk found where moisture is high and temperature is cool. They feed on living plants, dead or decaying organic material, earthworms, and other slugs or snails.

snake 1. See fish tape. 2. A long, thin, wirelike metal strip with a crank handle useful for extending down pipes and rotating to remove clogs.

snecked rubble or snecked masonry A

masonry wall of rough, irregular stones fitting together well (tightly) to increase its strength.

snow fence A usually horizontal fence-like linear structure, perpendicular to storm winds, that catches drifting snow and prevents it from accumulating where it is not wanted, such as on roads, driveways, etc.

snow mold A disease of lawns caused by a variety of fungi with a variety of symptoms. It usually appears with the melting of snow. Poor drainage, excess thatch, and fast fall growth encourage these fungi.

soaker An irrigation line that oozes water along its length.

soapinin Any of various glucosides produced in plants characterized by a soapy lather.

soapstone Soft rock containing large amounts of talc. It feels like soap.

soccer A game played on a lawn where goals are at each end and players on 2 teams attempt to kick a ball or bounce it with their head to their goals (on opposite ends of the field). The field may be 255 to 300 ft long and 150 to 180 ft wide, depending on whether it is for girls, boys, men, women, college, high school, etc.

sod 1. A grass-covered surface of the ground including its roots and the soil they hold. 2. A

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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