Stop and waste key

stipe In botanical terms, the stalk of a fern's frond.

stipple A texture made of dots, points, or small bumps.

stipulate A botanical term referring to the stipules at the base of an attachment of a leaf.

stipulate

stipule In botanical terms, the appendages on each side of the base of some leaf petioles.

stirrup 1. Same as a hanger. 2. Bent rods or bars usually in W or U shapes, or any shape to resist shear in masonry or concrete.

stock 1. In construction, materials or plants on hand. 2. The rooted plant on which a scion (bud or shoot) of another plant is placed in budding, grafting, or inarching.

stock plant A plant from which cuttings are taken for production of more plants.

stock tank deicer A floating heater designed to keep water a few degrees above freezing when the air is below freezing.

stolon A long stem of a plant that creeps along the surface of the ground, or trails shoots above the ground, capable of rooting at the nodes or rooting at some points where it contacts the ground, and forms new plants there. Examples of plants exhibiting this phenomenon are St. Augustine and Bermuda grasses. The term is sometimes loosely applied to slender rhizomes near the ground surface.

stoloniferous In botanical terms, stolons or plant material producing or propagating itself by stolons.

stoma or stomate or stomata or stomates

Microscopic openings in plant tissues, usually in leaves (usually undersides) and stems, allowing for gaseous exchange and transpiration of water. Carbon dioxide enters the tissue through these pores, and water vapor is lost to cool the leaf. They occur between two adjoining specialized cells, called guard cells. Variation in the guard cell size by turgor adjusts the size of the opening. When pressure is low, the stomata are small to reduce loss of water, but they become larger when photosynthesis increases.

stone 1. A cut, shaped, or split rock for use in construction for facing or building walls, etc. 2. Solid mineral matter of indeterminate size. A rock.

stoned Removal of sharp edges of tile or masonry produced during cutting. This term comes from the use of a carborundum stone.

stone fruit Fruit containing one seed in the center such as in plums, peaches, and apricots.

stonework Any masonry work where rock is secured in place with a cement or mortar.

stool A stump of a tree producing suckers. 2. A plant crown from which shoots grow.

stop and waste key A long, T-shaped device with a slot on one end that fits over a valve to turn it off and on. They are typically used to slide down a vertical sleeve or curb box to access a valve below grade to operate it.

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