Introduction

In the construction industry the term blueprint generally refers to a composite of several plans, such as the foundation plan, the floor plan, elevations, sections, mechanical plans and details, etc., that are assembled into an organized set of drawings to transmit as much information about a project as can be placed on paper in one- or two-dimensional views. The completed set of drawings represents a pictorial description of a construction project prepared by the architect/designer and/or engineering consultant.

Blueprint reading is therefore basically finding and interpreting the information placed on prints. The information is displayed in the form of lines, notes, symbols, and schedules. At first glance, there is a welter of information that can appear intimidating. This innovative textbook clearly explains how blueprints and construction drawings are used to implement the construction process. It offers a comprehensive overview of construction drawing basics and covers standard construction sequence, including site work, foundations, structural systems, and interior work and finishes. A typical set of blueprints for a building project usually includes a number of drawing types in order to see the project to completion. Users of blueprints must be able to interpret the information on the drawings and must also be able to communicate that information to others.

This manual covers and explains the use of lines, dimensions, schedules, specifications, symbols, code requirements, construction drawing types, and methods of drawing organization, including CADD. Comprehensive in its coverage, this book provides updated information to reflect the most recent developments in the construction industry, enabling readers to further improve their communication skills when dealing with the technical information found in blueprint documents. This book introduces concepts essential to a basic, introductory understanding of residential and light construction, while providing hands-on experience in reading architectural working drawings. It is intended to serve as a valuable textbook and reference manual for building trade professionals as well as students with a career or interest in architectural drawing/design, residential design, construction, and contracting, and also those who are required to read and interpret information found in blueprint documents.

Updated to the latest ANSI, ISO, and ASME standards, this handbook helps individuals develop skills in reading and interpreting architectural and industrial drawings and in preparing simple field sketches. It is written to be a consumable, interactive text/workbook that provides basic principles, concepts, ANSI and SI metric drafting symbols and standards, terminology, manufacturing process notes, and other related technical information contained on a mechanical or Cad drawing.

Nothing is more essential in the construction industry than the ability to read blueprints, and this reference handbook teaches you just that. Covering a multitude of trade industries, this book provides plumbers, carpenters, roofers, electricians, and others access to all the necessary information. Readers will learn how to read and understand blueprints, sections, elevations, schedules, site plans, architectural plans, structural plans, plumbing plans, HVAC and mechanical plans, electrical plans, and more. A comprehensive glossary of terms and abbreviations is also included.

The handbook is written in an easy-to-understand, informal style with no prerequisites presumed. It is designed to appeal as a basal text to the hundreds of architecture- and construction-related programs

Vertical Transportation Systems
Life Safety, ADA, Security, Building Codes, Air Quality

Figure I.1 Some of the many building systems in which blueprints are used to implement a building project.

across the nation and is structured to become the definitive text on the subject. Blueprint Reading is a unique book dealing with virtually all of the topics needed to understand construction drawings and enter the building profession.

The author is a licensed architect and general contractor with more than 30 years of experience in all aspects of design and construction. While no single handbook can provide everything you need to know regarding blueprint reading and interpretation, I feel that this book provides the best introduction and information source on the subject available at this time. It expounds a standard procedure and methodology developed over years of field experience that has proven effective.

Blueprint Reading: Construction Drawings for the Building Trades

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