Specification Section Format

Each specification section covers a particular trade or subtrade (e.g., drywall, carpet, ceiling tiles). Furthermore, each section is divided into three basic parts, each of which contains the specifications about a particular aspect of each trade or subtrade.

Part 1: General

This part of the specification outlines the general requirements for the section and describes the scope of work of the project as well as providing the bidder or contractor with the administrative requirements for the section. In general, it sets the quality control, requirements for delivery and job conditions, notes the related trades with which this section needs to be coordinated, and specifies the submittals required for review prior to ordering, fabricating, or installing material for that section. It consists generally of the following:

• Description and scope: This article should include the scope of the work and the interrelationships between work in this section and the other sections. In addition, it should include definitions and options.


• Division 00 — Procurement and Contracting Requirements


General Requirements Subgroup

• Division 01 — General Requirements

Facility Construction Subgroup

Division 02 — Existing Conditions Division 03 — Concrete Division 04 — Masonry Division 05 — Metals

Division 06 — Wood, Plastics, and Composites Division 07 — Thermal and Moisture Protection Division 08 — Openings Division 09 — Finishes Division 10 — Specialties Division 11 — Equipment Division 12 — Furnishings Division 13 — Special Construction Division 14 — Conveying Equipment Division 15 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 16 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Facility Services Subgroup:

Division 20 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 2! —Fire Suppression Division 22 — Plumbing

Division 23 — Heating. Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Division 24 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 25 — Integrated Automation Division 26— Electrical Division 27 — Communications Division 28 — Electronic Safety and Security Division 29 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Site and Infrastructure Subgroup:

Division 30 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 31 — Earthwork Division 32 — Exterior Improvements Division 33 — Utilities Division 34 — Transportation Division 35 — Waterways and Marine Construction Division 36 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 37 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION Division 38 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Figure 10.3 The newly revised MasterFormat System (source: Construction Specifications Institute, Inc.). (continued)


• Division 41 — Material Processing and Handling Equipment

• Division 42 — Process Heating, Cooling, and Drying Equipment

• Division 43 — Process Gas and Liquid Handling, Purification, and Storage




Figure 10.3 The newly revised MasterFormat System (source: Construction Specifications Institute, Inc.).

• Quality assurances: This article should include requirements for qualification of consultants, contractors, and subcontractors. Also included here are the standards and test requirements, and any full-size "mock-up" models of items for testing.

• Submittals: Instructions for submittal of product samples and other relevant information, including warranties, certificates, product data, and installation instructions.

• Product handling, delivery, and storage: This includes instructions for aspects like packing, location for delivery, temperature control, and protection for the product after delivery.

• Project and site conditions: This stipulates the requirements and conditions that must be in place prior to installation, such as temperature control and the use of necessary utilities. For example, all wall tiling should be completed prior to cabinet installation.

• Alternatives: Whether alternatives are acceptable is detailed in the General Requirements.

• Sequencing and scheduling: This is used where timing is critical and where tasks and/or scheduling need to follow a specific sequence.

• Warranties: This section typically includes warranties that exceed one year. Terms and conditions of the warranty should be spelled out, and the owner should be provided with copies.

Part 2: Products

This section defines and details the materials and products being specified, including fabrication or manufacturing of the product, the standards to which the materials or products must conform to so as to fulfill the specifications (Figure 10.4), and similar concerns. The itemized subsections would therefore include:

• Manufacturers: This section is used when writing a proprietary specification and lists approved manufacturers. The section should be coordinated with the product options and substitutions section.

Figure 10.4 Section of a custom-upholstered restaurant banquette seating detail (source: Kubba Design).

Figure 10.4 Section of a custom-upholstered restaurant banquette seating detail (source: Kubba Design).

• Materials, furnishings, and equipment: A list should be provided of materials to be used. If writing descriptive or performance specifications, detail the performance criteria for materials, furnishings, and equipment.

• Mixes: This section specifies the proportions of materials to be used when mixing a particular product.

• Fabrication: In this section, fabrication and construction details should be given. Part 3: Execution

This part of the specification describes the quality of work-the standards and requirements specified in the installation of the products and materials. It also describes the conditions under which the products are to be installed, the protection required, and the closeout and cleanup procedures. The subheadings in this section include:

• Inspection: The section outlines what the contractor is required to do—for example, to the subsurface—prior to installation. Wording may include such phrases as "the moisture content of the concrete should meet manufacturer's specifications prior to installation of the flooring material."

• Preparation: This stipulates the improvements to be made prior to installation.

• Installation and performance: The specific requirements for each finish should be specified, as well as the quality of work to be achieved.

• Field quality control: This specifies the tests and inspection procedures to be used to determine the quality of the finished work.

• Protection: Where special protection is necessary for a particular installation, such as marble flooring, this section must be included.

• Adjust and clean: This outlines in detail the cleaning and adjustments requirements.

• Schedules: This is used only if deemed necessary.

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