For the general notion see, for instance, www.actsofkindness.org/. Landry and Bianchini (1995) (the first version of The Creative City). Thanks to Professor Kian Woon Kwok for the karaoke comparison. Landry (2000) includes case studies of Emscher Park and Helsinki. See www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-dubai13oct 13,0,5107518.story?page=2&coll=la-home-headlines. See www.libanmall .com/main/beirut.htm.
From www.mydsf.com/dsf/eng/dsf_pressrelease.asp ?pressid=4392.
EMAAR is a major Dubai developer responsible for initiatives such as the
Burj al-Arab and increasingly operating globally. The government has a 32
per cent stake in the company and thus effective control.
From Mother Jones at www.motherjones.com/mojoblog/archives/2006/
Ivan Watson, NPR (National Public Radio), 8 March 2006. The Living Planet Report at www.panda.org.
Frith, M. 'In the middle of the desert: A monument to ecological folly', The Independent, 3 December 2005.
Lecture by Kian Woon Kwok, 'The age of the city', Osaka, 11 December 2005.
For example, British Airways' magazine for June 2006.
All quotations in this paragraph are from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Singapore_public_gay_parties.
From www.taubman.com/pressrelease/163 .html.
Private conversations with city representatives of the Urbact culture network, May 2006.
Cited at www.boston.com/beyond_bigdig/cases/barcelona/index.shtml. Oriol Bohigas, 'Designing urban regeneration', lecture given at London School of Economics, 30 November 2002.
Campbell, R. 'Barcelona', Boston Globe, 2002; and visit www.boston.com. Quoted in Schuster (1995). Schuster (1995).
See, for example, the 2005 report, available at www.cushmanwakefield.
Glasgow commentators claim that the city's high ranking was in part due to the 'halo effect' generated by its European City of Culture tenure in 1990 and that as that receded so did its international status, the city falling from 10th to 22th place on the Cushman & Wakefield European City Monitor.
Conversation with Alfonso Martinez Cearra, director of Metropoli-30.
Alfonso Cearra, director of Metropoli-30, in conversation (2005). Alfonso Cearra in conversation (2005).
See, for example, KPMG surveys at www.guggenheim-bilbao.es/ingles/ home.htm.
See www.comedia.org.uk/downloads/Cultural%20Policy%20Melbourne.doc. Montreal's Frenchness in the 'island' of Quebec was threatened by an ocean of Englishness and feels its cultural creativity stems from maintaining its identity. Lerner (2003). I was privileged to spend four days with Lerner, in Adelaide in 2003, observing his sharp, lateral thinking at close quarters. Lerner (2003).
For more information on Curitiba, go to www.curitiba.pr.gov.br.
Thanks to Leif Edvinsson for pointing Ragusa out. See www.entovation.
See www.creatievestad.nl or creativecapital.nl/programme.php. Krabbendam (2006).
Eric Duivenvoorden and Floris de Graad; see www.precairforum.nl/Library/ MakewayENG.rtf.
See www.westergasfabriek.com/./ engels_routebeschrijving_kopie.php.
Gehl and Gemzoe (2000).
As defined by the UK Department of Media, Culture and Sports.
For a history of the 'creative city' idea see Landry (2005b).
Landry and Bianchini (1995).
Landry et al (1996).
Record of the conference published in Yencken (1988).
See Jacobs (1961).
Drawing on Richard Brecknock Lewisham study on intercultural master-planning. See Comedia's Intercultural City project at www.interculturalcity.com. See www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/business/post200/2005/MACD.html. See http://irogaland.no/ir/file_public/download/Noku/Final%20Creativity% 20and%20the%20city.pdf. Hall (1998).
For a lengthy description of indicators of vitality see Franco Bianchini and Charles Landry's 'Working Paper 3: Indicators of a creative city: A methodology for assessing urban viability and vitality' (1994), downloadable from the Comedia website, www.comedia.org.uk. For a briefer elaboration see Landry (2000), pp221-229.
For greater detail on indicators of openness see Comedia Intercultural City final report at www.interculturalcity.com.
78 Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (2003). See also www.charleslandry.com for further suggestions.
79 Visit www.creativecommons.org.
80 Morck and Yeung (2001).
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