Chapter Three Unhinged and Unbalanced

United Nations Environment Programme (2005). Girardet (2004, p115). Dairy Council (2003). Dairy Council (2003).

'An American needs on average 500 litres a day, a Western European 150 litres and an African only 50 litres' - www.lenntech.com/domestic-water-consumption.htm.

See www.thewaterpage.com/ecosan_main.htm. From www.igd.com.

See 'Biodiversity to go: The hidden costs of beef consumption' by Dave Tilford, at www.newdream.org.

See http://risingtide.org.uk/pages/resources/lifestyl.htm.

Best Foot Forward (2002).

See www.sustainweb.org/pdf/eatoil_sumary.pdf. Jones (2001).

Transport 2000's 'Wise Moves' project, 2003.

Milmo, C. 'What a waste!', The Independent, 15 April 2005.

See www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/yorkslincs/series7/supermarket_

landfills.shtml.

INCPEN (2001).

From www.york.ac.uk.

Data from Brita Water.

Data from Recycle for London.

Defra news release, 14 September 2005.

Visit www.Londonremade.com for further details.

Best Foot Forward (2002).

Dolphin (2001).

25 Williams, D. 'Breathing London's air "is as bad as smoking"', Evening Standard, 10 November 2003.

26 Data from www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/cabs/chinaenv.html.

27 Benedictus, L. 'Gum crime' The Guardian, 23 February 2005.

28 Department for Transport (2004).

29 Traffic speeds in Inner London, 1998. Note that this was before the introduction of the congestion charge.

30 Data from www.london.gov.uk/view_press_release.jsp?releaseid=402.

31 Confederation of Passenger Transport (2003).

32 Data from www.dft.gov.uk/stellent/groups/dft_transstats/documents/page/ dft_transstats_508290.pdf.

33 Data from www.udrzatelnemesta.sk/uploads/streets_people.pdf.

34 Data from www.urtp.ro/engl/proiecte/tapestry.html.

35 Figure from the Confederation of British Industry.

36 Data from www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk/~ira/ illich/facts/social_effects.html.

37 Greater London Authority data.

38 Data from www.alternet.org/story/27948/.

39 Association of European Auto Manufacturers (2004).

40 Data from www.transport2000.org.uk/factsandfigures/Facts.asp.

41 Data from www.transport2000.org.uk/news/maintainNewsArticles.asp? NewsArticleID=168.

42 Data from www.ecosmartconcrete.com/enviro_statistics.cfm.

43 According to Cement Association of Canada figures.

44 Data from www.populationconnection.org/Factoids/.

45 Data from www.map21ltd.com/COSTC11/sb-mun.htm.

46 Data from www.citylimitslondon.com/downloads/Complete%20report.pdf.

47 Data from www.swedetrack.com/eflwa22.htm.

48 Data from www.newcolonist.com/paveplanet.html.

49 Data from www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/wonder/structure/sears_ tower.html.

50 Data from www.creativille.org/groundfloor/geometry/skyscraper/ intermstudent.htm.

51 Data from www.brick.org.uk/publications/PDFs/reclaimed_clay_ bricks.pdf

52 125 times is Herbert Girardet's estimate (see http://makingthe modernworld.org/learning_modules/geography/04.TU.01/?section=4);

293 times is City Limit report's estimate (see Note 46).

53 See www.worldchanging.com/archives/002924.html

54 Data from www.careersinlogistics.co.uk/industry/1090318577.html.

55 US Department of Commerce figures.

56 According to Donald Bowersox and Roger Calantone at Michigan State University.

57 From www.transport2000.org.uk.

58 People's Daily Online (http://english.people.com.cn/), accessed 18 May 2004.

59 Data from www.proinversion.gob.pe/oportunidades/SIT/docs/Puertos/PNDP %20Final.pdf.

60 See www.kansas.sierraclub.org/Planet/Planet-03-1011.pdf

61 Tierney and Goltz (1997).

62 According to E. L. Quarantelli, a co-founder of the Disaster Research Center at the University of Delaware and one of the pioneers of disaster research.

63 National Police Agency (1989).

64 O'Farrell, J. New Statesman, 28 November 2005.

65 NI Statistics and Research Agency (2005).

66 See www.guardian.co.uk/brazil/story/0,, 1692752,00. html.

67 American 'customer' cited on www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/main. jhtml?xml=/travel/2003/09/13/etsextr.xml&sSheet=/travel/2003/09/16/ixtrvh ome.html.

68 Economist Intelligence Unit hardship rating, annual survey.

69 Windybank, S. and Manning, M. The Australian, 12 March 2003 .

70 Lonely Planet (2005a) guide to China.

71 Goff, P. Sunday Telegraph, 20 February 2005.

72 Economy (2004).

73 Cited on http://english.people.com.cn/200509/09/eng20050909_207472. html.

74 Vollertsen (2001). Norbert Vollertsen was a German doctor who lived in Pyongyang in 1999-2000 before being expelled for complaining about human rights abuses.

75 See www.ariontheweb.blogspot.com.

76 Badamkhand, L. The Independent, 16 December 2003.

77 See www.minesandcommunities.org/Action/press900.html.

78 Walsh, N.P. 'Hell on Earth', The Guardian, 18 April 2003.

79 Information from www.aljazeerah.info.

80 Hirsch (2004).

81 From the Katha website (www.katha.org/CommunityMatters/she2.htm):

[SHE]2 stands for:

• Safe water and Sanitation/hygiene

• Housing and Health, especially reproductive health

• Education and Economic resurgence Double woman power!

82 Bryan, L. Fortune, 28 November 2005. Lowell Bryan is a senior partner at McKinsey & Co.

83 Schwartz (2004).

84 See www.ontherun.cc/aboutus.asp and http://gourmetonthego.net/.

85 Gibson, O. The Guardian, 19 November 2005. For more about Eye Contact, see www.guardian.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,,1646240,00.html#article_ continue.

86 Kelly, D. 'Curse of the rushaholics', Evening Standard, 30 April 2002.

87 Grant, L. The Guardian, 21 September 2004.

88 Rogers (1999).

89 Quotation from homepage of www.keeplouisvilleweird.com.

90 Saul Carliner, 'Big boxes and shoppertainment: More lessons for web design from mall and retail design', www.boxesandarrows.com/view/.

91 See NEF Ghost Town Britain at www.neweconomics.org/gen/ local_ghost.aspx.

92 Both Dans le Noir, set up in 2004 in Paris and in 2006 in London.

93 Rosselson (2005).

95 Blythman (2005).

96 All Party Parliamentary Committee's 'High Street Britain' report (2005).

97 See 'real world economic outlook' from the New Economics Foundation, www.neweconomics.org/.

100 Figures from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4694974.stm.

101 Marks, S. The Guardian, 30 April 2005.

102 From www.odpm.gov.uk/pub/821/PlanningPolicyStatement6 PlanningforTownCentresPDF342Kb_id1143821.pdf.

103 From www.rural-shops-alliance.co.uk/stalham.htm.

104 See www.ufcw.org/issues_and_actions/walmart_workers_campaign_info/ facts_and_figures/walmartgeneralinfo.cfm.

105 See www.msnbc.msn.com/id/5069992.

106 See www.cbc.ca/bc/story/bc_walmart20050629.html.

107 Released by Brave New Films.

108 Visit reclaimdemocracy.org/walmart/links.php.

109 See www.tescopoly.org/.

110 See http://community.foe.co.uk/resource/marketing_material/tesco_ takeover_leaflet.pdf.

111 See www.tescopoly.org/.

112 The Grocer, 15 May 2004.

113 See www.libdems.org.uk/story.html?id=6271.

114 Association of Convenience Stores (2005).

115 Shabi, S. 'The price isn't right: Supermarkets don't sell cheap food, we just think they do', The Guardian, 26 January 2004.

116 From www.bitc.org.uk/docs/Market_Towns_2004.pdf.

117 From www.corporatewatch.org.uk/?lid=2369.

118 See www.foe.co.uk/resource/briefings/good_neighbours_community.pdf.

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