Chapter Two The Sensory Landscape of Cities

The technical term is nociception. Equilibrioception.

Our 'metaphysical senses' include clairsentience, the ability to 'feel' energy and non-physical matter; clairaudience, which is 'psychic hearing' and occurs when one is able to 'hear' vibrations that are outside the range of the human ear; and telepathy, which is communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception. See www.powerwatch.org.uk/. Gardner (1983).

Lyons and Helsinki, for example, have renowned light strategies. A number of Italian cities have colour strategies, including Naples, Bologna and Genoa (Lancaster, 1996).

See www.gbarto.com/languages/animasounds.html. See www.eveilauxlangues.be/expressions.php. Appadurai (1996).

Useful sources are the The Atlas of Cyberspace and Mappa Mundi magazine, with maps visualizing and charting communication flows or 'telegeography', the topology of the internet and the geography of cyberspace, by the presence of domain names. See www.cybergeography.org/atlas/atlas.html and

www.personal.umich.edu/~mejn/networks/ or http://mappa.mundi.net/.

See www.defra.gov.uk/environment/noise/research/crtn/index.htm.

Thanks to Martin Evans, a leading film sound engineer, for the conversation that helped write this section.

See, for example, www.deanclough.com.

This unpleasant reaction is described in a US government booklet on the body's response to excessive or unexpected noise, cited at

www.tenant.net/Rights/Noise/noise1.html.

Cited at www.tenant.net/Rights/Noise/noise1.html.

From www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html.

Schafer (1984).

Schafer (1976).

From www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html. From www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html. Schaeffer(1966); Chion(1983).

Rivenburg , R. 'Familiar sounds go by the way of dinosaurs', Japan Times, 4 January 2005.

From www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html.

From www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html.

See www.sfu.ca/~westerka/writings/bauhaus.html.

See www.citymayors.com/environment/nyc_noise.html.

See www.citymayors.com/environment/nyc_noise.html.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olfactory.

Vroon(1997).

Vroon(1997).

Ritter (2002).

From www.aroma54.com.

See www.fpinva.org/Education/beyond_the_scent.htm.

See Sharon Lynn's 'Do members of different cultures have characteristic body odors?' at www.zebra.biol.sc.edu/smell/ann/myth6.html. James Howard Kunstler is author of The Geography of Nowhere (1993), among many other books.

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