List of Boxes xi

List of Photographs xiii

Acronyms and Abbreviations xv

Acknowledgements xvii

Chapter One: Overture 1

City-making and responsibility 6

Art and science 7

Push and pull 9

Unresolved and unclear 11

Secular humanism 12

Shifting the Zeitgeist 14

Cityness is Everywhere 19

A view from above 26

An imaginary journey 27

Sameness and difference 29

Chapter Two: The Sensory Landscape of Cities 39

Sensescapes 45

The car and the senses 46

Transporting into a past sensescape 48

Linguistic shortcomings 50

Soundscape 51

Smellscape 61

The look of the city 68

Chapter Three: Unhinged and Unbalanced 77

The City as a Guzzling Beast 77

The logistics of a cup of tea 78

Washing and toilet flushing 79

Food and eating 80

Rubbish 81

Transport 83

Materials: Cement, asphalt and steel 86

The ecological footprint 88

Urban Logistics 88

Has decivilization started? 91

The Geography of Misery 93

Organized crime and the rule of fear 95

People-trafficking and the sex trade 98

The human cost of change 99

Grinding poverty and stolen childhood 101

Filth 102

Prisons and borders 103

Tourism and its discontents 104

Cultural prosperity among poverty 105

Learning from Katha 107

The Geography of Desire 109

Ordinary desire 111

Pumping up desire 113

Mentally moving on before arriving 115

Speed and slowness 116

Trendspotting or trainspotting? 118

The shopping repertoire 119

Making more of the night 124

The Geography of Blandness 125

The march of the mall 127 The death of diversity and ordinary distinctiveness 131

The curse of convenience 135

Shedland 140

Chapter Four: Repertoires and Resistance 143

Urban Repertoires 143

From Prado to Prada 143

Urban iconics 146

The crisis of meaning and experience 151 Capturing the final frontier: Ad-creep and beyond 153

Gratification over fulfilment 154

Urban Resonance 155

The city as a fashion item 155

Drawing power and the resonance of cities 158

Forms of drawing power 161

Cities on the radar screen 163

Borrowing the Landscape 166

Selling places 172

The limits to tourism 174

Urban Rituals 176

Making the most of resources 176

Meaningful experiences 180

A Coda: Urban Resistances 186

Chapter Five: The Complicated and the Complex 189

The Forces of Change: Unscrambling Complexity 189

A conceptual framework 192

Faultlines 193

Battlegrounds 197

Paradoxes 199

Risk and creativity 201

Drivers of change 208

Aligning Professional Mindsets 211

Escaping the silo 212

Whole connections and specialist parts 214

Stereotypes and the professions 217

Balancing skills 226

Opening Mindsets and the Professions 227

The professional gestalt 227

Mindflow and mindset 228

The blight of reductionism 231

Professions and identity 232

Performance culture 233

Stretching boundaries 234

Insights and crossovers 238

Blindspots in City-Making 240

The emotions 240

Environmental psychology 243

Cultural literacy 245

Artistic thinking 249

Diversity 253

Towards a common agenda 263

The new generalist 264

Chapter Six: The City as a Living Work of Art 267

Re-enchanting the city 268

Re-establishing your playing field 268

Reassessing creativity 270 Revaluing hidden assets: A creativity and obstacle audit 272 Reassigning the value of unconnected resources 275

Recycling and greening 277

Recapturing centrality 278

Revisualizing soft and hard infrastructures 281

Redefining competitiveness 285 Rethinking calculations of worth: The asphalt currency 287 Rebalancing the scorecard: The complexities of capital 287

Regaining confidence and a sense of self 290

Renewing leadership capacity 291

Realigning rules to work for vision 292

Renaming risk management policy 295

Reconceiving the city 295

Reimagining planning 298

Remapping the city 300

Redelineating urban roles 301

Reasserting principles of development 304 Reconnecting difficult partners: New Urbanism and Le Corbusier 305

Reshaping behaviour 308

Reconsidering the learning city 310

Reigniting the passion for learning 313 Revaluing and reinvesting in people and home-grown talent 315 Repairing health through the built environment 318

Reversing decline 319

Remeasuring assets 321

Re-presenting and repositioning 323

Retelling the story 326

Knitting the threads together 329

What is a creative idea? 331

A final coda: Reconsidering jargon 332

Chapter Seven: Creative Cities for the World 335

Ethics and creativity 335

Civic creativity 338

Is Dubai creative? 341

Is Singapore creative? 350

Are Barcelona and Bilbao creative? 361

Urban acupuncture and Curitiba's creativity 376

... and there are many more 381 The Management of Fragility: Creativity and the City 385

Creative ecology 385

The creative rash 386

An idea or a movement 387

Creativity: Components 390

Where are the creative places? 407

Where next? 415

Fine judgement and the formula 420

Urgency and creativity 420

Ten ideas to start the creative city process 422

Endpiece 425

'Why I Think What I Think' 426

Notes 429

Bibliography 443

Index 451

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