Contents

FOREWORD, BY PETER HODSON PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION INTRODUCTION

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

Plates 1-3 The Greek Orders: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian 29

Plate 4 Comparative Tuscan Orders 36

Plate 5 Comparative Doric Orders 39

Plate 6 Comparative Ionic Orders 42

Plate 7 Comparative Corinthian Orders 45

Plate 8 Comparative Composite Orders 48

THE ORDERS IN DETAIL

Plate 9 The Five Orders 53

Plate 10 The Tuscan Order 56

Plate 11 The Tuscan Capital and Entablature 58

Plate 12 The Tuscan Base and Pedestal 60

Plate 13 The Doric Order 62

Plate 14 The Doric Capital and Entablature I 64

Plate 15 The Doric Capital and Entablature II 67

Plate 16 The Doric Base and Pedestal 68

Plate 17 The Ionic Order 70

Plate 18 The Ionic Volute 72

Plate 19 The Ionic Capital and Entablature 74

Plate 20 The Ionic Capital I 76

Plate 21 The Ionic Capital II 79

Plate 22 The Ionic Base and Pedestal 80

Plate 23 The Corinthian Order 82

Plate 24 The Corinthian Capital and Entablature 84

Plate 25 The Corinthian Entablature 86

Plate 26 The Corinthian Capital 88

Plate 27 The Corinthian Base and Pedestal 90

Plate 28 The Composite Order 92

Plate 29 The Composite Capital and Entablature 94

Plate 30 The Composite Entablature 96

Plate 31 The Composite Capital 98

Plate 32 The Composite Base and Pedestal 100

Plate 33 Comparison of Mouldings 102

JAMES GIBBS AND THE AMERICAN CLASSICAL TRADITION

Plate 34 James Gibbs, design for a round window, plate 110, A Book of Architecture

(RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 105

Plate 35a James Gibbs, design for the west front of St Martin's in the Fields, plate 3, A Book of Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 109

Plate 35b James Gibbs, design for a garden seat, Plate 82, A Book of Architecture

(RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 111

Plate 35c Christ Church, Philadelphia (Historic American Buildings Survey) 111

Plate 35d St. Paul's Chapel, New York City (Historic American Buildings Survey) 111 Plate 36a First Congregational Church, Litchfield, Connecticut

(Historic American Buildings Survey) 113

Plate 36b First Congregational Church, New Haven, Connecticut

(Historic American Buildings Survey) 114

Plate 37a James Gibbs, design for a gentleman in Dorsetshire, plate 58, A Book of

Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 115

Plate 37b Mount Airy, Richmond County, Virginia

(Historic American Buildings Survey) 115

Plate 38a Hammond-Harwood House, Annapolis, Maryland

(Historic American Buildings Survey) 117

Plate 38b James Gibbs, designs for niches, plate 109, A Book of Architecture

(RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 117

Plate 38c James Gibbs, design for a gentleman in Yorkshire, plate 63, A Book of

Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection) 118

Plate 38d John Hawks, design for Tryon Palace, New Bern, North Carolina

(Courtesy of Tryon Palace Historic Sites and Gardens, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources) 118

Plate

39a

Elisha Sheldon House, Litchfield, Connecticut

(Historic American Buildings Survey)

120

Plate

39b

James Gibbs, draught made for a house for a Gentleman in 1720,

plate 43, A Book of Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection)

120

Plate

40a

John Edwards House, Charleston, South Carolina

(Historic American Buildings Survey)

122

Plate

40b

James Gibbs, 'The Ionick Capital,' plate XIV, Rules for Drawing

(RIBA Library Photographs Collection)

122

Plate

41 a

James Gibbs, design for a temple in the Doric order, plate 67,

A Book of Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection)

124

Plate

41 b

Monticello, Albemarle County, Virginia (Robert C. Lautman,

Courtesy of The Thomas Jefferson Foundation)

124

Plate

42a

James Gibbs, design for a house at Seacomb Park, plate 53, A Book of

Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection)

126

Plate

42b

James Hoban, N. elevation, The White House, Washington, D.C.

(Maryland Historical Society)

126

Plate

43a

James Gibbs, design for a house to be built in Greenwich, plate 47,

A Book of Architecture (RIBA Library Photographs Collection)

129

Plate

43b

Whitemarsh Hall (destroyed), Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania

(Pennsylvania State Archives)

129

Plate

44

Milburne, Richmond, Virginia (Calder Loth)

131

THE 96-PART ORDERS

Plate

45

The Five Orders, After James Gibbs

137

Plate

46

The Tuscan Order

140

Plate

47

The Tuscan Capital and Entablature

142

Plate

48

The Tuscan Base and Pedestal

143

Plate

49

The Doric Order

144

Plate

50

The Doric Capital and Entablature

146

Plate

5i

The Doric Base and pedestal

147

Plate

52

The Ionic Order

148

Plate

53

The Ionic Capital and Entablature

150

Plate

54

The Ionic Base and Pedestal

151

Plate

55

The Corinthian Order

152

Plate

56

The Corinthian Capital and Entablature

154

Plate

57

The Corinthian Base and Pedestal

155

Plate

58

The Composite Order

156

Plate

59

The Composite Capital and Entablature

158

Plate

60

The Composite Base and Pedestal

159

USE OF THE ORDERS

Plate

61

The Column: Diminution and Fluting

163

Plate

62

Intercolumniation I: Tuscan and Ionic

166

Plate

63

Intercolumniation II: Doric, Corinthian and Composite

168

Plate

64

Arches I: Without Pedestals

171

Plate

65

Arches II: With Pedestals

174

Plate

66

Arches III: Details

176

Plate

67

Balustrades

179

Plate

68

Superimposed Orders I and II

182

Plate

69

Superimposed Orders I and II

185

Plate

70

Attics and Basements I and II

186

Plate

71

Attics and Basements I and II

189

Plate

72

Rustication

190

Plate

73

Pediments

193

Plate

74

Doors and Windows I

196

Plate

75

Doors and Windows II

198

Plate

76

Mouldings and Their Enrichment

200

Plate

77

Characteristics of Classicism

203

ILLUSTRATED GLOSSARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

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