Drawing Conventions and Representations

Entertainment Construction Drawings

Construction drawings communicate how something is built by showing specific assemblies and by employing architectural drawing conventions. These conventions are fairly standard throughout the industry and are used to reduce the drawing time and space needed to convey information. For example, in Figure 5-16, a graphic symbol with an arrow drawn on a cabinetry section denotes the exact place the section was cut and the direction of the view taken in the resulting section drawing. Abbreviations,...

Dimensioning Floor Plans

Construction Drawings Architecture

A floor plan is carefully dimensioned to ensure that items such as walls, columns, doors, windows, openings, stairs, and other particulars are correctly located for construction. Sometimes after a plan is drawn accurately to a scale, its reproduction causes a slight enlargement or reduction of the drawing. In such cases, the floor plan is slightly out of true scale, but this is acceptable because the written dimensions are the controlling factors. In fact, most designers add a note on the...

Drafting Standards for Interior Elevations

Hinge Joint Drawing Elevation

Interior elevations are drafted to clearly indicate surfaces, edges, and the intersections of materials and forms. The elevation is drawn to scale, with the limits of the ceiling, floor, and adjacent walls or other forms shown with a dark outline. There are two basic methods that professional firms use to draw interior elevations. These methods are illustrated in Figure 7-10. The first method is to outline all the elements such as cabinets, beams, soffits, etc. that project toward the viewer...

Existing Wall To Be Removed

Assembly Drawings With Dimensions

In conjunction with an electrical plan to denote specific equipment. Figure 5-24 illustrates an electrical legend in conjunction with additional electrical notes. Although there are many commonly recognized legends and graphic symbols, the drafter should always include the specifics of what is being shown. Legends should be concise and graphically presented as small as possible on the sheet, yet easily readable in the field by the builder. Dimensioning involves incorporating numerical values in...

Ceramic Tile Floor Pattern

Humanizing Condo Floor Plan

Generally, there is not a lot of dimensioning on the finish plan. As long as the plan is drawn to scale and the dimensions of the spaces and structure are indicated on the floor plan s , the finishes can be estimated from these or other drawings. However, in some cases, dimensions are needed to describe limits of finishes or start and stop points occuring in areas that are not easily referenced in the plan view. Alignment and direction of patterns might need to be dimensioned directly on the...

Scale of Interior Elevations

Construction Elevation Drawings

The scale at which an interior elevation should be drawn will depend upon the complexity and detail of items, information, and finishes to be shown. Generally, interior elevations are drawn to the same scale as the floor plan s . If the wall plane and other items are fairly simple, then a scale of 1 4 1'-0 1 50 metric is acceptable. This is especially applicable in large public spaces. However, in very large commercial interior spaces a smaller scale of V8 1'-0 1 100 metric might be required....

X3x Cmu Masonry Veneer

Tri City Medical Center Floor Plans

Figure 6-27 A section is cut through a wall seen in plan view, keyed with an arrow indicating the direction of the view. The top letter refers to this section drawing, which can be found on the sheet identified in the lower half of the circle. Figure 6-28 The floor plan of this small house indicates where two building sections labeled A and B are cut. The arrow shows the direction of the view. Figure 6-28 The floor plan of this small house indicates where two building sections labeled A and B...

Drafting Standards Abbreviations and Symbols

A designer's drawings are used to communicate specific information to many other individuals, such as owners, architects, engineers, and builders. To do this effectively a number of drafting standards, abbreviations, and symbols have been developed over time that have become uniformly acceptable in the building industry. Although an office may use variations of the standard conventions presented here, most follow some version of these conventions. Many construction terms are abbreviated to save...

Reflected Ceiling And Electrical Plans

Electrical Drawings Commercial

Electrical systems in a building include lighting, electrical outlets, telephone lines, and other communication systems such as computer networks. A designer's objective is to communicate the nature and locations of these systems in a clear, uncluttered manner. Several approaches are commonly used to do this. The particular method and type of drawing selected will depend on the size and complexity of the project and the office drafting standards. This chapter will discuss electrical system...

Partial First Floor Furniture Plan

Figure The Furniture For Floor Plan

Figure 12-4 A job book details each piece of furniture, such as this table, T11, and references it to the furniture installation plan. round conference table with wood veneer top and aluminum tube base The schedule, which is located adjacent to the furniture plan, may simply be in the form of a legend indicating codes and the generic types of furniture they refer to, such as C for chair or TA for table, and not specific product information. The codes must then be explained in more detail in the...

Designation of Materials

Dimension Lines Floor Plan

Floor plans are generally not used to designate specific materials, as finishes might be too small to show in plan and their selections might be changed later. The amount of material information provided on a floor plan depends on the size and complexity of the proposed construction. The plans for a small residential project may contain more detailed information, such as the finished floor materials, because the design may be simpler and very few materials used, as illustrated in Figure 6-38....

Mechanical And Plumbing Plans

Plumbing Floor Plan

Figure 15-1 Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning ductwork and related ceiling grilles are designed and drawn over the floor plan. Figure 15-1 Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning ductwork and related ceiling grilles are designed and drawn over the floor plan. Figure 15-2 This ceiling plan shows the location of HVAC ducting and ceiling registers in relation to ceiling light fixtures and dropped soffits.

Checklist for Floor Plans

Title the drawing, note its scale, and indicate north (or reference direction). Draw all doors and direction of operation (swings, folding, etc.). Draw all windows to scale and show mullions. Number and symbol-code all doors and windows. Check door swings and window operations for possible conflicts with other elements and views. Number or name all rooms spaces. Show stairways and include an arrow to indicate up or down from that floor level. Call out the number of risers and treads and...