• Title elevation and note the scale it is drawn at, either below title or in the sheet title block.
• Cross-reference drawing (with correct symbols) to floor plans and/or other drawings.
• Draw doors, windows, and their frames. Show (with hidden/dotted lines) direction of door and cabinetry door swings and shelf locations. The angled dashed line near the midpoint of the door indicates the hinge side.
• Add notes to cross-reference items to other drawings where necessary (finish plan, electrical/lighting plan, etc.).
• Draw the outline (profile) of the elevation nice and dark, as it represents the outermost limits of the drawing.
• Use manufacturers' templates, or the computer "library of symbols," to draw plumbing fixtures, such as water closets and lavatories.
• Draw and note appliances/equipment such as refrigerators, dishwasher, washer/dryer, microwave, trash compactor, etc. If an item is not to be supplied by the contractor, add a note that it is N.I.C. (not in contract) or supplied by the owner.
• Call out (with generic names) wall and base cabinet materials, wainscot, moldings, chair rails, and shelves (adjustable or fixed).
• Call out generic wall finishes (vinyl, ceramic tile, brick, wood paneling, gypsum board, fabric, etc.) and refer to the finish plan for detailed information.
• Call out glass, mirrors, metal frames, and other related information.
• Key window or glazing wall details to the appropriate enlarged drawings.
• Note folding partitions, roll-down security, and fire doors.
• Dimension heights of important items such as base and wall cabinetry, countertops, backsplashes, toe spaces, soffits, and fixtures.
• Dimension miscellaneous trim, moldings, wall surface treatments such as wainscots, chair rails, handrails, and grab bars.
• Dimension walls and other items to important building elements, such as existing walls, concrete walls, or columns.
We have seen how elevations and floor plans show finish materials, heights, room layouts, and locations of doors and windows. However, many of the details and subsurface parts of a building or interior space cannot be completely understood through only these types of drawings. To gain more information as to how a building, interior space, or object is to be constructed, one or more slices may have to be cut through the assembly in a vertical direction.
Section drawings take such an imaginary slice through an object or building, as illustrated in Figure 8-1. They give information on heights and relationships between floors, ceilings, spaces, walls, and in some instances details of the specific construction techniques used. Sections can be cut on a vertical (most common) or horizontal plane. In fact, a floor plan is really a horizontal section drawing. Two or more sections are often cut at 90 degrees to one another to give additional information, unless the space or object is very simple. Sections should ideally be cut in a continuous, straight plane, without many jogs. This slice should be taken where it will best illustrate the relationships between significant components of an object or interior space, as shown in Figure 8-2. The location of this cut is indicated on the floor plan or elevation (whichever is the base drawing) with a graphical symbol, as seen in Figure 8-3. This symbol gives the section an identification number with an arrow that shows the direction the person is looking when viewing the final sectional drawing. If there are a number of sheets in a designer's set of construction drawings, the indicator mark also shows which sheet the particular section is drawn on.
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