Contents

Preface vii Acknowledgments ix

Part I — Drawing, Equipment, and Fundamentals 7

CHAPTER 1 DRAWING AS COMMUNICATION 3

Drawing for Idea Generation 3

Drawing as a Design and Presentation Media 6

Drawing as Guide for Construction 6

CHAPTER 2 DRAFTING EQUIPMENT AND ITS CARE 9

Drawing Tables and Surfaces 9

Drawing Papers and Plastic Films 10

Pencils, Leads, and Pens 77

Parallel Bar, T-Square, and Drafting Machines 74

Triangles, Templates, and Compasses 75

Scales 7 7

Erasers, Erasing Shields, and Brushes 78 Additional Equipment 20

CHAPTER 3 DRAWING AND DRAFTING FUNDAMENTALS 27

Starting the Drawing 22 Line Types 24

Drafting Standards, Abbreviations, and Symbols 26 Lettering 27

CHAPTER 4 DRAWING CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS 37

Multiview Drawings 37 Single-view Drawings 32 Perspective Drawings 37

Part II —Contract Documents 47

CHAPTER 5 CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS, SPECIFICATIONS, AND CONTRACTS 49

Specifications 49 Contracts 57 Construction Drawings 52

Guidelines for Preparing Construction Drawings 59 Drawing Conventions and Representations 64

CHAPTER 6 FLOOR PLANS 77

Scale of Floor Plans 87 Drafting Standards 87

Dimensioning Floor Plans 93

Designation of Materials 96

Checklist for Floor Plans 97

CHAPTER 7 ELEVATIONS 99

Exterior Elevations 707

Interior Elevations 702

Scale of Interior Elevations 7 02

Drafting Standards for Interior Elevations 704

Designation of Materials 7 08

Dimensioning Elevations 770

Checklist for Interior Elevations 772

CHAPTER 8 SECTIONS 7 73

Types of Section Drawings 7 75 Drafting Standards 777 Building Sections 777

Sections of Interior Spaces 118 Wall Sections 119 Detail and Object Sections 121 Checklist for Section Drawings 122

CHAPTER 9 SPECIALTY DRAWINGS AND DETAILS

Purpose of Specialty Drawings 123 Stairs and Ramps 123 Millwork 129 Cabinetry 132 Fireplaces 136

CHAPTER 10 SCHEDULES 141

Door Schedules 144

Checklist for Door Schedules 148

Window Schedules 149

Checklist for Window Schedules 150

Finish Schedules 151

Checklist for Finish Schedules 152

Other Schedules 152

CHAPTER 11 FINISH PLANS 153

Scale of Finish Plans 156 Drafting Standards for Finish Plans 156 Designation of Materials in Finish Plans 157 Dimensioning Finish Plans 159 Checklist for Finish Plans 159

CHAPTER 12 FURNITURE INSTALLATION PLANS

Scale of Furniture Installation Plans 165 Drafting Standards for Furniture Installation Plans Dimensioning Furniture Installation Plans 168 Designation of Materials 168 Checklist for Furniture Installation Plans 170

CHAPTER 13 FURNISHINGS AND EQUIPMENT PLANS 171

Scale of Drawings 175 Drafting Standards 175 Designation of Materials 177

Dimensioning of Furnishings and Equipment Plans 178 Checklist for Furnishings and Equipment Plans 178

CHAPTER 14 REFLECTED CEILING AND ELECTRICAL PLANS 181

Reflected Ceiling Plans 182 Electrical Plans 195

CHAPTER 15 MECHANICAL AND PLUMBING PLANS 201

Mechanical (HVAC) Plans 202 Plumbing Plans 207

Drafting Standards for Plumbing Drawings 210 CHAPTER 16 REPRODUCTION METHODS AND COMPUTERS 213

Reproductions of Drawings 214

Using Computers for Design, Communication, and Drafting 216 Appendix A MasterFormat™ Level Two Numbers and Titles 219

Appendix B Section Format Outline 225

Appendix C Sample ADA Guidelines 227

Appendix D Abbreviations for Construction Drawings 231

Glossary 233

Index 239

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