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Figure 1-4 Concept sketches and drawings are part of a sequence of design steps known as the design process.

Figure 1-5 Design drawings such as this pictorial rendering

Figure 1-5 Design drawings such as this pictorial rendering

Drawing as Design and Presentation Media

Once a designer has developed an idea to a point that visual communication is needed to show it to the client or others, new drawings must be created for use as presentation media. These drawings depict the parameters of an idea in more detail, yet are not totally worked out to a point that they serve as an accurate construction guide. Design drawings can range from pictorial renderings of an idea (Figure 1-5) to rendered plan views of a building's interiors (Figure 1-6). In the first example, a rendering is often done as a perspective view (Chapter 4), which resembles a photograph. The receding lines of an object are purposely drawn to a distant vanishing point — similar to the effect of railroad tracks that appear to touch at the horizon. Design drawings are also done using techniques other than perspectives, such as in the isometric shown in Figure 1-7. Different types of drawings are discussed further in Chapter 4.

Drawing as a Guide for Construction

Drawings serve as the prime means of communication for constructing buildings, interior spaces, cabinets, furniture, and other objects. Construction drawings are scaled, detailed, and accurate representations of how an object looks and how it is constructed, as well as the materials used (Figure 1-8). The drawings follow established architectural graphic conventions to indicate sizes, material, and related information that is needed to bring the objects or spaces into reality (Figure 1-9). The builder needs clear, concise drawings that are directly related to the different views of an object, such as plans, elevations, sections (Figure 1-10), and other drawing types that are discussed in later chapters.

Figure 1-7 Design drawings can rely on a variety of techniques. Pictured here is an isometric drawing.

Figure 1-8 Drawings used to communicate how something should be constructed are scaled, detailed, and accurate; they also show materials to be used.

Figure 1-8 Drawings used to communicate how something should be constructed are scaled, detailed, and accurate; they also show materials to be used.

WOOD BALUSTRADES BEYOND

Ife'xafc' OAK SILL

rh TOP

STEEL I-BEAM

24 GA. METAL FRAMING

RECESSED FLUORESCENT LIGHT

WOOD BALUSTRADES BEYOND

Ife'xafc' OAK SILL

rh TOP

STEEL I-BEAM

24 GA. METAL FRAMING

RECESSED FLUORESCENT LIGHT

Figure 1-9 Designers use graphic conventions to indicate sizes, material, and related information needed to turn ideas for objects or spaces into reality.

SECTION « BALCONY

- PLASTIC LAMINATE COUNTERTOP

Figure 1-10 Clear, concise drawings of an object, such as this section, help a builder to construct the object the designer envisioned.

Figure 1-9 Designers use graphic conventions to indicate sizes, material, and related information needed to turn ideas for objects or spaces into reality.

PLASTIC LAMINATE BACKSPLASH

PLASTIC LAMINATE BACKSPLASH

- PLASTIC LAMINATE COUNTERTOP

- SCHEDULED CABINET HARDWARE

- PLASTIC LAMINATE DOORS

-ADJUSTABLE SHELF

-SCHEDULED BASE

SECTION OF BASE CABINET

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