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Example of concrete deterioration caused rusting of the reinforcing steel.

Because these crystalline formations are within the concrete and are not exposed at the surface, they cannot be punctured or otherwise damaged like membranes or surface coatings. Crystalline waterproofing is highly resistant to chemicals where the pH range is between three and 11 under constant contact, and two to 12 under periodic contact. Crystalline waterproofing will tolerate temperatures between -25 degrees Fahrenheit (-32 degrees Centigrade) and 265 degrees Fahrenheit (130 degrees Centigrade) in a constant state. Humidity, ultraviolet light, and oxygen levels have no impact on the products ability to perform.

Crystalline waterproofing offers protection against the following agents and phenomena: • Inhibits the effects of CO, CO2, SO2 and NO2, the gasses responsible for the corrosive phenomenon known as 'carbonation.' Carbonation is the process where exterior gasses create a corrosive phenomenon that softens the surface layers of the concrete. Carbonation testing shows that the multiplicative crystalline formations also reduce the flow of gases into concrete, thus significantly retarding the carbonation at the surface in which the alkalinity is reduced and the surface layer is softened.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) view of a concrete pore before the application of crystalline waterproofing.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) view of a concrete pore filled with multiplicative crystalline formation, initial stages.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) view of a concrete pore before the application of crystalline waterproofing.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) view of a concrete pore filled with multiplicative crystalline formation, initial stages.

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