Seismic soil pressures

Seismic Soil Loads

In the present state of knowledge, the recommended method of obtaining seismic soil forces is that using equivalent-static analysis. Only for exceptional structures would dynamic analyses using finite elements seem warranted. In the equivalent-static method, a horizontal earthquake force equal to the weight of the soil wedge multiplied by a seismic coefficient is assumed to act at the centre of gravity of the soil mass. This earthquake force is additional to the static forces on the wall. In...

Piled foundations Introduction

Pile Foundation Bending Failure

The reliable design of piles for earthquake loads is difficult because of the uncertainties involved in determining the design deformation state of the piles. This is partly due to the uncertainties involved in assessing lateral soil-pile interaction, and partly to the complexity of behaviour of pile groups. As indicated in Figures 9.1, 9.4 and 9.5, high bending moments may occur at various locations up the pile. In addition to the locations of high bending moments indicated by these idealized...