Homemade Organic Fertilizer Recipe

Fertilizers Home Made Formulas

In this information you will find recipes and techniques that work to: Protect your house and lawn with special indoor and outdoor Shock Treatments: Ants, Snails, Slugs, Roaches, Fleas, Earwigs, Cockroaches, Silverfish, Beetles, Termites and Webworms. Say good-bye to those annoying yellow spots. Learn the secret to keep your grass greener in water restricted areas and in hot weather. Treat your lawn with a deworming concoction. (learn how and why you must do it once a year) Use effective Natural Insecticides (it's now time to learn what they are and how to use them. in the years to come, only natural insecticides will be permitted by cities!) Avoid serious plant, pet and child health problems caused by toxic commercial products. Protect yourself and your family against the nile virus in 1 minute. Kill ants and destroy the entire colony in 3 days or less. Kill harmful insects while fertilizing your soils. Read more here...

Fertilizers Home Made Formulas Overview

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Fertilizer analysis

(N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). They are usually listed on containers of fertilizer in the foregoing order as a percentage of each (i.e., 5-10-8 or 5 nitrogen, 10 phosphorus, 8 potassium). See also secondary nutrients, complete fertilizer, and micronutrients. fertilizer analysis The breakdown usually labeled on fertilizer products showing the minimum percentages of nutrients included. fertilizer burn This is a burning or wilting of leaves caused by salts commonly found in fertilizers (especially nitrogen fertilizers), which changes osmotic pressure in the soil thereby preventing water from entering roots. Leaching salts from the soil with excess watering can move the salts from the root zone. Fertilizers have a salt index number that can be helpful in determining the amount of fertilizer that can be applied without excessive salt application. fertilizer ratio The amount of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potash (K) present in a fertilizer by percentage. It is usually listed...

Belgars Permeable Paver Systems

Encironmental stress is increasingly being placed on our resources. As more land Is developed, the natural water filtration provided by the soil is continually being diminished. In turn, stormwater runoff - mixed with motor oil, fertilizers, and other contaminants-can pollute both surface and groundwater.

Municipal Sewage Treatment Plants

Larger scale sewage treatment plants continue to improve the efficiency of their processes, and municipalities are active in reducing the amount of sewage they process. Larger plants use aerobic digestion plus chemical treatment and filtration, and can produce effluent suitable for drinking. Clean effluent is pumped into the ground to replenish depleted groundwater. Digested sludge is dried, bagged, and sold for fertilizer. Some plants spray processed sewage directly on forests or cropland for irrigation or fertilizer.

Recycling Solid Wastes

And industrial by-products and radioactive and chemical wastes from laboratories and industries. All of this averages out to about 45 kg (100 lb) of waste per person annually in the United States. Some of these materials, such as food scraps and paper, are links in the biological recycling chain. Some, such as metals and plastics, represent nonrenewable resources. Many waste substances contain useful energy, but separation and recycling of the mingled refuse is a Herculean task. Solid waste is the main source of land and soil pollution, next to the agricultural use of pesticides and fertilizers. Most cities burn and bury ashes, or bury the refuse itself in landfills. The organic components decompose, but glass, metals, and plastic remain.

Large Building Solid Waste Collection

Vermiculture is a simple, if somewhat unusual, method of using worms to turn kitchen waste into extremely rich castings for use in the garden. The vericul-ture bin is a very effective means of reducing the amount of waste that goes into the landfill while also producing an organic fertilizer to return to the earth. Red wig-gler worms are placed in one section of the worm box with wet, shredded newspaper. Food scraps from the kitchen are added to the box as they accumulate. Worms feed on fruit and vegetable peels, tea bags, coffee grounds, and pulverized eggshells, and can consume ap

American Standard Code for Information

Ammonium nitrate a white, crystalline, water-soluble, chemical compound, NH4NO3, used in explosives, fertilizers and freezing mixtures. ammonium phosphate a chemical compound, N2H9PO4, used as a fire retardant and in fertilizers. Amon see Amun. 74 amoretto see cupid. 122 amorino see cupid. 122

The Environmental Species Permeable Pavers Vs Stormwater

Environmental stress is increasingly being placed on our resources, vis more land Is developed, the natural water filtration pronided by the soil is continually being diminished. In turn, stormwatcr runoff - mixed with motor oil, Fertilizers, and other contaminants-can pollute both surface and groundwater.

Figure 81 Daily manure and stall waste production from a typical 1000pound horse

Substantial amounts of manure can accumulate where horses congregate around gates, water-ers, favorite shade areas, feeders, and shelters. These areas should be cleaned weekly for better pasture management and parasite control and to diminish fly breeding. Manure collected from paddocks and pastures may be added to the stall waste stockpile. Horse manure has been considered a valuable resource rather than a waste. Fertilizer value of 8V2 tons of manure produced annually by a 1000-pound horse is about 102 pounds of nitrogen, 43 pounds of P2O5 (phosphorus pentoxide These values are an average for horse manure (urine and feces). With the large amount of bedding material mixed with manure in typical stall waste, the fertilizer nutrient value would vary. A summary of published nutrient values is presented in Table 8.5 in the Direct Disposal section.

Manure Disposal Direct Disposal

Field application is based on fertilizer needs of the crop or pasture grass through soil sampling (Fig. 8.19). The approximate fertilizer value of Figure 8.19. Proper application with a tractor and spreader provides a thin layer of stable waste over the soil to improve manure drying and fertilizer application along with decreased fly breeding. Adapted from On-Farm Composting Handbook, NRAES-54. Figure 8.19. Proper application with a tractor and spreader provides a thin layer of stable waste over the soil to improve manure drying and fertilizer application along with decreased fly breeding. Adapted from On-Farm Composting Handbook, NRAES-54. manure from bedded horse stalls (46 dry matter) is 4 pounds per ton ammonium-N, 14 pounds per ton total N, 4 pounds per ton P2O5 (phosphate), and 14 pounds per ton K O (potash). Fertilizer value of manure at 20 moisture without bedding is approximately 12-5-9 pounds per ton (N Oj- O). Horse manure nutrient values surveyed from published literature...

Figure 91 Site features for fire prevention and fighting

Once all available fuel sources have been used, the fire will burn out. Unfortunately, this is not necessarily the end of the fire. Barns and agricultural buildings often contain large quantities of fuel sources that can be impervious to water (e.g., hay, petroleum fuels, and fertilizers). It is common for some of these fuel sources to remain unburned during the initial fire, then continue to smolder. These smoldering pockets often reignite or rekindle another fire, requiring another visit from the fire department.

Design of Socio Technical Systems and Functions of Artifacts

We have seen before that type fixation is transitive in the cases under consideration. A type-fixed component of a technical artifact is likewise a type-fixed component of the socio-technical system to which the artifact belongs as a type-fixed component. Functions may also be transitive, but this does not seem to apply generally. Malinowski gives an example of how the subcomponents of components of social systems may effect a social system by referring to biologically designed components such processes as breathing, excretion, digestion, and the ductless glands i.e., the hormone glands affect culture more or less directly (Malinowski, 1941, 68). Although we see this influence of the effects of components of higher components of a system on the embedding system, we should be careful to regard this as a transitivity of functions The excretory organs of humans will not function as the excretory organs of society, nor does epinephrine make society ready to perform a flight reaction....

Operations and Maintenance Practices

Environmentally beneficial operations and maintenance (O & M) practices are just beginning to come into use, spurred by the LEED for Existing Buildings (LEED-EB) rating system. Building owners and managers are beginning to examine their use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other toxic substances, to eliminate those that pose significant hazards to people, animals and the environment. Large organizations with sustainability mission statements are beginning to see the benefits of changing practices, in terms of cost savings and reduced exposure of their people to harmful substances.

The Colonial Economy and Agrarian Capitalism

A necessity for power to operate and expand within the system (Mitchell, 2002). Surely, part of this confusion stems from the fact that scholars have applied their contemporary understanding of capitalism and private ownership of land on past forms, hence, framing the meaning with our contemporary biases and views. For example, scholars differ over the meaning of landholding during the nineteenth century was it an object with a single claim, or was it, as Mitchell tells us, 'a system of multiple claims' (Mitchell, 2002). No doubt that the 1882 British occupation of Egypt and the subsequent need to tax farmers and landowners was an important milestone in the history of property rights. Of course, at different points in Egyptian history, the right of some individuals to own property and wealth was recognized. But the right of ownership to all persons was never accorded until well into the nineteenth century. The peasants who worked on agricultural land, for instance, rarely owned it....

The GSFC Township Vadodara India

Doshi, as he freely admits, got some things (such as natural ventilation techniques) wrong in his early work. His later townships (e.g. for the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) Township at Hyderabad, 1968-71 and for Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative (IFFCO) at Kalol 1970-3 and 1976) are more sophisticated but follow the ideas he developed in Vadodara. Other Indian architects have picked up the themes much more recently and with greater detail borrowing patterns from the past in a New Urbanist manner.

To The reader of Architecture In Europe

What water will go where to the swimming pool for family use or to the tanks for the cultivation of perches or to the kitchen for the dishwasher and washing machine. The one place the water will not go to is the toilet there are now peat toilets which do not waste water. But the water with the excrement of the perches will be redirected to the garden, complete with ready-made fertilizer. Ecology's most important problem is that it is invisible. You cannot produce the visual sensation of harmony simply by being ecological any more than the reverse. This is obvious in gardening. Because we are all Geologists' now, no one has a lawn without weeds, everyone has a meadow in bloom. In agriculture, the meadow has its stability, but without cows it is an intermediate stage in a sequence of changing vegetable associations. To stop this sequence and to conserve the meadow is as expensive in terms of energy consumption and fertilizers as growing a weed ess lawn used to be.

Malmo city of the future

Malmo Bo01

Surprisingly there is no facility for harvesting rainwater which is directed via the canal to the sea. Wastewater goes to the city's main treatment plant. However, there is a sophisticated system for the management of other kinds of waste which comprises an underground twin pipe vacuum tube collection network. Residents have access to twin terminals, one for food waste, the other for residual dry waste which is incinerated. Biogas and compost are obtained from the food waste. The city has constructed a reactor to convert organic waste into biogas and fertilizer. The biogas is returned to the apartments via the gas main. Nutrients and phosphorus are extracted from sewerage to be used as fertilizer with the residue used as fuel for the incinerator. It is estimated that reclaiming waste generates 290 kWh yr of energy for every resident.

On Ecological Architecture a Memo

What water will go where to the swimming pool for family use or to the tanks for the cultivation of perches or to the kitchen for the dishwasher and washing machine. The one place the water will not go to is the toilet there are now peat toilets which do not waste water. But the water with the excrement of the perches will be redirected to the garden, complete with ready made fertilizer. Ecology's most Important problem is that it is invisible. You cannot produce the visual sensation of harmony simply by being ecological any more than the reverse. This is obvious in gardening. Because we are all 'ecologists' now. no one has a lawn without weeds, everyone has a meadow in bloom. In agriculture, the meadow has its stability, but without cows it is an intermediate stage in a sequence of changing vegetable associations. To stop this sequence and to conserve the meadow is as expensive in terms of energy consumption and fertilizers as growing a weedless lawn used to be.

Sulfateresistant cement

Sulfate A salt or ester of sulfuric acid having sulfur as a constituent. This is an element present in fertilizers such as ammonium sulfate or potassium sulfate. A chemical fertilizer with an acidic reaction and about 20 nitrogen available to plants about 10 days after application. sulfate of potash A fertilizer also known as potassium sulfate, containing 48 to 52 water-soluble potash.

Borrow pit

Bone ash Residue of calcined bones used in making pottery, glass, and as a fertilizer. It is alkaline and has an NPK of 0-35-0. bonemeal An organic fertilizer made from ground animal bones being slightly alkaline and having an NPK ratio of about 4-21-0.2. Steamed bonemeal is not as long-lasting as bonemeal and has an NPK of 2.5-24-0.

Food Production

Barring catastrophe, the global population over the next thirty years will grow from 6 billion to 8 billion people. Most of this growth will be in cities of the Developing World. Bongaarts (2002) believes that the demand for feeding this extra population, will be a great challenge 'The ability of agriculturists to meet this challenge remains uncertain'. He goes on to say that, ' the technological optimists are probably correct in claiming that the overall food production can be increased substantially over the next few decades'. This agricultural expansion will be costly. The expansion will probably take place on soils of poor quality, located in places less favourable for irrigation, than existing intensively farmed land. Water -as we read constantly in our daily newspapers - is in increasingly short supply, while its demand grows not only for purposes of irrigation. The environmental cost of this increased food production, again according to Bongaarts, could be severe. 'A large...

Canvas

Canker A localized, diseased area mostly on woody plants where tissue has died due to the effects of fungi or bacteria, visible as lesions on trunks, branches, and other plant parts. These areas shrink, die, and crack, exposing tissue underneath. As they interfere with water uptake, the foliage often dies as do ends of twigs. Preventing cankers is best achieved by adequate water, fertilizer, and avoidance of injury. Prune cankers out while being careful not to spread the disease with pruning equipment.

Chelate

Chelate An organic substance holding micronu-trients in a form available for absorption by plants. These are fertilizers with an extra metal ion, making the fertilizer available to plants. They are also known as metal-organic complex fertilizers. Iron chelate is used in alkaline soils to overcome chlorosis as it makes iron available to the plant. Chelate micronutrients such as iron or zinc may be prevalent in the soil but unavailable to plants because they are locked as insoluble compounds. When a chelating agent is added, the nutrient elements are made available to plants. chemical fertilizer See inorganic fertilizer. chemigation Application of chemicals or fertilizers to plants through an irrigation system by mixing them with irrigation water.

Compacter volume

Complete fertilizer Any fertilizer with all three of the primary nutrients for plants. Those ingredients and their chemical symbols are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). They may be present in various grades and ratios. On many fertilizer bags there is no label of the ingredients, but the percentages of the ingredients are shown in the same order N-P-K. A bag with 16-10-8 contains 16 nitrogen, 10 phosphorus, and 8 potassium.

Food and eating

Vast amounts of water are consumed by agriculturists and horticulturalists to keep their crops alive, healthy and growing, not to mention fertilizers and pesticides. Animal farming impacts even more. For cattle raised in feedlots, it takes roughly 7 pounds of grain to add a pound of live weight to the animal. Seventy per cent of the grain produced in the US and 40 per cent of the world's supply is fed to livestock, largely to satisfy burger demand in fast-food chains.8 To produce 1 pound of beef, a cow has produced 0.5 pounds of methane, a very potent greenhouse gas, which is equivalent to 10.5 pounds of CO2. The beef eaten by the average American in a year has produced the methane equivalent of 1.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide.9

Dolabriform

Dollar spot on lawns A fungus (Sclerotinia homeocarpa) encouraged by spring's warm, wet, weather and fall's wet weather with cool nights. Lawns low on fertilizer (esp. nitrogen), or poorly drained areas are most susceptible. This disease is recognized by small, round, brown spots later becoming straw colored. A white cobwebby fungus growth seen most easily in early morning before the dew dries may cover dying leaf blades. The best options for preventing this fungus is to plant resistant varieties of grasses and to water deeply, infrequently, and in the morning.

Belgard

Environmental stress is increasingly being placed on our resources. As more land is developed, the natural water filtration provided by the soil is continually being diminished. In turn, storm water runoff - mixed with motor oil, fertilizers, and other contaminants-can pollute both surface and groundwater.

Contract Disposal

A less formal contract disposal is to interest neighbors in free garden organic material. The key is to locate the organic fertilizer enthusiasts. Owners of small stables have had success with newspaper ads and locating free bagged manure at curbside. Empty feed sacks filled with horse manure are a useful package for manure distribution.

Other Stable Wastes

Waste management is not confined to horse stall waste at a large facility. Keep trash separate from manure and soiled bedding for disposal. Recyclable materials are also kept separate for collection. Medical waste (e.g., syringes) usually has special disposal requirements. Fertilizers and pesticides and their containers sometimes have disposal restrictions. Human waste from a bathroom requires a septic system or connection to municipal sewer. Gray water, such as shower and sink water, may also go to the septic or sewer unless it is needed for groundskeeping or other uses where high-quality water is not necessary. A grassed filter area may be used to treat wastewater from the stable's horse wash stalls, tack area, laundry, showers, and feed room.

Finish carpentry

Fire blight Disease common to flowering pears, pyracantha, and other plants. It is identified by blossoms and leaves shriveling, turning a blackish brown, and dying. Bark becomes dark brown and may form cankers. For preventing, plant resistant varieties, avoid poorly drained soils, and avoid too much fertilizer. Cut off dead twigs 1 ft below affected area and discard (do not use in compost or mulch).

Food chain

This term usually refers to the leafy material of the entire plant head or sometimes a portion of leaves of a plant or the leaves of many plants. foliar Of or relating to leaves. foliar feeding Supplying nutrients to plants through their leaves. This is a benefit, but not a substitute for soil nutrients. It is sometimes used for immediate results. foliar fertilizing The application of fertilizer (usually mixed with water) to plant leaves in a fine spray.

Irrigation

Traditionally grass pitches have been watered by sprinklers, usually of the pop-up kind, but these are being challenged by underground water delivery systems. Using special porous low-pressure water supply pipes (or possibly the underground drainage system with the direction of flow reversed by computer control as suggested above) which allow a uniform 'weep rate' along the whole length of the pipe, a steady supply of water - possibly mixed with fertilizer and weed-control additives - seeps directly to the grass root zone. The advantages that are claimed for sub-surface irrigation include Similarly, a conservation of fertilizers, insecticides and herbicides.

Case Study

The layout of Runcorn's infrastructure has many generic qualities. The hierarchical nature of the town is similar to that of many other new towns around the world. The designs of Brasilia and the Gujarat State Fertilizer Corporation (GSFC) Township in Vadodara were based on a similar idea (see Chapter 7). The search for efficient layouts is also clear in the design of Aranya Township (see Chapter 10). The detailed design of their infrastructure systems, the nature of their streets and the relationship of buildings to open space distinguish them from each other.

Survey the Scene

Heroism will only jeopardize lives and the structure. Look and see what the fire is near. A smoldering pile of hay is not nearly as deadly as one smoldering near bags of fertilizer. Take a quick inventory of available resources. Are there other people present Use their skills in the most efficient manner possible. Remember that because of their behavior patterns, horses are the most difficult domestic livestock species to evacuate from a burning barn. Always send the most qualified person to do the task. Persons who are not qualified to do the task are more of a liability than assistance. A person who is unfamiliar with operating a fire extinguisher may spread the fire. Someone unfamiliar with the behavior of a panicked horse puts others, himself or herself, and the horse in greater danger. If the area is unsafe to enter, do not put yourself or anyone else at risk. Be alert for potential hidden dangers. Firefighters cannot concentrate on saving the horses until they have rescued the...

Introduced species

Iron chelate An iron fertilizer bound with a metal ion not easily converted to a form unavailable to plants. It is also known as an iron metal-organic complex fertilizer. Iron is a necessary micronutrient for plants to develop chlorophyll. Without it, the leaves of plants yellow. Iron is sometimes present in a soil, but bound and not available to plants. Chelated iron is available to plants immediately.

Mesopores

Microclimate A reference to a fertilizer that is hardened into the shape of a stake so that it may be forced into the ground. It decomposes, and some materials leach, acting much the same as a fertilizer tablet. Any change in climatic conditions such as wind, sunlight shade, temperature, humidity, etc. in a relatively small, distinctly different area or locality, as affected by man-made or natural elements such as buildings surrounding a city street, a hill protecting from wind or hot late afternoon sun, plants affording shade, a water body affording an increase in humidity, etc. Microclimates are created on each side of a

NGR stain

Nitrate of ammonia Also known as ammonium nitrate, a chemical fertilizer that has 32.5 to 34 immediately available nitrogen. It must have ventilation or it can catch fire or explode. It cakes easily in storage. nitrate of lime or calcium nitrate This chemical fertilizer contains 15.5 immediately available nitrogen, and it slightly decreases soil acidity. nitrate of potash or potassium nitrate This chemical fertilizer contains about 13 immediately available nitrogen, and 44 water-soluble potash. nitrate of soda or sodium nitrate This compound chemical fertilizer contains about 16 immediately available nitrogen, and slightly increases alkalinity. nitrogen In fertilizers, the first percentage listed on a label. This is the nutrient most used by plants. They consistently need this nutrient to sustain growth. This nutrient is supplied in nature through dead plant and animal material decomposing and leaching into the soil.

Orchard

Organic fertilizer A fertilizer derived from living or once-living organisms. It may be from their remains or a by-product of their living functions. Examples are manure, cottonseed meal, bonemeal, etc. If packaged, they will usually identify the percentages of complete fertilizer ingredients. They are generally slower to release their ingredients than chemical fertilizers. They may have other helpful or harmful ingredients, and may also improve soil texture. Harmful effects can be an increase in pH, or addition of salts (as with some manure). organic gardening Growing, cultivating, and otherwise caring for plant material by natural means without chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or insecticides. It makes use of only natural organic fertilizer, soil amendments, and pest controls. Many believe this is best because it reduces risks (associated with chemicals) to people, animals,

New Towns

The group of total urban designs includes a national capital city, a number of state capitals in their initial stages, many cities built de novo to redistribute populations within a country and company towns. Brasilia is a national capital, while Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab, Bhubaneshwar, the capital of Orissa and Gandhinagar the capital of Gujarat, all in India, are examples of state capitals that began as total urban designs. The new towns programmes of the United Kingdom and of Soviet Union provided many examples of the second type of new town. Although none are included in this chapter, Runcorn described in Chapter 4 is an example. The Gujarat State Fertilizer Corporation (GSFC) Township in Vadodara in India is both an example of the manifestation of a government redistribution policy and a company town. Only the developments of Brasilia and the GSFC Township are described here. They fully exemplify the characteristics of new towns that are total urban designs at a large and...

O Harrowing

Applying Fertilizers Soil materials low In nutrients can be improved by applying fertilizer. Sufficient nitrogen is usually available in Lopsoil for plant establishment, while subsoils and geologic materials are usually deficient Nitrogen is more of a limiting factor in plant productivity than it is in the establishment of plants. Although nitrogen is needed the first season on some sites, its application is most beneficial during the second growing season. Since nitrogen is water soluble, its effect Is immediate but short-term Applications before the desired perennial materials are established will favor annual weeds instead. It is common practice to apply additional nitrogen at the time of mulching to make up for the short-term depletion of available nitrogen by microorganisms when mulch is added. The amount of nitrogen used for 4 550 kg ha (2 tons acre) of straw is 23 to 27 kg (50 to 60

Saliens

Salinity The amount of salt in a substance. In landscape work, this usually refers to the salt content of soil or water. Excess salt can be toxic to plants, but more often symptoms are leaf scorch, stunted growth, yellow leaves, or withered leaf margins. Salt also interferes with germination of seeds, and can build up in the soil from softened water, green manure, fertilizers, chemical amendments, or salt applied for melting snow. Salt can best be removed from soil by leaching with water that is free of salt. This is most effective if the soil allows water to drain through it freely. Salinity is usually measured in parts per thousand (ppt). The salinity of seawa-ter is about 35 ppt. salt damage In plants, injury caused by excessive salt in the soil or water. It is found most frequently in poorly drained lowlands, or in arid or semiarid lands, but it can occur anywhere. Salt accumulation in soil may come from fertilizers (including manure), deicing salts, spray from a nearby ocean, or...

Seamless pipe

Used as an organic fertilizer. It has an NPK ratio of about 2.5-1.5-15. secondary nutrient In soils, these are the nutrients calcium, magnesium, and sulfur that are secondary (see primary nutrient) in importance for fertilizers because they are commonly already found in adequate amounts in most soils.

Soil sterilant

Soil salinity The amount of salt in the soil. Excess salt can be toxic to plants, but more often symptoms are leaf scorch, stunted growth, yellow leaves or withered leaf margins. Salt also interferes with germination of seeds. Salts can build up in the soil from softened water, green manure, fertilizers, chemical amendments, or salts applied for melting snow. Salts can best be removed from soil by leaching with water that is free of salts. This is most effective if the soil allows water to drain through it freely.

Need for Density

The American dream of a ranch house on a ranch not only increases the costs in commuting time and pollution but aggravates other problems as well. Los Angeles has long since used up most of its easily developed flat land, including some of our most productive farmland. A NASA satellite study reports that, though cities account for just 3 percent of U.S. continental land area, the land they occupy could produce as much food as the 29 percent of land area now used for agriculture.4 The loss of fertile soil under cities increases the pressure for production on less fertile soil, leading to overuse of fertilizers and other detrimental environmental effects.

Topsoil stripping

Application of fertilizer granules to a soil surface. 3. See surface mulch. Most often refers to the need to filter nutrients from the mulch to plant roots rather than the need to suppress weeds or conserve soil moisture. Therefore, the type of mulch referred to in top dressing is more often (and more appropriately) a mulch capable of leaching nutrients to the soil and is most often an organic mulch such as ground bark, peat moss, soil conditioner, etc.

Winterizing

Wood ashes The residue of burned wood. It is sometimes used as a fertilizer. It is highly alkaline and should not be used on alkaline soils or acid-loving plants. It supplies potassium in the forms of potash with a content varying from 5 to 25 . It contains about 30 to 35 lime and 2 phosphoric acid (NPK 0-2-5-25).

Composition render

Proportioned amounts of cement, lime and sand, with good resistance to cracking, used for bricklaying and rendering. composition render composition mortar used as exterior-grade plaster or render usually called compo render, properly known as cement lime render. composition shingles see strip slates. compost organic matter, rich in nutrients, used as fertilizer and created by the biodegrading of household and garden waste also the structure for its production. compost bin see composter. composter, compost bin a specially designed vessel, often with a heater, for producing compost from organic waste material. composting in waste management, the action of producing fertilizer by the biodegrading of organic waste.

The Dirt

Microscopically, silt appears more like little ball bearings than flat platelets like clay. It has a fine roly-poly feel that is designed to travel down rivers to be deposited as fertilizer along riparian corridors. All of nature has a purpose. Silt is just better for growing gardens than it is for building walls. Soils with an excessively high silt content should either be avoided

Hydrostatic test

Hydromulch A mixture of mulch with water or other ingredients in a machine that shoots the mixture through a hose, pipe, or nozzle. Other ingredients of the slurry may include seed, fibers, tachifyer, fertilizer, or other ingredients. Reference may be made to it in a slurry state or after dried in place. hydroseed A mixture of seed with water or other ingredients in a machine that shoots the mixture through a hose, pipe, or nozzle. Other ingredients of the slurry may include cellulose mulch, fibers, newspaper mulch, tachifyer, fertilizer, or other ingredients. Reference may be made to it in a slurry state or after dried in place.

Adt Full Form Botany

A horizon The upper, darker soil layer (horizon) in a soil profile, comprised of materials that include organic matter, and characterized by high biotic activity. This is topsoil, which is the best soil for sustaining plant growth without the aid of fertilizers. It is ideal for growing plants when comprised of approximately 45 mineral material, 5 organic matter, 25 water, and 25 air. In some soil profiles, this topsoil layer may be well developed and further divided into subhorizons of A1, A2, A3, etc., or it may not be present (deserts, above timberline, etc.). The only layer that may be present above this layer is the O horizon.

Plan and Elevation

Elimination of human waste originally took place in the bush or in the fields. A latrine or toilet structure separated from the dwelling was the first improvement. Only recently have toilets been included within the house. In many parts of the world separated latrines still function (Ragette 1974, 32), or as in south Asia, it may still be the fields that are used, and customarily after dark. Tibetan houses offer an arrangement that seems to be a halfway measure between the bush and incorporation inside the house. Typical two-story Tibetan houses have stairs located on the west sides, and often outside. The toilet space is usually located in an enclosure at the top of the exterior stairs. It is a simple hole in the floor every night the excrement is sprinkled with ashes, and it later becomes fertilizer (Crouch and Johnson 2001, 95).

The Indian House

Strong monsoon winds are capable of knocking down large healthy trees. People reduce potential damage by thinning the trees and cutting away all dead and dying branches. The trimmings are then burned in backyards while children dance around the blaze. The ashes are sometimes used as fertilizer for the gardens in which special monsoon vegetables are grown.

Byproduct Compost

Microbes that decompose the bedding and manure occur naturally in stall waste. in fact, commercial composters and mushroom substrate preparation facilities often seek straw-bedded horse stall waste. composting provides a material that is more readily marketable than raw stall waste. Finished compost is partially degraded manure and is more organically stable, presenting less of a pollution threat. its finer texture, high organic matter content, and fertilizer value make it desirable as a garden soil amendment. composting reduces the volume of waste by 40 to 70 . Horse manure, with its associated bedding, is almost perfectly suited for composting because it has appropriate levels of nitrogenous material and carbon-based bedding material. (The carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of stall waste is 20 1 to 30 1.) Stables have successfully given away, or even sold, bulk and bagged horse compost. Golf courses and nurseries provide an outlet for truckloads of compost.

Granolithic concrete

Granular fertilizer or granular herbicide A fertilizer or herbicide incorporated with particles usually about K0 inch diameter, or with any material that has a coarsely ground carrier suchlodicule as coal, corn cobs, or calcined clay, that is applied dry and incorporated into the soil by watering it in.

Antithrust action

Apartment building see apartment block. 61 apartment formwork, room formwork, tunnel formwork proprietary formwork used for casting two concrete side walls and a horizontal slab spanning between them in one operation. apartment house, mansion block a residential building in a well-to-do urban area, containing a number of apartments on different levels, all accessed by the same entry and stair. apatite a calcium phosphate mineral used as gemstones and as a raw material in the production of fertilizer.

ALT alt

Aluminum sulfate An inorganic fertilizer that is acidic and lowers pH. Aluminum can be toxic to plants if overused. ammoniated superphosphate A compound chemical fertilizer containing 2 to 4 nitrogen, and 14 to 49 available phosphoric acid (phosphorus). ammonium nitrate A nitrogen fertilizer with 15 nitrogen (15-0-0). Also known as nitrate of ammonia. It has 32.5 to 34 immediately avail ammonium sulfate A nitrogen fertilizer with 21 nitrogen (21-0-0). See sulfate of ammonia.

Outfall

Osmocote A slow-release fertilizer coated with resin and used in soil mixes or on the soil surface to provide nutrition. osmotic pressure The pressure produced by the action of osmosis. Water moves from a solution with low osmotic pressure to a solution with high osmotic pressure. This pressure must be higher in a root cell for water to pass from the soil through the root cell membrane into the root. One of the causes of higher osmotic pressure in soil than in root cells is the excessive presence of salt in the soil. When the osmotic pressure in the soil exceeds that in the root cells, water may actually be pulled from the root into the soil, which harms or kills plants. See fertilizer burn.

Potash

Potash (K) Can refer to potassium, or various potassium compounds, but it is correctly used in reference to potassium carbonate (usually derived from wood ashes). It contains potassium, which is essential to plant growth. Potash can be obtained by washing wood ashes with water and evaporating the resultant solution until dry. This process used to be done in iron pots and thus the name derived from pot and ash. It is often used as the potassium in the basic components of a complete fertilizer and is usually indicated on fertilizer containers by the third percentage (number) listed on a label in the NPK ratio. potassium (K) An alkali metal that is a light silver-white color, abundant in nature, and usually combined with minerals. It is highly reactive and thus readily forms various compounds. It is one of the three basic components of a complete fertilizer when it is in the form of potassium oxide, also known as potash. Plants consistently need this nutrient to sustain growth. It is...

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