Doors types of door stop

Fig. 61: Types of door stop scale 1:50

Fig. 61: Types of door stop scale 1:50

Lining and architrave raised threshold

Rebated jamb no threshold

Rebated jamb no threshold

The door stop form

The door stop is the meeting point between the door leaf and the component in which the door opening is located. Its form depends on the technical, circulation and architectural requirements that the door has to fulfil.

The door frame is manufactured from a dimensionally accurate material, e.g. wood, steel, so that, once fitted into the structural opening in the wall, it can accommodate the dimensional discrepancies in the wall. The frame also serves as a member to which the door hardware, e.g. hinges, tracks, is attached.

If a door has to be waterproof and windproof, and meet a certain standard of thermal and acoustic i nsulation, a peripheral frame is indispensable. Special care is required at the threshold. On the one hand it must be waterproof, but on the other, crossing it should be as convenient as possible, whether on foot or in a wheelchair.

Jamb stop detail

The form of the door stop changes the visual perception of a door. A f rame finished flush with the wall and painted the same colour as the wall disguises the opening. If the f rame is fitted within the reveal, it forms an inviting recess. A door that includes l ining and architrave emphasises the opening as a "framed" aperture, an impression which can be further underpinned by including a raised wooden threshold.

Whereas the raised wooden threshold was very popular in the past, the preference these days is for internal doors without any threshold to interrupt the floor finishes. A change in the floor finish is covered accordingly with a thin strip of metal or plastic. If sound i nsulation is important, a vertical seal is included in the bottom of the door leaf.

Frame in opening, finished flush no threshold

Frame in opening, centred in reveal no threshold

Frame in opening, centred in reveal no threshold

Frame clear of opening, either side of wall step in floor

Frame clear of opening, against shoulder in reveal, step in floor

Fig. 64: Frame in opening, finished flush (internal and external doors)

rebated door leaf flush with frame

Fig. 66: Frame clear of opening, fitted to either side of wall (internal and external doors)

rebated door leaf

Fig. 66: Frame clear of opening, fitted to either side of wall (internal and external doors)

rebated door leaf

Threshold stop detail

Fig. 62: Lining and architrave (internal door, also external door in timber frame construction)

rebated door leaf

Fig. 63: Rebated jamb (internal door)

no rebate in door leaf

Fig. 65: Frame in opening, centred in reveal (internal and external doors)

rebated door leaf

Fig. 65: Frame in opening, centred in reveal (internal and external doors)

rebated door leaf

Fig. 67: Frame clear of opening, against shoulder in reveal (external door)

rebated door leaf flush with frame

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