P

Palacios, Antonio 138 Palladianism 55. 62 see also classical architecture Parat, Pierre 176 Parent. Claude 20. 131 Paricio. Ignacio 128. 132-33. 252 Pavel, Thomas 150 Pe . I.M 188, 225. 226-29 Peichl. Gustav 20. 110-11. 208 Peressutti. Enrico 18 performing arts 84-89. 164-65. 173. 182-85. 190-93. 214-17 periphery 21. 33. 174. 180. 182. 214. 218. 234. 248. 260 Perrault, Dominique 188-89 Perrausin. Gilles 35 perspective 25 Petit, Marie 33 Piano. Renzo 11. 14. 16. 17. 84-89. 120-23. 124. 246-47....

Museo Nacional De Arte Romano

The Merida museum is one of a handful of buildings that best represents, from many points of view, the prevailing mood of the 1980s for a return to tradition and classical coherence. The main programmatic goal of this project, to preserve and show artifacts from the past, is appropriately realized in Rafael Moneo's building. The objects for exhibition and the location of the museum are both intended to present the Roman world, upholder of the traditional and the classical, and to demonstrate...

Info

SEMIAVA, HLM. Construction firm Lucien Kroll claims. 'I have forgotten his name. It was the same contractor who had built the prefabricated buildings in the first place ' Key materials 'all of them'. Budget typical 'Papulos' budget for rehabilitations - 'cannot remember the exact cost'. Bibliography Pehnt. W., Lucien Kroll, Stuttgart (Hatje). 1987 b. Poland, 1946. Studied music in Israel received his B. Arch, at the Cooper Union. New York, and post-graduate degree in...

Wua

Matthias Sauerbruch and Ellas Zenghells (OMA) APARTMENT HOUSE AT CHECKPOINT CHARLIE Checkpoint Charlie Housing in Berlin is located on what used to be the American-Sector side of the border-crossing between East and West Europe on Friedrichstrasse, an important section of historical Berlin, which was torn apart by the building of the Wall in 1961. The consequences of the Wall for this location were, on the one hand, an urbanistic trauma and a mutilated city anatomy, and, on the other, a deeper...

Apartment House At Checkpoint Charlie 237

Amado-Domenech Arquitectos BARRIO DEL CANYERET Canyeret is a district of the old historic centre of the Catalonian hill town of Lerida, nestled between the Gothic cathedral and the walled citadel above, and the 19th-century districts along the river Segre below. After decades of abandonment and neglect, deprived of any sort of facilities. Canyeret had become a virtually vacant zone known for drug dealing and delinquency, an impassable barrier isolating the hilltop from the rest of the city. In...

Urfi

Ralli and Reima Pietlla Architects TAMPERE MAIN LIBRARY The explicit reference represented in this building is a Metso. a large wood-grouse or blackcock, making a mating call or cooing. According to Reima Pietila, the wood-grouse, which lives in the 'deep primeval woodlands' of Finland, has become 'the genius loci of virgin nature' for the Finnish people. The emblematic bird shape is frequently encountered in the work of northern European architects. Two famous examples come immediately to mind...

V

Renzo Piano, isothermal simulation for Kansai Airport Terminal, Osaka Future Systems, Green Building project Future Systems, Green Building project Michael Hopkins, the Mound Stand at Lords Cricket Ground, London Michael Hopkins, the Mound Stand at Lords Cricket Ground, London Jean Nouvel, Tour Sans Fin, proposed for La D fense, Paris Jean Nouvel, Tour Sans Fin, proposed for La D fense, Paris Paul Andreu RFR, Peter Rice, Nuages du Parvis, Paris

I

Natural light controlled by adjustable, motorized louvres mounted in the ceiling, together with high-efficiency, fluorescent lamps in the fibrous plaster ceilings. This combination avoids an atmosphere of interior cosiness. The external exhibition areas are endowed with their civic character by virtue of their geometry and texture 'dressing' them appropriately in colourful local marble and sandstone creates a festive, joyful atmosphere which emphasizes the impression of everyday action having...

Llh0f 3 Media Centre 287

At the points of intersection between the skewed slabs, Hadid places big spaces for meetings, the ordinary functions of the programme. The walls are as if cracked and 'articulated in relief. Floors vary in depth and are also skewed. This spatial system of disengaged planes and detached volumes consistently implemented throughout the composition serves practical requirements such as providing the individual conditions for each activity, varying light, ventilation and contact with...

Japan Pavilion Expo 92 283

Croquis Calatrava

Santiago Calatrava Vails Archltecte-lngenleur S.A. TGV RAILWAY STATION OF LYON-SATOLAS The result of a competition, the TGV railway station for Lyon-Satolas is the most ambitious of Calatrava's projects to date and, in many respects, gives the clearest indication of the direction of his investigations towards a poetics of construction (see also pp. 254-57). The project consists of the main station building, the platforms and a passageway connecting the station to the nearby airport. Contextual...

Industrial And Office Complex On The Via Kuliscioff

Conceived on the model of the French service industry h tels industriels, the Mario Bellini project on the Via Kuliscioff is a kind of urban intervention new to Italy. This industrial and office complex in the Milan area was undertaken in an effort to re-industrialize the city by the introduction of eleven projects which would offer spaces intended for use as laboratories, offices and storage, but which would allow flexibility to adapt them for other uses if required. The architect's aim was to...

Schullin Jewelry

WILLIS, FABER & DUMAS HEAD OFFICE The architecture of the workplace enjoyed predominance in the first two decades after the Second World War and many innovative ideas about the form, structure and function of buildings were associated with it. Most major architects of the time engaged in this field with great inventiveness. This has not, however, been the case in the last twenty years. With few exceptions, such as Herman Hertzberger's Centraal Beheer (1968-72, pp. 48-51) and Richard Rogers'...

Oscar Niemeyer Office Communist Party Headquarters

At the height of its political power, the French Communist Party decided to commission Oscar Niemeyer as the architect of its headquarters in Paris - with Jean Prouv as the engineer of its building's curtain wall facade. By 1972, a year still reverberating from the May '68 revolt, to which the PCF had shown a neutral if not hostile attitude, the silhouette of the building had already risen over the site. Embodying the heroic antics of the old cultural, political, technological avant-garde, it...

Modern technology invades the city

I would like to begin with two key images that capture the essence of what I have to say, in that they represent two moments in the development of the urban phenomenon of the 19th century. Both images illustrate the impact of modern technology on the urban environment. In the first, a painting by Adolf Menzel of 1848 entitled Berlin Landscape, we find the city in the distance and the rural landscape in fore-and middleground virtually unchanged in their idyllic nature. Only the track of iron...

Budget 207 million FF Bibliography

A + U, no. 255, Dec. 1991, pp. 60-133 b. Italy. 1933. Graduated from the Architectural Association and received an M. Arch from Yale University, where he was a Fulbright, Edward Stone and Yale Scholar. Has taught at the A.A., Cambridge, Yale, Princeton, Harvard, Cornell and the University of California at Los Angeles and Berkeley. Among his main prizes and awards are the Royal Gold Medal for Architecture (1985) Chevalier. I'Ordre National de la Legion d'Honneur (1986) Chairman of the...

Renault Parts Distribution Centre 119

Building Workshop Renzo Piano SCHLUMBERGER INDUSTRIAL SITE (Left) The translucent fibreglass membrane coated with teflon, seen from above and below (Opposite) The support points of the membrane, viewed from below (Left) The translucent fibreglass membrane coated with teflon, seen from above and below (Opposite) The support points of the membrane, viewed from below This project followed soon after Piano's collaboration with Richard Rogers on the Centre Pompidou (pp. 84-89). Although it was...

New Directions in French Architecture and the Showcase of the Paris City Edge 196590

French architectural thinking and practice have gone through radical changes in the past two decades, so much so that it is now difficult, considering the results of the grands travaux, or large-scale works, initiated in 1981 and a number of contemporaneous projects, particularly in Paris, to recognize the ruined landscape that existed at the end of the 1960s. Then, at the end of a period that was extraordinarily productive quantitatively in terms of dwellings and public buildings, French...

Housing Units In Savignyletemple

Savigny Temple Alain Sarfati Housing

(Ville Nouvelle de Melun-S nart, France) 1982-86 In 1967 Alain Sarfati, together with fellow students Philippe Boudon and Bernard Hamburger. founded in Paris the architectural review Mouvement-Architecture-Continuite. This became one of the most important cultural- forums for architecture in Europe, and still remains so, long after the founding team has disbanded. From the start, the review's main interest was the relation between architecture and the city. The first issue contained a...

University Of Palermo Science Departments 205

The Italian architectural historian and critic Manfredo Tafuri has pointed out that Gregot-ti's architecture is the outcome of the reaction of his generation to the 'neo-realists' of the 1950s and 1960s. They were, predominantly. Ernesto Rogers. Lodovico Quaroni and Mario Ridolfi. The most prominent was Ernesto Rogers, the architect of, among others, the Torre Velasca in Milan he was also editor of the influential architectural review Casabella Continuity. Rogers was particularly concerned with...

Schinkelplatz Housing Project 187

SI , COLE D'ING NIEURS EN LECTRONIQUE ET LECTROTECHNIQUE (Cit Descartes, Marne-la-Vall e, France) 1985-1987 Perrault's building resembles a colossal. 40,000-square-metre computer keyboard rising on the edge of the superhighway in the heart of the Cit Descartes, the green-belt science park of Marne-la-Vall e. on the outskirts of Paris. The building houses the 1100 students and faculty of the prestigious College for Electrical and Electronic Engineers, which specializes in advanced micro and...

Fil fiiaiiffl Watl liai 1 StbtihmffiWi SITl rTinl SmOM

(Left column, top) General site plan Different units within Nemausus (Left column, bottom two sketches) Plans for 5-room units in the 'prow' of the ship-like building (Centre column, top three sketches) Section and plan of a 3-room duplex unit (Centre column, bottom three sketches) A 4-room triplex type (Above) Cross-section showing duplex and triplex apartments, external circulation, parking area and pilotis (Centre column, middle two sketches) Types of 2-room simplex apartments (Left column,...

Banco De Bilbao 101

The columns of the structure of the building are set back from the external glass wall, leaving a zone for easy circulation around its periphery. By hiding the bearing structure and the vertical service elements in this way, by minimizing the detailing of the building, curving its corners and projecting the awning elements, Oiza has given to the Banco de Bilbao an overall feeling of smoothness and continuity rather than angularity and a markedly discontinuous articulation of elements. These...

The Netherlands Dance Theatre

A major problem in Europe, over the last twenty years or so. has been how to cope with the chaotic, derelict areas of cities on their peripheries and in their centres that the wanton urban development schemes of the post-war era have turned into no-man's-land. At a time when many architects were preoccupied with 'memory' or the 'sense of place' in historic urban areas. Rem Koolhaas was among the first to address the degree zero' urbanity of the fractured city edges and disembowelled inner...

Bankinter

Snozzi Landscape

This small house in Locarno, overlooking Lake Maggiore. is an intentional act of provocation in relation to the gaudy, vulgar, nouveau-riche vacation houses that surround it. It marks a return, like his collaborator and friend Mario Botta's critical regionalist Riva San Vitale House on Lake Lugano (pp. 64-67), to the moral values associated with the original Hellenistic Roman villa the espousal of a moral, healthy, natural way of life and the exaltation of the land. However, unlike Mario...

Renault Parts Distribution Centre

Renault Factory Planimetria

Norman Foster's ideas about design are often seen as highly iconoclastic applications of unprecedented technological inventions. In fact, this is merely an impression gained from his bold use of industrial components, his emphasis on strong outlines without shadow modulations, on muscled figures on the outside and loud colour, sometimes reminiscent of a Fernand L ger painting turned into architecture. And like L ger's pictorial universe, Foster's architectural world and predilection for newness...

The Salzburg Guggenheim Museum

Pabellon Sevilla Tadao Ando

Salzburg. one of the cultural capitals of Europe, will be celebrating the millennium of its foundation in 1995. For this occasion, its mayor, Joseph Reschen, has planned an annex to the Guggenheim Museum which will house a part of its immense collection, 90 per cent of which is not at present on view to the public. The greatest problem Salzburg faces today is its dense urban mass and a mountainous belt girding the city that impedes new construction. The new museum will be sited in the...

Wjfj

Of scale the building, despite its size, avoids inspiring those feelings of claustrophobia and vertigo so common to 'grand structure' projects. Secondly, there is a functional requirement a facility so devoted to the contemplation of sound structures and the production of 'noise' needs powerful insulation devices. In housing each musical event in distinct volumes or sub-groups of spaces, de Portzamparc found an efficient and effective way of solving the problem of acoustical protection. A third...

Housing Rue De Meaux 265

Bricks encased in stainless steel frames could not be repeated here for budgetary reasons. In a much less expensive variation on the same theme, however, he opted for terracotta tiles, instead of bricks, and prefabricated panels of fibreglass-reinforced concrete, instead of steel, thus conferring on the project a character which Le Monde referred to as an economical version of IRCAM. Fibreglass-rein-forced concrete can be as finely sculpted as steel but it has the added advantage of being much...

Eeeh1

Mazzorbo Project Giancarlo Carlo

(Opposite, left) Plan of ftve children's (Opposite, right) Mezzanine plan (Above) Conceptual drawing (Right) Views of the facade and the interior were also developed independently, rather like a quasi-autonomous essay on space and its The front of the new building is a pushed-in and broken version of the well-ordered, reserved, frontal classicist Amsterdam facade typical of its street. The front door is set back, to create an open porch behind the building line and at the same time a kind of...

Post Office And Telecommunications Building

This building crowns a prolific career of poetical research and technical invention by Alejandro de la Sota. It also demonstrates the long creative evolution of modern architecture in Europe. Two of his earlier buildings, the Government Building of Tarragona, in the late 1950s, and the Colegio Maravillas in Madrid, of 1961, are among the most outstanding examples of the kind of post-war architecture we call 'realist'. The Le n building shows that the trend is not exhausted. It is a public...

Post Office And Telecommunications Building 139

(Opposite) The south facade (Left) Corner balcony (Below left) Staircase (Opposite) The south facade (Left) Corner balcony (Below left) Staircase Studio d'Archltettura Aurelio Galfetti PUBLIC TENNIS CLUB (Below left) Detail of ground floor plan (Opposite) Exterior view of the long, wall-like structure (Above and opposite, above) Two views of the entrance Galfetti is one of the major figures of the group of Ticinese architects made up of Mario Botta (pp. 64-67), Flora Ruchat and Luigi Snozzi...

Casa Kalman

Meme Lucien Kroll Floor Plan

Antonio Cruz Villalon Antonio Ortiz Garcia HOUSING BLOCK ON DONA MARIA CORONEL STREET Neither the geometry of its curved internal court nor any of the decorative elements of the facade is borrowed from the regional architectural tradition of Seville. Yet this building by these two young architects at the beginning of their career does exude a strong sense of the city. At a time when the spread of unchecked urban development was threatening what was left of the long-neglected, declining...

Architecture in Europe

V. ' ) , ,v i- i'f'i since 1968 10 INTRODUCTION BETWEEN UTOPIA AND REALITY EIGHT TENDENCIES IN ARCHITECTURE SINCE 1968 IN EUROPE Alexander Tzonls and Uane Lefaivre 24 THE SECOND-HAND CITY MODERN TECHNOLOGY AND CHANGING URBAN IDENTITY Fritz Neumeyer Chair. History and Theory of Architecture. University of Dortmund

Byker Wall

A participatory process of design as it had been for Lucien Kroll in his Louvain Medical Faculty housing (pp. 44-47). Luckily, an old collaborator of Erskine, Vernon Gracie. turned down a more lucrative job in the Middle East in order to move to Byker. Together with Gracie, Erskine set up a local practice simjlar to American examples of 'storefront architecture* of the late 1960s in Harlem (New York), Mantua (Philadelphia), and in Boston's South End. Byker became a way of life. By contrast to...

Skin rigorism

Henri Gaudin

Traditionally, rigorists, including those of the 1970s, exposed what they thought to be the true essence of architecture by revealing the contents of a building's interior, making its structure and function manifest. Other recent descendants of Lodoli, paying particular attention to its covering, proclaimed that the true essence of architecture lies in its external envelope. To use an anatomical analogy, implied in the thinking of rigorists, theirs was not an architecture of the skeleton, or of...

Changing the urban identity aspects of the emergence of a new urban reality

Like the millipedes of this modernist invasion, the iron construction of the elevated railway marched into the heart of the city, introducing a new rhythm to its peaceful setting and creating the unexpected encounter. In Berlin, the train would cut right through a museum complex and run next to a wall covered on the other side with Greek and Egyptian sculptures. The Berlin Elevated offers a rich example of the potent visual effect of the iron girders. Like knives they fragmented the classical...

Schinkelplatz Housing Project

Interbau, the International Exposition of Architecture, took place in the Hansa Viertel neighbourhood of West Berlin. Its purpose was to present itself as a major example of urba-nism demonstrating the sacred principles established by the Athens Charter in the Congr s Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM) in 1933. Its post-war modernist buildings placed individually in a park were meant to stand as symbols of newness, health, liberty-at once a critique of and an alternative to...

Banco de Bilbao Madrid Spain 197178

Design team Velles, Valdes, Alonso, Azofra. b. 1937, educated at the cole Nationale Sup rieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and in the studio of Tony Gamier. He is Chevalier de l'Ordre National du M rite and Professor at the cole d'Architecture de Paris-Conflans. He founded the review AMCin 1967. In 1969 with Philippe Boudon, Bernard Hamburger and Jean-Louis Venard founded a private firm which would engage in research and practice, the AREA (Atelier de Recherche et d' tudes d'Amenagement). Project...

Memory And Invention

Winner of an American Institute of Architects Award for Architectural Criticism T oms and Lefaivre prove that the last two decades In Europe nave seen somothmg of a monumental golden age - The Observer The sharpest overview yet of the jumbled terrain of the last quarterxentury in Europe The New York Times Book Review 'Clear focus, economy of expression. good selection of colour photographs, drawings and plans In its first goal of making recent building exciting, the book succeeds quickly and...

To The reader of Architecture In Europe

I have been asked to write an essay on the ecological aspect of architecture in Europe during the last twenty years. I found it impossible. Ecological architecture, or more precisely, the ecological house, was an issue of the 19 70s. It turned out to be a trap The ecological house was a North American idea which others followed. You had to be rich and a drop-out, to have some technical skill and to be able to afford to live all alone in a remote, abandoned region -with, however, all the...

Emile Duhart Architecte

Client Foyer du fonctionnaire et de la famille. Built area 31,000 m2. Design team Ramon Collado, Patrick Genard, Peter Hodgkinson, Rogelio Jimenez, Jos -Maria Rocias, Bernard Torchinsky. Realization team - Ramon Collado, J.M. Dominguez, Hilario Pareja, I. Ducloux. Construction firm Bouygues S.A., Clamart. Key materials precast architectural concrete with white portland. Technology of interest in situ casting of architectural concrete. Budget standard French housing budget -2789 FF perm2. Site...

University Of Palermo Science Departments

(Left) General plan of Gregotti's complex for the science departments of the University of Palermo (Above) Aerial view of the buildings Like many of the buildings of the critical regionalists in Spain, the complex of Gregotti's I University of Palermo stands in a historical town. However, the difference in attitude to location could hardly be greater between then and him. Whereas the critical regionalists see-to reflect the memory of a place in the' projects, Gregotti's buildings make not tte...

Gallaratese Housing Project

Riva San Vitale Model

' cMwxmwxm> WTncc weammm acuauaxc- mrra mmmw rcmom MBK .TCUH IBI jc gjimwjiML'fa'JiaLC flas zmracs rrcrc nanam .mm niiiMW < i iXCOTnSLXffll 2EOT E0 B PSTHI MsXGffltCE 73SBHD jVHWTJKI' ' 'JXFHKTKL The Gallaratese housing project was as paradigmatic of Aldo Rossi's ideas as its contemporary. the San Cataldo Cemetery in Modena (pp. 56-59). It was as if he had been engaged in a comparative study to demonstrate that his principles of architecture were sufficiently universal to be applied both to...

Barrio Del Canyeret 239

(Left) Detail of the facade beneath the promenade and cathedral (Left) Detail of the facade beneath the promenade and cathedral BBB 889 88 8888 88 888 88 8888 m B8 B8BF Italian hill towns, and by Giancarlo De Carlo's paradigmatic plan for Urbino, with its emphasis on the problem of inserting new urban fabric into the old and particularly on treating historic hill towns in such a way that the old and the new complement each other. Another remarkable feature of the new mixed-use urban scheme of...

New Medical Faculty Technical University Of Aachen 171

Cite Science Industrie

CIT DES SCIENCES ET DE L'INDUSTRIE, PARC DE LA VILLETTE Like the New Medical Faculty of the Technical University of Aachen by Weber, Brandt and Partners (1968-86, pp. 168-71), the Cit des Sciences et de l'Industrie manifests the megaphiliac and technophiliac as well as universalist spirit of the 1960s, bent on assembling everything under one roof. And as in the case of Piano and Rogers' Centre Pompidou (1971-77, pp. 84-89), the global nature of its programme, the size of the structure and the...

Rooftop Remodelling 221

In both cases, the formal characteristics of a closed figure are negated the geometry of the elements is rectilinear instead of curved the elements come together at sharp angles and through intersecting lines and planes. To describe the design we have to proceed through contradictions. While the overall figure approximates a streamlined shape, representing the genesis of form by external forces acting on matter - carving it. sculpting it, rounding it out - the particular pieces that...

Tttt1tw Tjtjt

A parking lot in the midst of a vast void on the remote periphery of the town of Saint Herblain. near Nantes, is the unlikely site on which Myrto Vitart was commissioned to build a 4-store> cultural centre containing a theatre with 354 seats, as well as an exhibition area and three halls for conventions. Despite its relatively small scale and simple programme, the build ing is significant what makes it so is the incongruous relation between the building's function and its context. The centre...

Protection Shed Over Roman Ruins

Kolumba Plan

In many respects, this building is a simple, straightforward, functional structure, a shed for sheltering an archaeological excavation of Roman ruins in the town of Chur in the Swiss Alps. Made of thin, parallel, interspaced horizontal slats of wood that tilt downwards towards the outside, it protects against the elements, enhances natural light and ventila tion and is economical to maintain. But, in its radically rigorous way, this drasti cally stripped-down structure does in the eno j carry...

The call to disorder

In a very widely read book of the late 1980s by James Gleick entitled Chaos, Making a New Science (1987),21 Heinz-Otto Peitgen, a physicist at the University of Bremen, is cited as observing that the attraction of the once very popular pure geometrical 'apartment blocks in the Bauhaus style seems to have passed.' Peitgen noted that an 'enthusiasm for a new kind of geometry a different perspective of looking at nature' was emerging in the mid-1980s, characterized by twisted shapes, by stretched,...

Bvker Wall

In the 1960s Hollein had completed a numb* i of 'paper' and actual projects before under taking the design of the Schullin Jewelry shoo. Most of these had been small-scale art galler ies or commercial shops, their design alwaysc balancing act between consumption and1 imagination, and very Viennese, reminiscent0'1 the turn of the century. In connection with his architectural practice, Hollein also emerged as one of the major forces behind new, high quality industrial design. In the context of a...

Research Laboratories For Schlumberger

The Schlumberger oil company required a scientific facility for testing machinery for oil exploration, drilling and fluid mechanics, rock and wellbore physics, and related computer-based research. Accordingly, Hopkins' building contains scientists' offices, laboratories, a kitchen, computer stations, a sen ice yard and a drilling test station, as well as administrative offices, a restaurant and a terrace. The concept of the plan is indebted to a spatial schema developed by Serge Cher-mayeff in...

Neorigorism

The notion of a 'rigorist' architecture, that is to say one that intentionally represented 'only what has a true function', stripped down to its barest elements and eschewing all superfluous ornamentation, is often traced back to the early 1740s. This is when Carlo Lodoli,12 a Venetian Franciscan friar, earned for himself the appellation of 'the Socrates of architecture' as a result of his immensely successful public diatribes against the Baroque architecture of his day, as passionate as they...

Ib

The serene and gently curved roof of the Sant Jordi Sports Palace, the main indoor stadium for the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, rises gracefully. fitting into the contours of the hill of Montjuic overlooking Barcelona. None of the currently fashionable exhibitionist and techno-philiac design mannerisms showing off the magnitude or might of construction is applied in this building. The 17,000-seat arena is 14.4 metres below the central plaza from where the spectators approach the stadium....

Between Utopia and Reality Eight Tendencies in Architecture Since 1968 in Europe

Northern Europe Housing

1968, the year of 'the spring', of 'uncontrollable spontaneity', in Europe as in many parts of the world, when, in the words of Daniel Cohn-Bendit, 'imagination is revolution' was declared, had a significant impact on the development of architecture. In no other major social political upheaval had architecture occupied such a privileged position. Admittedly, in the 18th century Rousseau had expressed strong ideas about socio-therapeutic landscape and Condorcet about participatory design.1...

Terminal For Stansted Airport

Stansted Aeroport Project

Stansted air terminal is unique in having a single internal space 15 metres high and 198 x 162 square metres in surface, with totally transparent walls of glazing. The structure is made of white steel shells floating on top of 36 steel pylons whose spokes open to support the delicate grilles of the curved roof. Jacques Ferrier, an employee of Foster Associates, has described the construction process in some detail. Various aspects were resolved by several weeks of simulation with a full-sized...

San Cataldo Cemetery

Aldo Rossi Drawing Cemetery Project

The Utopian radical idea of a world whose political, economic, cultural and aesthetic order was to be overthrown, 'the pyramid turned upside down', as the architect Gian-carlo De Carlo called the anti-institutional, anti-authoritarian vision of May '68, affected not only the appearance of architectural artifacts, but also the very processes of their conception and production. This challenge to established values was deeply felt in most professions throughout the Western world. But in Italy,...

Hannie van Eyck see Aldo van Eyck

Studied at the Royal Academy of Architecture. Copenhagen 1958 , and received his architecture degree from the cole Nationale des Beaux-Arts 1960 . Is a member of the Order of the Architects of France, of the French Association of Town Planners and of the International Academy of Architecture. Project specifications Cit des Sciences et de l'Industrie, Parc de la Villette Paris. France , 1980-86, pp. 172-73 Client tablissement Public du Parc de la Villette. Built area 164.966 m2. Design team...

Preface And Acknowledgments

We are also indebted to many of the university's members, above all Catenna B rge, who assisted in the development of the book in all its stages, Yu Li. who earned out bibliographical research. Nan Fang. Xiadong U, Alexander Koutamanis. Catherine Visser. Leo Oorschot. Eric Offermans. Toos Schoenmakers and all the members of our research group. Architecture Knowledge Systems. Also included in our acknowledgments should be the first year students of the Harvard Graduate School of Design dunng the...

Photographic acknowledgments

Koy t top, c centre, 6 bottom. left, r right. References are to page numbers. Tadao Ando Architect amp Associates 280. 281. 282 Architectural Press 68bl. 69. 71 Sina Banlahmad 195, 276, 279 Barrionuevo office .114. 115 Ch. Bastin amp J. Evraert 45, 46. 4 7 Bauwelt Verlag. Berlin 316 Bellini office 218. 219 Berlin Bauhausarchiv 27 Berlin Museum 24. 28et Quentin Bertoux Pavillon de I'Arsenal 32. 33. 34. 35 Bofill office 52. 53. 144-45 . 1456 Bohigas, Martorell and Mackay office 19 Nicolas Borel...

Grand Louvre 227

European Space Center Noordwijk Van Eyck

During construction, the pyramid became the subject of much controversy in the press. But when one considers the great weight of the symbolic load borne by the location - perhaps one of the most culturally sensitive areas in Paris - the pyramid, the ultimate expression of 'corporate design' that has become synonymous with the anaesthetic environments of airport terminals and waiting lounges, has succeeded in gaining popular acceptance with remarkable speed. In fact, the pyramid proved to be a...

Documentation architects biographies project specifications and select bibliographies

Arranged alphabetically by architect. Roser Amado Cercos and Lluls Domenech Gibau Amado b. Barcelona, Spain, 1944. Degree in architecture from the Escuela T cnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona 1968 . She has worked in collaboration with Uuis Domenech since 1974. Domenech b. Barcelona, 1940. Received degree in architecture from the Escuela T cnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona 1964 , and later his doctorate. Since 1965, has been a professor there. Has worked in collaboration with...