Hannie van Eyck see Aldo van Eyck

Adrien Fainsilber

Studied at the Royal Academy of Architecture. Copenhagen (1958), and received his architecture degree from the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts (1960). Is a member of the Order of the Architects of France, of the French Association of Town Planners and of the International Academy of Architecture. Project specifications Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie, Parc de la Villette (Paris. France), 1980-86, pp. 172-73

Client: Établissement Public du Parc de la Villette.

Built area: 164.966 m2. Design team: Sylvain Mersier (architect); SABOTA (engineers, concrete structure); S.G.T.E. (engineers, services); ALGOE (project management); Themis Constantinidis (steel structure); Rice Francis Ritchie (glazing and cupolas); BETEB (quantity surveyor). Construction firm: G.T.M. B.T.P. Key materials: concrete, steel, glass. Finishing in granite and stainless steel. Technology of interest: bioclimatic facades and rotating cupolas. Budget: 838 million FF. Programme: transformation of a slaughterhouse complex into the world's largest science museum containing a permanent exhibition, temporary exhibits, lobby and shops, multimedia shops, multi-media library, discovery room, current events, planetarium, convention centre (2000 seats), Omnimax cinema (360 seats).

Bibliography

Techniques et Architecture, Paris, no. 332. 1980

Le Moniteur. Paris, no. 46, 1980 Archi-Crée, Paris, no. 212, Jul. 1986 Fainsilber, Adrien, La Virtualité de l'Espace. Projets et Architecture 1962-1988, Paris (Electron), 1988

Wilkes Encyclopedia of Architecture, New York

Héctor Fernández Martín / Vetges tu i Mediterrania, Arquitectos

Vetges tu i Mediterránia: founded in 1974 in Valencia, Spain, this is the architectural office of Victor Bernal Calderón, Alfredo Fouz Fernandez, Amando Llopis Alonso, Angel Martinez Baldo, Juan Moreno Segui, Javier Munoz Guillen, Antonio Picazo Cordoba and Miguel Arraiz Cid. They were born between 1949 and 1953 and all graduated from the Escuela Superior Tecnica de Valencia between 1975 and 1977. They began their collaboration in 1974 at school in the context of a seminar on Urban, Rural and Leisure Sociology offered by Mario Gaviria. Among their prizes are the Primer Premio Concorso Ejecución Tramos del Jardin del Turia (1985); special mention in the C0ACV-85 and in the Arquitectura y Urbanismo Region de Murcia (1988); Third Prize in the Casa Cultura de Tavernes competition (1989); Mejores Urbanistas de la CV (1989); Joven Arquitectura Española (1990); and special mention in the Premios Arquitectura COAV-89-90.

Fernández Martín: b. Argentina, 1945. Graduated from the National University of Rosario (1971) and from the ETSAV (1976). Since 1982 he has been professor at the Escola Massana of Barcelona. Collaborated with Vetges tu on the Valencian Television project. Project specifications Production Centre for Valencian Television (Valencia. Spain), 1986-89, pp. 234-35

Client: Generalitat Valenciana. Built area: 14.300 m2.

Design team: M. Garcia Cabrera, Stella Del-monte (collaborators).

Direction of the work: Union Temporal de Empresas Cast-Telling. Electrical engineering: Telling S.A. (dir. Luis Sanz).

Civil engineer: Cast S.A. (dir. Eduardo Franco). Construction firm: DICTEVA (UT/Dragados y Construcciones y Cubiertas and MZOV). Programme: the centre contains two groups of buildings clearly differentiated. The first contains the services of programming and manag ing. It consists of two buildings: one rectangular and the other cylindrical that contains commercial activities and a centre for calculation. The second group consists of a trapezoidal building that houses studios and another, curved building containing screening rooms, technical services, etc. Bibliography

Bonet, Correa, A., "Vetges tu i Mediterránia o el empeño de construir una auténtica ciudad'. On 112, Barcelona, 1990

Llopis, T., and P. Insausti, Arquitectura Valenciana. La decada de los Ochenta, Valencia (IVAM), 1991

Norman Foster b. Manchester. England. 1935. Studied at the University of Manchester, then at Yale University in 1963. After graduating, worked briefly at Buckminster Fuller's office. Back in London, he founded 'Team 4' with Wendy Foster, Su Rogers and Richard Rogers, and in 1967 Foster Associates. Since its formation, the firm has received 46 awards and commendations from the Royal Institute of British Architects, the American Institute of Architects, the Con-structa-European Award Programme and several other organizations. Norman Foster is an Associate of the Royal Academy, Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, a Royal Designer for Industry, an Honorary Member of the Bund Deutscher Architekten and a member of the International Academy of Architecture, Sofia. In 1989 the Akademie des Künste of Berlin presented him with the Grosser Kunstpreis. He received the Queen's Gold Medal in 1983: was knighted in 1990. Project specifications Willis, Faber & Dumas Head Office (Ipswich, England), 1970-75, pp. 74-77 Client: Willis, Faber & Dumas Ltd. Area built: 21,000 m2. Design team: D. Bailey, R. Bradley. L. Biliar. L. Butt, A. Branthwaite, C. Chhabra, R. Fleetwood. N. Foster, W. Foster, B. Hawards, M. Hopkins, J. Kaplicky, D. Johns, T. Ovrum, T. Prichard, K. Shuttleworth, M. Sutcliffe, J. Yates. Construction firm: Bovis Construction Ltd. Key materials: glass cladding, exposed concrete frame, reflective aluminium ceilings. Technology of interest: glass walls suspended from roof. Low profile shape, low proportion of glass to floor area, high efficiency glare-free lighting and exceptional insulation created by roof landscaping result in effective control of energy consumption. Budget: £4 million.

Site characteristics: medieval market town, narrow streets, low-rise surrounding buildings. Renault Parts Distribution Centre (Swindon, England), 1980-83, pp. 116-19 Client: Renault UK Ltd. Area built: 24,250 m2. Design team: N. Bailey, L. Butt, C. Chhabra. R. Fleetwood, N. Foster, W. Foster. P. Jones. D. Morley, I. Simpson, M. Stacey. Construction firm: Bovis Construction Ltd. Key materials: steel frame, aluminium cladding. planar glazing cladding, concrete slab. Technology of interest: despite many penetrations for structure, the roof cover consists of one continuous solvent welded PVC membrane of reinforced trocal 'S' flexible fascia linking roof to walls. Accommodates c. 75 mm vertically and c. 30 mm horizontally with neoprene nylon fabric originally developed for hovercraft skirts, together with spring fasteners used to hold down truck trailer covers.

Site characteristics: green fields site, irregular slope, about 6$ ha, existing road system on 3 sides. Building placed so that expansion is possible in one direction. Terminal for Stansted Airport (Stansted, England), 1981-91, pp. 258-59 Client: British Airport Authority. Area built: 85,700 m2.

Design team: A. Ahronov, A. Branthwaite, C. Chhabra, S. de Grey, C. Eisner, M. Elkan, N. Foster, E. Hutchison, M. Haste, P. Kalhoven, M. Majidi, S. Martin, W. Shu, J. Silver, I. Small, A. Reid, A. Thomson, M. Thum. Construction firm: Laing Management Contracting.

Key materials: steel structure, concrete slab and floors, glass and aluminium cladding, granite and carpet floor finishes. Technology of interest: all services contained in undercroft feeding up to concourse level through structural trees at 36 m centres and distributed under the floor. Ceiling shells reflect artificial up-lighters from top of pods (structural trees). Natural light enters from rooflights diffused through suspended reflectors.

Budget: £200 million. Terminal £400 million -total terminal zone.

Site characteristics: green fields site along existing runway, opposite terminal buildings. Surrounding countryside low and flat with maximum tree height of 12 m to be respected.

Bibliographies

Willis, Faber & Dumas Head Office

Architecture d'Aujourd'hui. Dec. 1972/Jan. 1973

Baumeister, no. 10, 1975 Architectural Design, Mar. 1976 Bauen und Wohnen, no. 2/3, 1976 Architecture and Urbanism, Feb. 1981 Renault Parts Distribution Centre Knobel, Lance, Architectural Review, Jan. 1982, p. 72

Emery, Marc, Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, Jun.

Fruiter, Louis. Techniques et Architecture, no. 342, Jun. 1982, p. 104 Pawley, Martin, 'Renault Inspection', Architects'Journal, 15 Jun. 1983, p. 20 Sugimura, Kenji, Architecture & Urbanism, Oct.

Terminal for Stansted Airport

New Scientist, 22 Jan. 1981 Architectural Review, Jun. 1986 Waters, Brian, Building, 'Jesus nuts & teapot castings', 11 Sept. 1987, pp. 46-52 Architectural Record, Sept. 1987, pp. 126-27 Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, Apr. 1988 Architektur und Wettbewerbe, Jun. 1988 Techniques et Architecture, no. 382, Feb.-Mar. 1989

Architectural Review, 14 Dec. 1989 Daedalos, 15 Sept. 1991

Aurelio Galfetti b. Lugano, Switzerland, 1936. Worked at the architectural firm of Tito Carloni in Lugano before graduating from the ETH in Zurich in I960, when he opened an architectural office in Lugano, and later in Bellinzona (1976). In 1984 he was Visiting Professor at the Poly technic of Lausanne and in 1987 at UP8 in Paris.

Project specifications Public Tennis Club (Bellinzona, Switzerland), 1982-85, pp. 142-43 Client: Municipio di Bellinzona. Design team: Piero Cesera, Walther Buchler. Sergio Cattaneo, Elisabetta Sternheim, Claudio Andina, Roland Delarue, Markus Heggli, Carlo Antognini, Giano Bernasconi (collaborators).

Construction firm: Antonini & Ghidossi, SA.

Budget: 3 million SF.

Bibliography

Zardini, M. (ed.), Aurelio Galfetti, Milan (Electa), 1989

Brown-Manrique, G., The Ticino Guide, Princeton (Princeton Architectural Press), 1989

Frank Gehry b. Toronto, Canada, 1929. Educated at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles (1954), and at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University (1956-57). After working in the firms of Victor Gruen, Hideo Sasaki and William Pereira, he opened his private practice in Los Angeles in 1962 - Frank Gehry and Associates. Has been a Visiting Critic at the University of California at Los Angeles (1977 and 1979), Charlotte Davenport Professor of Architecture (1982) at Yale University, and Eliot Noyes Professor. Harvard University (1984). Among his awards are the Special Award. American Institute of Architects, 1975; Honor Award 1975 (twice). 1976 and 1978; the Architectural Design Award 1981 and Special Merit Award 1983, California Coastal Commission; Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize, American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, 1983; and the Pritzker Prize, 1988.

Project specifications

Vitra Design Museum (Weil-am-Rhein.

Client: Vitra International (Rolf Fehlbaum).

Built area: factory 9000 m2; museum 800 m2.

Design team: Robert Hale. C. Gregory Walsh,

Berthold Penkhues. Liza Hansen, with Edwin

Chan and CJ. Bonura; Günter Pfeifer, Roland

Mayer (associate architects).

Bibliography

Boissiere, 0., and M. Filler, Frank Gehry Vitra Design Museum, London (Thames and Hudson), 1990

Vittorlo Gregotti b. Novara, Italy, 1927. Architecture degree from the Politécnico of Milan ( 1952). In 1974 founded Gregotti Associati International in Milan. He was architectural consultant for La Rinascente Stores group in Milan (1968-71) and director of the visual arts section of the Venice Biennale (1974-76). Has been Pro fessor of Architectural Composition at the Politécnico of Milan since 1964 and at the School of Architecture in Venice since 1978. He was Ernesto Rogers' Associate Editor at Casabella (1952-60). Since then, his editorial positions have included editor for Edilizia Moderna, monographs, Milan (1962-64); architectural editor of II Verri, Milan (1963-65); co-editor Lotus, Venice (1974-82); director of Rassegna magazine since 1979; and of Casabella since 1982. Among his awards are the Grand Prize of the Milan Triennale (1963); the Compasso d'Oro Milan (1968); First prize, IACP housing development competition, Palermo (1970); first prize, University of Florence competition (1971); and first prize at the University of Calabria competition (1973). Project specifications University of Palermo Science Departments (Palermo, Italy), 1969-88, pp. 204-07

Client: Université degli Studi, Palermo. Built area: 235,000 m2. Design team: Gino Pollini. with Spartaco Azzola, Hiromichi Matsui, Renzo Brandolini. Christina Calligaris. Camilla Fronzoni, Gio-vanna Passardi. Carlo Piróla; Antonio Cangemi Leto (direction of the work); Calogero Bene-detti (structure).

Technology of interest: anti-seismic structure. Bibliography

Gregotti, V., II territorio dell'architettura, Milan (Electa), 1966

Tafuri, M., Vittorio Gregotti, Milan (Electa), 1982

Gregotti Associati 1973-1988, Milan (Electa), 1989

Nicholas Grimshaw

Graduated from the Architectural Association in London (1965). Has been in private practice since, and his present firm of Nicholas Grimshaw and Partners Ltd was set up in 1980. Among the awards and commendations he has received are those of the Civic Trust, the Department of the Environment, the RIBA and Royal Fine Art Commission. Project specifications Sports Hall for IBM (Hampshire, England), 1980, pp. 104-05 Client: IBM.

Design team: Mark Goldstein. Simon Bean. Consultants - Felix J. Samuely & Partners (structural engineers); Ronald Hurst Associ ates (services engineers); Michael Edwards & Associates (quantity surveyors). Bibliography

Winter, J., 'Criticism', The Architectural Review, vol. CLXXI, no. 1021, Mar. 1982, pp. 34-41

Zaha Hadid

Earned a BSC in mathematics at the American University in Beirut, the Lebanon (1971), and her architectural degree at the Architectural Association in London (1977). Between 1977-87 she was Unit Master at the A.A. In 1986 she was Visiting Professor at Harvard University, in 1987 at Columbia University. Entered private practice in 1978 with the Office for Metropolitan Architecture with Rem Koolhaas and Elias Zenghelis; opened her own firm in 1979. She has received many awards and prizes, among them first prize for the Peak Competition. Hong Kong (1982); Gold Medal Architectural Design, British Architecture Award (1982); first prize, Kurfurstendamm Office Building (1986); first prize in the competition for the Media Park, Zollhof 3, Düsseldorf. Her work has been exhibited at the Milan Triennale (1985); the Paris Biennale at the Centre Pompidou (1985); the G.A. Gallery. Tokyo (1985); National Gallery of Art, Kyoto (1986); Grey Art Gallery, New York (1986); Max Protech Gallery. New York (1987); 'Deconstructivist Architecture' at the Museum of Modern Art. New York (1988); Aedes Gallery, Berlin (1988); 'Wild and Uncertain Times', Institut Français d'Architecture, Paris (1989); 'New Berlin 2000' for Frankfurter Allgemeine and the Architektur Museum, Frankfurt (1991). Project specifications Zollhof 3 Media Centre (Düsseldorf. Germany), 1989-92, pp. 286-89 Client: Thomas Rempen. Design team: Michael Wolfson with Nicola Cousins, Ed Gaskin, Ursula Gonsior, Edgar Gonzalez. Craig Kiner, Bryan Langlands, Urit Luden, Vincent Marol, Yuko Moriyama, Patrick Schumacher. Ursula Gonsior. Craig Kiner, Graeme Little, Antony Owen, Maria Rossi. Oliver Sorg, Christina Verissimo (design development). Günter Pfeifer & Associates (co-architect); Ove Arup & Partners (structural engineer); Loren Butt Consultancies (service engineer).

Built area: 21,100 m3. Bibliography

Wigley, M., Deconstructivist Architecture, New York (Museum of Modern Art), 1988

Herman Hertzberger b. Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 1932. Graduated from the Technical University of Delft (1958). Opened his own office in 1958 and became editor (until 1963) of Forum magazine with Aldo van Eyck. Bakema and others. Has been Professor at the T.U. Delft since

1970 and Chairman of the Berlage Institute in Amsterdam since 1990. Project specifications Centraal Beheer Office Building (Apel-doorn. Holland), 1968-72. pp. 48-51 Client: Centraal Beheer. Construction firm: Nederlandse Aannemings Maatschappij, NEDAM N.V. Budget: 21,493,000 DFL. Programme: 'An office building as a "work space" for 1000 people designed as a single articulated unit, consisting of 60 tower-like cubes connected on each floor by overpasses. The extensive central street area, in which the space is equally developed in vertical and horizontal direction, calls to mind the street pattern of medieval towns. Also the materials of the glass-roofed inner space evoke an outdoor atmosphere. In each corner there is a place to have coffee, to relax or to hold meetings. The illumination throughout is an integral part of the architecture, in this case conceived in terms of street lighting. The transparency and lightness of the metal stairs together with the glass-brick fillings create a harmonious contrast with the heavily dimensioned main structure of the building. We try to arrive at a wealth of formal expression by using simple, sober means, to create a feeling of spaciousness even when working on a small scale.'

Bibliography

Hertzberger, H., Lessons for students in architecture, Rotterdam (010), 1991 Reinink, W., Herman Hertzberger Architect, Rotterdam (010), 1991 A -f ¿/(extra edition on the work of Hertzberger, 1959-90), 1991

Hans Hollein b. Vienna, 1934. Educated at the Department of Civil Engineering, Bundesgewerbeschule, Vienna (1949-56); Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago (1958-59); University of California. Berkeley (1959-60). Since 1964 in private practice in Vienna. Since 1979, has been head of the School and Institute of Design at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. He received the Pritzker Prize in 1985. Project specifications Schullln Jewelry (Vienna, Austria). 1972-74. pp. 72-73

Data unavailable from the architect's firm. Städtisches Museum (Mönchengladbach, Germany), 1972-82, pp. 112-13 Design team: Thomas von den Valentyn, Jürgen Bertisch.

Project management: Architekturbüro M. Gandke, Architekt H.P. Jensen. Engineer: H. Dederich. H. Schnock. Lighting: Lichtdesign GmbH. Hans T. von Malotki, H. Kramer.

Structural calculations: K.H. Grabusch. M. Jahnsen.

Neues Haas Haus (Vienna, Austria), 1985-90, pp. 194-95

Design team: Dieter Blaich, Andrezj Kapuscik. Consultants: Marchart Moebius & Partner. The Salzburg Guggenheim Museum (Salzburg, Austria), 1989-, pp. 276-79 Data unavailable from the architect's firm. Bibliography

Pettena, G., Hans Hollein, Milan (Idea Books), 1987

Arquitectura Viva, May/Jun. 1990, p. 71 Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, Feb. 1992

Michael Hopkins b. Dorset, England, 1935. Qualified at the Architectural Association, London (1962). Partner at Foster Associates Ltd, 1969-75. Founded Michael Hopkins & Partners in 1975. Awarded CBE for Services to Architecture in 1989. Is a commissioner with the Royal Fine Art Commission and a member of the London Advisory Committee to English Heritage. Awards for his buildings include RIBA National Awards in 1977, 1980, 1988, 1989; Civic Trust Awards in 1979, 1986, 1988, 1989. 1990; Financial Times Industrial Architecture Award 1980, 1985, 1989; Structural Steel Design Awards in 1980, 1988, 1990; BBC Design Award 1987, 1990. Project specifications Research Laboratories for Schlumberger (Cambridge. England), 1984. pp. 124-25 Client: Schlumberger Cambridge Research. Built area: 6000 m2.

Design team: Michael Hopkins, John Pringle, Robin Snell, Chris Williamson, Nic Bewick, John Eger.

Construction firm: Bovis Construction Ltd. Key materials: steel, glass, teflon-coated fabric.

Technology of interest: tensioned teflon-coated membrane roof. Budget: £4.1 million.

Borja Huidobro: see Paul Chemetov

Arata Isozaki b. Oita City, Japan, 1931. Graduated from the Architectural Faculty of the University of Tokyo (1954). Worked at the office of Kenzo Tange from 1954-63; established his own firm in 1963. In 1969 he won the Artists' Newcomer Prize, Ministry of Culture; in 1975 the Annual Prize. Architectural Institute of Japan; in 1983 the Mainichi Art Award; in 1986 the RIBA's Gold Medal for Architecture; in 1988 the Arnold Brunner Award; in 1988 the Asahi Award of the Asahi Shimbun; and in 1990 the Chicago Architecture Award. Project specifications Palau d'Esports Sant Jordi (Barcelona. Spain), 1985-90, pp. 252-53 Client: Ayuntamiento y Diputación de Barcelona.

Design team: Toshiaki Tange (coordinator). M. Kawaguchi, J. Martinez Calzón, T. Vanagisawa, 0. Nakamura, N. Lletos (structure). J.M. Millan. F. Labastida, INVPSA, A. Delgado y Sarrate (installations).

Construction firm: Comsa. Folcra, Dragados,

Orona and Texsa.

Bibliography

Stewart, David Butler, The Making of a Modem Japanese Architecture -1868 to the Present, Tokyo and New York (Kodansha International), 1987

Paricio, I., 'Sant Jordi y la virtud', Arquitectura Viva, Mar. 1991, pp. 18-25

Klaus Kada b. 1940. Graduated from the Technical University of Graz in 1971. Founded his own firm in 1971. In 1986 he won the Styrian Award. Project specifications Glasmuseum (Bärnbach, Austria), 1988, pp. 208-09

Client: Stadt Bärnbach und Landesregierung

Steiermark.

Area built: 1512 m2.

Design team: G. Mitterberger, E. Steiner, J. Reiterer. J. Abner, G. Gebhardt. Construction firm: Probst & Schmidt. Key materials: glass, steel, ferro concrete. Technology of interest: detached glass wall; different variants of glass roofs; steel construction hall; glass brick facade. Budget: 12.5 million OS. Site characteristics: industrial area - glassworks, coal mining. Bibliography

Werk, Bauen + Wohnen, 1 Feb. 1989 Techniques et Architecture, Apr./May 1989 Architecture d'Aujourd'hui, Sept. 1989 Architectural Review, Nov. 1989 Bauwelt, no. 32, 1990

Hans Kollhoff b. Lobenstein (Thür.), West Germany, 1946. Graduated from the Technical University at Karlsruhe (1975). Between 1975 and 1978 held the DAAD scholarship at Cornell University. From 1978-85 was Teaching Assistant at the Technical University, Berlin. Since 1990, has been Professor at the ETH in Zürich. Project specifications Luisenplatz Housing Project (Charlotten-burg, Berlin, Germany), 1982-88, pp. 210-13

Client: AVM Allgemeine Bau-, Verwaltungs und Management-GmbH & Co., KapHag Fonds Viersehn.

Design team: Helga Timmermann, Thomas Dietsch. Mathias Essig. Construction company: Gruppe 80, Woh-nungs-und Industriebau Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH.

Key materials: blue industrial clinkers. Owing to the unfavourable ground conditions, part of the building was constructed on piers of up to 12 m in length. The glass facade consists of simple safety-glass windows in 40 mm steel frames between steel girders fixed at each floor at the ceiling fronts. Budget: 16.5 million DM. Programme: 65 housing units (20 with 2 rooms, 34 with 3-4 rooms, 11 with 4-5 rooms), with 9 studios, 3 commercial spaces and an underground garage for 10 cars. Bibliography

'Wohnbebauung Luisenplatz', Bauwelt, no. 26, 1988

'Wohnen am Berlin-Museum Baumeister 9/ 88, Wohnbebauung Luisenplatz', Quaderns d'Arquitectura i Urbanisme, no. 176. 1988 Neumeyer, F., Hans Kollhoff, Barcelona (Gili), 1991

Rem Koolhaas b. Rotterdam, 1944. Lived in Indonesia, 1950-56. Between 1964-68 he was a journalist and scriptwriter in Amsterdam. Graduated from the Architectural Association in London in 1972. In 1972 he received a Harkness Fellowship for an extended stay in the USA. Studied at Cornell University in 1972-3. In 1974. he won the Progressive Architecture Award for the design of a 'House in Miami' with Laurinda Spear. In 1975, he founded Office for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA) with Elias and Zoe Zenghelis and Madelon Vriesendorp. In 1978 he published Delirious New York (New York, London and Paris), coinciding with the exhibition 'The Sparkling Metropolis' at the Guggenheim Museum. In 1980 he opened OMA's Rotterdam office. Since 1990, he has been a Visiting Professor at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design. Project specifications The Netherlands Dance Theatre (The Hague, Holland), 1984-87, pp. 182-85 Client: Carel Birnie. Director of the Nederlands Danstheater.

Built area: 54,000 m3 plus 4000 m3 extension.

Design team: Jeroen Thomas, Willem-Jan Neu-telings, Frank Roodbeen. Jaap van Heest. Ron Steiner. Dirk Hendriks, Frans Vogelaar, Wim Kloosterboer. Interior - Franz Vogelaar, Petra Blaisse. Boa Contractors (bars, furniture), Hans Werlemann (light). Engineers - Polonyi und Finck, van Toorenburg, Stakebrand. Mural - Madelon Vriesendorp. Construction company: Bouwcombinatie SPUL Key materials: corrugated metal 'wave' roof, 13-metre span with stress beam support (acoustically advantageous in theatre). Budget: 15 million DFL. Programme: auditorium, rehearsal facilities, lobby, offices, cafeteria, restaurant.

Bibliography

Koolhaas. R.. Delirious New York, New York. 1978

-, Rem Koolhaas: Urban Projects 1985-

1990, Barcelona (Colegio de Arquitectes de Catalunya), 1990

Lefaivre. L., 'Dirty Realism in European Architecture', Archithese, Jan. 1990 (special edi tion edited by L. Lefaivre. entitled 'Dirty Realism')

Lucan, J. (ed.), OMA - Rem Koolhaas, Cambridge, MA (MIT Press), 1991

Rob Krier b. Grevenmacher, Luxemburg, 1938. Educated at the Technical University of Munich (1959-64). From 1976 has been Professor at the Technical University of Vienna, where he was Dean of Architecture and Interior Design from 1979-81. Project specifications Schinkelplatz Housing Project (Berlin. Germany), 1983-87. pp. 186-87 Client: Klingbell-Gruppe. Design team: Klaus Kamman. Key materials: brick walls. 50 cm thick outside. Budget: 400 DM per m\ Site characteristics: area bombed in World War II close to the former Berlin Wall. Bibliography

Architektur + Wettbewerbe, 'Schinkelplatz', Stuttgart, no. 106, Jun. 1981 Casabella, 'Schinkelplatz', Milan, no. 492. Jun. 1983

Bauwelt, 'Schinkelplatz (Ritterstrasse-Nord)', Berlin, no. 42, Nov. 1983 Techniques et Architecture, 'Schinkelplatz', Paris, no. 351, Dec. 1983, Jan. 1984 Architectural Design, 'Rob Krier', London, no. 55, 1985

Lucien Kroll b. Brussels, Belgium. 1927. Received his architectural degree from the Institut Supérieur d'Urbanisme de la Cambre in Brussels and taught at the Institut Supérieur d'Urbanisme in Brussels. In 1957, established his private practice in its present form. Project specifications The Medical Faculty at Woluwe-Salnt Lambert, 'La Mémé' (Louvain, Belgium), 1968-72. pp. 44-47

Client: Catholic University of Louvain.

Built area: 20.000 m3.

Design team: They 'have all dispersed' (i.e the students of the Medical Faculty).

Construction company: Engema S.A.

Key materials: 'all of them'.

Technology of interest: use of the SAR method developed by Habraken in Eindhoven.

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