Color Harmony

The most fundamental theory of color harmony in interior design is to make sure that the colors in any color scheme share some common traits or attributes. Remember that colors have three attributes Maintaining some similarities between colors ensures that they relate to each other and are thereby harmonious. Once a harmonious base color combination is established, add dramatic accents to enliven the color scheme and prevent it from being

U C T I 0 N

As a person's skill and confidence increases, it is possible to take a more intuitive approach to color design, often bending the rules for more imaginative effects. To communicate in words the subtle differences between individual colors is always difficult there are virtually an infinite number of color combinations. To understand color and design with color, it is essential to have a basic knowledge of color theory. The first step in an organized understanding of color is to learn...

Hint

Only vary one color attribute at a time. An easy way to achieve color harmony is to keep the hue and value the same while varying the chroma. This means that the color scheme employs variations of a single color of a single relative lightness or darkness and that the intensity of the color is varied. Some of the colors might be more full bodied while others are more grayed down. Another way to achieve color harmony is to keep the hue and chroma the same and vary the value. This type of scheme...

The Color Samples

The following examples are intended to spark the imagination and provide a starting point for the color designer. It would be impossible to show an example of every possible color scheme. The possible color combinations and effects are limited only by the skill and imagination of the designer. This chapter, however, covers all of the basic color scheme categories. For each section, a sample color combination is shown in a sample interior which illustrates the flavor and character of the type of...

Fig

A small color swatch, no matter how accurate, always ends up being deceptive. It is difficult to visualize the effect of a color in a large area when you are selecting that color from a swatch measuring only a few square inches. The larger the area, the stronger a color will appear. What looked mostly gray with only a touch of lavender cast in a small chip can end up looking like a sickly purple when spread over an entire room. When in doubt, always opt for the more muted color, especially if...

Attributes Of Color

The first attribute of color is hue, which is the name for a color, such as yellow, green, blue, red. The color wheel is used to represent the basic colors (hues) of the visible spectrum. All the hues indicated on the color wheel are of full intensity. For the sake of simplicity, the most common color wheel is made up of 12 color gradations, even though there are actually an infinite number of color gradations possible between each color on the wheel.

Monochromatic Schemes

Monochromatic Color Scheme

Monochromatic color schemes consist of variations of a single color or hue. This kind of scheme can be very dramatic, almost theatrical, in certain instances. Monochromatic schemes should be used judiciously, though, because an interior done all in one color, especially a strong, deep one, can be overpowering. The safest approach to monochromatic schemes is to use medium to light values which are slightly grayed down. The dramatic quality of this monochromatic blue-green kitchen provides an...

Color Theory

Hue Value Chroma

The second attribute of color is value, or the relative lightness or darkness of a color. Lighter values are achieved by adding white to a color, and darker values result from adding black. The third attribute of color is chroma, ox saturation, the relative purity or intensity of a color determined by how much or how little gray is added to the color. The value of die colors on a chroma scale do not change only the intensity of the color varies. Fig. 1.2 Gray value scale and green value scale...

Discordant

The primary colors of red, green, and blue light make white light when mixed together. Analogous colors are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. Also referred to as saturation. Chroma is the relative strength or weakness of a color. Colors which are opposite each other on the color wheel, such as red and green. Blue-green, blue, and blue-purple are cool colors. A monochromatic color scheme employs various tints and shades of a single color. A monotone or...

Es And Design Examples

Warm Monothone Scheme

Rior tends to feel more airy, atmospheric, and light than a warm monotone interior. To avoid unpleasant starkness, furnishings can provide a few warm accents for balance. blue, monotone color scheme has a refreshing,, atmospheric quality. The wann orange and yellow accents intensify the cool depths of blue. muted bronze colors in the classic monotone in terior at the left are further , 'X> * '' '.( ift wBKx' ko* Frank Lloyd Wright's original home and studio incorporates muted, neutral earth...

Analogous Schemes

Analogous colors, or similar hues, are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. In subdued tints and shades, they can be very harmonious. When selecting colors which are stronger and more intense, an analogous color scheme is a reasonably safe approach to achieve color harmony. The general aesthetic and psychological effect of an analogous color scheme depends on the specific colors selected. The hold, rich colors of this sitting area create a total environment. 7 he whole space becomes one...

Color Mixture In Building

Color Theatre Architecture Appearance

Natural light contains all die colors of the spectrum. By breaking light down into its component parts, or spectral colors, it is possible to combine and mix the individual colors to form new ones. Additive color is the process of mixing colored light. The most common application of this can be found in theater lighting. For example, a red light overlapping a green light produces a yellow light. Colored pigments, however, behave very differently than colored light when combined or mixed. The...

Color As An Architectural Design Ingredient

Architectural and interior design consists of the manipulation < > ( many interrelated elements including space, form, structure, light, texture, and color. Unfortunately, the one ingredient in i lie interdependent mix of design elements that is most often > vcrlooked or left as an afterthought is color. To avoid this, ipproach color selection as an integral part of the design rather linn something which is applied superficially after the fact. I Effective color design does not need to...

Monotone Schemes

A monotone color scheme consists of various tints or shades of a single neutral color such as gray, beige, or cream. This type of color scheme is a safe and conservative approach to interior color design. It is also very effective when a variety of natural materials and textures are incorporated into the interior, as this allows these materials to take center stage. A neutral, monotone color scheme is by far the most foolproof and conservative approach to decorating an interior. It allows the...

Color Hierarchy And Proportions

Proportion Dominance Subordinate

The hues of the color wheel form a hierarchy, with some hues being naturally more dominant than others, even when used in precisely the same proportions. It is fairly easy to see which colors are dominant on the color wheel. As different values and chroma are introduced, the hierarchies become more complex. Changing the individual proportions of the selected colors also affects which color dominates. It is helpful to know which color will dominate in any given combination of colors. Below are a...

Interactiveness Of Color Relationships

Colors cannot be selected without talcing into account all of the adjacent colors and materials in the space. This requires examining the total environment where the colors will be used. Adjacent colors can have a very strong effect on one another therefore, it is important to be able to predict and control their interaction. By itself, a very muted color often looks absolutely neutral. Yet when placed against another contrasting, muted color, both appear to come alive and be stronger colors....

Discordant Colors For Special Effect

Discordant Color Scheme Example

Sometimes bending or breaking the rules of color harmony is useful and very effective. So far, all of the color harmony principles discussed describe fairly symmetrical color balance. If these principles are followed rigorously, harmonious combinations will be achieved. However, perfect color harmony can be boring and predictable. Sometimes bending or breaking the rules of color harmony is useful and very effective. A strong discordant color thrown into a scheme can make the design more...