Solid Waste Collection In Small Buildings

Most of the waste in a home comes from the kitchen. Finding recycling space within a pantry, air-lock entry, or cabinet or closet that opens to the outside makes daily contributions easier, facilitates weekly removal, and simplifies cleaning (Fig. 12-1).

Trash compactors take up space in the kitchen, and may have odor and noise problems. Some trash compactors have a forced-air, activated-charcoal filter to help control odors, and sound insulation to control noise. A trash compactor requires a grounded electrical outlet.

Garbage disposals are often installed below the kitchen sink, frequently along with the dishwasher. The garbage disposal grinds organic food scraps, mixes them with water, and flushes them to the sewer. Waste with less moisture goes into the garbage can. The finely chopped organic matter biodegrades better at the sewage treatment plant than it would at a landfill. However, the garbage disposal uses energy and water—2 to 4 gallons for each minute of operation. The water co-

Figure 12-1 Residential recycling.

proximately half of their body weight per day. With one pound of worms, approximately one pound of soil can be removed from the box each month, while the worms stay behind to carry on the process.

Garbage compactors are designed to cut down on storage space for solid wastes. They can be used to compact separated items for recycling, such as aluminum, ferrous metals, and box cardboard. When dissimilar materials are crushed together, recycling becomes difficult. In a single family home, a garbage compactor may not save more space than it takes up, but small stores and businesses may find one beneficial.

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