Karesansui the dry landscape garden

Kare Sansui

Celebrated Japanese garden scholar Mirei Shigemor identifies a total of 323 kare-sansui gardens and some 700 pond gardens as particularly significant amongst Japanese gardens He divides the development of the kare-sansui garden into four stages the first, prehistoric stage is equated wiih the huge boulders and rocky outcrops - iwakura and iwasaka venerated as the abodes of gods by early Shinto devotees An example here is Achi Shrine in Kurashiki The second stage corresponds to the Nara and...

Variational types of the Momoyama karesansui dry landscape garden

Landscape Woodcut

Kare-sansui, the new garden prototype accompanying a new type of architecture, was first invented in the Muromachi era. The kare-sansui gardens of the Momoyama era reveal the same preference for more and larger rocks already seen in the pond gardens of the same period. One of the most important kare-sansui gardens of the Momoyama era is found within the precincts of Matsuo Shrine in Yokaichi in Shiga Prefecture. Mirei Shigemori rediscovered the garden in 1936 he dates it to between 1570 and...

The Sukiya style a new architectural setting for the Japanese garden

Foto Per Muri

Just as the unpretentious tea garden, with its radically revised layout and new compositional components, was to exert a profound influence on subsequent garden design, so the modest tea house was to inspire an equally radical architectural development, the emergence of the Sukiya style. Sukiya might best be translated as a building of refined taste The term first appears in a document of 1532 in the late sixteenth century it was used to describe a free-standing tea house. Only later did it...

Secret transmissions of garden art and new illustrated manuals of garden design

The two gardens of Shisen-do in Kyoto and Jiko-m near Nara are closely related to academic Chinese bunjin painting. This bunjm tradition is similarly reflected in a secret garden text composed in 1680 by the print-maker and man of letters Hishikawa Morono-bu, entitled Yokei tsukuri niwa nozu, Garden Drawings for the Creation of Specific Views. In this single volume he suggests eighteen ways of creating gardens having particular atmospheres, in double-page illustrations employing the...