Landscaping Designs

Ideas 4 Landscaping

Helen Whitfield brings you the definitive ebook about ideas for your lawn and home. You will get all the best ideas to make the most beautiful landscape for your own lawn, with personalized tips for your unique type of lawn. Far too many landscapers prefer to overcharge you rather than give you a good deal on your lawn. Do not let these people rip you off; go ahead and learn the tips that they already know to be able to make the best lawn that you possibly can! It takes less effort than you might think to make an awesome lawn And you do not have to shell out massive amounts of money to get your lawn looking like something right out of a magazine. This ebook answers all of the questions that you might have about landscaping, and gives you all of the ideas that you need to make a great lawn of your own! More here...

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Mastering Landscape Architecture

HE NUMBER OF master of landscape architecture (MLA) programs has grown since the degree was established in the 1900s. According to ASLA's Council on Education (C.OE), accredited MLA programs in the United States increased from 14 to 38 since 1985. At present, three institutions are in the candidacy stage and 13 institutions are in the planning stage. Student enrollment has also grown. Between 2001 and 2004 the total number of MLA applications rose, The growing number of MLA programs and students bodes well for the growth and advancement of landscape architecture. Beginning in the late 1990s, ASLA and the Council of Educators in Landscape Architecture (CELA) recognized that more students would need to enroll and graduate from professional degree programs to meet the demand for current and projected services. COE summarized its concerns in a 2007 white paper, stating that con siderably more attention will need to be given to creating new professional degree programs if we are to produce...

Landscape architecture in Germany

Landscape architecture in its current form is a relatively young discipline in Germany, despite the fact that when one looks at past garden art and garden architecture, its origins have very traditional roots. The planning and designs of landscape gardeners such as Friedrich Ludwig von Sckell (1750-1823) or Peter Joseph Lenn (1789-1866) still influence the appearance and the open space systems of important German cities today. If we confine our observations to contemporary landscape architecture, the period after the Second World War represents an important phase in its development. Even if the post-war period was characterised mainly by very conservative attitudes and landscape architects were mostly concerned with private gardens, some progressive and socialist-based ideas did become widely accepted. The protagonists of these positions were landscape architects such as Herrmann Mattern, Ulrich Wolf and G nther Grzimek, the designer of Munich's Olympic Park, which opened in 1972....

Landscape architecture in France

France has a long tradition of landscape architecture. The famous seventeenth-century parks created by Andr Le N tre form an important heritage, which is reflected in today's landscape architectural practice.1 Some contemporary projects are as large as the enormous parks of the seventeenth century, but landscape architects no longer design royal parks instead their work is found in industrial areas, residential quarters and even in motorway service stations. Influenced by their teachers and the projects of the 1970s and 1980s, such as the creation of the new suburbs 'Les Villes Nouvelles' and the pioneering rehabilitation of some areas in Paris including Les Halles and the Parc de La Villette,3 young landscape architecture offices are now making their own mark upon the landscape. They are commissioned in advance of development, to anticipate the consequences and undertake sound site planning,

Landscape architecture in Ireland

Landscape architecture is a developing profession within the Republic of Ireland, having its independent origins in the 1970s. In 1966, when the United Nations considered the country undeveloped, there was only one landscape architect in private practice The advent of the European Union, which brought the predicted opportunities for development and consultation arising from legislation, led to the profession's separation from the Landscape Institute in the UK. An initiative in 1993 brought together the Institute of Landscape Architects and the Horticultural Association to form the Irish Landscape Institute (ILI), which has members working in private practices and local authorities throughout the Republic of Ireland. In 2004, an undergraduate landscape architecture course was instigated at University College, Dublin, in addition to landscape horticulture, which has been the traditional route for those training for the profession.

Landscape architecture in Spain

Park Landscape Architecture

It is difficult to summarise the landscape design tradition in Spain, although everyone might agree that a new approach or 'tradition' in public space design started in the democratic municipalities in the early 1980s. During four decades of grey Franco dictatorship, open public space had been completely neglected. With the advent of freedom, street events, such as concerts, markets and street parades, emerged instinctively. It became obvious that recovering public open space, as the ultimate space for coexistence and democracy, was an important issue. 'The city is only the public space, the rest is houses and private condominiums, wrote Oriol Bohigas, the head of Barcelona's planning department. In this social context, a new approach to urban planning and public open space design started. Squares, parks, 'rambles' and gardens were created or renovated in every town quarter. The hope was that this public intervention would unlock the regeneration of the surrounding urban fabric by...

Landscape architecture in Sweden

The dialogue and harmony between landscape architecture and the natural landscape are explicit and obvious in Sweden, whether it is shown by designers taking their inspiration from nature or by the incorporation of existing natural elements into a design. The garden or park often appears as nature refined. The clue, or key word, for landscape architecture in Sweden could be resistance. This word can be interpreted in terms of the resistance offered by the natural landscape and the harsh climate which presents such difficult growing conditions for vegetation. Second, the word can be understood in terms of the restrained forms found in Swedish landscape architecture itself. Designers must also contend with financial resistance. The importation of foreign ideas has a long history in Sweden. Landscape architecture has developed over the centuries in close relation to and dialogue with art and society. Looking back at their predecessors, Swedish landscape architects find monks and nuns of...

The products of landscape architecture and the nature of urban design

All, without exception, total and all-of-a-piece urban designs include elements of landscape architecture. Many plug-in urban designs are landscape design projects and vice versa. The historical trails, squares and parks described here are all plugged into existing city frameworks to act as catalysts for development or, at least, to halt decay. What then differentiates the products of landscape architecture from those of urban design The landscape quality of open spaces is crucial to the experiencing of cities and perceptions of their quality. The streets, squares and parks of cities, such as London form part of their international image. It is difficult to consider Paris without its boulevards, or Singapore without the walkways along its riverfront or St. Louis without Gateway Plaza (see Figure 5.1). The character of all these places is, however, defined not only by the landscape but also by the buildings that face them and the activities they generate. It is this consideration of...

Secret transmissions of garden art and new illustrated manuals of garden design

By the second half of the Edo era, gardens were no longer the exclusive privilege of daimyo nobles and samurai warriors but became equally the domain of the chonin, the townspeople. Thus the demand grew for experienced gardeners, and particularly for those in possession of kuden, highly-prized oral transmissions of the secrets of garden design. This new breed of professionals, called niwa-shi, or garden masters, now supplied the townspeople not only with the artistic designs for their gardens, but also with the materials and decorative elements required in their construction, such as rocks, trees and stone lanterns. Even the niwa-shi,

Landscape architecture in Hungary

Hungarian landscape architecture was shaped by modernist functionalism until the end of the 1980s. Landscape and open space structure were very much determined by the basic principles of everyday usage, so the clearly expressed function appeared as an aesthetic value without ornamental decoration or I'art pour I'art. After the events of 1989, a change can be seen in both the content and the function of Hungarian landscape architecture, as a consequence of the transformed institutional, administrative system and the new circle of investors. It also might derive from the quick spread of new theoretical ideas and trends from western countries and from new building materials and technologies. Regarding the content, a freer approach to the ground-plan structure of open space designs and towards ornamentation was noticeable. Later, the self-assertive intention of the designer to articulate a clear artistic essence could also be seen. The fashionable philosophical trends from the West, such...

Landscape architecture in Denmark

Danish landscape architecture has been vigorous for over a hundred years.1 Its origins were in the design of private gardens, but since the start of the 1930s landscape designers have participated in a wide range of projects from parks and housing areas to motorways and landscape planning. After the Second World War, the amount and range of landscape architectural assignments rapidly expanded. Several landscape architects had careers which spanned 40-50 years and during this period a new generation grew up. Many of them worked at the offices of G.N. Brandt and C. Th. Sorensen and were part of a well-connected network which provided the basis for a common experience, and the formation of a tradition (which is understandable in a small country with only five million inhabitants). In her Guide to Danish Landscape Architecture, Annemarie Lund remarks that during the 1930s 'several landscape architects continued enthusiastically to experiment with various geometrical shapes to create...

The Products of Landscape Architecture Malls Squares Streets and Parks

Some designs of walkways, staircases, experiential trails, plazas, street beautifi-cations and parks sit more easily under the rubric of urban design than others. The design of an open space is, however, really simply landscape architecture unless designed as a unit with surrounding buildings (as in Pariser Platz, Berlin see Chapter 8). Such designs occur more frequently in the creation of new towns and de novo precinct designs (e.g. Paternoster Square also in Chapter 8) than when redesigning open spaces in existing cities (Figure 5.3).

Sculptural Terrain For The New Face Of Landscape Architecture

Sculptural Ornaments

Powers and Walker categorized journal articles into 11 categories (see graphs, below). Between 1982 and 1988, when Alanen and Morrison edited the journal, only 8 percent of the articles fell into the landscape design and implementation category. Like his predecessors, Robert Riley, who edited Landscape Journal from 1988 to 1995, saw improvements in scholarship as a way of improving the practice of landscape architecture, but the articles related to design and implementation stayed at 8 percent during this period. Journal of Landscape Architecture 200G-present

Aesthetic ideals of the Momoyama era and their influence on garden design

Sen no Rikyu's attitude towards garden design is perhaps best illustrated in the following historical anecdote. Entering a tea garden one fine morning, he found the ground littered with leaves shed by a mountain tree planted in the garden. He was enchanted by this natural scene. When he returned a few hours later for the tea ceremony, however, he found his host had swept up all the leaves. This did not please him at all, and he is reported to have shaken a tree gently until a few leaves had again fallen to the ground. He then gave instructions that the garden should not be swept immediately before the tea ceremony, but rather a few hours in advance, to allow at least a few leaves to fall in the interim. At the same time as insisting upon utter cleanliness, Sen no Rikyu thus also wanted the tea garden to look natural. The garden was to imitate the processes of nature. Sen no Rikyu illustrated predominantly rural themes in his garden designs, which are frequently dominated by a simple...

Landscape architecture in the Netherlands

Landscape architects in the Netherlands have historically come from a horticultural background. Most of the early landscape designers were botanists or owned nurseries themselves and were self-educated in design. Their design approach tended to be traditional, following whatever was the fashion in architecture of the period. At the end of the nineteenth century, ideas from the Italian Renaissance, French Baroque and the English Landscape Style, were 'translated' into the Dutch situation without much vision. Architecture has always been a mature profession, but the field of urban planning is a lot younger. Landscape design started to be nationally recognised as an independent profession when its first professor at the Wageningen University was appointed in 1946. Professor Dr. Ir. J.PTH. Bijhouwer has had a great influence. In his view, one should be very careful with the characteristics of the many different types of landscape which Holland possesses, but nevertheless, he argued,...

Koch Landscape Architecture

Bridgeport Condominiums are the first privately developed residential projec the Portland River District whose landscaped courtyard is open to the put The courtyard is layered between two residential buildings and demonstrate melding of public and private urban spaces. Koch Landscape Architecture designed custom wire gabion cubes filled . glass slag that transforms an industrial byproduct into a sculptural centerp These cubes are lit from within and emanate a cool ethereal glow that gives courtyard a memorable night-time ambiance.

National Landscape Architecture Month 2010

Across the country, ASLA and its chapter will celebrate National Landscape Architecture Month in April by engaging the public in conversations and activities that highlight the profession as a career choice, demonstrate what landscape architects do. and communicate the environmental benefits of sustainable landscape design. Be part of the celebration Contact your local chapter and see how to get involved. Tap ASLA's National Landscape Architecture Month resources online at www.asla.org lamonth to plan an activity. Commit your firm to reaching out in substantive ways to students, the public, and potential clients. And use www.asla.org sustainablelandscapes to prove how your work benefits the environment, communities, and everyone's quality of life.

Landscaping and Irrigation Plan

Landscaping is usually the final stage of a site's development. Landscaping plans show the location of various species of plantings, ground cover, lawns, benches, garden areas, and fences. The plantings are noted with an abbreviation, typically three letters, along with the quantity of the particular species (Figure 6.9). The designation corresponds to a planting schedule that furnishes a complete list of the plantings by common name, Latin or species name, and quantity and size of each planting. Certain notes describing planting procedures or handling specifications accompany the planting schedule. Landscaping plans have additional graphics and symbols unique to the profession, which the blueprint reader should be aware of, particularly relating to plant symbols.

European Landscape Architecture

This is an important new book about landscape construction and good detailed design. It is not a book of standard details in landscape architecture, nor does it give the reader step-by-step instructions instead it highlights how important it is to consider detail in the creative process, showing that good practice in detailing is as integral to successful design as an exciting concept or striking site plan. European Landscape Architecture draws together a team of leading professionals and academics in the field of landscape architecture. The case studies are well-illustrated with photographs and many original construction drawings running alongside the text. This will be a valuable source book for students and practitioners alike, as well as being of interest to researchers with an interest in the process of design. Jens Balsby Nielsen was Associate Professor at the University of Copenhagen from 1998-2005 where his main subjects were landscape planning, management, and landscape...

Office Landscaping

A number of large U.S. corporations have been experimenting with an open planning system known in the space planning and design profes slon as office landscaping. This concept of planning originated in West Germany and has been used extensively in European office opera tions. It is intended to create an open, flexible layout by grouping personnel and their work stations in accordance with group communications and with interdepartmental work flow and rclo tionships. The proponents of the landscaping concept maintain that office planning should not be bosed upon the traditional organization chart of com mand structure, but rather on the grouping of personnel in open space along the lines of interpersonal relationships and group communications. When this concept is applied in its most literal form, it means the elimination of private offices, with no distinction made between management While presenting technical problems to the office planner, these problems can be solved with careful...

Landscaping

This visually important element of shopping center design rarely receives the attention and budget its importance deserves. Most sub' urban customers have gardens and are landscape-conscious. Nevertheless, there are literally hundreds of shopping centers that are surrounded by barren oceans of monotonous asphalt The primary reason for this situation is that the landscaping is installed last, is not related directly to the building construct tion operation, and consequently is vulnerable to corner cutting'' by the developer, especially if the project cobi is running over the budget The landscaping in the regional, that is to say, suburban center usually has two compo' nents interior, i.e., the landscaping in the mall, and exterior, i.e., that outside the buildings and in the parking areas. Because of the climate control in the typical enclosed mall, tropical planting can be maintained provided lhat adequate light, water, and drainage are supplied and there is proper maintenance....

Garrett Eckbo Design Techniques

Landscape Representation

In conclusion, one could advance that axonometry not only conferred a sense of modernity on landscape representation, but also shaped a certain type of space. Axonometry allowed Canneel, Eckbo, and Rose to assemble various functional and plastic elements into ideal combinations. But Canneel remained singular in expressing a clear relationship between thought and product. To him, the axonometric garden synthesized the representation of modernist space and a design process the technique also lent itself splendidly to his minimalist compositions. Inert and living materials held the same value, with architecture and landscape architecture sharing equal footing. The oblique angle favored asymmetry and the balance of unequal parts. Axonometry detached the spatial composition from its environmental matrix and at the same time suggested that garden and house formed but one element of a greater system. The house and garden became an organigramme (the French term for a synthetic structure...

Suzman Cole Design Associates

A modestly scaled contemporary house, subtly but richly detain mq the landscape design for this sloping, one-acre (0.4 ha) site near re zzm Pebble Beach. The house uses antique Chinese limestone and gran e a modern design aesthetic. Landscaping is serene and low key. us rg ym tolerant plants with an emphasis on foliage rather than flowers - gras -Californian and Mediterranean natives such as lavender, manzamta, k coast live oaks predominate. lerfiist landscape architecture compliments a temporary home.

GLS Landscape Architecture

The project, dedicated in April, 1997 consists of a 3 acre (1.2 ha) cemetery, a 11 ft (700 sq m) open chapel, entry forecourt, 19 mausolea buildings, a 600' (181 arbor walkway, a 10' x 50' (3 m x 15 m) pool with seasonal and mechanical fo- rWL a memorial wall, landscaping and 9 on-site parking spaces. The project was a- fo-a collaboration designed and executed by Gary Strang Architect and Landscape with Daniel Solomon Architect. The chapel, constructed of custom poured ar recast concrete, CMU blocks, stainless steel, steel, perforated anodized a -. and Honduran Mahogany is designed to accentuate one's awareness of re of nature. A sliver of light moves visibly against the thick concrete wall the is cooled by breezes which are allowed to penetrate the chapel and the cav t thick double insulated roof and the 50 -100 (127 - 254 cm) of rain which fa s -roof each year is captured in a huge elevated concrete gutter that doubles as ar e portico. The water is then released into a seasonal pool...

Research Design Connections

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE, in partnership with the web-based newsletter and daily blog Research Design Connections, uses this column to report current research of interest to landscape architects from a wide array of disciplines. We welcome your comments, suggestions about future topics, and studies you have encountered in your own practice.

U What better place for a prayer garden TV

I am a master's candidate in landscape architecture. My thesis topic is designing spiritual spaces. My thesis question is Is there a universality of physical elements or array of elements that generates emotions or feelings of spirituality in individuals regardless of culture, age, or theology In many ways, the crux of your question and issues with the Baltimore Pope John Paul II Prayer Garden is very close to my thesis question. April 2009 Landscape Architecture 17 garden design. April 2009 Landscape Architecture 19

Custom Play Environments

At ZEN Associates there's a reason behind every stone, every texture, every color, every angle and every thing we do. From ojr award-winning Landscape Design to our Construction, Interior Design and Maintenance services, no ore puts more thought into it, so you get the most out of it. The traditional American campus landscape, captured most vividly by an image of open lawns with mature canopy trees, is one of our most established, celebrated, and significant landscape typologies and is, in the 21st century, at a crossroads. The past decade was for several raisons one of the most influential periods in the long history of colleges and universities in terms of architecture and landscape architecture. In conjunction with sometimes record growth in facilities, these institutions embraced their role as stewards in the education and promotion of environmental sus-tainability, as reflected in the ambitious American College and University Presidents' Climate Commitment.

Empowering People To Represent Themselves

Drawings that give citizens choices empower them. Visual preference tests and simulations provide citizens with clear visual alternatives in matters of urban and landscape design.23 Providing choice requires drawings that are easily read, evaluated, and compared. Drawing style must be consistent. The designers' favorites must be drawn no more compellingly than the other choices. The distribution of the choices must be broad, thereby providing a forum for public discussion.

The New Versagreen Planta6le Wall System From Versalok

We combined the durability and strength of a VERSA-LOK segmental retaining wall with the lush beauty of a hanging garden to create a functional wall that becomes a living part of your landscape. Each VERSA-Green concrete unit features a hollow core for plantings, which are used to design your wall's color scheme and textures. Within weeks, your VERSA-Green wall will appear to grow right out of the hillside while performing the work of a traditional retaining wall. In an informal survey of California realtors, all seemed reluctant to say anything that cast a less-than-brilliant I ight on the state of the market. Nevertheless, Fresno-area realtor Andrea Mazzei feels that the problem if there is one will abate as the legislature catches up to the crippled market. Everything's going to change shortly, she told Landscape Architecture. I'm sure that they're going to mandate that either the banks, the realtors, or the sellers will have to take responsibility to clean up the property.

The Office of James Burnett

A clean, inviting circular relaxation pool serves as the focal point in the cente' the court. Its water spills into an adjacent lap pool that is equipped with s if jets. Strategically placed uplighting and unique site landscaping complete * r modern simplicity of the design. herb garden, activity lawn, privacy wall, and unique site landscaping. The Office of James Burnett

Dirtworks PC

The terrace garden is an extension of a renovated penthouse in Gree-. Village. The planting plan highlights seasonal change and frames city . e from the interior spaces. Sweeps of native grasses and shrubs frame views r nearby water tower. An ivy-covered steel trellis and small flowering trees midtown skyline views. A sculptural Black Pine terminates the view through -greenhouse from the entrance.

Letters

For the landscape architecture community to promote the position that temporary installations of public art are environmentally insensitive damages the entire creative community. Christo's works do not get installed without review. They are subject to much scrutiny, both by his creative team and the pertinent jurisdictions. AS AN ARTIST, a landscape designer, and a lover of all things natural, the only value that I see in this project is the need for more discussions on the marriage between art and nature. My sense is that Christo and Jeanne-Claude need to find a way to focus on creative sustainability and not these massive projects that end up costing them millions to implement. If they are such great artists could they not reinvent themselves as creators of something more beaucifuI and meaningful garden design.

Critic Ai Large

Circular Landscape Architecture

In a cost-cutting move (and to give a little natural envi ronment to the space), landscape architect Ken Larsson of Vancouver's Sharp & Diamond Landscape Architecture designed a turf berm in front of the venue, l ie had hoped it would be used as a photo backdrop during the Olympics, and it certainly was. People were always stopping to have their Olympics photo taken with the clean background of the berm and the Olympic rings on the building.

Leslie Chan

This book - Landscape Design USA is a new publication by PACE Publishing Limited, focusing on the excellent projects in USA during recent years. Many these projects have won ASLA prizes and other national awards in USA. Some projects can also serve as trend-setting indicators for Landscape Architects a students. All of the 70 selected projects have reflected the advanced level of today's American Landscape Architecture. Besides Landscape Design USA , PACE also published Landscape Design China and Asia Pacific Landscape Design in the last 1-2 years. This collection books together reflects the recent development of landscape architecture in USA, China, and the Asia-pacific region. It is refreshing to see a book covering US projects from a Hong Kong based publisher. LESLIE H. C. CHEN is Director of the MLA programme at the University of Hong Kong and the President of the Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects. With extensive academic and practice experience in landscape...

The Site Plan

Of all the landscape architect's drawn views, the site plan is the most ubiquitous and the most influential. From it derives the structuring of the site, reinforced by further study through the section and planting plan. Erik Glemme (1905 1959) was active as the head of the architectural department at the Stockholm Parks Department under the leadership of Holger Blom, discussed above. Glemme's site plans often included a level of detail and artistic skill that transmitted a clear impression of what the project was to be. They thus went far beyond being only instructions to the construction team.

Pam Ph Arch Itec

The announcement mentions only architects, engineers, and artists, the group told Landscape Architecture that they enthusiastically welcome submissions from landscape architects as well. The site is promoting a web 2.0 landscape design competition to explore new design solutions for China's historic and infamous Tiananmen Square in Beijing. The competition is open to all. Submissions, in the form of two- or three-dimensional models, montages, or plans, hand or computer drawn (or photographed in the case of models), can be uploaded to the competition's Flickr page at www. flickr. com groupsAiananmen_ square_ landscape_ architecture__ competition 2010 . See additional details at www.gardenvisit.com history_ theory chinese_ landscape architecture_competition. Winners will be announced in June 2010.

Narrow

iUUMMnl Mjhlll is the one web address you need to access a wealth of resources for the benefit of the landscape architecture community. Events, continuing education, LAND Online, and job listings are just a few of the features on our informative site. Bookmark it today. The reader is left to question why landscape Architecture should provide a platform for a narrow-minded critic who appears not to have actually read the book to pillory an author who has written a pivotal book. Therds too much Clap your hands if you believe in vegetated roofs out there, andLordlxlp tlx general public if they (and'we) are ill informed about tlx realities of sustainable landscape design from sky to ground. If the title of the book had been Another Good Book about Green Roofs, I would have agreed. I paid for my own copy (which was printed in Singapore and not on recycled paper). and I don't regret adding it to my green roof library, but it's not what it says it is. I AM A SENIOR IN landscape architecture...

Lenkin Residence

2006 Award of Excellence, Residential Landscape Design (Professional Award). Garden Design magazine's Golden Trowel Award. Winner of Garden Design's 2006 Golden Trowel Award, this historic 192C 5 home is surrounded by 1 acre(0.4 ha) of gardens designed by landscape designer Heather Lenkin. The property contains twenty one gardens with over twe thousand bulbs and 1200 species of plants. Formality, order and balance relat . r to the overall estate provide the framework for this southern California home

Pod Cast

A landscape architecture prof finds inspiration in the Ozark winter. IN WINTER, the Old Main Lawn at the University of Arkansas can be a little bleak. But assistant professor of landscape architecture Carl Smith saw a lost opportunity. His soft, British-tinted voice betrays him as a veteran of wet, gloomy seasons. I was just daydreaming, he says, about what the campus could look like in winter, particularly at Christmas. The Forum for Urban Design in New York City will host r i li r two panels composed of leading figures from North i ilMMM i fl America to discuss different visions for the 21st century urban park. On May 13 in the Museum of Modern Art, a fj panel on landscape architecture will feature George Har- T greaves, FASLfl, James Corner, flSLfl, and Michael Van Valken- il burgh, FASLA. On May 14 three civic leaders John Campbell from Waterfront Toronto, David Karem from Louisville, Kentucky, and Alex Garvin of Alex Garvin & Associates in New York City will address questions...

Firm Focus

Of the landscape architects Landscape Architecture spoke with, only Mok has spent her entire career working for Disney, and even she started out as an embedded consultant. Bishop interned with Imagineer-ing in 1980 but went on to work for a model-home company before coming back. Each year, Imagineering offers internships for a few landscape architecture students interested in learning about theme park design. Interns' responsibilities range from graphic presentation to research and from technical drawings to 3-D visualization, depending on the students' skill sets. Each year, Imagineering offers internships for a few landscape architecture students interested in learning about theme park design. So what does Disney look for in future Imagineers We look for people who are great thinkers and problem solvers, possess great enthusiasm for the landscape architecture profession, and desire to work in a highly collaborative environment, says Morosky. Sorenson adds that the ability to develop...

Riprap

Whether the new administration will dig the idea remains to be seen. Doiron was hoping for action in the first 100 days, timing that makes sense for planting in Washington's relatively mild climate. He was hopeful when Landscape Architecture checked in. I remain optimistic that the Obamas will do this, because they're going to be looking for small, symbolic actions that can leverage the resources of the American people to create positive change in their own lives and communities.

Lenkin Design

2004 Award of Excellence, Residential Landscape Design (Professional Award), Garden Design magazine's Golden Trowel Award. Winner of Garden Design's 2004 Golden Trowel Award, Lenkin's desigr It this three and one half acre (1.4 ha) property seamlessly integrates an h s* landscape with mid-century architecture, enhancing a magnificent mo 'i view. Foliage color and texture define the patio planting.

Landscape Containers

H ASLA represents more than 16,000 landscape architects in the United States and abroad. If you aren't a member, join the leading professional organization dedicated to promoting and furthering the art and science of landscape architecture. Contact member ship asla. org for information. and coastal planning after earning her bachelor's degree in environmental studies in 1977. Her desire to have a more creative role in environmental planning led her to landscape architecture she earned her BSLA from Cal Poly San Luis Obispo in 1983 and two years later opened her own firm. Van Atta's background in environmental planning gives her a unique perspective on restoration projects. She has both a deep knowledge of native plants and plant communities and an appreciation of the biologist's point of view.

Reconstruction

Landscape design may itself embody a form of framing. A garden may be taken as a zone of modified ecological process, at times created with aesthetic intentions.9 A courtyard garden whether set in pastoral or urban conditions derives its primary identity from the order imposed by its

Notation Techniques

Both the meaning of these diagrams and the techniques used to make them accorded with the environment in which Hosper was then operating. Given the new emphasis on research and scientific analysis at the time, landscape architects could no longer just produce designs, as was more or less the case in the work of Nico de Jonge. Each plan had to possess a solid, proven basis. The method of drawing reflecting this more analytical approach was very much influenced by Meto Vroom, who succeeded Bijhouwer as Professor of Landscape Architecture at Wageningen in 1966. However, other disciplines such as soil science, ecology, and sociology contributed equally to the analytical approach. These disciplines also required an innovative way of

Visual Resources

Ellsworth, h'ASLA, is a professor in the department of landscape architecture and environmental planning at Utah State University, as well as president and senior landscape architect with Ellsworth and Associates. He has received support for his research in Yellowstone from the National Park Service.

Conclusion

Fruitful democratic design depends upon representative drawing, and representative drawing often requires coauthors, often the citizens themselves. Certain techniques discussed here are not unique to democratic design or landscape design 6-i0 . For example, securing a gestalt, careful observation, and thinking complexly are essential to design in all disciplines and forms. Other techniques are more particular to landscape design, notably evolving landscape, imaging fish heads, recording sacred places, and making science spatial. Most of these drawing techniques, however, have particular relevance to participatory design, although locational mapping, plan drawings, diagrams, quick perspective sketches, and before and after overlays, are common to most design practice. What differs, for the most part, are the specific ways the techniques are used to convey the importance of what others think, and to say I want to communicate clearly with you to create a common language for complex...

Ecology

Van Atta's planting plan featured gardenlike arrangements of native plants along the pathways and smoothed out the edges of the biologist's delineated wetlands, above and inset. Temporary educational signs, below, will be replaced with permanent guides to native habitats.

Design philosophy

The landscape architects at OKRA believe that landscape architecture is not an autonomous art, but is strongly influenced by the project's context. In their projects, they aim to discover and strengthen the site's authentic identity. This context can consist of the surrounding topography, the history, the programme or social aspects. The design concept should always tell the story of this context.

Use Of Interior Punts And Procedures

Interior planting designs tiave usually been found to fall mto one of two categories (II interior gardens, both arge and small, such as ihose seen in residential and hotel lobbies, corporate headquarters reception areas, and enclosed shopping msll p tblic spaces, and (2) open plan or specimen design, like office landscaping designs and designs that use individual plants as liv ng sculptures In both categories of design, tne main requirements to be considered are the available light intensity. the scale ot the design, and the client's wishes and budget After these basic requirements are determined, however, the design considerations are somewhat different for the two types of design.

Dont create a dominating landscape

A common feature of some residential areas from the 1960s and 1970s in the UK was the provision of extensive natural landscaping strips along routes into urban areas and between residential neighbourhoods. Often, if the fronts of properties faced away from the principal access roads, then between the neighbourhoods the landscaping was the most dominant feature of the environment. These strips were typically dense 'buffers' used to reduce the visual impact of the road from neighbouring properties. The result, however, is particularly disorientating, as the landscape character of the route doesn't change, leaving one part of the environment to look exactly like another (Figure 7.42). Natural landscaping within urban areas is important, but it shouldn't replace surveillance of public spaces by people from neighbouring properties whilst its character should also vary so that there is interest and to help people find their way around.

Dont design blind corners and bad lighting

Pedestrians are particularly affected by the detailed qualities of a layout, and small areas can feel less safe if they are not carefully designed. Blind corners can be particularly intimidating where a high wall or landscaping might make people feel isolated and unable to see what is around a corner (Figure 7.43). Areas with bad lighting will also feel intimidating, so it is necessary to light streets and pedestrian routes running through open spaces. These small areas are important. Whilst streets may generally feel safe, if small areas connecting the streets together feel intimidating, then pedestrians will avoid them, thereby missing the necessary connections between one neighbourhood and the next (Figure 7.44).

Integration With The Community

For many years the typical shopping center has been a low, flat building mass resembling an island surrounded by a vast, barren ocean of asphalt, Landscaping has bean inadequate, and integration of any sort with the community has been completely lacking. With Ihe competi* live need, however, for increasing Ihe size of centers and including within their general scope office buildings, hotels, housing, etc,, the resulting more complex planning requirements have given rise to a better opportunity, us well as to greater urgency, for the true integration of the stores and parking within a litrger major complex, such complex in turn properly integrated with the existing neighborhood, The importance of this integration has been emphasized in the concepts of the new towns arising in Europe and elsewhere. Plan integration with the neighborhood has, in fact, become a must for largo centars and a factor not to bo ignored even for the smallest ones. Such integration involves the apace...

Gallions Housing Association Thamesmead

Throughout the development, the landscaping is sensitive to the needs of the environment. Paved areas are limited and the use of half-open pavement areas allows rainwater to penetrate the ground and reduces run-off. Rainwater is biologically treated before entering the local canal system and street

Urban Links Binding Cities into Units

Links can be highways or roads, heavy- or light-rail links, and pedestrian and cycle-ways. Many cities in the world from Johannesburg to Los Angeles to Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) had extensive light-rail (or tram trolley) systems until the 1940s or even later. Lobbying from motor organizations and motorists had many of them ripped up because they inconvenienced automobile drivers. There are, however, about 350 such systems now operating in the world approximately 60 have been introduced since 1975. Los Angeles and San Diego initiated their new systems in the 1980s. Strasbourg opened its in 1994. These new networks are restricted in their range but plans for extension are numerous. In addition, many older systems are being rebuilt to operate in a more luxurious and smoother running fashion. Designers today are paying special attention to the landscaping of streets and public squares along the trolley routes to ensure that they are aesthetically acceptable components of the urban...

The future of urban designPart

All the traditional design fields are undergoing change. City planning has broadened in its scope of concern in an attempt to be comprehensive in its outlook landscape architecture has considerably extended its domain of interest from a horticulture base to include urban environments, while architecture has many practitioners who focus on different aspects of the built environment. If anything, architecture has contracted its scope of concern spinning off sub-fields as new environmental problems have arisen. Architecture and urban design were once seen as one endeavour everywhere. In some European countries they still are but as architects are being asked to address urban issues with greater thought, urban design may spin away to become an independent (although not exclusive) professional field.

Dynamic Earth Edinburgh

A bold landscape design which balances with the strong form and scale of the building and the impressive landscape beyond. The main entrance is crisply designed, well executed and functional. The amphitheatre is a place to sit and view the bustling city and newly constructed Scottish Parliament buildings.

Costs and sustainability

Naturally, it is of paramount importance that buildings are as cost-effective as possible, and care is taken that each new structure erected on the premises adds value beyond its immediate function. The initial buildings of the clinic were an assembly of loose structures with little unifying context. In many of the architectural projects this building fabric is reconfigured and re-used, to squeeze optimum benefit from existing assets. With each new addition to the clinic, the architects aspire to tighter aesthetic and functional integration of all buildings into an efficient whole. The main mechanisms which have been consistently applied for the last 12 years to achieve integration and environmental quality on the premises are carefully considered placement of new structures to optimise spatial coherence, the use of vibrant colours on the buildings and the use of landscaping to blend internal and external spaces into a pleasing whole. Beyond functional efficiency, the aim is to...

Figure 1124 Behaviour of collar jointed walls

Another free-standing garden wall is to be designed, similar to that of the previous example, but reduced in height to 1.5 m. The client requires that both faces of the wall should be constructed in stretcher bond. The wall will be designed both with and without ties connecting the two stretcher bond leaves together to investigate the effect of their inclusion.

So What Then is Urban Design

Urban design concerns and activities clearly overlap those of other fields. It should do so. It does and should overlap city-planning endeavours concerned with broad policies about the distribution of activities in space and the linkages between them. Urban design products are produced under that umbrella and create it. Similarly, urban design does and should overlap civil engineering in ensuring the buildability of large-scale elements of infrastructure. It does and should overlap landscape architecture in its concern for the detailing of the space between buildings and in designing for sustainable futures. It does and should overlap architecture in its concerns for how buildings front and make, behav-iourally and symbolically, the public realm.

The combination of karesansui with okarikomi

Karikomi Wave

Momoyama garden-makers found unexpectedly new and powerful means of expression through the combination of the kare-sansui with o-karikomi, shrubs and bushes clipped into specific shapes. Karikomi was not in itself a novelty it had formed a traditional aspect of Japanese gardens from their earliest beginnings. But it was only in the Momoyama era that it emerged as a primary feature of garden design.

Pedestrian Malls Walkways and Experiential Trails

Famous Urban Designers

Experiential trails highlight places and link them together based on some theme. These themes are usually historical but could be based on odours and touches for the blind or some set of activities or simply a set of aesthetic experiences. One of the goals of these trails has been to enhance the image of areas and or the self-image of subgroups of people by bringing attention to socio-historic places whose importance might otherwise not be recognized. Places along the routes have had their images enhanced primarily through landscape design and building renovation. Some of the trails simply link places where events took place without much additional detail (e.g. the Haymarket Massacre trail in Chicago), while others have plaques and photographs and have received considerable recent landscape architectural attention to raise their ambient qualities. This step may include special paving and street furniture (lamp poles, seating and rubbish bins), murals and planting. histories. To many...

Nnovating The Beauty Of Presence

By the world of practice and application. Landscape architecture educators are becoming less like their practitioner cousins and more like their academic colleagues. The academic design world is becoming a subculture of its own distinct from the world of practice. Laurie Olin recently noted that there are a great number of academics today who have never practiced and never will who live in a theoretical detachment from the actual field of practice. It raises important questions What is thepuqxjse of research for landscape architecture or for any profession or business, and what is an ideal model for research wherein it directly feeds and improves practice, as in medicine Losing ground due to lack of research has long been a concern for our discipline. Some might argue that landscape architecture has witnessed a series of missed opportunities in respect to expanding or even maintaining its historic breadth, said Bernard Neimann in 1980. There have been many important innovations...

Cities have been around for more

Northern Mindanao Architecture Design

For a long time, cities had a horrible reputation when it came to the environment. They were thought to be concrete jungles where residents were cut off from grass, trees, and fresh air and lived out of ecological balance. Some of that reputation is deserved cities today consume more than 75 percent of the world's resources, although they take up a mere 2 percent of its land surface. But recently a more complex assessment of the relationship between urbanism and sustainability has emerged. First, cities have become more livable, thanks to falling crime rates and increased attention to issues like air quality. Second, cities are inherently dense, and density can greatly reduce a society's overall drain on natural resources. An apartment dweller who occupies less than 1,000 square feet, has no lawn to water, shares a heating system with his fellow tenants, and uses public transportation is far kinder to the environment than his counterpart in the suburbs who drives everywhere and lives...

Barbed Wire The Velcro Mortar

Stucco Wire

Four-point barbed wire comes in primarily two sizes 12 gauge and 15 gauge. The heavy 12 gauge weighs about 80 lbs. (35.5 kg) per roll and the lighter 15 gauge weighs about 50 lbs. (22 kg) per roll. Both come in i4-mile lengths (80 rods or 0.4 km). We prefer to use the heavy gauge for monolithic structures, particularly for the corbelled domes. The light gauge is adequate for linear designs and freestanding garden walls. Four-point barbed wire can be obtained from fencing supply outfits, farm and ranch equipment warehouses, or special ordered from selected lumberyards.

American Society Of Landscape Architect

ASLA Honor Award Recipient, Manhattan Roof Terrace by Sawyer Berson Architecture & Landscape Architecture, LLP, (photo by Bill Cunningham) How can I find out about other landscape architecture blogs How can others find out about my blog Adam E. Anderson, Southern California Address www.designundersky.com Focus A variety of subjects related to landscape architecture with posts that are conceptual and imaginative Sample posts The use of sound and interactive media to energize the urban landscape, geospatial mapping, the land art of Andy Goldsworthy, speculation on how teaming with unconventional creative minds like The Flaming Lips might redefine what a landscape could be Anderson on blogging's place within the news media I don't think professional journalism will ever be completely replaced by bloggers, in similar fashion that new design software in the hands of laymen will never replace the need for architects. But bloggers have a freedom of specificity and don't face the same sort...

Nielsen Housing Estate Boras

Design It was an attractive elevated rural site with two knolls. The architect placed ten slim, extended rows of houses fanning out around the two knolls, thus achieving optimum landscaping across the whole site. At the same time, the topography of the site was emphasized by the buildings being laid out in the same direction as the slope of the ground. The buildings are up to three storeys high, growing out of the slope under the horizontal line of the eaves.

Kuching Waterfront Sarawak Malaysia a waterfront park as a catalyst for urban redevelopment 198993

Srawa Waterfront Park

In the early 1980s the Chief Minister of Sarawak envisaged a new link between the city and river but it took some time to initiate a project that would achieve this end. In 1989, SEDC was assigned the role of developer of the waterfront by the state's government. The next year it, in turn, hired the project team. The team was comprised of a local and an international consultancy. The former was United Consultants (Kuching) and the international team was Conybeare Morrison and Partners, a Sydney landscape architecture and urban design firm. It was the latter that led the design effort from beginning to end. integration of buildings, landscape and streetscape that makes this project as much an urban design project as a work of landscape architecture. It was the design work of one firm from the inception of the idea down to the detailing of paving patterns.

The Stretching And The Dissolution Of The Block Concept

Of the dates of the projects and the presence of the same collaborators (H. Bohm, C. H. Rudloff) showed that it was the case of two sides of the same thought. There was no contradiction, but rather complementarities between the dense blocks of Niederrad and the landscaped treatment of Romerstadt. In both cases, the reference to the context and the concern for obtaining some variety counted as much as the wish for rationalization.

Room for Viewing Light and Shadows of Life

Seiichi Shirai Architect Interiors

On a typical day in June, a gentle rain falls incessantly. Leaving the glass and shop doors open. Doctor Shoei Sasao of Hadano City in Kanagawa Prefecture sits quietly in a very special room and looks out at the landscaped garden and the fresh, vivid verdure of rain-washed green leaves and lichen-covered tree trunks. Moist wind blows through the room, and faint sunlight and subdued light coming through opaque Japanese paper screens seem to mingle. The beauty of this traditional tatami room can be understood from such a glimpse into a day in the life of Doctor Shoei Sasao who savors these contemplative hours to the full. He spends most of his free time in the room where he reads books and meditates in deep repose. After enjoying a splendid day, he sleeps here at night.

Karesansui the dry landscape garden

The Japanese Dry Landscape Garden

There is evidence to suggest that the panorama designed to be enjoyed from the hojo veranda originally extended far beyond the garden wall and borrowed natural features from the distant landscape. The dense growth of the trees surrounding the garden has since blocked this part of the composition from view. of the temple and against the boundary garden walls, in an aesthetic interplay paralleled in the physical juxtaposition, in Daisen-in clcser than anywhere else, of built and painted landscape. Whereas Ryoan-poffers the viewer a garden which is composed frontally, like a painting, in Daisen-in the visitor is surrounded or all sides by a garden which is both painting and architecture at once.

Baitmorfs Grounds for

NIGRICANS ARE BLESSED WITH art museums where superb art collections and modern landscape architecture converge. The Baltimore Museum of Art (BMA) is a prominent example of that convergence. Set next door to the Johns Hopkins University campus, the BMA is home to two sculpture gardens, one designed by the late George E. Patton and the other by Sasaki Associates very different in character, yet both landmarks of postwar modernism. Though not quite 30 years old, the Janet and Alan Wurtzburger Sculpture Garden (1980), and its larger neighbor, the wooded Ryda and Robert H. Levi Sculpture Garden (1988), should be considered historic works of design that merit study and preservation. One of the marvelous qualities of this pairing is how complementar)' these two different gardens are. It can be argued that they each represent two major design paradigms of postwar landscape architecture the shaping of formal and urbane spaces seen in the work of Dan Kiley, M. Paul

Circle 166 On Reader Service Card Or Go To Httpmnfohotimscomi23491 166

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Cultivating Smartcities

Maquette Avion Design

The rejuvenation of existing but underused green space with ripples of environmental and landscape strategies that spread out into the city. The park is reconfigured into landscaped clusters with new flexible programmes such as organic gardening, energy production and public landscape art.

The Challenge of Opportunity in Latin America Gringos and the Middle Masses5 19451958

One site that exemplified Export-Import Bank initiatives was Volta Redonda, Brazil, where a new 3-mile long, steel mill was created, a new model community planned, and a new railway built to bring products more easily to export facilities. The Brazilian President Vargas took personal interest 'in making Volta Redonda a show place . . . The town has been laid out with curving streets, fine plazas and park areas, and carefully planned landscaping. The town will have electricity, gas and treated

Rhythmic Boundaries in Space

Shadows from a wall alternately expand and contract. And, although we tend to see shadows only as a darker portion of a lighter plane, in fact they have volume, a space we can occupy for a while. How long we might be able to stay within a shadow can depend on the wall's orientation to the sun. Think of a garden wall in two orientations with a gateway through it.

Ghirardelli Square San Francisco USA recycling a building complex 19627 19824

Paternoster Square Analys

Shopfronts were redesigned to increase their visibility and modernize their image. Large hand-carved wooden signs and directory boards were introduced to aid way-finding, banners that flutter in the breeze provide some additional visual life to the setting, and neon lighting was introduced to selectively enliven the place. Meanwhile the brickwork was re-pointed, the roofs resurfaced and landscaping restored. All the changes had to be compatible, as deemed by San Francisco's Landmark Preservation Board, with the historic character of the area.

Criticism and resurrection

Not everyone subscribes to the value of typology in architectural design. In a design school like the Bauhaus, the dominant view is that design problems can be solved by rational means, with no need to fall back on tradition, precedents or preconceptions. Typology was also resisted as a design method by the modern movement, which believed that it too often led to the rigid application of design principles. After the movement away from modernism and disappointing experiences with user participation in the 1970s, a kind of vacuum developed, giving an opportunity for new ideas, and all kinds of different ideas began to appear. Besides historicism, postmodernism and deconstructivism, fresh attention began to be paid to the idea of typology. According to Colquhoun (1969) it is impossible - or nearly impossible - to solve complex design problems by analytical methods. Designers seeking solutions to contemporary problems will therefore often fall back on artefacts developed at some previous...

Stereotypical forms of the dry landscape garden since the Meiji era

Sawatari Ishi

Mirei Shigemon estimates that only one third of all the gardens created from Meiji to early Showa times were kare-sansui gardens. He gives forty-two of them in his Taiker8*. Stagnation had set into dry landscape garden design even in the late Edo era, and from then on kare-sansui gardens became little more than pond gardens without water. It was a genre which somehow failed to suit Meiji tastes, which were onented towards the naturalistic landscape compositions which kare-sansui by definition could not supply as an independent garden form with its own content and compositional laws, its abstraction and symbolism could not be further from naturalistic reproduction. It was not until the advent of the Showa era (1926-1988) that Japan saw a renaissance of the real kare-sansui this was due in part to the fact that many new temple gardens were created during this period, and in part to the influence and activities of Mirei Shigemon. the great Japanese garden artist and garden historian...

Computer Animated Rain

Pitterpatterns is an artificial rain device embedded in the facade of the Stuttgart municipal center. Computer-controlled rain emits from a cantilevered roof, placed like an architectonic cloud over the entrance of the building. CONTRARY TO TYPICAL BUILDING ENVELOPES, PITTERPATTERNS EXPOSES THE ARCHITECTURE TO A WEATHER SYSTEM, BUT CONTROLLING IT TO CREATE EPHEMERAL EFFECTS AND DEFINE SPACE. The normally volatile impact of weather becomes a controlled event that operates on the exterior of the building, the adjacent Market Square and the surrounding landscaped space. The cantilevered roof, or cloud, houses a water tank and a filter system to treat collected rainwater. Cleansed stormwater is pumped out to a series of pipes, embedded in the cantilever, where two hundred openings are controlled by Pitterpatterns' computer software.

An inner city development

It has been a scheme much praised and much criticized. Today, it does have a somewhat foreboding presence for the visitor and way-finding is not easy, but its detailed landscaping and attention to building finishes at least partially offset the negative. It is a fine legacy of1950s and 1960s total urban design ideology. The Barbican received heritage listing in September 2001. Critics see it as a subsidized housing development for the wealthy. It has certainly been a popular place to live.

Raleigh Park Sydney Australia a marketoriented suburban design 19822000

Australia Urban Parks Designs

Two stories in height in a zipper-lot formation. The architecture is in a typical 1980s post-modern historicism style designed to appeal to the Asian market - much of the housing was sold to investors in Hong Kong. It is the landscaping that gives the site its character (see Figure 7.22b and c). Mature trees were preserved and much planting was added to give a high-quality, oasis-like atmosphere. A central park acts as a flood control device. The cigarette factory's administration building has been preserved as private offices and provides a sense of historic continuity to the site. Figure 7.23 Raleigh Park, Sydney. (a) A model of the scheme as built and (b) a view of the landscaping. Figure 7.23 Raleigh Park, Sydney. (a) A model of the scheme as built and (b) a view of the landscaping.

Rainwater for the bears in Zurich zoo

Zoos have to change again, and offer more room to fewer animals. The zoo in Zurich, Switzerland, plays a leading part in this field on the world stage. Working on a master plan dating from 1 993, this zoo wants to go over to keeping animals in way that is appropriate to the species, so that their basic needs in terms of landscape can be considered. And this twenty-year programme also tries to make a contribution to conserving resources the Zurich animals' basic water needs in their habitat will be met with recycled rainwater. The Zurich planner Walter Vetsch is responsible for new landscape design and modifications, but Herbert Dreiseitl's studio has taken on the water technology. The bear enclosure was the first part of the project to be completed, in 1995, followed by the waterfowl area in summer 1997, and the sea-lion and ape areas are at the planning stage.

Photographs Christian Richters

Public Housing

The garden walls are of prefabricated concrete dyed with terra cotta. The blocks, clad in cedar wood, stand in a dark gray, reinforced concrete plinth. As time goes by the cedar wood will gradually turn gray. One of the pavilions inside the garden hosts a nursery and there is an underground garage beneath the block facing the river. Some of the dwellings facing the street are accessed through a loggia on the first floor. This elevation emphasizes the complex's scale and character. The materials used give the project a forceful presence, with the terra cotta colored concrete garden walls and blocks clad in strips of cedar, which will acquire a grayish tint over time, in consonance with the dark gray, reinforced concrete plinth.

The veneration of the unique in nature and the perfection of the manmade type

In Japan, as in many other cultures, the garden traces its origins back to the first urban settlements and palaces. It arose as a by-product of the material affluence and leisure enjoyed by early civilizations. From these times onwards, selected forms of nature have been isolated from their natural context and experienced within the new setting of an unnatural, intel ectually-imposed enclosure. Nature is physically and visually framed within the rectangular bounds of the garden wall. The square of nature thus captured became the garden or paradise, a word which as paradeisos in Greek meant park or animal park, and which was originally derived from the ancient Persian pairi-daeza, meaning simply an enclosure. In the gardens of ancient Persia, the right angle was even projected onto the horizontal plane, the garden being divided into four equal parts by artificial watercourses. Attaining paradise, as we shall see later in a Buddhist context, did not mean getting back to nature as such,...

Networked Sidewalk Stormwater System

Erosion Sidewalk

Often, the greatest challenge of the design of green streets is accommodating the multiple uses and operations allocated to the parking and sidewalk areas of the street right-of-way. BY DisTRIBuTING HYDRoloGIcAL performance through a network, the project compresses the stormwater planters in size and finds more room for pedestrians, on-street parking, landscaping, street lighting, and signage.

Shakkei borrowed scenery in pond and dry landscape gardens of the Edo era

Teiji Itoh traces the origins of the term shakkei in his book Space and lllusior in the Japanese Garden' It first appeared in the seventeenth century in Chinese writings on garden art. and was adopted by the Japanese some time dunng the nineteenth century. By that point, however, the actual technique of shakkei hod long been employed in Japanese garden design. The earliest and best-known example is Tenryu-ji Temple Garden of Kamakura times, which draws Mount Arashiyama into its composition. contains fifteen objects in sets of three, five and seven. Unlike Ryoan-ji, however, these objects are not rocks but clipped azaleas, aligned along the white-washed, tile-topped garden wall rather than distributed across the entire garden floor.

Seaside Florida USA a seaside vacation town 1981 to the present

Form Based Code Seaside

Seaside has been a marketing success. It is increasingly a resort for wealthy people. Land prices have soared well above inflation levels. Lots purchased in 1982 for 15,000 commanded 300,000 in 2001. Beachfront lots go for as much as 1.5 million. Home prices are approaching the 1 million mark. As an urban design, it has become an icon of the New Urbanism, striking a balance between the needs of vehicle drivers and those of pedestrians. It demonstrates that an approach to design integrating planning, landscape architecture and architecture can result in fine living environments. Critics find the town 'too cute' but they are outsiders not residents. It is well loved by the latter.

Call 877 Bartlett 8772278538 Or Visit Bartlettcom

From a distance, the TriBeCa section of Hudson River Park looks a little like adollhouse landscape. Across busy fdr Drive, the massive skyscrapers of lower Manhattan form an imposing backdrop. But although it is only 4.6 acres, this section of Hudson River Park, designed by the landscape architecture firm Mathews Nielsen, not only takes advantage of the dramatic views around it but also forms a little world unto itself that's packed with amenities. And after a walk-through, the park seems much larger than it actually is. The illusion of space here is created through an intricately contoured landscape and a variety of plantings that shelter intimate seating areas from more active uses such as tennis and basketball courts. There are also different ways to travel through this relatively small section of Hud

Agriculture Texture And The Unfinished

Long fascinated with aerial photographs of the earth's surface and various land patterns, especially those that depict a moment in time in an otherwise shifting and changing ecology, Michel Desvigne approaches landscape architecture as a form of earth marking that is inevitably provisional, staged and cumulative. This provisional condition is not simply a marking or a form, however, but more a material environment that effects and propels its own development. Desvigne's landscapes seek to propagate new sets of conditions, to grow and body-forth more complex environments overtime. Inspired by agricultural fields, tree farms, and, more broadly, ecosystems such as forests and deltas, Desvigne considers landscape architecture as a living artform that is more about cultivation, process, and change over time than it is with more familiar landscape architectural practices such as formal composition and representation. With a farmer's pragmatism and a land-scapist's eye, Desvigne is able to...

The Sukiya style a new architectural setting for the Japanese garden

Just as the unpretentious tea garden, with its radically revised layout and new compositional components, was to exert a profound influence on subsequent garden design, so the modest tea house was to inspire an equally radical architectural development, the emergence of the Sukiya style.

England UK the urban design of 98598 but continuing

Olympia And York Detailed Plan Canary

Buildings) and landscaped open space. It is served by a light-rail system and, belatedly in 2000, by an underground railway station on the Jubilee Line (see Chapter 10). The site extends over 86 acres (34.4 hectares) of which about 20 is landscaped open space. To get to this state has been a harrowing experience. also suspended. Much was left up in the air. There were, for instance, no specific regulations about building developers' contributions to the cost of the infrastructure or landscape architecture. Decisions were made on an ad hoc basis. design has a City Beautiful Beaux-Arts axis terminated by a landmark building (see Figure 8.17). The area was divided into 26 building sites and formal landscaped gardens. The design guidelines - prepared by SOM and the LDDC - specified height limits for the buildings in order for the central towers to be landmarks, and also the requirements for the materials to be used in order to establish a sense of unity. Development proposals that...

Jens Balsby Nielsen Torben Dam and Ian Thompson

The title of the book is European Landscape Architecture The Details, and all the case studies are drawn from European countries. The original idea was to invite each contributor to submit two case studies, together with a brief introduction, setting these projects in the context of the historical development of landscape architecture in their own country. There are 49 states that can, for geographical and historical reasons, be considered part of Europe. Not all of them have a well-established profession of landscape architecture, but there would still not be space, within a single volume, to represent all those countries in which landscape architecture is practised. To a large extent, our contributors were self-selected, in that they were the people who responded to that first invitation from Copenhagen, but we sought out a few other people later, in the interests of obtaining a good geographical spread. Therefore, the book includes chapters from as far west as Ireland, as far east...

Site Planning And Subdivision Layout

Site And Neighborhood Layouts

Site pi anning in its narrow sense involves the disposition of space for appropriate uses the positioning of structures to provide effective relationships (well-proportioned mosses with attractive outlooks and good orientation) the provision of access to structures in an expeditious, attractive, and safe manner the design of Ihe services, walks, streets, parking facilities, drainage, ond utilities the preservation of the natural advantage of the site, and its enhancement by landscaping.

Using natural features to define spaces

It is not necessary to use only buildings to define space within the urban environment trees and shrubs can provide a distinctive town-scape form and atmosphere. At the most general level, you may need to decide whether the character of a settlement will result from the buildings seen within a green setting, or whether any trees will be an addition to the urban spaces created between the buildings. It is possible, within a scheme, to vary its character by changing the role of the landscaping. At the urban edge, trees can make a visual link between the scheme and the wider landscape, whilst towards the centre of the neighbourhood they can be an addition to the urban spaces. Trees and other features can then be composed in either a formal or informal way to reflect, in many ways, some of the townscape functions performed by buildings. Through boulevarding trees can reinforce the formal linearity of the street, but at the same time define spatially for example, the highway space from...

Cabin Chic Meets Canadian Shield

The Sharpe Cottage is large but not overpowering, delivering the serenity and comfort that the Sharpe's were chasing, while blending into the serene lakeside perch amid a haze of landscaped perennials and granite pathways. The interior is awash in local pine and cedar, featuring tongue-in-groove beadboard on the walls. Two spectacular fireplaces provide focal points in the octagonal great room and ad j acen t di n i n g room, fram ed by h eavy-cut granite from area quarries. The great room has no columns supporting its spectacular roof. Wink was inspired by Hart House, the famed, Gothic-style University of Toronto students' centre, where he himself retired for inspiration as an architecture student. I loved that place. In the Great Hall, there were these great hammer beams. Traditionally they were used to support a large-spanning vaulted roof, he said. The Sharpe's octagonal great room roof floats on hammer beams, supplied by Timber Systems of Mississauga, that run up the corners of...

The contemporary prototype gardens as mindscapes

Contemporary Public Gardens

Most of these gardens share the carved rock as their main compositional component and geometry as their spatial infrastructure. The new garden prototype is the mirror not of nature but of the will of the artist, for whom the garden becomes a vehicle of individual self-expression. The new garden artists are now sculptors, architects and landscape designers with university qualifications Their training covers both Japanese traditions and international influences. Gardens themselves are largely abstract and are often closer in character to living sculptures. Since their compositions are not to be found in real nature, but are products of the imagination, they have been termed mindscapes. Just as synthetic materials were finding their way into other fields of visual art. so they gradually filtered into Japanese garden design, too. Metal and plastic, although not the ready-mades of nature, may still count as natural materials, with man - the midwife Contemporary attitudes towards nature...

Green Rook At A Glance

Riprap editor andformer Landscape Architecture staff write)' Linda Mclntyre loas an abiding interest in both beautiful and homely green roofs. PROJECT CREDITS Client Gxlifomia Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. Project manager owner representative dr Young Associates, San Rafael, California. Architecture Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Genoa, Italy Stantec, San Francisco. Structural, HVAC, and LEED consultant Arup, San Francisco. Landscape architecture swa Group, Sausalito, California. Civil engineering Rutherford & Chekene, San Francisco. Ecology consultant Rana Creek, Carmel Valley, California. Irrigation consultant Martin Dickson, Palo Ce-dro, California. General contractor Webcor Builders, San Mateo, California. Landscape contractor Jensen Corporation, San Jose, California. august 2009 Landscape Architecture 77

British Museum Great Court creation obliteration and reinvention

The British Museum Plans

The British Museum's Great Court addresses 200 years of the building's history from the Museum's 1808 scheme for extending the house occupying its site, through a history of rapid change and addition that closed off and built over the original landscaped court designed in 1823, obliterating the original concept of a central, public green space. Driven by the Museum's need for additional accommodation, the three sides of the original court were supplemented by a fourth and, at its centre, a large circular Reading Room was provided for the British Library. In turn, this was to become surrounded by storage rooms filling the interstitial spaces between the Reading Room and the quadrangle. The site was full the Museum continued to expand its collections. The BM has always occupied this site in Bloomsbury, formerly Montagu House and its gardens, originally built in 1675. It opened there in 1759 and grew rapidly, extending into the former garden in 1808. Robert Smirke came onto the scene in...

George Street Sydney Australia a street upgrading project 19979

The result of all the work is a tidier street unified by consistent paving materials and street furniture. Cluttered areas were de-cluttered to give an air of roominess, wider sidewalks were provided and street furniture was made simpler and modern. The changes have not, however, made George Street a great street. Its cross section is given and in the absence of an autocratic power advocating change it will remain much as it is. The George Street upgrading remains a highly competent award-winning landscape architecture project. 3 continuous colonnading along it. Doors and entranceways should, according to the plan, be 'emphasized' in any new buildings. In combination the development control plan and the landscaping work on George Street are certainly urban design. One without the other is hardly so.

The traditional design

One of the reasons for there being so much confusion over the nature of urban design is that each of the traditional design professions regards the products of its own domain as urban design if they are located in cities. In addition, architects assume many urban problems can be treated as architecture, landscape architects as landscape architecture and city planners as city planning. They look at urban design through the norms of their professional products. The position taken here is that most of such professional work in urban environments is on the periphery of urban design per se. By stating that it is on the periphery does not mean that it is unimportant in enhancing the quality of human settlements, but that it really is part of the core work of the three professions city planning (see Chapter 4), landscape architecture (see Chapter 5) or architecture (see Chapter 6). The labours of these three major environmental design fields (civil engineering could easily be added to the...

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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