Making and Keeping Friends
Giorgio Vasari, like so many of the sixteenth-century artists, was both a painter and architect. But he possesses one other distinction that makes him truly unique among his peers - he lays claim to being the first art historian of modern times. Vasari was born in Arezzo, educated by the Medici family in Florence, and from the beginning of his career was very much under the spell of Michelangelo, with whom he felt himself privileged to share a friendship. Upon coming of artistic age in the 1540s, he worked mostly as a painter and traveled throughout much of Italy completing commissions and gathering material for his book. In 1550, under the patronage of Pope Julius III in Rome, he began to turn his attention to architecture, and he renewed this interest when he returned to Florence in 1554 and entered the service of Duke Lorenzo I. Here he designed a number of rooms within the Palazzo Vecchio and built what is considered his masterwork, the Uffizi Gallery (started in 1550). Originally...
The ways in which many of these new types of household use their free time to visit the outdoors are different from the those of heyday of car-borne family camping holidays or visits to the seaside. Single people may be more likely to find friends with similar tastes, perhaps of the same sex, to pursue particular types of activity. Young people, especially, may favour more risky forms of recreation, and if they are reasonably affluent this may require special equipment (see 'Specialized tastes' below). Childless married couples are freer to maintain the activity patterns of their youth, unencumbered by small children. They may pursue similar activities to single people, but favour those where mixed sexes can more easily share the experience.
Volunteerism is also strong in Phoenix parks. In 2001, more than 22,000 volunteers donated more than 200,000 hours of work. In addition, there is a private Phoenix Parks and Conservation Foundation through which citizens and businesses can make donations for specific projects. Past efforts have included the Japanese Friendship Garden, the Irish Cultural Center, and a cancer survivors' park. The foundation recently assumed the role of a land trust, holding land donations and receiving mitigation funds on behalf of the parks department from such agencies as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Ware is not the name normally associated with the British neoclassical movement. This distinction more generally is given to William Chambers, who - along with Robert Adam - dominates British architecture in the second half of the century. Chambers was actually born in Sweden of parents of Scottish extraction, and in his youth he had the exceedingly rare distinction of making three trips to China and the Far East, while working for the Swedish East India Company. It was during these lengthy periods at sea that he acquired much of his education and the rudiments of architectural theory. In 1749 the 23-year-old world traveler retired from the family business and moved to Paris to study at the private architectural school of Jacques-Francois Blondel. There he was a classmate of several architects who would become very active in the French neoclassical movement. This period was capped off with four years in Rome, beginning in 1751. There Chambers married an English lady, and after...
In another set of experiments, the ATR Intelligent Robotics and Communications Lab took ROBOVIE to elementary schools for extended periods of interaction with students in the classroom (Kanda et al., 2004 Kanda and Ishiguro, 2005). The robot was able to interact with students in a modest way engaging with them in about seventy behaviors, including simple games, telling them secrets, giving hugs and kisses to them, and making other friendly gestures. Takayuki Kanda and Hiroshi Ishiguro have been able to design the robot to engage in simple conversations, it can speak some three hundred sentences and understand about fifty words (Kanda and Ishiguro, 2005). This design has proven to be engaging enough to interest some children in interacting with the robot for extended periods of time. In one experiment the robot was programmed gradually to give out more secret' information about itself depending on the amount of time the student spent with the robot and this, along with the robots...
Of sketches, or talk with co-workers until you devise the best plan of action. A good friend calls these problems peanut butter problems because she finds that the time it takes her to stop and chew a peanut butter sandwich allows her to come up with solutions that work
Critical urban theorists often use structural conceptions of networks that downplay their relational and cultural features. Castells's stark depiction of networks governed by a functional logic (1996) resembles structuralist accounts of cities that cite the logic of capital. In contrast economic sociologists (Castilla et al. 2000 219) argue that a tie or relation between two actors has both strength and content. The content might include information, advice, or friendship, shared interest or membership and typically some level of trust.
In the first chapter of The Man in the Street, he presents the 19thcentury French philosopher as an illustration of how urbanism and architecture were incorporated into a social reformist movement with an emphasis on social interaction.7 Robert Filliou, a conceptual artist and good friend ofWoods, also recognized the impact of Fourier. For him, Fourier represented an early effort to combine large economic and social transformations with a concern for sensual individual freedom. Filliou argues that Fourier before Marx
After working with many homeowners, and have building hundreds of others in workshops, we have found that even though these people come from diverse backgrounds, they have a common link between them all. Friendships form quickly, and connections last so that people end up helping one another on projects.
Beginning in the late middle ages, around 1100, there was a burst in the construction of very large churches, the Gothic cathedrals, first in northern France and later spreading throughout Europe. These massive structures served as focal points for worship and repositories for the religious relics that, following the return of the crusaders from the holy lands, became important centers of the valuable pilgrim trade. The cathedrals were by and large a product of the laity, who had developed from a populace that once had only observed the religious forms, to one that held beliefs as a matter of personal conviction. Successful cities had grown prosperous with trade and during the relatively peaceful period of the late middle ages the citizens enthusiastically supported their construction. The first was built by Abbot Suger at St. Denis near Paris between 1137 and 1144 and was made possible by the hundreds of experiments in the building of fortified towns and churches, which had produced...
For the Tokugawa shoguns, the arrival of the Americans spelled the end of their lengthy rule. Younger members of the traditional samurai class saw the signing of the friendship treaty as an act of capitulation, proof that the present shogunate was incapable of expelling the foreign barbarian A royalist coup in Kyoto in 1866 led to the restoration of the emperor to full powers. The shogunate capitulated by 1867, and after remarkably little bloodshed, the reins of power were firmly back in the hands of emperor Meiji Tenno (1852-1912).
Mari Michael Glassell grew up in the small resort community of Gulf Shores, Alabama. I've never experienced the kind of poverty I'm experiencing in Hale County, she told me in late 2003 during a break from her work on the Patrick House. What impressed her most about the people she met in Newbern was that they have so much heart. I've talked to a lot of people, especially to the domino gang, the Patricks. I played dominos with them. Often, people just sit on their porches and wave to us as we walk by. They're real welcoming. Everybody eats catfish at the baseball games together and knows everybody everybody goes to G.B. Mercantile and sits on its porch talking. Henry Reed, across the street from G.B.'s, is usually on his porch, and I go talk to him. There's more trust and friendship here than I've seen in Gulf Shores. I think I'll take that away with me.
In 1852, five years after his father had died and the family had to move to a more economic home in Walthamstow, he entered Oxford University, where new friendships and new enthusiasms changed his life. His intention had been to enter the church, but he and Edward Burne-Jones both decided to be radicalists, reformers and artists. And, in 1856, Morris entered the Oxford office of G.E. Street. Here, as one biographer (Fiona MacCarthy) tells us, Morris never practised as an architect, his two years in Street's office were crucial in terms of the experience he gained in techniques and materials as well as in his growing awareness of the psychological importance of buildings as orientation points within society, repositories of history, and keepers of the soul' And it was here that Morris met another man
In them we see the lively Images of Antiquity rising from Heaps of Ruins, where all the Lustre of Beauty and Art conspire to raise our Sentiments and Ideas to that height, that we may easily perceive the immense difference between those ancient beautiful Productions, and the lame and disorder'd Performances of our Moderns. All who have the least Taste of Art, cannot be insensible how great a Degree of Pleasure arises from a bare Reflection of the Imagination alone, in relation to the Nobleness and Grandeur of the former, and the depress'd Ideas of the latter. These, though unregarded by the unthinking part of Mankind, nevertheless cannot detract from the lasting Tokens of their Greatness, where even the most piercing Causes of Decay, nor even Time itself will hardly ever deface their Memory in the Breasts of the Practitioners of ancient Architecture. At length, through various Scenes and Changes, it (being again revived) safely arrived on these distant Shores yet not so far placed...
Fortunately, as I watched the local and national real estate markets spiral downward, I had already realized that I needed a backup plan that had nothing to do with landscape architecture or the construction industry. So, nine months before I got laid off, I decided to get a second job. A good friend of mine had just started a restaurant called Hawthorn's in the North Park neighborhood of San Diego. I went to him and asked if I could polish up my skills as a server. I had worked in restaurants during high school and college, so he agreed. As of this writing, I continue to work at his
Between 1896 and 1913 he designed a series of houses in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea (only two survive). It was also in the mid-'90's that, shocked at East End demolitions of historically valuable works, he initiated what became the famous Survey of London. In 1898 he married and, in 1902, moved the Guild and 150 men, women and children out to the Cotswolds (where, incidentally, he made a friendship with Ananda Coomaraswamy). However, by 1907 the Guild was liquidated and only a few craftsmen stayed at Chipping Campden. In 1911 Ashbee and his wife had the first of four children, just as the First World War was about to interrupt everything. He then ended up in Cairo, later reinventing his career as an architect and town planner in Jerusalem. He retired from this role in 1922 (partly because of lack of control, partly because of his discomfort with Zionists) and spent the next twenty years in retirement with his wife. In 1935 he was surprised to find himself celebrated as one of Pevsner's...
His first job was tea boy on a building site. After a few weeks he was upgraded to chain boy, and quickly learnt to use a dumpy level and grasped the principles and uses of theodolites. The site engineer, Brian Scruby (later President of the Institution), advised Bill to get a job in the drawing office. Bill tells me this was a bit of a challenge - 'people in offices were posh, didn't speak cockney and were educated' - but Bill enjoyed a challenge and went for an interview. Bill feels he was extremely lucky that the chief engineer of Cubitts, Freddy Snow (also later an IStructE President), interviewed him, they took to one another from the start and began a lifelong friendship. Freddy soon promoted Bill from office boy to junior draughtsman, loaded him with responsibility, and gave him excellent experience. May he long continue to be a happy iconoclast with childlike curiosity and great capacity for friendship.
When Peter Jay took over the leadership. While I had the good fortune to engage with some outstanding intellects at this time, I have to make special mention of Joe. He literally drew my understanding of lighting into the third dimension, and although we worked together for only two years, I have benefited ever since from the friendship that we have maintained.
Wittkower is worth quoting at length on this couple The friendship which developed between the two unequal partners was an attraction of opposites. It was not only the difference of high and low birth, of careful education in one and a happy state of illiteracy in the other, but above all, a contrast ofcharacters and talents. Burlington was a man of rigid principles, determined to follow a chosen path without compromise to the point of stubbornness - Pope called him a 'Positive man' he was reserved, and unsparing of words and unbending even under his greatest trials. Kent was an artistic personality through and through. A man of happy temperament, often impulsive and capricious, warmhearted and impressionable, offrank but tactful bearing, fond of good things and good society. He was always full of ideas, always ready to work, but principies never swayed his easy amiabiiity.
Cultural capital, just like economic capital, can be invested, speculated, lost and won.Cultural capital is primarily used to accumulate social privilege. It is a system of symbolic social relations between signs that become signs of relations between human beings. Cultural capital is a fetish it confers mythical and 'natural' commodity value on unequal and
And necessity of grass roots community activity in the development process. 'Think globally, act locally', is a catch phrase often used in any debate on sustainable development. Citizen participation in development and the political structures which sustain it is clearly an essential requirement of local and regional government in a sustainable world. It can be argued that the lowest level or tier of government should be the local community which occupies a clearly defined district or quarter of the city. 'Community' in the twenty-first century, however, is not necessarily associated with a physically identified place. Many associations, friendship patterns and communities of interest extend far beyond the confines of the local neighbourhood they form a rich web of overlapping communities. It is not the intention here to dispute this explanation of community, nor is it the intention to suggest the need or desirability to change this particular aspect of urban culture. It is, however,...
As luck would have it, one of the last big projects we did was for a large local home owners' association (HOA). This was a new client type to us, and at the time the amount of support necessary to service the committee seemed like a big negative. Later, I came to change my mind. I made a fast friendship with the contractor, a well-known company in Florida, with whom I had previously worked but never this closely.
Our house was built over a period of ten months, and over that time at least 50 different sets of hands participated in its construction. People volunteered for everything from helping us pick out the site to tearing down an old barn for beams, to hoisting those beams in place, raising bales, plastering and interior finishing. Some of my strongest friendships were cemented ( ) during this building process, and the tears and frustrations were shared by many a willing (and sometimes unsuspecting) shoulder. A lot of wonderful memories have been built into these walls. Every time I look at the beam that holds up our roof, I think of the ten bodies that hoisted that 27-foot beam up to the peak of the second floor when the crane couldn't come. A lot of sweat and hard work goes into building a house, and if that work is volunteer labor, one of the best ways to reward and thank people is by taking good care of them while they work.
The high point of Jay Sanders's two-year teaching career was getting to know Music Man, a.k.a., Jimmy Lee Matthews, for whom Sanders and his students built a house. His friendship with Music Man, Sanders told me, was my first serious relationship with someone living in poverty. When they met, Music Man was living in a rusty trailer without running water or heat. Here was someone living in such bad conditions, but his spirit was just so amazing, Sanders said. It made me and my students feel like we didn't know anything. We all felt that Music Man did a better job of living on this planet than we did. It changed our outlook.
What a procession of vices must accompany this uncertainty No more sincere friendships no more real esteem no more well-based confidence. Suspicions, offenses, fears, coldness, reserve, hate, betrayal will hide constantly under that uniform and false veil of politeness, under that much vaunted urbanity which we owe to the enlightenment of our century. The name of the Master of the Universe will no longer be profaned by swearing, but it will be insulted by blasphemies without offending our scrupulous ears. Men will not boast of their own merit, but they will disparage that of others. An enemy will not be grossly insulted, but he will be cleverly slandered. National hatreds will die out, but so will love of country. For scorned ignorance, a dangerous Pyrrhonism will be substituted. There will be some forbidden excesses, some dishonored vices, but others will be dignified with the name of virtues one must either have them or affect them. Whoever wants to praise the sobriety of the wise...
Ingratiating, self-indulgent and unprincipled.) In 1713 his painting managed to win him the prize of a silver medal at the Accademia si San Luca (awarded by the Pope - something that was trumpeted in England). It was around now that he met with Burlington and also began to acquaint himself with architecture. The two set upon a strong friendship the impulsive Kent and the austere, scholarly Burlington. Kent recollected a stay with Burlington in Genoa and how his lordship 'llk'd my designs so well both painting & Archetecture that he would make me promis at least to begin to paint for him the fierst when I come over
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