Brief Historical Review

The Monastery and Church of Salzedas are located in Salzedas, Tarouca and the church was recently classified as a National Monument. The church is essentially set in an urban environment, whereas the monastery is set in a more rural environment (Fig. 1a). The plan dimensions are very large, 75 x 101 m2. The monastery and church possess a longitudinal irregular plan with different volumes, typical of a Cistercian Abbey (Fig. 1b). The conservation works addressed here focus in the cloister dated from the 17th century (Main Cloister, in the picture).

2.1 Previous documented works in the main cloister

The main cloister is regular and substitutes part of the primitive cloisters (Fig. 2a). It possesses cross vaults in the 1st level and barrel vaults in the 2nd level. The walls, brackets and ribs are made of granite and the vaults are made of brick masonry with clay or masonry filling. After repeated statements of the pre-collapse status of the cloister, Leitao (1963) and Cocheril (1978), the former General Directorate for National Buildings and Monuments (DGEMN) carried out remedial works in 1980/1981 and 1983 (Figs 2b-d), including: (a) Demolishing and replacing the vault of the 2nd level of the West wing by a reinforced concrete vault; (b) Dismounting and

Figure 1. Monastery and Church of Salzedas: (a) aerial view; (b) plan and spatial units.

Figure 1. Monastery and Church of Salzedas: (a) aerial view; (b) plan and spatial units.

Figure 2. Aspects of the cloister: (a) view before current intervention works; (b) demolition of the barrel vault in the 1980 s; (c) dismounting of the wall between the large cloister and the small cloister; (d) reconstruction of a reinforced concrete vault.

Figure 3. Plan of Clairvaux, Cocheril (1978).

Figure 2. Aspects of the cloister: (a) view before current intervention works; (b) demolition of the barrel vault in the 1980 s; (c) dismounting of the wall between the large cloister and the small cloister; (d) reconstruction of a reinforced concrete vault.

Figure 3. Plan of Clairvaux, Cocheril (1978).

reassembling the wall separating the large and small cloisters, between the 1st and the 2nd levels.

The works do not comply with modern theories of intervention in historical structures and would be, today, very debatable.

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