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where, applying the Hankinson Equation (2):

where, applying the Hankinson Equation (2):

Figure 13. Bending moment on the truss in the 3F-C test.

represents the wood elastic modulus in the direction forming an angle a with the fiber.

represents the nominal notch length, where compression deformation occurred.

represents the nominal notch area, where stress was assumed to be transmitted.

The axial stiffness of the tie-beam/posts connections (kaxhs) has been formulated taking into account the axial stiffness of the heel strap:

where Esteej is modulus of elasticity of steel, Aheejstrap and lheebmp is the cross-section and the length of the heel strap, respectively.

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Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable Energy Eco Friendly

Renewable energy is energy that is generated from sunlight, rain, tides, geothermal heat and wind. These sources are naturally and constantly replenished, which is why they are deemed as renewable.

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