## Info

where, applying the Hankinson Equation (2):

where, applying the Hankinson Equation (2):

Figure 13. Bending moment on the truss in the 3F-C test.

represents the wood elastic modulus in the direction forming an angle a with the fiber.

represents the nominal notch length, where compression deformation occurred.

represents the nominal notch area, where stress was assumed to be transmitted.

The axial stiffness of the tie-beam/posts connections (kaxhs) has been formulated taking into account the axial stiffness of the heel strap:

where Esteej is modulus of elasticity of steel, Aheejstrap and lheebmp is the cross-section and the length of the heel strap, respectively.

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