Property development at the Utrecht Centrum Project

There has been no unanimous evaluation of the successive waves of redevelopment plans for the Utrecht central station area. The different interpretations of the Utrecht Centrum Project (UCP, formerly the Utrecht City Project) can be traced to the different perceptions of Hoog Catharijne (HC), of its economic success as well as its failures in other respects. Thus that is where we shall start our review. In 1991 HC contained offices (149 500 m2), shopping and restaurants catering (74 000 m2),...

Actors involved in the process

In general, railway companies come first to mind when thinking of possible actors involved in the redevelopment of railway station areas. Research (e.g. Bertolini and Spit, 1996) shows that railway companies do indeed have an important role. However, the interest of railway companies is not one-dimensional. It consists of different kinds of interest. There can be a real estate interest, a general transport interest, or an exploitation interest (regarding transport and the station itself), for...

Preamble the national planning system

The Napoleonic family is the label that best describes the French planning system (Newman and Thornley, 1996, pp. 27-76). The French planning system is largely shaped by a national codified law (Code de l'Urbanisme et l'Habitat). Historically, its roots go back to the French Revolution, and it could until recently have been characterized as very centralistic. At present there are four levels of government involved in physical planning state, region (22 on the continent and 4 overseas), d...

Context railway station area redevelopment in Switzerland

Railway station area redevelopment in Switzerland has a relatively long history. The first projects were launched at the beginning of the 1970s. In March 1991, the magazine Hochparterre counted some 40 railway station area redevelopment initiatives in the country, ranging from major projects at Basel's and Z rich's central stations to more modest projects in Locarno, Lucerne and Neuchatel (Figure 8.1). Some of those ventures began to stagnate in the 1980s and 1990s. New ones have since been...

Info

The Japanese example an ideal-typical case From an integrated transport and property perspective, Japan can be seen as an ideal-typical case of railway station development but there are important limits to replicating the example in Europe because of great differences in context. In Japan's major metropolitan areas, interchange stations (where passengers can transfer between commuter trains and local transport) have been the focus of intense property development, mostly promoted by private...

Context railway station area redevelopment in France

The main driving force behind station area redevelopment initiatives in France in the last 15 years has been the gradual expansion of the high-speed TGV network, following the commercial success of the Paris-Lyon link completed in 1981-1983. In 1996, our literature survey turned up no less than 23 major station area projects spread across the TGV network (Figure 5.1). Local governments have tended to see a connection to the TGV system as a boost to the local economy, and have accordingly...

Functions

The final product of the planning phase was the document Konzept 86 (Figure 8.4). This document identified the main goals of development. These entail the realization of (a) a transport interchange (better transport integration between public transport at an international, regional and local level) and (b) a service centre (expansion of the business district centre in the direction of the station). Complementary measures (such as speed limits, and minimum housing percentages) should protect the...

The railway station as node and place

As a geographical entity, a railway station has two basic, though partly contradictory, identities. It is a node a point of access to trains and, increasingly, to other transportation networks (Figure 2.1). At the same time, it is a place a specific section of the city with a concentration of infrastructure but also with a diversified collection of buildings and open spaces (Figure 2.2). Both the practice and the theory of railway station redevelopment demonstrate inadequate understanding of...

The place

The station lies next to the Norrmalm district (Figure 7.3). This is the business and shopping core of the Swedish capital and of the surrounding city region. It was extensively redeveloped in the 1950s and 1960s. In Stockholm's draft structure plan of 1996, the station area is indicated as a 'strategic area for urban multipurpose redevelopment', the only one in the whole inner city. Furthermore, a comprehensive rehabilitation of the adjacent central business district (CBD) Fig. 7.2 Stockholm...

Euralille as node and place

Euralille Before And After

Euralille is a development centred on a complex transport interchange that includes two railway stations Lille-Flandres (currently with TGV services to Paris and regional trains) and Lille-Europe (with international HST services). In the transport node, the following converge high-speed lines (in the three directions of Brussels, Paris and London), conventional trains, the underground, rapid trams, buses, through roads, and a motorway bypass (Figure 5.2). Fig. 5.2 Euralille, the transportation...

The redevelopment of railway station areas its urgency and complexity

As shown in Part One, an adequate analysis of complex planning problems such as the redevelopment of railway station areas would have to take all three aspects of the planning triangle (sections 1.1 and 4.1) into account. In this view, context variables (institutional arrangements and developments) ought to be combined with process variables (actors and organizations) and object variables (the node and place dimensions). In principle, the starting point of analysis should be the railway station...

References

Acosta, R. and Renard, V. (1993) Urban Land and Property Markets in France. London UCL Press. Agence de d veloppement et d'urbanisme de la m tropole lilloise (1996) Lille apr s Euralille. La m tropole en mutation. Lille Agence de d veloppement et d'urbanisme de la m tropole lilloise. Alexander, C. (1965) A city is not a tree. Reprinted in Legates, R. and Stout, F. (eds) (1996) The City Reader, pp. 118-1131. London Routledge. Amar, G. (1996) Complexes d' changes urbains, du concept au project....

Euralille evaluation

The redevelopment of the railway station in Lille is perhaps one of the best-known redevelopment projects in Europe. Although the widespread enthusiasm about this project has inspired others (especially governments and developers elsewhere in Europe), some critical comments have also been heard. Reviewing the redevelopment of the railway station area in Lille, four observations can be made. The first two concern the actors and the process. The municipality has been the mainspring of the...

Context railway station area redevelopment in the Netherlands

The publication in 1986 of the document Verdichting rond stations ('Densifying around stations') (Bureau voor Stedebouw Zandvoort, 1986) was a particularly explicit example of many signs that railway station area redevelopment was taking off in the Netherlands. In that document, jointly commissioned by the environment and transport ministries and by the Dutch railways, densification of station areas is advocated as the logical corollary of compact city policies and of the promotion of public...

The node

At present, Amsterdam Zuid the main station in the Zuidas development area is a secondary station located on Amsterdam's southern railway bypass. It is served by two intercity train services (connecting Schiphol airport with the north-east of the country), local trains (west to Schiphol airport and The Hague, east to Flevoland), a metro line (the Ringlijn, inaugurated in 1997 and connecting peripheral subcentres), and a fast tram line (connecting Amstelveen with Amsterdam Centraal Station)....

Context railway station area redevelopment in Sweden

The main players in railway station area redevelopment in Sweden are the national railway company (SJ) and the municipalities. In this respect, Sweden does not differ much from the other countries in Europe. However, the leading role taken by the railways, following a consistent national programme and approach, is comparatively striking. SJ is ahead of most of its European counter-parts with regard to the way of restructuring, and its market orientation. Since SJ was privatized in 1988, it has...

The Partnership Area

Fig. 9.4 The area covered by the Single Regeneration Budget bid. (Source King's Cross Partnership) Fig. 9.4 The area covered by the Single Regeneration Budget bid. (Source King's Cross Partnership) proposal called for more space for affordable housing and light industry, but it was never approved. The 1987 borough plan of Camden, the local authority under whose jurisdictio most of the area falls, also incorporated social aims but remained vague on the quantities, leaving them open to...

Basel Euro Ville evaluation

Their impact by extending the scope of the improvement to urban and local connections. To enhance the station's transport centrality at the urban level, two tram lines will be diverted, and a third, already connected, will be extended into the suburbs. Upgrading of the transportation node also includes a rationalization of pedestrian and bicycle accesses and connections. A new road bypass on the south side of the tracks and new underground parking facilities complete the picture. A direct link...

Basel Euro Ville as node and place

The importance of Basel is historically connected with its central position in the European transport networks. It lies at the intersection of the north-south Rhine axis (from northern Europe to Italy) and an east-west axis connecting France, Switzerland, southern Germany, and Austria. Not only the Swiss but also the French and the German railways have a station in Basel. While being relatively marginal in the national rail system, Basel HauptBahnhof is a major hub of international traffic...

Stockholm City West evaluation

As elsewhere in Europe, the redevelopment of Stockholm City West took a long time. Therefore it is not surprising that the first observation made in any evaluation of the process usually has to do with the stages of development. Since its outset, Stockholm City West has been conceived as a stepwise development. The bus terminal WTC complex was completed a few years ago, while the congress centre is in the planning phase, and successive expansions are still only hypotheses. At the same time, a...

Property development at Euralille

In the words of Rem Koolhaas, Euralille is based on the hypothesis that the perception of Europe is going to change completely under the dual impact of the trans-Channel tunnel and the extension of the high-speed train network. If this hypothesis is borne out, Lille, as the receptacle of a great many typically modern activities, will gain considerable importance. The TGV high-speed train lines will take the place of the old fortifications that have been eaten up by a sprawling periphery. And...

Preface

'Fundamentally the importance of the King's Cross story is the struggle over whose definition of reality is to prevail', as Michael Edwards, planner and economist, concludes Edwards, 1992, p. 14 . To those involved in any of the ambitious station area redevelopment plans sprouting across Europe, the word 'chaos' must have often come to mind. Euralille's master planner Rem Koolhaas defends his choices there by arguing that 'We are not deliberately introducing chaos it is the contemporary system...