Sustainability Programs in the South Bronx

The South Bronx in New York City has the reputation of being a haven for drugs, prostitutes, and drag racing. Because of community intervention, however, its reputation is shifting. Today, a number of community programs are working to ameliorate social, economic, and environmental inequalities that are rampant in the South Bronx. There are different definitions as to where the South Bronx begins. At the most southern part of the Bronx is Hunts Point. The neighborhood is generally broken into...

The Biosphere Reserve Concept Promise and Limitations

Another model of regional environmental management is the biosphere reserve concept. This concept has been put into practice at more than four hundred sites in more than ninety countries since 1971 (UNESCO 1996). As of 2003, there were forty-seven designated sites in the United States. To date, the biosphere reserve concept has mostly been applied to wilderness or rural sites away from major settlements, although several reserves already exist in urban fringe locations. For example, the Golden...

Intense Green

This section reviews four specific examples of green architecture at urban densities, two in Europe and two in New York, where all three of the following aspects are in evidence 1. Sustainable architecture strives for a functioning building stock that does not impose a net environmental cost on future generations or elsewhere in the region or on the globe, minimizing ecological footprint effects in both space and time. Sustainable buildings encourage physical health through their design and...

Renewable Energy and Closed Loop Cities

A number of the cities seek to promote a more closed-loop or natural urban metabolism in which wastes become inputs or food for other urban processes. Stockholm has administratively reorganized its departments of waste, water, and energy into a combined ecocycles division. A number of actions have already been taken, including the harvesting of bio-gas from sewage sludge and its use as a fuel for the city's combined heat and power plants. A number of Swedish cities also are using bio-gas from...