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(1896-99) served at a given moment actual functional needs In an Innovative political framework, so did Kroll's project. And as Horta's building transcended this actuality to emerge as a monument, an abstract invention embodying concrete events - alas Horta s exists only on paper today - so did Kroll's university complex. But unlike Horta who. soon after the general mood of society changed, lost his enthusiasm and the supporters for his avant-garde architecture, Kroll. twenty years after the completion of the Medical Library, has continued to evolve in the same direction and has succeeded in finding a great number of clients for his architecture. (See also pp. 92-95.)

a modular coordination array led to unprecedented. irregular patterns that represented freedom from deadening everyday routines and induced creativity. A similar political message was carried out by the interior partitions. Mass produced through highly industrialized processes, or ■brico^aged•. and even sometimes handcrafted, the partitions were placed ir*o the modular infrastructure without a predetermined plan, as individual needs arose. Thus they constituted a lived-in demonstration of the right to speak' of the users as citizens.

The origins of the ideas embodied in the architecture of the Medical Faculty of Louvain can be traced back to the Enlightenment theoreticians of the French Revolution, to Karl Fnedrich Schiller's dictum 'that the most perfect work of art is the building of political freedom". They come close to Kroll's belief in

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