Horse Arena Base Construction

The base supports the weight and concussion of the horse traffic and is essentially the foundation for the arena. It also provides protection to the subbase. Base material can be of limestone, bluestone, or whitestone composition. Depending on region, other names for base material may prevail, but requesting road base mix is a good starting point. An engineered crushed rock material is recommended. The material is an aggregate of many particle sizes that is not slippery and will not swell once...

Understanding Footing Raw Materials

The primary principle of selecting footing materials is to obtain materials that maintain their loose nature without compaction while providing suitable stability for riding activity. Footing materials are composed of particles with properties that influence their suitability as footing materials. The major component of most footing is a mixture of naturally occurring sand, silt, and clay particles. In a sieve analysis (available from most industrial sand producers), these are listed from...

Byproduct Compost

An alternative to disposing of horse manure is to compost it into a by-product of the operation. Composting occurs naturally if stall waste decomposes in the presence of oxygen and is kept relatively moist, above 50 moisture content (Fig. 8.20). The Figure 8.20. Simple process of a composting stall waste pile. Figure 8.20. Simple process of a composting stall waste pile. Figure 8.21. A front-end loader (pictured) or specialized compost turning equipment is used to turn compost in professionally...

Uniformity of Light

Illumination uniformity is defined as the ratio of the maximum to minimum values of light over a work area. In locations where tasks are visually challenging, such as office work or detailed horse care, the uniformity ratio (UR) should be no higher than 1.5. A UR around 5 is suitable for tasks that do not require close observation by the worker, such as horse stalls or riding arena surface. The UR is a very simple measure divide the maximum light reading found in the area of interest by the...

Automatic Fire Suppression

Fire Sprinkler Piping System Too Low

Sprinkler systems are an effective tool for controlling fires but are not common in rural horse barns. Most sprinkler systems open to apply water to a fire when a sensing element in the individual sprinkler head comes in contact with intense heat. Only the sprinkler heads that come in contact with the fire's heat react, minimizing the water needed to extinguish the fire. A sprinkler system usually suppresses a fire with as few as two sprinkler heads and is very effective at controlling fires...

Construction Style and Materials

This chapter provides an overview of common construction styles used in horse stables and indoor riding arenas. Basic construction materials useful in horse facilities are briefly reviewed. Stables and indoor riding arenas are built to provide protection from weather, so there will be regional variation in desirable construction attributes. For example, in a hot, arid climate a more open structure is desirable for cooling breezes while providing protection from sunlight. In climates with cold,...

Horse Stable and Riding Arena Design

Eileen Fabian Wheeler is Associate Professor in Agricultural and Biological Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University. 2006 Blackwell Publishing All rights reserved 2121 State Avenue, Ames, Iowa 50014, USA Web 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK 550 Swanston Street, Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia Tel. +61 (0)3 8359 1011 Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by Blackwell Publishing, provided...

Natural lighting

Sidewall Translucent Panels Natural lighting can be successfully built into the structure of indoor riding arenas to cut artificial lighting electrical costs and to provide welcome brightness into a dark interior. Fortunately the arena design trend is toward providing natural light entry. Translucent panels installed high in the sidewall under the eave provide a relatively even diffuse lighting. Install at least a 36-inch height of translucent panel to provide sufficient light for riding even...

Table 101 Horse Stable Water Use Estimates

Horse drinking Riding arena footing dust control3 Bathroom or wash sink Toilet flush Shower Automatic clothes washer Equipment washing (horse trailer, tractor, etc.) Horse bathb Floor wash with hosec Manured-floor wash with 12 gallons day horse 0.05-0.50 gallons ft 2 Total Water Use (gallons use) 1-2 4-7 25-60 30-50 30 Note Because horse facility water use is virtually undocumented, footnotes explain where estimates were drawn from similar water use purposes in other agricultural enterprises....

Example Design Of Indoor Arena Lighting Placement Set up design conditions

Uniformity Lighting Design

An arena of 60 feet by 120 feet has 7200 square feet of riding surface area. The sidewall height is 16 feet. Mount light fixtures on truss bottom chord. For a riding arena the floor is the important light plane so if lamps are mounted under the 16-foot-tall truss and the fixture height is about 2 feet, then distance Hp is 14 feet. Provide at least 20 footcandles of light 30 foot-candles for bright interior (Table 11.1). Minimize shadows to reduce light and dark patches that may be unsettling...

Air Property Definitions

The air surrounding us is a mixture of dry air and moisture and it contains a certain amount of heat. We are used to hearing about air temperature, relative humidity, and the dew-point temperature in discussions of weather conditions. All these properties and more are contained in a psychrometric chart. Chart shape and complexity take some getting used to. Refer to Figures A.1 and A.2. You will find that the upper curved boundary of the chart has one temperature scale, yet can represent three...

Water Use And Techniques

Watering the footing material reduces dust levels and can put some traction back into loose, sandy or wood-based footing. Frequent deep watering will be part of normal arena maintenance, so planning ahead to make it a less arduous task will have long-term benefit. The objective is to keep the material moist all the way through. Water to keep the footing evenly moist to a 3-inch depth. Once the arena is at a moisture that is suitable for your riding purpose, use a garden-supply store meter to...

Tool And Machinery Storage

Horsekeeping involves considerable hand labor. Keep tools convenient to daily cleaning routines, with hanging storage for rakes, brooms, shovels, and forks. This keeps them tidy, in a set location, and up Figure 13.14. Keep hand tools for stall cleaning hanging in a handy location, often in the work aisle of the stable near the centralized work area. Figure 13.14. Keep hand tools for stall cleaning hanging in a handy location, often in the work aisle of the stable near the centralized work...

Hot Weather Ventilation

During warm outdoor temperatures, ideally the indoor arena serves as a sun shelter and the building is opened up to admit as many cooling breezes as possible. At a minimum, provide large endwall doors that open and supplement with sidewall sliding Fig. 16.15 or swinging panels. Large sidewall doors are often used too so that as breeze direction changes, large openings can allow air to be directed through the building. In fact, pleasing cross-breezes are usually welcome within the arena in all...