From these simple beginnings, dwellings developed both in size and sophistication of construction. The relatively cramped attic, although frequently used for lower-cost housing and servants' quarters of larger houses, became unpopular. The true second floor as we know it today, with its full-height ceilings, emerged as the traditional dwelling house. The full two-storey house became something of a status symbol, particularly in the more prosperous urban areas, but the one and a half storey cottage remained popular in rural areas where it seemed to fit more comfortably into the surroundings.

We should not lose sight of the fact that many rural cottages were supplied as tied homes by the wealthy landowner and they were obviously cheaper to build than a full two-storey structure. Development did, however, produce the form of dwelling shown in Fig. 9.5 which has the advantage of much improved headroom on the first floor yet does not have the full height or cost of a two-storey structure.

As roof tiles developed, roof pitches were lower thus reducing the attic space available and therefore its usefulness as a habitable room.

Improvements in general wealth and associated living standards resulted in most dwellings being constructed with two full-height storeys or even more, with the roof void being left for storage only. The use of interlocking pantiles and slates reduced roof pitches even further and thousands of houses were built during the industrial revolution with a roof space open from one end of the terrace to the other. Clearly in such situations access to the roof space was not desirable between dwellings for security reasons and the roof space was completely lost to the occupants. A typical terrace roof construction, albeit with a dividing or 'party' wall, is shown in

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