Tf s TOfTM

Back-to-back Two storeys East-west orientation This two-storey, back-to-back structure consists of modules comprising three different apartment units each. Two flats with an upper floor lie back-to-back to a single-storey flat. This single-storey unit is based on a one-sided orientation, whereas the two-storey units with a large roof terrace on the top floor feature double-sided orientation. Overall, this structure is characterised by a highly economical use of space. The floor plans of the...

Integration of type and topos

Today more than ever, residential architecture is bound to a multitude of value systems within a complex network of interdependencies. Therefore, typology can never be examined isolated from other factors. Rather, typological examinations form a platform displaying the many interdependencies that need to be considered. A systematic catalogue of building typologies such as this book might be of help for the designer. However, providing a practice-oriented mind with an architectural recipe book...

Info

Back-to-back Two storeys East-west orientation The typological characteristic of this back-to-back row house with east-west orientation is the offset of the apartment units across one room axis, shown in the sectional drawing. Thus, one personal room of one unit lies above the living space of the neighbouring unit. This shift causes the staircase, which on the ground floor lies on the side of the house, to shift to the centre of the floor plan on the first floor, resulting in practically no...

The principle of repetition

The row house type does not necessarily have an immediate positive connotation. Worker's cottages from the beginning of industrialisation served more to increase the profits of the enterprise than to fulfil the needs of the occupants - at least viewed from today's perspective. Stringing together absolutely identical units can lead to banal linear structures, lacking any kind of urban accentuation. The row apparently does not meet the desire for individuality nor does its arrangement create a...

1

Section Longitudinal Architecture

Longitudinal split-level Three storeys East-west orientation This classic split-level house type with a parking space integrated into the floor plan is compact and economical. Apart from the landing staircase, there are no other access areas such as hallways. A two-storey open space visually connects all levels and provides daylight for the dining area in the centre of the house. Except for the personal rooms, the landing areas are integrated into the rooms. The split-level arrangement and the...

Floor plan types

The different possibilities for arranging floor plans within the row house type are primarily determined by the circulation within the house. The position of the staircase is the factor that defines the different row house types. In combination with the position of the entrance and the proportion of the footprint of the house, it determines the specific of this house type. An energy-conscious arrangement of the floor plan generates additional house types. The single-storey row house type is the...

Row House Designs

The key characteristic of this narrow house type is the longitudinal division of the floor plan. This makes the already narrow proportions of the space even more extreme. The apparently illogical design approach reveals its qualities when the possibilities for dayiighting and the dramaturgy of the spatial experience are considered. Dividing the floor plan lengthwise allows full-height glazing of the rooms without permitting insights from the outside. This creates the impression of a completely...