The Planning Schedule

Shopping center planning is a lengthy process in which each step must logically follow from the previous one. Impatient or snap decisions may result in catastrophe. First, a tentative planning and construction schedule is outlined which may be divided Into five phases Far regional centers, each of these phases is likely to be clearly defined and even subdivided into various stages far smaller centers the activity may be consolidated Into fewer stages. 1. Exploratory phase All pertinent...

The Site

The criteria for selecting residential sites in general should apply. These criteria cover economy, topography, subsoil conditions, and existing utility services. Sites subject to industrial smoke, traffic hazards, excessive noise, or polluted air should be avoided. The site should allow for development so that structures can be oriented to give residents Ihe advantages of local climate Odd or irregularly shaped sites should be carefully evaluated based on amount of usable land and cost of its...

Info

Designations An item of furniture automatically requires additional space around it to make *i* use possible. This space should be allowed for in the planning of the room, User Requirements, URBS Publication 5, University Residential Building System University of California, Berkeley. Calif I960

College And University Facilities

The type end size of gymnasium facilities needed for e given college or university will depend upon many factors, one of the most inv portent of which is the anticipated enrollment of the institution, A gymnasium planned to serve 2,000 students will, obviously, be considerably smaller than, and different in design and construction from, a facility planned for n university of 10,000 or more students. In other words, planning must be done with future enrollment in mind, and aa part of the master...

Introduction

At the lime of this writing, it is anticipated that within the next 15 years In the United States it will be necessary to construct a* many new housing units as have been constructed to date. This need for new housing, considered against a background of continuing urbanization, clearly indicates that an increasing proportion of an expanding housing market will be devoted to multifamily types of housing or apartments. The inevitability of this trend contains a challenge to the architect to do...

General History Df Multiphasic Screening

Present multiphasic screening programs could he considered en extension of the mass chest x-ray program begun in the 1940s As the incidence of tuberculosis declined, the usefulness of these particular screening units diminished. However, in the 1950s with the control of mosl acute diseases, there was a renewed interest in chronic disorders and mass-screening for them. Today, not only the medical profession but also business and industry are beginning to realize the importance of preventive...

Background

In the coming years, a greater proportion of houses, apartments, and institutional accommodations will be built for elderly persons than at any previous time in our history. There are several reasons for this. First is the well-known fact that the life-span of mankind has increased through advances in medical science thus the proportion of older people in the population has increased, Second, with the passing of the three-generation household, more elderly parsons are living by themselves and...

D

The ideal, of course, is a room designed for specific laboratory procedures with adequate equipment and supplies However, the extent to which each doctor desires to carry on his own procedures determines ihe extent to which this ideal is approached. in planning laboratory space, it is best to keep two factors in mind. A common mistake is to provide too little counter space, so be generous with it. Secondly, regardless of size, laboratory space should be contiguous with toilet...

Police Facility

The interior space is adaptable to a broad variety of occupancies and the exterior walls are expandable to meet future growth needs. In some cases, interior flexibility may be at tained by the installation of movable partitions which can provide necessary privacy and also may be shifted to meet future functional space needs. Partitions approximately 6 feet in height afford sufficient privacy without affecting light or air conditioning. Private offices and small rooms should be kept to a...

Mainentrance

Fig. 4 Small town hall with police station office. a vault used by the marshal and city clerk, and a court-council room- the records room and the marshal s office are in one unit. A. Juveniles' and Women's Cells One two-bod isolated celt can serve for juvenile or women prisoners, or as an isolation cell. Seldom is it needed for all such uses at the same time. 5- Men's Cells The men's jail includes the tank and two two-bed cells. Altogether six inmates, besides those in the tank, can be housed....

Equipment

Figure 1 and Tables 1 and 2 provide bosic dimensions of a typical automatic washer, dryer, combination washer-dryer, and ironer. These dimensions may be used for preliminary planning purposes, but final selection of equipment and detailing of working drawings should always be based on specific manufacturer's dato Dimensions hove been drawn from the current catalogs of leading manufacturers of each type of equipment Special and nonresidential equipment are not included. Dimensions ore generally...

Basic Work Areas

The work center concept, favorably supported by a great deal of research data from many sources, emphasizes the planning of the kitchen in terms of its major centers of activity. These work centers, in turn, are planned in terms of their constituent parti, their proper functions, and their ideal relationships, one to another. The actual design of the work centers will vary with the size and shape of space available in each project. Four work centers must be considered sink, range, mix, and...

Basic Seating Oata

Seating standards for use in theaters, auditoriums and similar buildings are developed on this and the following pages, which give tabular data and methods for laying out seating plans. Material is the result of research by Frederic Arden Pawley. Sources include sealing manufacturers end architectural offices specializing in theaters. Construction and Finish Upholstery variations include spring-edge seats (most luxurious, more expensive) ho* spring (nearly as comfortable) spring-back, and...

Neighborhood Recreation Buildings

The neighborhood recreation building will include many of the features of the community recreation building, as previously described. The neighborhood building, however, is usually intended to serve a smaller number of people. The size of the facility will ordinarily fall into the Type III (under 10,000 sq ft) or Type II (10,000 to 20,000 sq ft) classification. In all cases, the building should be so designed that rooms can be easily added. Governmental and Public RECREATION CENTERS U.S. Naval...

General

People love to look, window-shop, nod buy. Shopping as an experience should provide tun, which in turn provides profits A successful store or shop is one lluit is designed to merchandise m addition to looking good, A store can bo divided into two principal parts the ok far or, which gives identification, en com* passes the storefront, show windows, and displays, and the interior, where the promise of the storefront display is delivered. Briefly stated, the storefront initiates the sale, and the...

Corridor

MUSIC-SPEECH SUITE (HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT SI walls bookcase cabinet for records typewriter and stand phonograph radio and playback machines. The music storage room should provide safe, sanitary protection against robe and uniform destruction. Cabinets, 3 ft deep, 30 ft long, equipped with racks and hangers and space above for hats and lockers, for special band equipment such as flags and batons, ond with lockable sliding doors are desirable. Instruments need maximum care and preservation from...

Architectural Programming

Arc hitoclural programming ia the epecitic da fining and naly.i. ol phyiiOBl flood - II i( also tha defining and anolykii of constraints* like budget, code, site, and time schedules Imposed upon those needs. Architectural programming is not educational programming, but follows and evolves from It, The prime objective is to define the problem-to clearly state the physical spaces required, the uses of these spaces, the functional relationship between them, and the occupancy and equfpmeni needs of...

Character Of The Buildings

The shopping center establishes a new environment resulting from the banding together of individual businesses in cooperative fashion with the aim of creating greater commercial effectiveness through unified endeavor. It is important thot the individual characteristic of the participants not be suppressed, but encouraged, It is equally important, however, that a strong common denominator be created to tie the individual enterprises Into a homogeneous unit, These dual aims can be achieved by...

Compacted Mass Of Trees For Scale Effect

SIMPLE CONTINUOUS HEDGE FOR CONCEALING OCEAN OF ASPHALT coming more frequent to deck at least a portion of the site area, often where topography aids the situation. In centrat-business-district projects, because of very high land cost, the parking usually has to be multidecked and Is preferably contiguous, connecting directly with different levels of the center, It can also, for further economy of land use. be above the retail floors on decks as roof parking or. more customarily, it can be...

List Of Stores By Locations

For reference purposes, the alphabetically arranged lists below represent a check list of stores that the Council1 considers are suitable for the several categories of real estate location in shopping areas. No. 1 Locations (100 Peicent or Hot Spot) 9. Five and ten 10, Florist 15, Hosiery shop 16- Infants' wear 1 7. Jewelry 18. Leather goods and luggage - (depends on ability to pay high rent) 26. Photographic supplies and cameras 28. Prescriptions (may not be possible because of drugstore) The...

Determining Need

The need for a new city hall may seem obvious to those who spend their working hours at the city hatl. Ceilings are high heating costs are twice what they should be space originally meant for storage has been converted to offices electrical wiring violatee code provisions and the proaent facility Is Just old anyway. All of this and more besides may be true, but what is not known is how extensive the need is. This must be determined by careful study. In determining the need for a city hall...

Flow Of Work

Convenience and efficiency are achieved by placing the equipment in their natural order of use 0.') Clothes chute (with or without bins or hampers), (2) Sorting ond pretreating table or counter, (3) Washing machine, (4) Laundry tray (if available), (5 Dryer, (6) Ironing board (and ironer, if available), and (7) Slanding or hanging bar ond counter for ironed items. In addition, a storage closet or cabinet is necessary for cleaning supplies. In some instances, a hot plate is also needed. Some of...

Tt

Note all plana drawn with outside at bottom Fig. 12 Rotation a plenninu modulo and will module tn column SDitcint) and location Efficiency of an office building design is mea sured by ihe ratio of rentable space to total space. Average efficiency is about 70 percent maximum possible is about 85 percent. The non rentable space consists of the elevators, stairs, and toilets and their associated lobbies, corridors, pipe and duct shafts, and janitor's closets. These facilities are usually planned...

Home Office

Unlike the branch regional office, the home office does not have insurance agents. Home office operations ere mamly concerned with clerical and secretarial work necessary to maintain close operational contact with the branch offices. The home office is involved with (1) the processing of policies, (2) supplying standard company forms and policies, (3) keeping both active and dead records on policyholders and files on issuance and payments, and (4) data processing. A home office needs several...

Home Arts

Home arts might be better called family-life education, for its purpose is to teach studonts about everyday living, home life, cooking, sewing, personal care, and caring for a home and family. It would be well if boys could participate more in the curriculum, and this might well be encouraged by a more central location of the facilities in the total plan and merchandising and furbishing it in a less exclusively feminine way. For it should represent the feeling and purpose of the total home in...

The Large Office

The planning of space for a large law office may be influenced by the size and shape of the space available. The possibility of securing adequate, well-planned space is enhanced when the firm actively participates in the promotion of an office building. Figure 18 indicates possibilities of planning large spaces. The same scheme with larger offices could provide for 11 to 18 lawyers, or could be enlarged to accommodate up to AO or more lawyers. The plan should be based upon a study of the...

Recreation

Recreation has been recognized us an integral part of o good correctional treatment program. It alleviates the dull monotony of prison life, acts as a safety valve for the release of pent-up energies that otherwise might lead to disturbances, and can be directed toward helping inmates confront some of their personal problems. A well-rounded recreation program should embraco active, competitive sports and strenuous activities for all inmatea who are physically fit and interested. For those...

Utility Ano Service Areas

The location of utility and service areas should be planned carefully in every medical building. These areas include Utility Room In a one-story building this room should contain heating and air-conditioning equipment, hot water heater, janitor's sink and space for janitor's supplies. Some states will requiru separation of the janitor's space from the heating space This room should not be more than 1 5 to 20 ft from an outside wall unless the compressor is to be on the roof, Size of the room...

The Building

A police building should be regarded as a viable and flexible structure, It should be capable of growing with the community and the department it serves. The architect should be fully aware of the growth potential of the deparrment and should design a facility that will meet not only the present needs of the agency, but also its future needs. Ideally, the building should house only the police component of the criminal justice system. Except in very small communities, the building should be...

Bedroom

DJAGGAMS indicate minimum clearance) that should be provided for use of the bedroom furniture shown, dimensions for which are lisled below. Many types ond sizes of furniture are available but those listed ore most common and can serve s a basis for bedroom design. At leost 2 in should be allowed os clearance between walls and furniture 3 in between furniture units. Single (Q. 3'-0 ta 3'-3 wide 4 -10 long. Twin (F), 3'-3 wide 6 -10 long. Three-quarter (E), 4 0'' wide 6' 10' long Three-quarter (S...

Space Arrangements

Laundering may be done in a room designed especially for this purpose, or in o multiuse room, designed also for food preparation, sewing, child play, and the like. The best location, of course, is convenient to other work centers, such as the kitchen, and to the drying yard so thot there will be a minimum of carrying necessary. Generally, basements ore not considered de sirable locations because of their inconvenience, dampness, and lack of odequaie light. Figures 7-13 provide floor plans...

Kitchen Arrangement

The relative location of work centers should permit a continuity of kitchen activities as follows (1) Storage (gathering materials needed for the performance of the taskj (2) Cleaning and mixing (or initial preparation) (3) Cooking (4) Serving, or storing for future use and 5) Cleaning up. (See Fig. 5.) In principle, any plan that interrupts this continuity with doors, or with non-working areas or facilities, is faulty because extra steps are required every time the gap is crossed, and,...

Design Considerations For Office Buildings

The building character should express * Its representational and office building nature * The nature of the building in terms understood by and compatible to the host country * Quality without ostentation or luxury * A deference to local architectural tradition and materials * Easy and direct pedestrian access and egress, including provisions for the physically handicapped. * Easy vehicular access and egress with provision for adequate visitors, arid staff parking along with the necessary...

Financing

Programming procedures and determinations quickly come to a collision course with financial limitations, and almost invariably the building program has to be adjusted to conform to the hard reality of financial possibilities. The nature of financing school buildings hinges on the type of school and its sponsorship. The job of getting the money is becoming increasingly harder as more complex government funding procedures come into effect, tax allocations are spread across consolidated districts,...

Pedestrian Areas

Open spaces must be more than narrow lanes between long rows of stores- They must be busy and colorful, exciting and stimulating, must make walking enjoyable, and provide places for rest and relaxation. All the senses should be rewarded. Trees, flowers, fountofns, sculpture, and murals, as well as the architecture of freestanding structures, are vital parts of ihe overall scheme. Public events such as fashion shows, holiday celebrations, and exhibitions are all parts of Ihe life in these open...

Landscaping

This visually important element of shopping center design rarely receives the attention and budget its importance deserves. Most sub' urban customers have gardens and are landscape-conscious. Nevertheless, there are literally hundreds of shopping centers that are surrounded by barren oceans of monotonous asphalt The primary reason for this situation is that the landscaping is installed last, is not related directly to the building construct tion operation, and consequently is vulnerable to...

Fire Department Stations And Buildings

Fire department buildings include administrative offices stations, houses, or halls housing the apparatus and equipment fire alarm and communications centers fire training facilities and maintenance and supply facilities, including shops and storerooms-In some relatively small fire departments, all or several of these functions, insofar as provided, may be housed in one facility. The administrative offices may be housed in a municipal office building or city hall, or at a headquarters or...

The Mediumsize Office

While firms composed of more then tan lawyers generally carry on a diversified practice and hence choose central locations, some firms of five to ten lawyers may locate near their principal clients. The selection of space in the first story of a commercial building or the erection of a building may be considered, tf the clientele is concentrated in a suburban center or small satellite city, or a city of 50,000 or smaller, the scale of land values may be such lhat firststory space near the...

Assignment

* Allowing space tor uprights, vortical dividers, etc d. Listening Rooms As part of the library. or closely adjacent to il, should be focil-ities for auditing or listening to tape and records. Again, layout is a function of operating practices- If station personnel will use earphones, listening can be done in the library itself if they insist on loudspeakers, the listening rooms should be separate and isolated acoustically from surrounding spaces, particularly studios Provision for one or two...

Vocational Evaluation

Staff-Patient Ratios One occupational therapist can treat eight to fifteen patients per dey The number of patients depends upon types of disabilities and the severity of the cases. Where highly individual treatments are required, the daily load will decrease. Also, if the therapist is relieved of administrative responsibilities and assisted by nonprofessional persons, the daily load will increase For orthopedic patients, special equipment must frequently be devrsed under close supervision of...

Church Tower

The church tower, though not an integral part of the church room itself, will bo discussed herein since it is a symbol of the church and expresses the religious character of the total church complex. Today it is often fell that the church tower involves an unnecessary expense and that a properly deatgned church is sufficient to express the spirit of Christian worship- However, a church tower or campanile has long been associated with ecclesiastical structures and to many it has a symbolic value...

Firehouses

FIREHOUSE PLANNING Over the post decode, Firehouse Planning and Design has become increasingly sophisticated and complex. Years of study and experience hove made it apparent that by planning o firehouse properly, o safer and quicker turnout con be mode. This is accomplished primarily by arranging traffic flow patterns within the firehouse to be as direct as possible. The integration of the primary adjacency concept for planning the Fire house will deduct considerably...

Vv

Example of well planned neighborhood principles of neighborhood planning are illustrated in Fig. 1 on example of a well-planned neighborhood is shown in Fig. 2. It is no longer considered good practice to limit housing within a subdivision to one type and price range. For sites of fewer than 100 houses the range of types should be restricted but the range in price should permit some variation, the degree of difference being reduced as the size of the site diminishes. For larger sites...

Probation

Fin. 2 Out net court plan, first floor. En trances If there are two or more jury roo ros they may open into a common lobby under the control of a bailiff, Signaling Equipment In each petit jury room, install equipment to operate a flashing signal in the bailiff's lobby and in the courtroom. Panic Exits If entrence to a jury room is directly from a common lobby, such jury room or common lobby must have a second exit door of panic type, equipped with suitable panic hard* ware, loool alarm signal,...

Description Of Plan For A Small Town Hall With Police Station

The site location can be anyplace centrally located in town. Distances across a small town are too short to present special problems. Usually tha fire department is a rural fire district with the fire station located on separate property, although it could be on the same lot. In some cases the library can be planned on the same site if the entrance is on the opposite side from the prisoners' entrance. A plan of a small town hall ia shown in Fig. 4, 1. Court and Council Room For a small town In...

Police Stations

Pantry should at least have modern sterilizing dishwashing equipment. 12. Laundry A laundry should be included in the jail, with modern-type equipment and a sterilizer for clothing and bedding. 13. Janitor's Slop Sink A janitor's slop sink should be placed in an open space large enough so that mops and cleaning gear can ba hung on rocks exposed to sun and air. This janitor's room should be well ventilated and inaccessible to prisoners. 14. Segregation Male and female prisoners must be kept...

Hospitals

Typewriter, electric, nonmovable carriage b. Files, swinging panel, strip insert type 7. File, revolving on two levels 8. Table, movable, 2 feet by 3 feet 9. Waste receptacle 10. Photocopier 14. Shelving, adjustable, 12 inches 17. Counter, with file drawer, bins 18 Shelving, adjustable, 7 Inches 20. Two-shelf unit above counter 21. Dumbwaiter, open both sides 22. Cabinet, with sink, drain board 25 Hood, laminar airflow, vertical Or horizontal 26. Counter, with open adjustable shelving beneath...

Learning Resource Centers

Library may be yesterday's term for yesterday s services, for the school library has become the information and resource center for the school, and is more appropriately and now commnnly called learning resource center (LRC), instructional materials center (IMC), or information resource center (IRC> . In addition to books and periodicals there are now records, tapes and casettes, closed-circuit TV programming and production, film, cameras, and projection equipment. Alongside the book stacks,...

Closets

Whether drawers or trays are to be provided In the closet or wardrobe for such items as hove in the past been kept in bureaus or other pieces of furniture. Some typical closet plans are illustrated in Fig. 4 suggested layouts for bedroom closets for men, women, and children ore shown in Figs. 5-9. Coat c oiets, located near the entrance doors, are sometimes made 2 or 3 in. deeper than bedroom closets, to allow for the bulkiness of some overcoats, ond to permit better air circulation around the...

Introduction And Flow Charts

The hospital as a building type is composed of complex components, each of which could wall tax the talenta of architects, machsnical engineers, and the other professions and skills involved in their design and construction, Materiel relating to all thase components would fill a book, Therefore, the fallowing have been selected for discussion in this section Bedrooms Nursing units Surgical suits Nursery Pediatric unit Diagnostic x-ray suite Teletherapy unit Cobalt-60 Electroencephalograph suite...

Living Areas

Through traffic should be separated from octivity centers. Openings should be located so as to give enough wait space For various furniture arrangements, . Convenient access should he provided to doors, windows, electric outlets, thermostats, ond supply grills. To assure odequate space for convenient use of furniture- in the living area, not less than the following clearances should be observed. 60 in between Facing seating 24 in where circulation occurs between furniture 30 in for use af...

Equipment Schedule

Fig. 2 Car* ton) er Fol 25 children (a) play lime arrangement b) cat arrangement tor noptima. Fig. 2 Car* ton) er Fol 25 children (a) play lime arrangement b) cat arrangement tor noptima. Fig. 3 Core canter for o 50-child population. (From Deportment of Defense Definitive Designs, Deportment of the Novy, Washington, 1968 By PHILIP WILL, JR., end RAYMOND C. OVRESAT with the eeeletence ot C. WILLIAM BRUBAKER, MORTON HARTMAN, GEO ROE A. HUTCHINSON, EMMET INGRAM. A. FREDERICK KOLFLAT, end WILLIAM...

Churches Buildings For Worship

Church design. which for many year followed long-established rules governing the organization of the space, has bean affected by the liturgical renewal all denominations are currently undergoing In fact, each particular building committee is confronted by some quite disturbing questions and doubts. There are those who ask Why build as well as being concerned with fixing the form of worship, so that future change is, at best, difficult. Assuming that these questions are satisfactorily resolved,...

Occupational Therapy Department

The increasing recognition of occupational therapy as an integral part of the medical rehabilitation program has resulted in its becoming an increasingly important element of hospital planning. These psges present a summery of the recommendations of the American Occupational Therepy Association on tha planning of typical occupational therapy departments. These basic plans and discussions were developed to serve only as guides for designing similar unit , and will not be universally applicable...

Teet Spece To Why Doing

STUDENT ROOMS ON DIFFERENT L V L FROM O& MMON SPA B, separate ventilation of individual space is required, especially In the more athletic men s halls. The odors in many residence halls were found by visitors to be overpowering. Although conventional air conditioning is more economical within a sealed space, it is important that students be able to open their windows to enjoy the soft, fresh morning and evening air, and in the lower-height buildings to enjoy communication < but not access)...

The District Court

Court spaces moat frequently required In fed* eral building are for tbe district court which holds sessions in the principal cities of its judicial district and gsnerslly has its headquarters in the largest or most centrally located city in the district. Jurisdiction The district court is the federal court of original jurisdiction where cases ere given their initial trial. Each state comprises at leaet one judicial district end, depending upon the volume of business and its geographical...

Branch Libraries

A branch library can play on important role as a cultural center. In addition to providing books, it can provide record and tape lending, music-listening Facilities, visual-aid facilities, ond lecture series os well as act as o general information center. With such an expanded role, the library or cultural center will be an important element in the neighborhood. Figs. I and 2 are possible floar plans. Regardless of the size of the community, its library should provide access to enough books to...

Nondining Spaces

Diagrams, tables and other date given in Fig. 9 and below illustrate only a few of the many types of nondining spaces end clearances required. Data included here may, however, suggest methods of solving most problems Preferred location for the cashier's desk or counter, according to the Albert Pick Co., is on the right hand side of the door whan loaving, in order to avoid cross-traffic and resulting congestion Dimensions vary from those given in the table according to what merchandise is sold...

Bedrooms

Fig. 4 Single-occupancy bedroom for elderly there it a 12-in allowance to make the bed.* Fig. 4 Single-occupancy bedroom for elderly there it a 12-in allowance to make the bed.* Where at least two other sleeping spaces ore provided, a dormitory is sometimes preferred by larger families (Fig, 5 .* * From Manual of Acceptable Practices ' Vol, 4, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1973.

S0 310 560 200 260 280

' For total nal atas lor mull disciplina labora moss, ios Table 7, 'For central storage aim. sea Tabla 6 bo located in the hospital to avoid transporting bodies from one building to another. Each autopsy room should he equipped with a scrub-up sink with knee- or foot-action valvft u HI ok With drainbonrdfi cold-water manifold, and gas and electrical snruico outlets an adjacent work counter with drawers and cabinets lor storage of supplies e flushing-rim clinical sink wall cabinets with...

Back Of The House

Though rarely seen by a guest, the back of the house is the most cruciHl part of the plan. It must be laid out with two paramount objectives control and efficiency. Foodstuffs, housekeeping supplies, and a groat many other items must be received out of sight ol the hotel guests. Such receiving is usually done at a loading dock, which should be covered so that deliveries can be made regardless of the weather An operating hotel, oven a small one. will have deliveries going on throughout the day...

Nursing Units

Bed control (within patient's reach, but with nurse-controlled cut-off feature) Radio spseker (private rooms only) ' Over-bed light fixture (direct and indirect) Receptacle for portable bedside panel Night light (switched from corridor) Double duplex receptacle (bed, oxygen tent, porteble x-ray, heating pad, etc) Remote recording instrument receptacles (temp, pulse, respiratory) Figure 14 shows a typical double-corridor nurs ing unit which is often utilized in hospital planning. It has the...

Lu

Fig. 6 Doubla fowl af carrati in bookitack or reading area in placo of two (lack rattgat- Booh-atack capacity 11> based on A. Thn number at volumes shelved In a Standard alack flection B. The 4 qua re-too tage requirements for a standard stack section. A. I be Number ot Vulumus Shelved in e Standard Steck Section The number of volumes that can be shelved in a standard slack section depends on (1) Book heights and the number of shelves per section (2) book thickness (3) the decision in regard...

Classification Of Recreation Buildings

Growth in the scope and complexity of the recreation program has created a need for buildings which will provide facilities adapted for a wide variety of recreation activities. Unlike many of the early structures, present-day buildings provide for adaptability and multiple use. This change from the simple to the complex has stimulated the development of a variety of recreation buildings. These are classified by function and then categorized by size. The standards used for determining the size...

Minimum And Normal Standards For Youth Hostels

(adopted at the 28th Conference of the International Youth Hostel Federation, 1970) Supervision by a warden or other suitable adult person who shall be responsible for the well-being of the person using the hostel. Separate dormitories for men and women, with separate entrances (but family rooms may be offered for parents with young children . Dormitories must be equipped with beds, each with a mattress, a pillow, ond a sufficient number of blankets according to the climate. Separate sanitary...

Personal Hygiene

The bathroom is the subject of much public and private research. What is set forth here is not ideal but rather an attempt to synthesize the most current thinking on the subject as it relates to the elderly uset. In addition, requirements for adoption of bathroom facilities for use by permanently disabled persons ore included. These requirements sholl apply to at least 10 percent of the units in developments of 100 units or more. Application to smaller projects will be determined individually...

The Backstage Area

There should be plenty of free space for tha assembling of actors, the organizing of groups, and the mesaing of crowd voicea for offstage effects, 2. Properly tables should be placed in locations convenient to both sides of the main atage and the entrances to the side atsges. 3. There should be adequate spaces for the staring and sheltering of the portable scenery unite and properties. 4. There should be proper dremege in every part. 5. All the permanent wiring should be run under ground where...

Vest

HPER facilities. Emit Schmidlm. Architect suitable heights for girls arid women- Some heir dryers should he placed in the men's locker room. Do not locate hair dryers near the shower rooms. Hair clogs the floor drains, and participants should dress before using hair dryers 8. Materials used in locker-room construction. The ideal floor material is nonsiip ceramic mosaic tile. Unfinished concrete usually encourages fungus growth and attracts dirt, If the budget...

Furnaces

Incineration is a controlled combustion process for burning solid, liquid, or gaseous combustible waste to gases and to a residue containing little or no combustible material, When solid waste is exposed to a turbulent atmosphere for a critical time period at an elevated temperature, combustion occurs During com bustion, moisture is evaporated, and the combustible portion of the solid waste is vaporized and then oxidized. Concurrent reactions are the oxidation of metals and the oxidation of...

Reception Desk

The main front desk is both a key public relations contact and a control point for the entire building. It should be located so that people entering the building can find it quickly and so that the lobby and lounge ore within the lino of vision of the front desk staff The size of the main desk area will depend upon the volume of use and the number and kinds of services to be performed there. In a large building, especially when the front desk serves both an activities and a residence building...

Parking Lots

Plan of typical two-bay service station building Drawings show the standard plan of a major oil company for a two-bay servie station. Additional bays may be added for larger installations. Minimum recommended dimensions for boy door opening is 10 by 10 ft. Overhead type doors are the most effective. Servicing pits have become obsolete, the mechanical lift being considered more practical. g. 1. Plan of typical two-bay service station building

Bookshops

Each customer in a bookshop requires privacy, direct access to the books displayed, and sufficient light for comfortable vision while reading Bookboying customers like to browse, and nothing is less attractive to them than crowded circulation. The first requirement Is a plan which by mean* of tow book shelving provides alcoves or selling recesses into which customers can be drawn out of the main circulation. Such an arrangement increases lineal feet of shelving, The second important step is to...

Space Standards For Embassy Office Buildings

The following net areas are recommended for the various typical embassy staff requirements and functions. Space variations between the class I, II, III, and IV posts are indicated under the post classifications, An asterisk *) Indicates those functions or spaces requiring additional evaluation specifically to accommodate the special need at each post. This section is a sensitive area and should be located on an upper floor and separated from the general public areas. Access to the ambassador's...

Dlu

Rente rea 6,720 sq ft, 56 liy 120 ft. Architectural area 7,076 sq ft, 560 sq ft per lawyer Fig. 16 Dfticos fot tiittt lawfuis. Rental ens 4,096 sq It, 64 by 64 ft. Aich actinal bibb 4,356 it) H. 455 so ft por IpwfBi. Fig. 18 Arrangement tor largo firms 19 lawyers. Rental area 23,040 sq ft, 144 by 180 ft. Architectural area 23,652 sq ft, 1,212 sq ft per lawyor.

Space Requirements

The program statement, which includes objectives, activities, and requirements, will spell out total needs in terms of square feet of floor space. Generally speaking, the total need may be divided into five categories space for (1) books, (2) readers, 3) staff,, (4) group meet* ings, and (5) mechanical operations and all other (stairways, elevators, toilets, etc.). Actual space allocations will tend to vary in accordance with the library service program in relationship to community needs.4...

Siorage

Fig. 2 Boys' Club building 100-200. (a) Unit one, regular program capacity 100 boys simultaneously, (b) Unit (wo. rayulat program capacity 200 boys simultaneously Where it Is necessary to provide for more than one age group in a games room, the largest square foot factor should be used. Locate ihe general games room near the club entrance. It is desirable to locate the senior lounge where it can receive some supervision from the general games room attendant. Provide a variety of games for...

Architectural Considerations

This discussion of some typical areas of the building designed is intended to be illustrative, not definitive. It gives an indication of the various interwoven considerations economic, behavioral, administrative that play upon the design process, For the architect, two key conceptual tools m arranging spaces in o facility like this are territory and status. The provision of clearly defined territorial boundaries private, semi-public, public in institutional situations ie an aid to residents In...

Ramp Garages

Ramp garages do not simply multiply the parking capacity of a lot by the number of parking levels added, Considerable space on each fevel will be taken by ramps and circulation ways which must be kept free of parked cars. Only on the uppermost level (or the lowermost in the case of an underground garage) can cars be temporarily stored in the aisles as they normally are in an attendant-operated parking lot. On a sloping lot, developed with only two or throo parking levels, space normally...

Private Outdoor

Many older people, either by choice or by limitations of their physical conditions, are largely confined to their dwelling units, and access to a private outdoor space over which they hove control is very desirable. It offers a welcome change of atmosphere, a chance to grow flowers, cook out, and enjoy the sun. In the event of fire, a balcony con provide refuge and access to fresh air. Provision for private outdoor activities may take the form of balconies or patios. Requirements for patios are...

Master Plan In Anesthesia Preparetion

Typical Open Plan Office

Fig. 3 Perspective view of laboratory for general hotpital of 150 to 200 beds. tionalizing valves. Branch tines may he carried from the horizontal wall piping through the center ot the island to serve the benches on both sides (See Figs 3 and 4.) For safety purposes and to facilitate repairs, each individual piping system should be plainly identified by color, coding, or labeling. All waste piping should be of a noncorrosive material and should be discharged to a dilution pit or should be...

The Main Cooking Area

The main cooking deportment Is the heart of the kitchen and deserves special care in designing Both meat and vegetables are usually cooked in this area. Serving in table service restaurants may take place from or near this area In other installations, the cooked food is transported a considerable distance to the serving area. In genera), it has been found advisable to cook such items as vegetables in small batches aa close as possible to Iha nerving time, Thia consideration requires lhat at...

Rib

Area 752 sq flr 32 by 26 ft Office personnel One doctor, one nurse, one receptionist Units available One wetting room 17 ft 3 in, by 8 It 9 in - 11 people One drop area 6 ft 2 in. by 5 ft 6 In. - 4 people One reception office 11 ft 9 in. by 5 ft Fig. 1 Plan for one-doctor opthalmological office, Two refraction rooms-one 18-fT lane 2t ft by 8 It 8 in,, one 18-ft lane-20 ft 9 in , by 8 It fl m One treatment and minor-surgery room 9 ft by 7 ft 6 in, One nurse's office-field room 7 It 9 in, by 7 ft...

Kitchens

Fig. 15 Student dining hall or cafeteria with self-service carrousel. Capacity after the Initial phase, 1,400 ptnoni per hour. Seating at least 400 teats. Meal delivery from a central kitchen deep-freeze, bail-in-the-bog (Nacka), and Regelhermic system. Fig. 15 Student dining hall or cafeteria with self-service carrousel. Capacity after the Initial phase, 1,400 ptnoni per hour. Seating at least 400 teats. Meal delivery from a central kitchen deep-freeze, bail-in-the-bog (Nacka), and Regelhermic...

The Small Office

Figure 9 shows possible arrangements for a firm composed of only one lawyer If a single lawyer's office must serve as a library and conference room, and perhaps also accommodate the files, it should be large enough for a conference-type desk and four or five chairs. It is almost essential to have a second room for use as a reception room and secretary s office. It is better to have a separation between the secretary's space and the reception space. The files may be of sufficient volume to...

Tw I

YWCA. coHne shop. (J. N Pease Associates. Architect I Fig. IZ Charlotte, North Carol inn, YWCA, residence Dor IJ. N Pease Associates, Architects Fig. 13 YWCA el White Plains and Central Wostchestat, New Y oik, tesiriunco cluster IJ ames I Lolnran, Architect I 1 commons 3 kitchen 5 bedroom 2 dining 4 bath 6 sun deck Fig. 13 YWCA el White Plains and Central Wostchestat, New Y oik, tesiriunco cluster IJ ames I Lolnran, Architect I One of the earliest services the...

Bibuography

Beyer, Glenn H The Cornell Kitchen Product Design Through Research. Cor nell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca (1952 . HondbooJr of Kitchen Design. SmolJ Homes Council, University of Illinois, Urbane Heiner, Mary Koll, and McCullough, Helen E. Functional Kitchen Storage Bulletin 846, Cornell Univeriity Agricultural Ex-p rimant Station, Ithaca (June 194B). Heiner, Mary Kali, and Steidl, Rose E Guides for Arrangement of Urban Family Kitchens. Bulletin 876, Cornell Uni. versify...

Medical

The medical area of a rehabilitation center provides the following services medical evaluation, performed by the physician and his staff physical therapy, including hydrotherapy occupational therapy speech and hearing therapy It also furnishes the services of a prosthetic and or orthotic appliance shop. The detailed character of the medical area wilt vary with the program of the center itself. The emphases in the medical program will be determined by the needs of the patients and by already...

Description Of Spaces

Lobby, This most be easily accessible to the public, It contains reception information, loan officers, tellera, and check-writing desks. Booking, vol 56r pp 57-58 February, 1964 second floor of a building, escalators are recommended for public conveyance to the lobby, (2) Tellers should be located so that they are easily accessible and so that the spaces surrounding them allow easy circulation of the public- (3) Loan officers and other who have direct contact with the customer should be...

Oral Diagnosis

Clinic is included in the examination and diagnostic area. However, the radiology clinic also serves ail the other clinics, and patients undergoing treatment are directed here for additional roentgenograms, Shielding Against Radiation. Rooms containing x-ray machines must be shielded through the use of lead-lined walls and partitions or appropriate building materials of an adequate thickness. In addition, controls for x-ray machines should be located behind shielded partitions. In general,...

Social

Space Guidelines For Vocational School

Evaluation, training, and placement the sheltered workshop (or rehabilitation workshop) is part ot this area, and in some cases, certain aspects of special education will be included-The vocational program is determined by the needs of the patients and the needs and opportunities of business and industry in the community served by the center. This program is a most important part of the patient's total rehabilitation process, (See Fig. 16.) This area has the responsibility of acquainting the...

Diagrams Of Essential Library Elements

Three diagroms have been prepared as an aid lo visualizing the functional relationships of the principal areas in typical small libraries. These diagrams are for libraries for towns of 5,000, 10,000 and 25,000 persons respectively. They ore mean I to clarify relationships and circulation patterns. They definitely are not building plans, nor do they constitute the only possible relationships between the program elements. It is intended that they assist in understanding the interrelationships...

Ven R Refrig F Freezer Srange

Bination outlet for electric iron, pilot light, switch and outlet electric clock special lighting on machines electric duplex outlet spaced at least every 12 ft of available wall space sink with hot and cold waler. In laying out the prototype kitchen units it should be remembered that there are both instructors and students using them hence dimensions between countors should be more ample. Figure 121 indicates some minimum dimensions, while Fig. 122 shows a grouping of U kitchens. Fig. 123...

LjLJ

Fit. 4 D feront ways of dividing up Bitiihrlion spate Fig. 5 In 1942. M-Oi van dm Roho devoted a amu' dual of attention in the theoielical jesnjn ol museum lor a small tin tn provide h letting tm Picasso's painting Guernica The building it designed to tie as fteiible as possible, consisting simply ol a Hoot slab, columns, roof plate, freestanding partitions and anterior walls of glass. I ho relativenbsenct) ol etchitectuie intensifies the individuality nl each wotk pi an and at the sama time...

Y

Fig. 6 Treatment cubicles and lamination room Equipment for this department may include infrared and ultraviolet lamp*, diathermy, hot peck and electrical stimulation apparatus, ultrasonic equipment, suspension apparatus (Guthrie-Smith), electrical diagnostic apparatus moist heat equipment, sand bags, powder boards, powder, oil or lotion, alcohol, and linen. In many cases patients will be lying on their backs during treatments. Ceiling lighting should be indirect or semi-direct to avoid glare....

Five Guides For Space Allowances

Good space utilization does not necessarily mean allocating the least possible working space per person. On the contrary, too little working space may reduce the worker's efficiency and waste many times the savings made by any reduction in the squara foot rontal costs. Good space utilization, in its broad meaning, allots more space to those positions whose activity justifies it, and reducos the space where there is a surplus. There is no accurate scale of space allowances which will make layout...

Office Landscaping

A number of large U.S. corporations have been experimenting with an open planning system known in the space planning and design profes slon as office landscaping. This concept of planning originated in West Germany and has been used extensively in European office opera tions. It is intended to create an open, flexible layout by grouping personnel and their work stations in accordance with group communications and with interdepartmental work flow and rclo tionships. The proponents of the...

Domestic And Imported Passenger Carsby Classes

The popular domestic nod imported passenger cars ere listed below in seven classes The rating categories are established on the basis of square feet of floor area covered by a vehicle, Class 60f for example, contains vehicles where the resultant of length X width dimensions fall into the 60.0 to 69.9 sq ft orea range. Class 70 covera (ho 70.0 to 79.9 sq ft erea rung*. It ciin bo MOititi thai tho nun domestic suh-compacts, Pinto, Vaga, and Gremlin, full Into II,a upper areas of Class 70,...

O 9 Io

The mining ot stacks with group study tables and study carrels, a teacher material preparation area, and a central nerve-control center. Figure 41 shows a typical carrel unit and detail equipped for audio-visual use Grouping four together in this manner saves space and is a useful alternative to wall perimeter units- Responding to the scarcity and high cost of land in certain communities. Fig, 42 shows a center that connects to in existing building, but is air conditioned and all below grade,...

Typical Stack Loading Diaoi2am

For octavos and quartos- usually 7 shelves per section, divided as follows. 85 percent 8-in. shelves 10 percent 10-in. shelves 5 percent 12-in. shelves Area and Volume Requirements The cubook can be reduced to approximate terms of area and volume requirements for bookstacks, as follows 11.08 cubooks require 1 sq ft of stock floor area 1.48 cubooks require 1 cu ft of space in a stack These values can be used as follows Required stock floor area No. cubooks > . 0.090 Required space (cu It) No....

Site Planning And Subdivision Layout

Site And Neighborhood Layouts

Site pi anning in its narrow sense involves the disposition of space for appropriate uses the positioning of structures to provide effective relationships (well-proportioned mosses with attractive outlooks and good orientation) the provision of access to structures in an expeditious, attractive, and safe manner the design of Ihe services, walks, streets, parking facilities, drainage, ond utilities the preservation of the natural advantage of the site, and its enhancement by landscaping. In its...