Branch Libraries

A branch library can play on important role as a cultural center. In addition to providing books, it can provide record and tape lending, music-listening Facilities, visual-aid facilities, ond lecture series os well as act as o general information center. With such an expanded role, the library or cultural center will be an important element in the neighborhood. Figs. I and 2 are possible floar plans. Regardless of the size of the community, its library should provide access to enough books to...

Nondining Spaces

Diagrams, tables and other date given in Fig. 9 and below illustrate only a few of the many types of nondining spaces end clearances required. Data included here may, however, suggest methods of solving most problems Preferred location for the cashier's desk or counter, according to the Albert Pick Co., is on the right hand side of the door whan loaving, in order to avoid cross-traffic and resulting congestion Dimensions vary from those given in the table according to what merchandise is sold...

Info

* Columns should not be wider than the depth of the range 18 by 32 in is suggested cess stacks with ranges up to 30 It long. Closed-access ranges up to 60 ft long have been used successfully with ranges IB In. or less deep, 4 ft or 4 ft 1 in. on centers. 3. Spacing 4 ft 2 in. to 4 ft 6 in. can be used for open-access stack, preferably held to 16 in. in depth with the range length based on the amount of use. 4. Spacing 4 fl 6 in. to 5 ft is generous even for heavily used open-access...

Bedrooms

Fig. 4 Single-occupancy bedroom for elderly there it a 12-in allowance to make the bed.* Fig. 4 Single-occupancy bedroom for elderly there it a 12-in allowance to make the bed.* Where at least two other sleeping spaces ore provided, a dormitory is sometimes preferred by larger families (Fig, 5 .* * From Manual of Acceptable Practices ' Vol, 4, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1973.

S0 310 560 200 260 280

' For total nal atas lor mull disciplina labora moss, ios Table 7, 'For central storage aim. sea Tabla 6 bo located in the hospital to avoid transporting bodies from one building to another. Each autopsy room should he equipped with a scrub-up sink with knee- or foot-action valvft u HI ok With drainbonrdfi cold-water manifold, and gas and electrical snruico outlets an adjacent work counter with drawers and cabinets lor storage of supplies e flushing-rim clinical sink wall cabinets with...

Back Of The House

Though rarely seen by a guest, the back of the house is the most cruciHl part of the plan. It must be laid out with two paramount objectives control and efficiency. Foodstuffs, housekeeping supplies, and a groat many other items must be received out of sight ol the hotel guests. Such receiving is usually done at a loading dock, which should be covered so that deliveries can be made regardless of the weather An operating hotel, oven a small one. will have deliveries going on throughout the day...

Nursing Units

Bed control (within patient's reach, but with nurse-controlled cut-off feature) Radio spseker (private rooms only) ' Over-bed light fixture (direct and indirect) Receptacle for portable bedside panel Night light (switched from corridor) Double duplex receptacle (bed, oxygen tent, porteble x-ray, heating pad, etc) Remote recording instrument receptacles (temp, pulse, respiratory) Figure 14 shows a typical double-corridor nurs ing unit which is often utilized in hospital planning. It has the...

Lu

Fig. 6 Doubla fowl af carrati in bookitack or reading area in placo of two (lack rattgat- Booh-atack capacity 11> based on A. Thn number at volumes shelved In a Standard alack flection B. The 4 qua re-too tage requirements for a standard stack section. A. I be Number ot Vulumus Shelved in e Standard Steck Section The number of volumes that can be shelved in a standard slack section depends on (1) Book heights and the number of shelves per section (2) book thickness (3) the decision in regard...

Classification Of Recreation Buildings

Growth in the scope and complexity of the recreation program has created a need for buildings which will provide facilities adapted for a wide variety of recreation activities. Unlike many of the early structures, present-day buildings provide for adaptability and multiple use. This change from the simple to the complex has stimulated the development of a variety of recreation buildings. These are classified by function and then categorized by size. The standards used for determining the size...

Minimum And Normal Standards For Youth Hostels

(adopted at the 28th Conference of the International Youth Hostel Federation, 1970) Supervision by a warden or other suitable adult person who shall be responsible for the well-being of the person using the hostel. Separate dormitories for men and women, with separate entrances (but family rooms may be offered for parents with young children . Dormitories must be equipped with beds, each with a mattress, a pillow, ond a sufficient number of blankets according to the climate. Separate sanitary...

Personal Hygiene

The bathroom is the subject of much public and private research. What is set forth here is not ideal but rather an attempt to synthesize the most current thinking on the subject as it relates to the elderly uset. In addition, requirements for adoption of bathroom facilities for use by permanently disabled persons ore included. These requirements sholl apply to at least 10 percent of the units in developments of 100 units or more. Application to smaller projects will be determined individually...

The Backstage Area

There should be plenty of free space for tha assembling of actors, the organizing of groups, and the mesaing of crowd voicea for offstage effects, 2. Properly tables should be placed in locations convenient to both sides of the main atage and the entrances to the side atsges. 3. There should be adequate spaces for the staring and sheltering of the portable scenery unite and properties. 4. There should be proper dremege in every part. 5. All the permanent wiring should be run under ground where...

Vest

HPER facilities. Emit Schmidlm. Architect suitable heights for girls arid women- Some heir dryers should he placed in the men's locker room. Do not locate hair dryers near the shower rooms. Hair clogs the floor drains, and participants should dress before using hair dryers 8. Materials used in locker-room construction. The ideal floor material is nonsiip ceramic mosaic tile. Unfinished concrete usually encourages fungus growth and attracts dirt, If the budget...

Furnaces

Incineration is a controlled combustion process for burning solid, liquid, or gaseous combustible waste to gases and to a residue containing little or no combustible material, When solid waste is exposed to a turbulent atmosphere for a critical time period at an elevated temperature, combustion occurs During com bustion, moisture is evaporated, and the combustible portion of the solid waste is vaporized and then oxidized. Concurrent reactions are the oxidation of metals and the oxidation of...

College And University Facilities

Type C- Sports Fields and Buildings Intramural and General Outdoor Recreation Areas * Space requirements 120 to 140 aq ft per student (total undergraduate enrollment) * Including Playing fields and athletic buildings of all types Softball diamonds, tennis courts, arenas, field houses, etc. (too far removed from general student lockors, showers, living quarters, and academic buildings for use as teaching stations) (maximum distance from major residence areas t mi) * Uses Intramural sports,...

Reception Desk

The main front desk is both a key public relations contact and a control point for the entire building. It should be located so that people entering the building can find it quickly and so that the lobby and lounge ore within the lino of vision of the front desk staff The size of the main desk area will depend upon the volume of use and the number and kinds of services to be performed there. In a large building, especially when the front desk serves both an activities and a residence building...

Parking Lots

Plan of typical two-bay service station building Drawings show the standard plan of a major oil company for a two-bay servie station. Additional bays may be added for larger installations. Minimum recommended dimensions for boy door opening is 10 by 10 ft. Overhead type doors are the most effective. Servicing pits have become obsolete, the mechanical lift being considered more practical. g. 1. Plan of typical two-bay service station building

Bookshops

Each customer in a bookshop requires privacy, direct access to the books displayed, and sufficient light for comfortable vision while reading Bookboying customers like to browse, and nothing is less attractive to them than crowded circulation. The first requirement Is a plan which by mean* of tow book shelving provides alcoves or selling recesses into which customers can be drawn out of the main circulation. Such an arrangement increases lineal feet of shelving, The second important step is to...

Space Standards For Embassy Office Buildings

The following net areas are recommended for the various typical embassy staff requirements and functions. Space variations between the class I, II, III, and IV posts are indicated under the post classifications, An asterisk *) Indicates those functions or spaces requiring additional evaluation specifically to accommodate the special need at each post. This section is a sensitive area and should be located on an upper floor and separated from the general public areas. Access to the ambassador's...

Dlu

Rente rea 6,720 sq ft, 56 liy 120 ft. Architectural area 7,076 sq ft, 560 sq ft per lawyer Fig. 16 Dfticos fot tiittt lawfuis. Rental ens 4,096 sq It, 64 by 64 ft. Aich actinal bibb 4,356 it) H. 455 so ft por IpwfBi. Fig. 18 Arrangement tor largo firms 19 lawyers. Rental area 23,040 sq ft, 144 by 180 ft. Architectural area 23,652 sq ft, 1,212 sq ft per lawyor.

Space Requirements

The program statement, which includes objectives, activities, and requirements, will spell out total needs in terms of square feet of floor space. Generally speaking, the total need may be divided into five categories space for (1) books, (2) readers, 3) staff,, (4) group meet* ings, and (5) mechanical operations and all other (stairways, elevators, toilets, etc.). Actual space allocations will tend to vary in accordance with the library service program in relationship to community needs.4...

Siorage

Fig. 2 Boys' Club building 100-200. (a) Unit one, regular program capacity 100 boys simultaneously, (b) Unit (wo. rayulat program capacity 200 boys simultaneously Where it Is necessary to provide for more than one age group in a games room, the largest square foot factor should be used. Locate ihe general games room near the club entrance. It is desirable to locate the senior lounge where it can receive some supervision from the general games room attendant. Provide a variety of games for...

Architectural Considerations

This discussion of some typical areas of the building designed is intended to be illustrative, not definitive. It gives an indication of the various interwoven considerations economic, behavioral, administrative that play upon the design process, For the architect, two key conceptual tools m arranging spaces in o facility like this are territory and status. The provision of clearly defined territorial boundaries private, semi-public, public in institutional situations ie an aid to residents In...

Ramp Garages

Ramp garages do not simply multiply the parking capacity of a lot by the number of parking levels added, Considerable space on each fevel will be taken by ramps and circulation ways which must be kept free of parked cars. Only on the uppermost level (or the lowermost in the case of an underground garage) can cars be temporarily stored in the aisles as they normally are in an attendant-operated parking lot. On a sloping lot, developed with only two or throo parking levels, space normally...

Private Outdoor

Many older people, either by choice or by limitations of their physical conditions, are largely confined to their dwelling units, and access to a private outdoor space over which they hove control is very desirable. It offers a welcome change of atmosphere, a chance to grow flowers, cook out, and enjoy the sun. In the event of fire, a balcony con provide refuge and access to fresh air. Provision for private outdoor activities may take the form of balconies or patios. Requirements for patios are...

K A

Fig. 3 Perspective view of laboratory for general hotpital of 150 to 200 beds. tionalizing valves. Branch tines may he carried from the horizontal wall piping through the center ot the island to serve the benches on both sides (See Figs 3 and 4.) For safety purposes and to facilitate repairs, each individual piping system should be plainly identified by color, coding, or labeling. All waste piping should be of a noncorrosive material and should be discharged to a dilution pit or should be...

The Main Cooking Area

The main cooking deportment Is the heart of the kitchen and deserves special care in designing Both meat and vegetables are usually cooked in this area. Serving in table service restaurants may take place from or near this area In other installations, the cooked food is transported a considerable distance to the serving area. In genera), it has been found advisable to cook such items as vegetables in small batches aa close as possible to Iha nerving time, Thia consideration requires lhat at...

Rib

Area 752 sq flr 32 by 26 ft Office personnel One doctor, one nurse, one receptionist Units available One wetting room 17 ft 3 in, by 8 It 9 in - 11 people One drop area 6 ft 2 in. by 5 ft 6 In. - 4 people One reception office 11 ft 9 in. by 5 ft Fig. 1 Plan for one-doctor opthalmological office, Two refraction rooms-one 18-fT lane 2t ft by 8 It 8 in,, one 18-ft lane-20 ft 9 in , by 8 It fl m One treatment and minor-surgery room 9 ft by 7 ft 6 in, One nurse's office-field room 7 It 9 in, by 7 ft...

Kitchens

Fig. 15 Student dining hall or cafeteria with self-service carrousel. Capacity after the Initial phase, 1,400 ptnoni per hour. Seating at least 400 teats. Meal delivery from a central kitchen deep-freeze, bail-in-the-bog (Nacka), and Regelhermic system. Fig. 15 Student dining hall or cafeteria with self-service carrousel. Capacity after the Initial phase, 1,400 ptnoni per hour. Seating at least 400 teats. Meal delivery from a central kitchen deep-freeze, bail-in-the-bog (Nacka), and Regelhermic...

The Small Office

Figure 9 shows possible arrangements for a firm composed of only one lawyer If a single lawyer's office must serve as a library and conference room, and perhaps also accommodate the files, it should be large enough for a conference-type desk and four or five chairs. It is almost essential to have a second room for use as a reception room and secretary s office. It is better to have a separation between the secretary's space and the reception space. The files may be of sufficient volume to...

Tw I

YWCA. coHne shop. (J. N Pease Associates. Architect I Fig. IZ Charlotte, North Carol inn, YWCA, residence Dor IJ. N Pease Associates, Architects Fig. 13 YWCA el White Plains and Central Wostchestat, New Y oik, tesiriunco cluster IJ ames I Lolnran, Architect I 1 commons 3 kitchen 5 bedroom 2 dining 4 bath 6 sun deck Fig. 13 YWCA el White Plains and Central Wostchestat, New Y oik, tesiriunco cluster IJ ames I Lolnran, Architect I One of the earliest services the...

Bibuography

Beyer, Glenn H The Cornell Kitchen Product Design Through Research. Cor nell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca (1952 . HondbooJr of Kitchen Design. SmolJ Homes Council, University of Illinois, Urbane Heiner, Mary Koll, and McCullough, Helen E. Functional Kitchen Storage Bulletin 846, Cornell Univeriity Agricultural Ex-p rimant Station, Ithaca (June 194B). Heiner, Mary Kali, and Steidl, Rose E Guides for Arrangement of Urban Family Kitchens. Bulletin 876, Cornell Uni. versify...

Medical

The medical area of a rehabilitation center provides the following services medical evaluation, performed by the physician and his staff physical therapy, including hydrotherapy occupational therapy speech and hearing therapy It also furnishes the services of a prosthetic and or orthotic appliance shop. The detailed character of the medical area wilt vary with the program of the center itself. The emphases in the medical program will be determined by the needs of the patients and by already...

Description Of Spaces

Lobby, This most be easily accessible to the public, It contains reception information, loan officers, tellera, and check-writing desks. Booking, vol 56r pp 57-58 February, 1964 second floor of a building, escalators are recommended for public conveyance to the lobby, (2) Tellers should be located so that they are easily accessible and so that the spaces surrounding them allow easy circulation of the public- (3) Loan officers and other who have direct contact with the customer should be...

Oral Diagnosis

Clinic is included in the examination and diagnostic area. However, the radiology clinic also serves ail the other clinics, and patients undergoing treatment are directed here for additional roentgenograms, Shielding Against Radiation. Rooms containing x-ray machines must be shielded through the use of lead-lined walls and partitions or appropriate building materials of an adequate thickness. In addition, controls for x-ray machines should be located behind shielded partitions. In general,...

Social

Evaluation, training, and placement the sheltered workshop (or rehabilitation workshop) is part ot this area, and in some cases, certain aspects of special education will be included-The vocational program is determined by the needs of the patients and the needs and opportunities of business and industry in the community served by the center. This program is a most important part of the patient's total rehabilitation process, (See Fig. 16.) This area has the responsibility of acquainting the...

Diagrams Of Essential Library Elements

Three diagroms have been prepared as an aid lo visualizing the functional relationships of the principal areas in typical small libraries. These diagrams are for libraries for towns of 5,000, 10,000 and 25,000 persons respectively. They ore mean I to clarify relationships and circulation patterns. They definitely are not building plans, nor do they constitute the only possible relationships between the program elements. It is intended that they assist in understanding the interrelationships...

Ven R Refrig F Freezer Srange

Bination outlet for electric iron, pilot light, switch and outlet electric clock special lighting on machines electric duplex outlet spaced at least every 12 ft of available wall space sink with hot and cold waler. In laying out the prototype kitchen units it should be remembered that there are both instructors and students using them hence dimensions between countors should be more ample. Figure 121 indicates some minimum dimensions, while Fig. 122 shows a grouping of U kitchens. Fig. 123...

LjLJ

Fit. 4 D feront ways of dividing up Bitiihrlion spate Fig. 5 In 1942. M-Oi van dm Roho devoted a amu' dual of attention in the theoielical jesnjn ol museum lor a small tin tn provide h letting tm Picasso's painting Guernica The building it designed to tie as fteiible as possible, consisting simply ol a Hoot slab, columns, roof plate, freestanding partitions and anterior walls of glass. I ho relativenbsenct) ol etchitectuie intensifies the individuality nl each wotk pi an and at the sama time...

Y

Fig. 6 Treatment cubicles and lamination room Equipment for this department may include infrared and ultraviolet lamp*, diathermy, hot peck and electrical stimulation apparatus, ultrasonic equipment, suspension apparatus (Guthrie-Smith), electrical diagnostic apparatus moist heat equipment, sand bags, powder boards, powder, oil or lotion, alcohol, and linen. In many cases patients will be lying on their backs during treatments. Ceiling lighting should be indirect or semi-direct to avoid glare....

Five Guides For Space Allowances

Good space utilization does not necessarily mean allocating the least possible working space per person. On the contrary, too little working space may reduce the worker's efficiency and waste many times the savings made by any reduction in the squara foot rontal costs. Good space utilization, in its broad meaning, allots more space to those positions whose activity justifies it, and reducos the space where there is a surplus. There is no accurate scale of space allowances which will make layout...

Office Landscaping

A number of large U.S. corporations have been experimenting with an open planning system known in the space planning and design profes slon as office landscaping. This concept of planning originated in West Germany and has been used extensively in European office opera tions. It is intended to create an open, flexible layout by grouping personnel and their work stations in accordance with group communications and with interdepartmental work flow and rclo tionships. The proponents of the...

Domestic And Imported Passenger Carsby Classes

The popular domestic nod imported passenger cars ere listed below in seven classes The rating categories are established on the basis of square feet of floor area covered by a vehicle, Class 60f for example, contains vehicles where the resultant of length X width dimensions fall into the 60.0 to 69.9 sq ft orea range. Class 70 covera (ho 70.0 to 79.9 sq ft erea rung*. It ciin bo MOititi thai tho nun domestic suh-compacts, Pinto, Vaga, and Gremlin, full Into II,a upper areas of Class 70,...

O 9 Io

The mining ot stacks with group study tables and study carrels, a teacher material preparation area, and a central nerve-control center. Figure 41 shows a typical carrel unit and detail equipped for audio-visual use Grouping four together in this manner saves space and is a useful alternative to wall perimeter units- Responding to the scarcity and high cost of land in certain communities. Fig, 42 shows a center that connects to in existing building, but is air conditioned and all below grade,...

Hospitals

Fig. 2 Recommended suite with separate preparation and examining room*. 1. Electroencephalograph, console type 3. Steel cabinet with helving and door 6. Photostimulator panel (if used) 7. Clock with sweep second hand above glass panel 10. Sink in counter, cabinets below 12. Choir for patient preparation 16. Two holes through wall, 3 in., 20 in. from floor 18. General office-type desk and chair 20. Executive-type desk and chair 21. Two-pole switch for light in patient's roam 22. Filing...

Police Stations

Police sfalione represent one of the necessary governmental functions requiring careful planning. One of the most serious administrative problems confronting most police forces is lack of adequate or proper space and facilities for a police headquarter a and jail. There ore two main objectives to be considered in the construction of the police department building first, the handling and processing of the prisoners second, the service to the public- The arrangement should bo such that prisoners...

Typical Stack Loading Diaoi2am

For octavos and quartos- usually 7 shelves per section, divided as follows. 85 percent 8-in. shelves 10 percent 10-in. shelves 5 percent 12-in. shelves Area and Volume Requirements The cubook can be reduced to approximate terms of area and volume requirements for bookstacks, as follows 11.08 cubooks require 1 sq ft of stock floor area 1.48 cubooks require 1 cu ft of space in a stack These values can be used as follows Required stock floor area No. cubooks > . 0.090 Required space (cu It) No....

Site Planning And Subdivision Layout

Site And Neighborhood Layouts

Site pi anning in its narrow sense involves the disposition of space for appropriate uses the positioning of structures to provide effective relationships (well-proportioned mosses with attractive outlooks and good orientation) the provision of access to structures in an expeditious, attractive, and safe manner the design of Ihe services, walks, streets, parking facilities, drainage, ond utilities the preservation of the natural advantage of the site, and its enhancement by landscaping. In its...

Multichgice In A Single Theater

Besides the choice among three traditional, historical theater shapes, which are available to theater planners end designers today, a new combination of multiples has appeared. Now, we can attempt to have several, or all three of these stage forms in a single building even in the same auditorium. This unique possibility has led to the extreme complication of present-day theater design and to the utter confusion of present-day theater designers. The educator s desire to perform Shakespearean...

Dressing Rooms

Modular Stage Structure Drawing

When the encircling stage is used with all panels open, wagons are dispensed with and scenery is formalized. If structurally possible, the entire proscenium should be unimpeded by fined columns. However, two columns placed at either side of an imaginary proscenium may be very useful for concealing vertical banks of lights. These light housings (in this case the columns) are called tormentors, and are preferably movable. (See Fig. 3.) Diagram of the encircling stage shows three spaces...

Outpatient Activity

Because physical medicine in the Outpatient Activity is used by both inpatients and outpatients, it is situated for the convenience and accessibility of both types of patients. Patients arriving at the Emergency Activity are evaluated (triage), and appropriate disposition is made of each case. The surgical suite is located close lo the Emer gency Activity to ensure the most rapid convey ance of a patient in a life-threatening situation Cardiac arrest patients will receive immediate treatment by...

Types Of Facilities

Increased emphasis on restructuring correctional systems to effect maximum change in offenders has resulted in the growth of various interrelated facility types, each serving different functions, often under separate jurisdictions. Lockups or holding cells, are security facilities for the temporary detention of persons held for investigation or preliminary hearings following arrest These facilities are usually operated by the police department and detention in them generally does not exceed 48...

Gymnasium

Circulation Space Required For Gymnasium

26, in a compoct plan on a restricted city site, connected by a see through, central, two story unit of cafeteria, study and lobby and balcony circulation (toned area and library at the second level. Terrain and grading of site allow academic units to exit without stair units, form articulation develops a scale compatible la the neighborhood's apartments. Figure 27 is a school that has been added to mony times its most recent and substantial addition enlarges it from a school for 2,400 students...

Design Of Teletherapy Units

Radiation and Architectural Considerations for Cobalt-60 Unit By the term teletherapy, we re restricting ourselves to the use of radiation et a distan a thet is, the subject and source are separated by a distance of 50 centimeters or more. In particular, we era concerned with the usa of the radioactive isotopes cobalt*60 end cesium-137 as sources of radiation in teletherapy units- We have restricted our discussion to ,uCo and 'Cs, primarily beceuse thay are the more familiar of the isotopes...

Planning The Small Museum

Museum Requirements Space

The objective of Ihe proposed museum should be clearly defined, os well as the geographic region, the subject (history, natural history, or art) and extent of display and other services. The following is an example of a suitable basic statement for a small rnu & um The bo tic objective of the Museum it to collect, pre serve, study ond exhibit significant objects of the com m unity, and provide related educational fervices in order To increase public knowledge and stimulate creative activity....

Furniture Clearances

To assure adequate space far convenient use of furniture in the bedroom, nat less than the following clearances should be observed (Figs 2 and 42 in at one side or foot of bed for dressing 6 in between side of bed ond side of dresser or chest 36 in in front of dresser, closet, and chest of drawers 24 in for major circulation path (door to closet, etc,) 22 in on one side of bed for circulation 12 in on least used side of double bed. The least used side of a single or fwin bed can be placed...

Consultation Room

This space is generally the stopping point, at some time, for all patients passing through the office. The patieni is usually directed lhare first for a discussion of symptoms and progress and for simple examinations, He is then sent to an examination or treatment room, from which ha may return to the consultation room for further discussion arid prescription. However, there seems to be a trend to simplify and speed up this procedure, in a majority of instances, by concentrating the entire...

Security Control

Security control in a correctional institution is effected by every component of the institution, Including layout and design of building elements, details of operation and construction, and the skilled and intelligent supervision of prisoners by a competent siaff. Central control is monitored by a control room that functions as the nerve center of the institution. This area is constantly In complete operation acting as the custodial center for key control, communications, alarm, and traffic...

The Baptismal Font

This unit is an important part of liturgical activities and must be placed in a prominent area of the church room ihot is. in the chancel or in a space conveniently close to it. It must be in the visual range of the congregation so that all can participate in the baptismal rites. The baptismol font may bo a fixed element or it can be a movable unit which can be placed conveniently when required If it is a fixed unit, a proper setting must be provided. Figure 7 gives some basic dimensions to be...

Kitchen Personnel And Their Functions

Chef de cuisine (kitchen chef) is responsible for purchase of goods, cost control, setting up the menu, and supervision of personnel and hygiene in the kitchen area. Sous-chef (kitchen chef's assistant) represents the kitchen chef In his absence in a targe organization, he takes over some of the chef's duties, Saucier (sauce cook) prepares all sauces and the meals that go with them, as well as all fish dishes (although in large organizations there is a poissonier) he is responsible for the...

Interior Design

Lawyers offices require little interior decoration, but there is a discernible tendency to make offices homelike. Accessories used should be carefully selected, The most common wall decorations found in lawyers offices are the certificates of admission to the bar and diplomas. These serve the purpose of assuring clients of the lawyer's qualifications. Fig. 18 Arrangement tor largo firms 19 lawyers. Rental area 23,040 sq ft, 144 by 180 ft. Architectural area 23,652 sq ft, 1,212 sq ft per lawyor....

Koom

IMTKAPE-PAKTMEAITAL KELWIWSNIF' SiUtMt police room moy also be used by reporters and attorneys. Immediate members of the family may retire to the family room pending the outcome of medical intervention involving a life-threatening situation of a patient here, doctors and clergymen may converse with the family. Waiting in an Emergency Activity is a particularly difficult time for every patient since each perceives his medical urgency as unique. A state of anxiety predominates. The environment,...

UJT I

(6) Riff, Colean, Vosg and Souder, Architects, F-ifl 3 Typical plant o oppmiing u it * (c) Louis Allen Abramson, Architect. Aft on* of I he areas in the hospital whore patients are moat vulnerable to infection, the nursery should be planned to provide the beftl means for the care, safety, and welfare of the infants. Although the plans and diagrams, shown here, have been developed for hospitals of specified sizes, the principles set forth apply to all hospitals, large or small, new or old. Basic...

Selecting The Location Of The City Hall

Civic Centers In selecting the location for a city hall, the first consideration is whether it should be placed on a site by itself or whether it should be combined with a group of related buildings in a civic center. The oivio center has had great appeal to the city planner because It offers oertaln advantages and at the same time provides for latitude in design, The buildings that are included In civic oenters range from a grouping of strictly administrative offices and service buildings to a...

Television Broadcasting Facilities

Television broadcasting facilities range from a tiny station serving a small community to a major network facility with multiple studios and extensive supporting facilities providing programming to hundreds of city and regional markets- Because of the wide variation in requirements, this article will be limited to basic planning considerations plus a brief description of each of the facilities thai may be required. Emphasis is on program origination facilities transmitter installations are...

Auditoriums

The school auditorium is frequently used as a center for community affairs. It should be so designed and equipped that it may be vised effectively by all groups amateurs, professionals, youth and adult alike. The use of this facilily will extend over a wide range, including concerts, plays, motion pictures, forums, and other lorms of presentation. The stage is the essential educational facility, for it is on the stage that young people have the opportunity to learn to present themselves before...

Iso

4 SO 450 10 (100 1.200 200 400 300 300 250 Chief librarian's office Recepiion**eeretary' office.,---- 11 Istorical librarian's office. ---- Office storage.____ ----- Si aft toilets and lockera 240 200 200 200 120 120 0 400 210 240 provided for unbound journals. If toping display shelve are used tor currant issues of journals, open halving underneath for housing unbound earliar issues ara mora convenient then closed compartments. A room with paging facilities may ba provided for ths use of those...

Bench

Fig. 7 Recommended U-shapod unit of lockers dressing booths. Collapsible bleacher , a viewing balcony, and a portable or permanent stage may be included in the program and budget. Consult Planning Areas and Facilities tor Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, published by the American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. I 201 Sixteenth Street, N.W Washington. D C. 20036. and available on order from the YWCA Nuiional Board, 600 Lexington Avenue, New York, N Y....

The Auditorium

Of primary importance are good hearing and good sightlines to every part of the performance areas, This means that an effective compromise must be made between width and depth. A vary wide auditorium may have good acoustics but poor sight lines, while a vary narrow auditorium will tend toward the re-verae. Effective acoustical planning depends on the correct placement of reflective surfaces for all sounds involved in the parformanca. Care must be taken, for instance, not to place opposing walls...

Sight Lines

II the patron is to see satisfactorily, plan and section must conform to a rtumbur of limitations which are set forlh in the following list To design an auditorium is to determine a seating area within these limitations and to establish position (not shape) of walls and shape of floors therefrom. t. The horizontal angle of polychromatic vision (no eye movement) is approximately 40 2. The horizontal angle to the center line at which objects onstage, upstage of the curtain line, cease to bear the...

Plans For Small Museums

The foregoing remarks apply to every new museum, whatever its size. We shall now considar more particularly the principles and characteristics on which the planning and construction of small museums should be based By small museum we understand any in stitution whose program and finances are restricted so that, st least at its inception, the premises built for It will ba of limited size, in most cases only one story high. It is not so easy to determine precisely within what limits the idea of...

Room And Area Requirements

Music facilities can be divided into two general classifications depending upon their function those used for instructional activities and those serving in an auxiliary capacity such as storage areas, workrooms, and offices. A typical large music facility for an institution of higher education will require a wide variety of rooms and work areas. The needs of elementary and secondary schools will probably be somewhat less but will incorporate many ol these functional areas. (See Fig. 1 t,...

Hd

Btiikfirifi Codes The so can bo flexible- If a particular building is well suited to your needs and yet cannot be made to comply with local codes in certain categories, a reconsideration may be reguesled based on need and on a willingness to provide extra safeguards or concessions in other categories of the code. The leasing of small, sound residences ready for immediate occupancy has been done for seven-bed units. This is the quickest and least obtrusive means of filling the architectural...

Office Layout By Function

The office operation is like a large machine which needs to have all of its parts synchro-nixed and moving smoothly. Each office function must mesh smoothly with the olhers with a minimum of Iriction. The office machine's source of power ie in formation, end it is the purpose of good office layout design to permit this Information to flow smoothly, avoiding unnecessary turns and traps. There is certainly no one office layouf that will fit all companies, any more than there is sn all-purpose...

Nsj

It is used for boys and girls' glee clubs and mixed chorus. The room should have a flat floor and 6-ft-wide doors so that a piano can be moved in and out. It may be rounded al rear. A chalkboard with music ruling on part of it, a pulltype screen over the chalkboard, and a bulletin board are recommended. Furniture and equipment include movable seats of the drop-arm type, conductor's platform, record player, tape recorder, storage for records and sheet music, piano, television set, portable...

Bassinet Space For Observation Nursery For New Born

And providing optimum conditions of temperature, relative humidity and ventilation Figures 1 to 13 show a variety of nursery plans. Full-term nurseries should be located in the meterniiy nursing unit as close to the mothers as possible and away from the line of traffic of other than maternity services- An area of 30 feet per infant is recommended, elusive of the nurs ' station. The extent of the spread of infection in a nursery can be reduced as the number of infants in each nursery room is...

Section

Sight Angle From Balcony

The vortical angle of 30 at the spectator s position establishes the distance from the closest seat to the screen or to the highest significant object on the stage- The lowest seat in the orchestra must be located where the patron can just see the stage floor (except in the case of theaters built for motion pictures only). The highest seat in the balcony must be on a line which is not more than 30 to the horizontal at the front curtain at the stage floor if it is not to be above the limit of...

Half Circle Helical Ramp Car Park

Parking Ramp Plans

Fig. 4 Ramp lopes. (Transitions ore required only if romp slope exceeds 10 percent.) occurred leading to a buyers revolt against stretched-out sheet metal, followed by an increase in imports and introduction of domestic compacts Immediately following introduction of United States compacts the car manufacturers began an inching up process until the 05 sq ft compact was 90 sq ft as evidenced in the 1963-1970 shortest car ' indication. During the same period the low-price three' began an active...

Display Case

Fia. 8 Preclinical laboratory of 9B student positions utilizing closed circuit television (or demonstrations. clinical laboratory ia actually a (ivullidiscip)in laboratory, tor all the preclinical dental science courses are taught here tho instructors of the several uubjects lake over the laboratory in turn while the student remain in their assigned places. S& atiitfi In (lit) arrangement most common to preclinical laboratories, students sit on each side of a bench, their backs to those of...

Space For Activities Dr Group

The number and types of room* to be included for program use will be determined by the space budget previously prepared by the VWCA building committee and the degree to which multiple-purpose use can be made of each area- Few buildings, even large ones, should have big rooms for single-purpose use An auditorium with slanted tloor and permanent seating is n luxury unless there is such heavy demand for it that it will actually be in use a large amount of the time. The largest room for which an...

Auditorium Dimensions

Preliminary estimate may be baaed upon the Rule of Thumb which is sufficiently accurate (or rough sketches. Tablet. For such purposes as financing, working drawings, etc., follow method outlined in Examples A, B, C and D, Variations between the two methods are to be expected. Allow 7sq. ffc per Seat, including Aisles and Cross-overs. This is sufficiently accurate for preliminary planning. EXAMPLE A Given auditorium area B7'-0 x Si'-5 or 4900 -f iq. H., how many 20 leati, 36 back - to - back 1....

The Learning Environment

Business and industry have amply proved that people perform more efficiently in ideally controlled surroundings, and equally well support ed is the fact that financial savings have been made. Translating these arguments to the school situation, it can be said that if students learn and teachers instruct more efficiently in a controlled learning environment, more students can be educated in less time, hence al a lower cost per student. If the building is conditioned for effective 12-month...

The Social Center

Thu three principal functions of the synagogue ere to provide u place for worship, a place for education, and a place for the Jewish community to carry on some of its social activities The latter function the community function is whal makes the synagogue such an unusual religious building. It is fair to say that the extent to which a modern synagogue fulfills that community function will determine whether the congregation thinks of its building as a symbol of a living religion or whether the...

Basic History Ano Trends

A shopping center is a complex of retail stores end related facilities planned as a unified group to give maximum shopping convenience to the customer and maximum exposure to the merchandise The concept is not new. The agora of the typical city of ancient Greece was essentially a shopping center in the heart of the business district. The Emperor Trajan's architect, the Greek slave Apollodorus* built a shopping center adjacent to the Roman Forum in A.D. 110. It had a two-lovul enclosed and...

Interspacial Movement

Fig. 15 Spatial disposition for informal hearings, basad an document transfer Fig. 16 Spatial disposition for informal hearings, bated on a total communication system shape, but where witnesses and a reporter do not attend,, a flexible furniture arrangement permits parties and their representatives to be moved closer to the judge. To emphosize his role, the judge's bench should be raised, but not so high as to prevent informality in ihe proceeding. Since all participants remain seated when...

Regional Shopping Centers

Amount ol business in the Iwti months before Christmas- Its next busiest season is before Easter, and the next busiest, after that, is prior to back to school- Therefore, shopping center m general and department stores in particular customarily set opening dates that are inviolable Any serious postponement can jeopardize the heavy investment in merchandise for that particular seeson. It is customary, therefore, in all shopping cenler operations to schedule the work backward from the mandatory...

Fellowship Hall Units Of Various Sizes

A Fellowship Hall and Lounge Seating Approximately 100 (70 + 28) The floor plan below (Ftg. 5) illustrates how a small fellowship hall may be used as a first unit for a congregation expected to eventually number 300-350 persons. Space for dining in this building.-70 at tables in the fellowship hall 28 at tables in the lounge 98 total seating capacity Assembly seating for worship 81 in the temporary sanctuary 10 in the choir 32 overflow seating in the lounge 123 total seating capacity Church...

How To Use A Vitalometer Spirameter

Besides diabotos. numerous latent conditions may result in abnormal glucose levels This station consists of a dental and soft tissue examination. Disposable instruments may be used. Teeth are not cleaned or filled in the unit. See Fig. 5. Vital Signs The screenee lies down on an examining table where his pulse, respiratory rate, and blood pressure are checked and recorded With the monitor shown, temperature may also be taken. Modular monitoring equipment is available which measures and...

Multiphasic Health Screening Centers

Space for this station should be provided for the physician or HN to handle any emergencies that might arise during the screening process. Basic patient flow chartH are represented in Fig 21a and b The individual health evaluation tests are grouped according to the ease and convenience of administering each one, and according to equipment size and or similarity Functional body systems were given only secondary consideration where grouping of tests was concerned Eoch testing group is referred to...

Contributors

Iris Alex, AIA Building Consultant YWCA James W. At i Associ t e Curator, the American Museum of Natural History Geoffrey Baker Architect Herbert Bohrond.P.E. Richard M.Bennett, AIA Frederick Bentel, AIA Maria Bentel, AIA Chester Arthur Berry, Ed.D. Glenn H. Beyer Housing Research Center. Charles M. Boldon Conrad Associates William N.Bieger, AIA Gladys L. Brown Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Consultant C. William Brubaker, AIA The Perkins amp wm Harold Burris-Meyer Charles A. Chaney...

Jewelry Shops

Jewelry stores range Irom the small shop which sells fine, expensive, and exclusive items to the commercial credit store which displays and sells in volume, and then to the costume jewelry shop. Jewelry, at all prices, is an impulse item and so needs good visual appeal. The better jewelry store is a small store with a small front and may be the open or see-through type. Displays are on an individual basis, uncluttered, very well illuminated, and up high for easy, close examination, This store...

Main Entrance And Lobby

The front entrance ahould bo inviting and accessible, avoiding steep steps and providing sufficient platform space on the outside so that there is adequete clearance for doors that open out. Access for the handicapped must be provided. Doors ahould be sturdy but not too heavy. They should give some viaion into the immediate lobby into which people enter. Space inside the doors and on traffic lanes to other parts Of the building should be sufficient and routed to cauae a minimum of congestion at...

Industrial And Vocational Facilities

Industrial and vocational education ara one and the same, 'vocational lifting the more currant arm and implying a more specialised education prograni designed to train d person lor a vocation r lit ha r than simply acquainting him with a working knowledge of tools and Iheir uses-Many schoole extend their in.school education to cooperative program with local industries, providing the student with actual on-the-job experience. Additionally, industry representatives counsel and work with it.it...

Bank Vaults

VAULT PLAN - A B'W x 14'0 ' H INSIDE 1 I 12 sq ft inv.de floor oreo 3. 30 lin h for s d bo.ei 3. 8 In, ft for locked VAULT PLAN - C 1 W gt 11' 1 , t H INSIDf I I 12 iq. ft imidB floor Oreo. Fig. 1 The nbovu plont are recommended for lingls-aitle voulti up ta 14 intide clear width . Interior vault dimentiont should be ettablithed In accordance with individual requiromrnti and the emergency vault ventilator ihould bo located through a convenient wall area that it expoted Intide I ha building....

L

Surrounding a common conference and work area. Mere students moy come on appointment, or on a drop-in basis, ond consult with their instructor os readify as they could consult with the other resources contained in the center. This type of facility would be most appropriate for a non-graded or continuous-progress type of educational philosophy. It might serve either at a re source subcenter in a school-within-a-school concept or as the basic resources center in o school which is moving toward...

Bar

SPACE FOR SEATED WORKER 27 39 Fig. 2. Space requirements Far ironing boord Fig. 3. Space requirement far ironer Souree Fig. und 3 Creite P. Siuden and Ktilhlern A. Johwslon., Space Cor Home LaUJidering, Bulletin lt 158, Peiinxytiania State l'nivemity Agrieultural Experiment Station, Vnitersity Park iJuly 1959 . Fig. 4. Spote requirement for two types of automatic washers Fig. 4. Spote requirement for two types of automatic washers Fig. 5. Spote requirements for two types of automatic dryers...

Doors And Windows

Sothroom doors can be as small as 2 ft wide, except for utility bathroom , for which doors should be not less than 2 ft 4 in. wide to permit passage of equipment os required In general, bathrooms should contain only one door. Door swings should be arranged so that 1 The door cannot strike any person using any fixture 2 The door will shield or conceal the toilet ond 3 The door may be left fully open for ventilation in worm weather. Customarily, doors swing into the bathroom. If hall areas are...

Mechanical Equipment

The proposed mechanical systems for the building must be presented and explained to the building committee and board of directors. The anticipated capability of the maintenance staff is a factor to consider in the choice of systems. Automatic controls should be considered in order to cut down on maintenance time. If there are not sufficient funds available to complete air-conditioning systems, for example, install roughing provisions for future completion which will cause the least disruption...

Trx Space Requirements

Divide Architecture Diagram Space

Off-center rooms often divide naturally into two parts primary group, and other groups combined. Clearance no greater than 2' will not accommodate a major traffic lane. 16. In this case Hie primary conversation group is curtailed to permit inclusion of a grand piano use of corner bench for game group may result in some loss of comfort. 17. Two smaller upholstered chairs 6 , each 2'-6 3'-0 might be accommodated at the right of the fireplace in this room with only a slight increase in room...

Fha Requirements For Kitchen

Total shelf area 50 sq ft minimum not From Minimum Property Standards for One and Two Living Units, Federal Housing Administration, Washington, D C. Revised, July 1959 . less than 20 sq ft in either wall or base Total cownterfop areo 11 sq ft minimum, Total drawer area, 11 sq ft minimum. If a 39-in, range is provided, It may be counted as 4 sq ft of base cabinet shelf area ond 2 sq ft of countertop area. Wall shelving 74 in. maximum height. Countertop 38 in. moximum height, 30 in. minimum...