Richard M. Adler, AIA

Iris Alex, AIA Building Consultant YWCA

Egmont Arens Industrial Design or

James W. At i Associât e Curator, the American Museum of Natural History

Geoffrey Baker Architect Herbert Bohrond.P.E. Richard M.Bennett, AIA Frederick Bentel, AIA Maria Bentel, AIA Chester Arthur Berry, Ed.D.

Glenn H. Beyer Housing Research Center.

Cornell University

Charles M. Boldon Conrad Associates William N.Bieger, AIA

Gladys L. Brown Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Consultant

C. William Brubaker, AIA The Perkins & wm


Harold Burris-Meyer Charles A. Chaney Alonso W, Clark, AIA Harold Cliffer, AIA F. G. Cole Walter L. Cook William J. Cronin, Jr. Laurence Curtis Marvin Cutler, AID T. P.DeiS Architect Clyde H. Oorsett, AIA Lathrop Douglass, FAIA Max Fengler Architect W. R. Ferguson

A.PeterFlorio Designer-Consultent

John J.Fruin, Ph.D. Bruno Futtaro Architect RichBrd U. Gamhrill Francis W. Gencorelli, AIA Noyce L. Griffin, E.E. John J. Grosfeld, AIA Victor Gruen, AIA

J. L. Gruzen, AIA Gruien and Partners Don Halamka

Morton Hartman, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation

Ernest J. Hasch Keith I. Hibner, AIA

August Hoenack U.S. Public Health Service

Joseph Horowitz, P.E. Ménager. Facilities Engineering Dept.. Columbia Broadcasting System. Inc.

George A. Hutchinson, AIA The Perkins & wm


Emmet Ingram, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation David Jones

Aaron N. Klff Architect

Alexander Kira Housing Research Center. Cornell University

Joseph Kleinman Architect

Robert L. Knapp, AIA Charles Luckman Associates

A. Frederick Kolflat, AIA The Perkins & Will

Corporation J. J. Koster Architect. Gruzen and Partners

Lendal H. Kotschevar Alan Lapidus, AIA Morris Lapidus, AIA Betsy Laslett Fred Lawson

Stanton Leggett Educational Consultant Ronald Mace, AIA


James Mackenzie

Francis Joseph McCarthy, FAIA

William McCoy, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation

Gordon P. McMaster Architect

Frank Memoli Architect

Emmanuel Mesagna Architect

Keyes D. Metcalf

Jo Mielliner Stag» Designer

William A. Mills ArchitectureI Consultant

Maurice Mogulescu Bruno Molajoli

George Muramoto Architect

Richard Muther

Clifford E. Nelson, M.D.

Oscar Newman Architect

Raymond C. Ovraset, AIA The Perkins & wm


James A. Paddock Dober, Peddock. Upton end Associates. Inc.

Julius Panero Architect end Urban Plenning Consultent W. Russel Parker Architect Robert Perlman

Frank Harrison Randolph, P.E. Professor of Hotel

Engineering, Cornell University

Kenneth Ricci Architect Scott Turner Ritenour Herbert Ross Industrial Designer

Richard F. Rati Christine F. Salmon, AIA F. Cuthbert Salmon, AIA

Maurice R. Salo, AIA Consulting Architect to the Lutheran Church in America

BenSchlanger Arch itec t and Theater Consultant

Myron E. Schoen, F.T.A. Director. Commission on Synagogue A dm in ist ra tion

Max B. Schreiber Architect

Walt er E. Sc hultz Architecture/ Consulten t

Samuel Seiden

Peter C. Smith Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects

R. Jackson Smith, AIA Bernard Spero William Staniar, M.E. Wilbur R. Taylor Architect Margaret E.Terrell James G. Terrill, Jr. George H. Tryon Howard P. Vermilya. AIA Joshua H. Vogel, AIA Mildred C. Widber

Philip Will, Jr., AIA The Perkins S Will Corporation

Richard M. Williams Director. National Building Consultation and Supply Services, Boys'Clubs of Americe

Mary Worther Architect xll


American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation

American Association of Port Authorities

American Association for State and Local History

American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums

American Bar Association

American Library Association

American Medical Association

American Psychiatric Association

American Trucking Associations, Inc.

American Youth Hostels, Inc.

Association of College Unions - International

The Athletic Institute

Soy Scouts of America

Soys' Clubs of America

Brunswick Corp.

Canadian Museum Association

Center for Architectural Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Conference Board of Mathematical Sciences

Civil Aeronautics Administration

Educetional Facilities Laboratories

Ena Foundation

Federal Aviation Administration Federal Housing Administration General Motors Corporetion General Services Administration Housing and Home Finance Agency Housing Research Center, Cornell University Humble Oil & Refining Co.

Institute of Outdoor Drama, University of North Carolina Institute of Traffic Engineers International Association of Chiefs of Police International City Managers' Association International Youth Hostel Federation Michigan State Housing Development Authority xili

Mobile Homes Manufacturers Association Mosler Safe Co.

Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of the U.S., Inc. Music Educators National Conference National Association of Engine and Boet Manufacturers, Inc. National Association of Home Builders

National Council of the Young Men's Christian Association of U.S.A.

National Council on the Aging

National Crushed Stone Association

National Education Association

National Fire Protection-International

National Fisheries Center and Aquariums

National Institute of Mental Health

National Golf Association

National Office Products Association

National Recreation and Park Association

National Rifle Association

National Swimming Pool Institute

New York City Hoosing Authority

New York State University Construction Fund

Philadelphia Housing Association

Texas A & M University, School of Architecture

United Methodist Church, Board of Global Ministries

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now called U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of the Navy U.S. Public Health Service University of California University of Oregon

University of Washington, Bureau of Government Research and Services Urban Land Institute xlv

Preface to the Second Edition

The first edition of TIME-SAVER STANDARDS FOR BUILDING TYPES was a unique and significant publication. It established for the first time a comprehensive source of reference material dealing with the functional analysis and standards of all major types of buildings. It contained in a single source an extensive amount of essential planning data for the architectural designer and related professionals. This was accomplished by contributions from many individuals and by researching and consolidating a wide range of literature. As much as possible, the criteria were presented in graphic form for easier reference and use. In a span of a few short years, the first edition has established itself as a useful and popular reference source to both professionals and students. In order to maintain its effectiveness and meet this need, the book requires periodic review and revision to incorporate new developments and thinking. As a result, the second edition has been published. The new edition has been expanded by over two hundred pages and approximately twenty-five percent of the original book has been revised. Obsolete pages have been eliminated and more current materials have been added. Also, several new building types have been included.

The authors wish to emphasize to the user of this handbook that the material presented is primarily offered to give basic or general data for a particular building type. This material is not intended to give definitive schematics, rigid formulas, or final design solutions that will automatically provide the solution to the particular design problem at hand. Rather, these standards and criteria should be the starting point for further analysis, study, and review of the functional relationships of each building type. Primarily, the material in this handbook is intended to be used by the architect, designer, student, or related design professionals in the following manner:

1. to assist in developing building programs and establishing preliminary space allocations.

2. to analyze specific client needs and to quantify them

3. to study general and specific functional relationships

4. to assist in the preparations of preliminary architectural designs

The authors strongly believe in the principle that form follows function and that before a building can succeed aesthetically it must perform its function efficiently. All the material presented in this handbook deals with the function of a building rather than its form. There is absolutely no attempt to dictate or even suggest aesthetic or definitive design solutions to any kv building type. The architectural designer must have complete freedom to exercise his or her creative abilities. With the handbook's solid functional basis, this goal can be achieved more successfully.


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