Richard M. Adler, AIA
Iris Alex, AIA Building Consultant YWCA
Egmont Arens Industrial Design or
James W. At i Associât e Curator, the American Museum of Natural History
Geoffrey Baker Architect Herbert Bohrond.P.E. Richard M.Bennett, AIA Frederick Bentel, AIA Maria Bentel, AIA Chester Arthur Berry, Ed.D.
Glenn H. Beyer Housing Research Center.
Charles M. Boldon Conrad Associates William N.Bieger, AIA
Gladys L. Brown Health, Physical Education, and Recreation Consultant
C. William Brubaker, AIA The Perkins & wm
Harold Burris-Meyer Charles A. Chaney Alonso W, Clark, AIA Harold Cliffer, AIA F. G. Cole Walter L. Cook William J. Cronin, Jr. Laurence Curtis Marvin Cutler, AID T. P.DeiS Architect Clyde H. Oorsett, AIA Lathrop Douglass, FAIA Max Fengler Architect W. R. Ferguson
John J.Fruin, Ph.D. Bruno Futtaro Architect RichBrd U. Gamhrill Francis W. Gencorelli, AIA Noyce L. Griffin, E.E. John J. Grosfeld, AIA Victor Gruen, AIA
J. L. Gruzen, AIA Gruien and Partners Don Halamka
Morton Hartman, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation
Ernest J. Hasch Keith I. Hibner, AIA
August Hoenack U.S. Public Health Service
Joseph Horowitz, P.E. Ménager. Facilities Engineering Dept.. Columbia Broadcasting System. Inc.
George A. Hutchinson, AIA The Perkins & wm
Emmet Ingram, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation David Jones
Aaron N. Klff Architect
Alexander Kira Housing Research Center. Cornell University
Joseph Kleinman Architect
Robert L. Knapp, AIA Charles Luckman Associates
A. Frederick Kolflat, AIA The Perkins & Will
Corporation J. J. Koster Architect. Gruzen and Partners
Lendal H. Kotschevar Alan Lapidus, AIA Morris Lapidus, AIA Betsy Laslett Fred Lawson
Stanton Leggett Educational Consultant Ronald Mace, AIA
Francis Joseph McCarthy, FAIA
William McCoy, AIA The Perkins & Will Corporation
Gordon P. McMaster Architect
Frank Memoli Architect
Emmanuel Mesagna Architect
Keyes D. Metcalf
Jo Mielliner Stag» Designer
William A. Mills ArchitectureI Consultant
Maurice Mogulescu Bruno Molajoli
George Muramoto Architect
Clifford E. Nelson, M.D.
Oscar Newman Architect
Raymond C. Ovraset, AIA The Perkins & wm
James A. Paddock Dober, Peddock. Upton end Associates. Inc.
Julius Panero Architect end Urban Plenning Consultent W. Russel Parker Architect Robert Perlman
Frank Harrison Randolph, P.E. Professor of Hotel
Engineering, Cornell University
Kenneth Ricci Architect Scott Turner Ritenour Herbert Ross Industrial Designer
Richard F. Rati Christine F. Salmon, AIA F. Cuthbert Salmon, AIA
Maurice R. Salo, AIA Consulting Architect to the Lutheran Church in America
BenSchlanger Arch itec t and Theater Consultant
Myron E. Schoen, F.T.A. Director. Commission on Synagogue A dm in ist ra tion
Max B. Schreiber Architect
Walt er E. Sc hultz Architecture/ Consulten t
Peter C. Smith Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects
R. Jackson Smith, AIA Bernard Spero William Staniar, M.E. Wilbur R. Taylor Architect Margaret E.Terrell James G. Terrill, Jr. George H. Tryon Howard P. Vermilya. AIA Joshua H. Vogel, AIA Mildred C. Widber
Philip Will, Jr., AIA The Perkins S Will Corporation
Richard M. Williams Director. National Building Consultation and Supply Services, Boys'Clubs of Americe
Mary Worther Architect xll
American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation
American Association of Port Authorities
American Association for State and Local History
American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums
American Bar Association
American Library Association
American Medical Association
American Psychiatric Association
American Trucking Associations, Inc.
American Youth Hostels, Inc.
Association of College Unions - International
The Athletic Institute
Soy Scouts of America
Soys' Clubs of America
Canadian Museum Association
Center for Architectural Research, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
Conference Board of Mathematical Sciences
Civil Aeronautics Administration
Educetional Facilities Laboratories
Federal Aviation Administration Federal Housing Administration General Motors Corporetion General Services Administration Housing and Home Finance Agency Housing Research Center, Cornell University Humble Oil & Refining Co.
Institute of Outdoor Drama, University of North Carolina Institute of Traffic Engineers International Association of Chiefs of Police International City Managers' Association International Youth Hostel Federation Michigan State Housing Development Authority xili
Mobile Homes Manufacturers Association Mosler Safe Co.
Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of the U.S., Inc. Music Educators National Conference National Association of Engine and Boet Manufacturers, Inc. National Association of Home Builders
National Council of the Young Men's Christian Association of U.S.A.
National Council on the Aging
National Crushed Stone Association
National Education Association
National Fire Protection-International
National Fisheries Center and Aquariums
National Institute of Mental Health
National Golf Association
National Office Products Association
National Recreation and Park Association
National Rifle Association
National Swimming Pool Institute
New York City Hoosing Authority
New York State University Construction Fund
Philadelphia Housing Association
Texas A & M University, School of Architecture
United Methodist Church, Board of Global Ministries
U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now called U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development U.S. Department of the Navy U.S. Public Health Service University of California University of Oregon
University of Washington, Bureau of Government Research and Services Urban Land Institute xlv
The first edition of TIME-SAVER STANDARDS FOR BUILDING TYPES was a unique and significant publication. It established for the first time a comprehensive source of reference material dealing with the functional analysis and standards of all major types of buildings. It contained in a single source an extensive amount of essential planning data for the architectural designer and related professionals. This was accomplished by contributions from many individuals and by researching and consolidating a wide range of literature. As much as possible, the criteria were presented in graphic form for easier reference and use. In a span of a few short years, the first edition has established itself as a useful and popular reference source to both professionals and students. In order to maintain its effectiveness and meet this need, the book requires periodic review and revision to incorporate new developments and thinking. As a result, the second edition has been published. The new edition has been expanded by over two hundred pages and approximately twenty-five percent of the original book has been revised. Obsolete pages have been eliminated and more current materials have been added. Also, several new building types have been included.
The authors wish to emphasize to the user of this handbook that the material presented is primarily offered to give basic or general data for a particular building type. This material is not intended to give definitive schematics, rigid formulas, or final design solutions that will automatically provide the solution to the particular design problem at hand. Rather, these standards and criteria should be the starting point for further analysis, study, and review of the functional relationships of each building type. Primarily, the material in this handbook is intended to be used by the architect, designer, student, or related design professionals in the following manner:
1. to assist in developing building programs and establishing preliminary space allocations.
2. to analyze specific client needs and to quantify them
3. to study general and specific functional relationships
4. to assist in the preparations of preliminary architectural designs
The authors strongly believe in the principle that form follows function and that before a building can succeed aesthetically it must perform its function efficiently. All the material presented in this handbook deals with the function of a building rather than its form. There is absolutely no attempt to dictate or even suggest aesthetic or definitive design solutions to any kv building type. The architectural designer must have complete freedom to exercise his or her creative abilities. With the handbook's solid functional basis, this goal can be achieved more successfully.
JOSEPH De CHIARA
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