Each dwelling unit shall have an area or areas which are organized and lurnishabte for a wide range of activities such as:
• Television viewing
■ Radio/record listening
In mast units, more than one of these activities will be provided tor in a single spoce. In larger than standard units or in two-bedroom units, however, it may be desirable to provide more specialized spaces.
Acce nihility Direct physical accessibility (no intervening spaces] should be provided ta:
• Entry/exit (planning can be too open; therefore, there should be a definite spatial distinction be I we en living area ond en try/ex it)
- Private outdoor, lor the extension of general living activities
- Dining, where these spaces are combined, accessibility should not impair either activity
Indirect physicol accessibility (minor intervening activity or circulation pathl should exist between:
■ Food preparation
• Personal hygiene, for visitor use (this accessibility should not impair the privacy of the sleeping/dressing areas)
• Storage /utility
- V -fit ¿am pin» mm fyjFrrJ jvw on W öW & is, ^cM.
Fig. t Minimum lie o ranees for dining «reoi: (a) one end ot toble against wall; (b) terving From ans end and one side of table
• V' k ifJtH PIwS Mtt* ■ 4»' Vi HWl flit MtHHf.
Visual and audio contact with equally active areas (entry/exit and private outdoor] should be encouraged. Visual and audio contact to the food preparation area should be either minimized or controllable so that it can be minimized or maximized as desired by the resident. The visual/audia relationship between the dining and living areas will vary with the location of the dining area. Visual/audio contact to sleeping/dressing ond personal hygiene spaces should be minimized.
Orientation Living spaces wilt be occupied many hours of the day and should, therefore, be provided with interesting views out of the unit. Windows should be located so that a seated person con see out. In first and second floor units, windows should also be carefully located to ovoid loss of internal privacy from outside of the unit. On upper floors, close views from one unit to another should be avoided.
Sunlight is important to both physical and mental conditions and, therefore, planning should insure that living spaces wilt receive some sunlight during each sunny day (probably no less than 30 percent of the day). Northern orientations should be avoided. Reference should be made to Fig. 10 for acceptable sun orientations.
Furniihability Furniture that should be accom-madated in Ihe living area should include the following items (sizes are minimums) for one-bedroom units:
One couch, 3'-0ff x 6'-10" Two easy chairs, 2'-6" x 3'-0"
For two-bedroom units one easy chair should be added as well as:
One desk chair, V-6" x
Because of ihe diversity of activities which may occur in this spoce or spaces, and because provision must be made for a wide variety of lifestyles, special provision should be made in the design process to allow for many alternate furniture types and arrangements. The location of doors, windows, and other openings should be carefully considered so as not to unnecessarily limit furniture arrangement. A substantial amount of uninterrupted wall length is required. It should be remembered that many elderly residents will come from single-family or larger rental housing and many of them con be expected to have much more furniture than described above.
The following specific design criteria sholt be used:
■ 60" minimum clearance should be provided between facing seating.
■ 30" minimum clearance is required for use of a desk.
• 60" minimum distance is necessary between the television set and seating. The designer should make sure that it ts possible to locate the set opposite the main seating area.
People gother during social activities in rather small groups and a desirable conversation distance is rother short; an area approximately 10 feet in diameter is workable.
Figures 11-13 illustrate the desired circulation and furnish ability requirements.
mt- 0LJftjrt rtlWi-i IjrtVuj ti/mTlfitt tr.m r if 1 MWWK* , ' 1-J
tJ4 Ammtil iiriiuj :>ma mA fn rv.\ aim rtiiW $ fW wyfy hUMMtyi >Atr sfesi!MbhL
Fig. 12 living room circulation approach«.
tw i jn-hwca
Mf ¡dWrtM 9k Kfi.-mi »tw-f&rt f/*(fit MttptRbLi WW -r^U u
Fig. 12 living room circulation approach«.
Was this article helpful?
How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.