Fig, 2 Two of the many typet of cyctoramai; one on the right is difficult to adjust.

Acting Facilities The acting urea extends slightly more than the width of the proscenium, and is, at the least, 20 ft deep It should be trapped throughout its extent, with unimpeded space below.

All lypes of stages are preferably provided with an ample forestage Even though this is not carried to an extreme, it is desirable for performances which are to be seen m the "round" rather than through a picture frame, and for soloists or lecturers- It can include provisions for removable seats, thus varying the auditorium1« capacity.

The stage manager requires at least a desk, with direct access to stage, and to dressing rooms The prompter needs a small space from which he can hear and follow action without being seen

Scetlic Provisions Cycloramas, or background surfaces, are illustrated by diagram arid are susceptible to great variation, both as to material, number of units, and shape. In planning for the type of cyclorama to be used, provision must be made for moving scenery horizontally. Permanent solid cycloramas, made of plaster, are particularly desirable for use only as u back wall of an encircling stage Curves must be acute, and as a rule it will be found desirable to tilt the cyclorama bock slightly to reduce objectionable sound reflection. (See Fig, 2,)

The gridiron consists of a number of structural steel shapes suspended from 70 to 90 ft above the stage floor. Its exact location and composition are best determined by a stage equipment specialist The pinrai! is located along one wall of the stage, and serves as a moans of securing grid lines. It is commonly 14 to 15 ft above the stage floor

Two doors, each at least ft by I 2 ft, are usually required for loading scenery One should open to the scene shop, the other to a street or alley The latter door may be omitted when no provisions are made for road shows

Revolving or elevator stages may also be desirable. but are often too costly.

Noneonventional Stages If great flexibility IS required in the stage, as would seem desirable for the community theater, a greater amount of stage area and cubage may be added to the wings With certain exceptions, it is obvious that a given amount of cubage up in the air does not have the multiplicity of use that it will have at stage level. The result may be a long, circular. low stage surrounding the better part of the audience, closed off from the auditorium by a series of panels which may be shifted at will. Gridiron is usually eliminated unless funds are available for both grid and "encircling" stage.

With this "encircling" type of stage, additional storage space should be provided adjacent to the shop: and scenes may be shifled on

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Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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