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Fig. 6. Single room, medium tiie and double rooms »re hinged on side toward b«ds, so (hat door ajar serves as screen to patient. Toilet room door widths are 2 ft—0 in to 2 ft-4 in, swinging out into bedroom, except where surface-bolted or pivoted hinges are used, so that doors can be removed in the event a patient in toilet room faints and falls against door,

The wide variety of window treatment suggests that climate, orientation* esthetics, economics and other considerations do mora to govern this architectural feature than any predetermined optimum standard. It is interesting that administrators' comments in this general area say little about psychological or therapeutic values of wide va narrow or high vs low windows, but do offer practical complaints about windows that are drafty or difficult to clean and wood stools that spot too easily Preferences are expressed for marble and laminated plastic stools, A definite division of opinion is found between those who prater nothing but drapes and those who favor only Venetian blinds at windows. The commitlee notes that low window stools offer patient an opportunity to see out when his motorized bed is in its low position.

Room Finishes

There Is no strong preference for one type ol flooring material over another. Inquiries made about oversize sloping bases to keep furniture away from walls reveal that those few who have them seem satisfied, whereas only on« administrator without them expressed a wish that he might have had them. Wall behind bed ia the only location within a bedroom whera a sloping base appears to have merit. Plaster walls are most common. Acoustical ceilings are not considered essantial. even in multi-bed rooms —use of P suspended acoustical system is more valuable for access to mechanical work than for its acoustical properties.

Built-in Equipment

Built-in wardrobe-drasser-recessed-mirror combinations have been discussed above. Some emphasis is also found for separate 9 in. wide flower shelves bracketed on wall beside or opposite bed. about 4 ft-6 in. above floor.There are a variety of cubicle curtain arrangement* in multi-bed rooms, from the simplest cross-room tracks to complete enclosures around each bed.

Lighting

A study of the rooms shows that no single, a taw double, and most four-bad rooms have ceiling fixtures for general illumination. In almost all rooms there is a Mall fixture over head of bed. mounted from 5 ft-2 In. to 6 ft-G in, above floor. There are numerous fixtures on the market today for this purpose, providing varying combinations of direct and indirect light The one prevailing comment of a number of administrators is that no wall light gives adequate illumination for examining the patient. Another caution is to control light in multi-bed rooms so that it will not shine in another patient's eyas —this frequently happens across the room in four-bed rooms. Almost nil rooms have night-lights. either set in wall at a low elevation or incorporated in over-bed light. The one prevailing comment hare recommends switching the night-light out in corridor or near room door, rather than at bedside, (See Fig 7.)

A special wrinkle for single rooms, where private duty nurses may be in attendance, is a ceiling down-light over a chair near door into the room, at which location the nurse can guard patient from unwanted visitors and at same time read comfortably day or night without bothering patient.

Other Electrical Work

The audio-visual nurse's call is almost universally used and gets a popular rating among administrators who cornmenled —except for use in pediatrics. In some cases the speaker is located in ceiling over bed. In one instance a request is made for the pilot light also in ceiling, as being more easily seen by patient. On walla with two beds the use of one call for two beds or provision of separate calls is about an even choice.

In a small percentage ol hospitals several radio channels are piped in at head of bed. In fewer instances the same is true of TV; most TV sets are portable and provided through a rental agency.

Oxygen end Suction

Oxygen is piped in from a central source in most rooms studied. Outlets are 4 ft-0 in, to 5 ft-6 in. above floors —5 lt-0 tn. minimum is the NPFA Bulletin 565 standard if outlet is not recessed. There is an even division of opinion concerning location of oxygen outlets.

Fig. 7, Wall elevation of «ingle room (left) and double room (fight) Legend

1, Overbed light 3, Oxygen outlet

2. Nunes' call 2A. Micro speaker in ceiling

4* Suction outlet 5. Suction bottle bracket

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