SOURCE American Library Association Subcommittee on5tendatds lot Small Lib raws. Public Library Association lute rim Standards tor Smell Public Libia lies Guidelines Toward Achieving the Goals of Public Library Service (Chicago The Association. 19821, p. 15 Tins bus I 16-rwoe report is based on ■ land aids sti forth in A LAY Public Library Service. A Guide lo Evaluation with Minimum Standards. It is tnianded to crowds iniar.m slandatds loi 11brines serving oopulations el less Iben 50,000 until thesa libraries on meet the standards ot ALA'S Public Librity Service 'Libraries in systems need only to provide shelving lot basic collection plus number ol books on loan from resource center el any one time. +A standsid library shelf equals 3 lin ft.

fSpaca tot circulation desk, heating and cooling equipment, multipurpose room, steitwars, supplies, toilets, etc.. as requited bv community needs and the ptotjiam of library services

Space Requirements nnd study areas. Arrangements of this type have proved to be most effective in smaller libraries and in branch library buildings.

The following formulas, developed by Joseph L. Wheeler, are based on building analyses made over a period of more than 30 years. If the estimated future population is loss than 10.000, allow 10 seals per thousand; it more than 10,000 but less than 35,000, allow 5 seats per thousand; between 35.000 and 100,000, 3 seats per thousand; between 100,000 and 200,000, 2 seats per thousand; between 200,000 and 500,000, allow 1 % seats per thousand; and 500,000 and up, 1 seat per thousand.7

As an established rule of thumb, minimum allowances are made of 30 sq ft per adult reader and 20 sq ft per child. These allocations for reader seating are in terms of net space for readers, chairs, tables, aisles, and service desk. Seating requirements should be listed according to the several areas of the building. In addition« the program statement should estimate the proportion of table seating to informal seating (See Figs. 4 to 6,}

Space for Staff

Space requirements for the staff must also bo stated in the program. These estimates will be conditioned by (1) anticipated growth for a 20-year period and (2) the nature and extent of the library's service program. The American Library Association recommends that space for staff be calculated on the basis of "one staff member (full-time or equivalent) - . for each 2,500 people in the service area."1 It is a minimum standard that includes pages but not maintenance personnel. Although suitable for applies! ton to most situations, it muni not be regarded as inflexible. As an example, a library that is not affiliated with a system will probably require » somewhat larger staff than libraries that have joined together in cooperative arrangements, such as centralized technical processing centers. Moreover, something as fundamental as the number of hours per week the library is open will affect the size of the staff and, consequently, space requirements. There are striking differences in staff requirements between libraries open 20, 38. or 72 hours per week.

Staff space requirements should be calculated on the basts of 1 00 sq ft per staff member. Il is important that this standard bo met tor there is ample evidence that space for staff has been outgrown more rapidly than any other lype of space in most library buildings. Only too often is it easy to forget that an expanding service program will require the support ol an enlarged staff. The unit of measurement of 100 sq ft per staff member includes space for desk, chair, books, and equipment.

A checklist of staff work areas should include (1) administrative offices, (2) work rooms, and (3) staff lunch and lounge rooms-

Administrative offices should include a combination librarian's office-trustee room; spaces for the assistant librarian and a secretary-receptionist; business office; and other related offices. Work room areas should be provided for technical processing; reference, circulation, extension, and other departments; subject specialists; and supply storage. Comfort facilities for the staff should include cooking and lunchroom areas as well as appropriate locker, lounge, and toilet facilities for both men nnd women. Comfortable working conditions contribute to effective personnel administration as welt as to efficient library service.

' Wheeler, op cit., p 18, Wheeler and Gold-hor. op cit.

Meeting Rooms

With the exception of the very smallest libraries, mast public libraries should provide some group meeting space, ai least one multipurpose meeting room. At the other extreme, a small auditorium and a series of conference rooms may be required. The services proposed by the library together with community needs for facilities ol this type will be the final determinants.

Multipurpose rooms meet two general classes of need. First, they can be utilized lor children's story hours, discussion groups, staff meetings, and othei library-sponsored activities, Second, various community, educational, cultural, and local government groups will make frequent and varied use of a multipurpose room. To be ol maximum value, however, the room should be arranged for easy and effective use of audiovisual equipment. In addition, there should be adjacent closet space for storage of blackboards, folding tables, chairs, and related equipment.

Many libraries provide a small "pullman" type kitchen in an area adjoining group meeting rooms. Serious consideration should be given to including this facility since there are many occasions when it is highly appropriate to serve simple refreshments. A kitchen featuring a compact combination stove-sink-refrigerator unit will not cause administrative or maintenance problems provided regulations governing its use are staled clearly. Separate provisions should be made for staff kitchen and lounge facilities.

Small auditoriums may feature sloping floors along with elaborate lighting, stage, and projection equipment, or they may be austere with major emphasis placed on flexibility. It is recommended that no auditorium ever be included in a library building program statement without first consulting community leaders. Such facilities are expensive to maintain and, as a result, can place an invisible but dangerous strain on the library's budget unless fully justified. Whenever group meeting spaces are provided, it is important that they be located where there can be access for community use without opening the rest of the building. It is customary to allow from 7 to 10 sq ft per seat for meeting room end auditorium seating.

Space for Mechanical Operations

Included within this category are halls, stairways, toilets, elevators and lifts, air ducts, heating and air conditioning equipment, closets, and shops.

Because it is exceedingly easy to underestimate the amount of space required for mechanical operations, it is recommended that the best available technical advice be secured to assure inclusion of an accurate estimate within the program statement. Fortunately, with the development of new construction materials and techniques combined with new concepts in planning, much less space is needed for these


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