in a traditional double room. Where the habits of two students come into conflict, the second smaller space can relieve the situation. For example, the second room can provide for a late-hour study station. This type of arrangement will not necessarily suffice to provide the appropriate separation between social and sleeping habits, but it may do so if the smaller space has sufficient room for an extra chair.

If two students must share space, the split double represents an optimum arrangement, because easy choice exists for privacy or sociability.

Here again, the space with the two beds should have the atmosphere of a sitting room so that one is not consciously in a bedroom.

3. Double rooms, The double room is the present standard in student housing, largely because of the tradition and economies it presumably brings to initial construction costs. This economy is deceptive, however. Since those rooms irritate their inhabitants because of lock of privacy and quiet and because of insufficient study and storage space, it becomes necessary to provide typing rooms, individual study carrels, and large public lounges (furniture showrooms), These factors should be considered when citing the economies of the standard double-room residence hall.

ZAO SCS FT, room with direct communication between them. Then the spaces may be separated on an activity basis, with the desks, study, and living facilities in one space and sleeping and dressing facilities in the other When one of the two spaces is large and the other small in size. the students live together much as they would with

At present, the area of a double room varies between 146 and 250 sq ft. Within these areas, possibilities for alternative furniture layouts and room shapes are particularly important, Some room configurations make possible the separation of the two students in their study activities; others situate the desks in parallel arrangements for study. The use of movable wardrobes to shield the beds from desks provides the degree of separation between activities within a room but reduces the apparent size of the room. Wardrobes which are grouped to provide dressing alcoves or to line corridors remove valuable space from the room itself. If double rooms are to be provided, there should be sufficient area to convert them into split-double, single, or other types of rooms in the future, More than gnough conventional double facilities already exist on most campuses.

4. Triple room. This form has been popular with some students on a small number of campuses. Where this arrangement has been used with movable furniture, the extra area provided in the single space has made possible a large number of different space arrangements The resulting individuality of the layout of the room would appear to bo a major reason for the popularity of such spaces, since some students do seem to prefer a three-student to a two-student room. The triple room, however, lends to breed more serious interpersonal problems.

5, Four-student room. Four students sharing one room have the same problems as the students sharing double- or triple-occupancy rooms There is a slight advantage in that the space is usually large enough to be subdi-

Dormitories vided by wardrobes, lightweight partitions, and other elements.

Although lew students would choose to live in a single space with three other strangers, four friends might choose (o be together and succeed at it if provided sufficient options for the disposition of the space and for the appropriate screening of different activities.

Large numbers of students may share a space, but more than four require that separate adjacent spaces be provided for conflicting activities. At (his point, one must consider the suite plan.

6. Suitos A suite is an arrangement in which four or more students share the total space in single and double rooms, with or without a bathroom, and at least one extra common space. In this way. the group of students working and living together have at least one space under their own control which may be used for any of the three major facets of room life: sleep, study, or social activities The major value of the suite plan is the opportunity it affords for closer student association and the freedom it gives students using the various spaces as they wish The common space within a suite |1) reduces some of the pressures felt by two students trying to share a single room; (2) provides for social activities as does a residential living room, and (3) includes in social activities those students who might not have direct or easy association with other students.

The sharing of a fair amount of space by a group of students makes possible a variety of usage patterns and provides considerable flexibility in room rearrangement so (he space may be organized in the best possible way.

Typical patterns are a common room also used as a study room; one room used only for sleeping, with separate rooms for study and social purposes; and four single rooms or two double rooms with a common living room.

Suites composed of single rooms rather than double rooms increase (he potential for privacy. However, »f one desires a separate room for each student, additional square footage above (hat normally required for four students will be necessary. This space can be regained through a reduction in (he largo lounge spaces on the ground floor.

Another way to obtain sufficient area for a suite is to incorporate some corridoi space in the common room. Corridors may not be necessary for a four-student suite; therefore, this approach works best when perhaps eight or ten siudents share a suite. A major problem in optimum use of the common room of a suite concerns doors that do nut provide sufficient acoustical separation between the common room and the individual's room. In such a case, spaces for study outside the suite become necessary.

Bathroom facilities pose one of the major questions in the design of suites: should these facilities be available just for the suite or for a larger group of students? Although initially it is less expensive to build gang facilities for larger groups, long-term economy can be obtained by providing residential-scale bathrooms for suites wherein students, instead of maids, clean the facility. The reduction in maintenance requirements will more than amortize the increased first cost of smaller bath facilities, while also considerably improving the human quality of the housing environment for the student.

Suites must also be considered for the social impacl resulting from them. Students developing a strong social life around the activities of their suite may have less incentive to make friends outside their circle. Objections might be


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Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

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