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The Machine Age was the golden age of metals. Constituting both the means and end to production, machine tools and the goods they produced during the past 150 years fundamentally changed the way we live. Consumer society, for better or worse, was nourished on a diet of metal products ranging from fridges to Fords. In architecture, the steel frame and the enormous tensile capability of steel spawned both high-rise and long-span structures that radically transformed the scale and character of the...

Peter Blundell Jones

Solar building, Ecopark, Hartberg, Austria Simple mass-produced components are used to reduce embodied energy. 6,7 Conference room on roof supported by exposed trusses over terrace that also carry shading fabrics. cross section through conference room, offices and north tract cross section through conference room, offices and north tract cippall yahoo.com or p n e i - 124 - The addition, by Simon Conder Associates, of a crystalline box to one side of a large nineteenth-century house in...

Double Bass

This coastal retreat on the Bass Strait poetically responds to climate and views Architecture's endless quest for 'transparent' buildings can simply mean excessive use of glass. This then requires ingenious design to solve problems created by the designer. In many parts of the world, sunlight, far from being the essential ingredient of a health and efficiency type of architecture, is the key problem which has to be overcome. Nor do extreme daytime temperatures imply a clement night-time...

Cruise Control

Built like a ship, Yokohama's new port terminal is an audacious fusion of architecture and engineering that creates a topographic landscape for public activities. In Japan, the economy has been mired in recession for at least a decade. Banks are sagging under the weight of bad debts, the social contract of guaranteed lifetime employment is beginning to fray, and yet construction is booming. Jean Nouvel, Richard Rogers, and Kevin Roche have built prestigious towers in the expansive new Shiodome...

Penny Mcguire

Marmol Radziner+Associates Project team Leo Marmol, Ron Radziner, Anna Hill, John Paul Benigno, Juli Brode, Patrick McHugh, Chris McCullough, Daniel Monti, Bobby Rees, Sturdy functional meeting room furniture and workstation enclosures (recalling cargo crates) designed by practice. 5 Communal area at upper level for informal meetings outside project room.

Tradition stood on end

Sheathed by glass shutters, this house makes the most of a tight urban site. The Glass Shutter House, which Shigeru Ban recently completed on a cramped site in the Meguro district of Tokyo, is the latest of the architect's experiments in blurring physical boundaries. It was commissioned by Yoshiharu Doi, a television chef, who wanted a restaurant, a studio where he could conduct classes or tape his programmes, plus living spaces for himself, his wife, and their teenage daughter. Ban stacked all...

Phyllida Barlow In and out of the city

The clich s about the city do have a kind of truth about them, particularly because of their use of the body as a metaphor for the city and the body, with its bowels, heart, pulse and soul, does seem to be an effective metaphor. It imbues the city with anthropomorphic qualities, as if it were a living, sentient thing. This is an accurate description of how the city affects us as a personality to reckon with. Such clich s evoke convincingly the exterior of the city in relationship to its...

Tuned Instrument

Piano's arts museum in Dallas rivals Kahn's in neighbouring Fort Worth in lucidity and the subtle use of limpid light. Sculpture museum, Dallas, Texas, USA Combining a gallery and walled garden, both displaying works in its collection, the Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas joins Tadao Ando's recent Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth (AR August 2003) in further consolidating the neighbouring cities as a major art destination within the US. The Nasher is also the latest of a family of museums the...

Kettles Yard

Kettle's Yard is one of Cambridge's most popular cultural venues. Established by Jim Ede in 1957, its collection displays an extensive range of modern art. Likewise its buildings are an eclectic mix of old and new, with Leslie Martin's celebrated extensions. This year Jamie Fcippall yahOOiCO R'chitect for the next phase. 73 5 Kettle's Yard was once four tumbledown cottages in Cambridge. Today it is one of the City's most treasured cultural venues. In a city surrounded by the formal grandeur of...

Divided Views

When is a room not a room The Jury is still out By modelling the spaces, this tailor-made home offers an alternative to conventional domestic planning. 3 From the street, the faceted facade begins to express the complexity of the internal arrangement. T house - by Sou Fujimoto - was a highly contested choice. The house, which is essentially a single volume space, provides accommodation for a family of four and also serves as a space within which to display the owner's private collection of...

3

Gehry Partners, Los Angeles Principal project team Frank Gehry, James Glymph, Craig Webb, Terry Bell, David Pakshong, William Childers, David Hardie, Lawrence Reed Moline Melinda Taylor Landscape Design Theatre consultants Theatre Projects Photographs John E. Linden Arcaid except 7 and 8 by Hufton + Crow VIEW

8

76 8 museum ground floor plan (scale approx 1 750) 76 8 museum ground floor plan (scale approx 1 750) buildings, each on plan looking like a fossil, wrap round a central courtyard and are covered with continuously curving roofs. Spun round the courtyards are galleries, caf s, meeting rooms, offices and so on. The museum is equipped with a laboratory, library and studies. Enclosing the buildings with sinuous walls of reinforced concrete, hollow steel sections form ridges, eaves and columns,...

Raymund Ryan

Honeycomb, flies' eyes, frog spawn, cuckoo-spit - choose your organic simile. Built to contain biological specimens, the biomes of the Eden Project look like giant biological specimens themselves, some kind of fungus from outer space, perhaps, fruiting weirdly in this worked out Cornish china clay-pit. The design seems to have been inspired by natural and or science fiction images but, though some Grimshaw buildings are indeed image-inspired, in this case the impression is misleading. The...

Renzo Piano

It's easy to see in the open geometry of the plan a reference to some of Klee's compositions, and the skein of slender cables supporting walls, lights, and scrims evokes his spidery penmanship. Piano's greatest feat is to give these tiny, intense works the space they need to breathe. Such a concentration of invention could easily overwhelm the viewer here, each work seems to float in its own white void, bathed in a cloud of soft light, achieving an emotional as well as a formal resonance.Works...

Luminous paradigm

The Genzyme Center brings transforming imagination to US office design, adding environmental and human dimensions. Seen in passing, the Genzyme Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts does not seem particularly revolutionary. It looks very much like another glass-clad corporate headquarters, even if its profile and massing are slightly unusual, and its cladding is strangely varied. On the edge of the city near Longfellow Bridge and Broad Canal, it forms part of a new development on an abandoned...

La Palma

Sleek, spare and Scandinavian Elica folding chair by Gudmundur Ludvik for La Palma. Enquiry 505 www.arplus.com enq.html rotational moulded polyethylene and a choice of groovy colourways - white and orange, red and black, blue and light blue. Enquiry 506 www. arplus. com enq.html Aspen seating by Jean Marie Massaud for Cassina. Enquiry 508 www.arplus.com enq.html SAWAYA & MORONI Bella Rifatta stackable chair in opalescent acrylic, by William Sawaya for Sawaya & Moroni. Enquiry 509...

Cippallyahoo

Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners, London Project team Nicholas Grimshaw, Andrew Whalley, Jolyon Brewis, Vincent Chang, David Kirkland, Michael Pawlyn, Jason Ahmed, Vanessa Bartulovic, Dean Boston, Chris Brieger, Antje Bulthaup, Amanda Davis, Florian Eckardt, Alex Haw, Perry Hooper, Bill Horgan, Oliver Konrath, Angelika Kovacic, Quintin Lake, Richard Morrell, Tim Narey, Monica Niggemeyer, Killian O'Sullivan, Debra Penn, Martin Pirnie, Juan Porral-Hermida, Mustafa Salman, Tan Su Ling Structural...

Northern Exposure

In Norway's remote north, this research centre responds to challenging conditions. COMMENDED RESEARCH CENTRE, SVALBARD, NORWAY Even by Scandinavian standards, the Svalbard archipelago is challengingly remote. Over 600km north of the Norwegian mainland, the islands' glacier-scored landscape is frozen solid to a depth of 500m and temperatures plummet to SO deg C in winter. The upside of this inhospitability are rich deposits of coal that attracted Russian and Swedish mining operations in the...

The Snow Show

During lunch at a Manhattan restaurant, independent curator Lance Fung and Tuula Yrjola from the Finnish Tourist Board came up with the idea of hosting a show celebrating ice and snow structures in Finland's Lapland. From February to April next year, the Snow Show will see struc tures of a minimum 80 per cent ice or snow, built by 30 teams from some 27 countries.1 The teams will consist of an architect and artist2 who, receiving no fee, will design experimental works using video, sound, light...

The Joy Of Rust

Clad in a coarse carapace of rusted steel, this housing block is a startling urban presence. Ever since John Winter audaciously clad his seminal Highgate house in a skin of weathering steel back in 1969, Cor-ten's quasi industrial aesthetic of shipyard and factory floor has become globally ubiquitous. According to Neil Jackson, in his entertaining study of the genre in The Modern Steel House, it took seven years forWinter's little building to slowly acquire the coveted purplish-brown patina of...

Representation

Images so as to establish a constant version of the things that pass partially and fleetingly before us. What we have seen influences what we now see. What we have been taught to see shapes our vision. And as we see we also feel and think. Ruskin believed that the unconscious, or semi-conscious ideas that come as we look at things could interfere with the truth of our perception. In cultural terms, people's eyes can be corrupted by conventions of one kind or another, most especially by the ways...

Pool Architekten

Typical sub block plan (upper level) Generally dictated by function and with an invariable physical prominence, air traffic control towers tend not to be the most lyrical of structures. This new tower at Vienna's main Schwechat airport is an admirable exception, and its efforts at recasting a fundamentally dreary building type impressed the jurors. Around five years ago, as the airport authorities put forward plans for expansion, it became clear that a new control tower would be required to...

Foil to nature

Frank Gehry's first building on a rural site is a model performance complex clad in swishing, sensuous steel drapery that animates its Arcadian campus setting. The Hudson River enjoys mythical status as the boundary between New York City and the rest of the republic, as the first of the mighty American streams that the European settlers had to ford, and, most of all, for the eponymous school of nineteenth-century landscape painters. When Frank Gehry first proposed his steel-wrapped performing...

Catherine Slessor

Gehry Partners, Santa Monica, USA Project team Frank O. Gehry, Randy Jefferson, Craig Webb, Marc Salette, Tensho Takemori, Laurence Tighe, Eva Sobesky, George Metzger, Jim Dayton, John Goldsmith, Jorg Ruegemer, Scott Uriu, Jeff Guga, Michael Jobes, Kirk Blaschke, Nida Chesonis, Tom Cody, Leigh Jerrard, Tadao Shimizu, Rick Smith, Bruce Shepard Planungsb ro f r Ingenieurleistungen All photographs by Christian Richters apart from 1 and 5 which are by Waltraud Krase

Architecture

To round off this issue's survey of The Architectural Review's last quarter-century, I asked some of the architects and critics who have often appeared in these pages to comment on what they perceived to be the most important ideas and buildings of the last 25 years and to speculate on what will happen in the next 25. Responses varied a good deal some concentrated on individual experience, some on future potential, with some focusing entirely on me. I am too vain (and touched) to leave the...

Vi

Supposedly built by a giant in one night, this highly sculptural mosque is a unique structure that borders the magical and fantastical. Middle women's quarters, Tangasoko, Burkina Faso. Among the Kassena people, each married woman has her own quarters in the family compound. Built by men and decorated by women, they contain living room and adjoining kitchen. On her death they are allowed to disintegrate, the land and crumbled earth to be reused by a future generation....

Honourable Mention

1 URBAN INSTALLATION, VANCOUVER, CANADA Entitled Balloon Caught, this ingenious urban installation by Tokyo-based architects Satoshi Matsuoka and Yuki Tamura was the outcome of an initiative to re-think and re-animate public space in Vancouver. Participants were asked to explore the spatial and urban potential of an alleyway in Gastown, the city's oldest district, through an intervention that would allow different forms of occupation through the day. Proposals were also intended as a generator...

Public image

Expansion of a leading advertising agency is another stage in its imaginative flight from stifling corporate design. As a leading advertising agency in America, Chiat Day's business is creating images that subliminally stir the imagination and amuse. In registering its presence in the public mind - in Los Angeles, New York and, most recently, San Francisco - it has employed original architectural minds to design offices for its inventive and technologically sophisticated staff. The firm's Boat,...

Peter Davey

1 In the end, to obtain permission, a car park for other users had to be made along the west side of the site, which means that the building opens little on this side 2 Which I am sure is unconscious. 3 In the Nature of Gothic, ch VI, vol II of The Stones of Venice, Ruskin argues that Gothic architecture is the only rational one because it changed its form according to function without suffering 'outside symmetries and consistencies' to interfere with real use. 4 Kristian Gullichsen's mother...

Light read

Spiral Ramp

One of the world's greatest academic libraries has been radically transformed from a dull badly-converted commercial building by giving it a new focus full of light and air. New stepped spiral ramp and its associated voids bring light and sense of place to whole building. But will it distribute sound equally efficiently ground floor plan (scale approx 1 775) ground floor plan (scale approx 1 775) cylinder, is a stepped, helical ramp spiralling around a pair of glass lifts. The whole confection...

Nil

KRISTALIA Cute CU coffee table by Monica Graffeo for Kristalia. cippall yah00.c0m m enq.html Architecture.Ebook The Architectural Review - Sellection 2002-2005 The crazy Campana brothers are at it again - Fernando and Humberto present Jenette, an injection moulded polyurethane seat with a brush-like backrest made from around 1000 long, thin stalks of flexible PVC. Available in a range of searing primary colours, Jenette marries the Brazilian brothers' quirkiness and flair with modern...