Info

Seen from afar, this extraordinary holiday house looks like a Zeppelin crash-landed in the Australian bush. Clinging to a precipitous slope, the curved capsule seems improbably fragile, like a giant insect cocoon lodged among the trees. Designed by the Melbourne-based architect artist partnership of Michael Bellemo and Cat MacLeod for their own recreational use, the house is a surreal presence in the thickly wooded coastal landscape of south-west Victoria. Holiday homes abound in this area, but...

Setting

I was rather taken aback when my fellow directors asked me to produce a special issue to mark the end of my tenure of the editorial chair. The request was embarrassing and daunting. What on earth was I to do In the end, it seemed that the only response could be an analysis of what The Architectural Review has been up to for the last 25 years,1 and what has happened in the world of architecture during that time. A quarter of a century is no longer a huge proportion of an average Western life,...

World Service

BMW's sales and events centre in Munich reflects an increasing urge for spectacle. The hyper competitive world of the European car industry is forcing manufacturing companies to devise ever more elaborate events, spectacles and locations in order to sell their products. Next to Formula One racing, architecture has become a favourite means of promoting the right image. Over the last few years, many of Europe's leading car manufacturers have succumbed to the lure of buildings designed by...

Garden parti

A garden pavilion uses High-Tech vocabulary to create a transparent garden room, mediating between leafy exterior and nineteenth-century house. SCA's room is a sheer glass box, 3.6m wide x 7.2m long, and 3.0m high, built on a concrete slab underneath the sycamore. Initially, the architects wanted to glaze the roof, then they realized that in summer the tree would deposit an unsightly sticky glue on the surface. Instead, the roof is a composite steel and timber deck with a steel edge beam,...

Steel Arbour

A tautly detailed steel pergola forms the formal and spatial focus of a new Korean restaurant in downtown Los Angeles. Richard Lundquist trained at the AA and acquired his mastery of steel working for Morphosis in the mid-1980s and then for Michele Saee, where he was project designer on two cutting-edge clothing stores. His most ambitious project since setting up his own office in 1990 is the Chosun Galbi restaurant in Koreatown, a burgeoning immigrant community west of downtown Los Angeles....

The object

Antony Gormley's ascribing of great power to sculptural objects contrasted with Kathryn Findlay's preference for describing Ushida Findlay's buildings, often described by critics as sculptural, as processes. For Gormley 'sculpture has always tried to link an imaginative object with a physical place and do it in an absolute way'. Japanese cities, Findlay suggested, where the 'distinction between landmark and ephemera is blurred', dissipate the power of objects into a myriad of tiny elements and...

Norwegian Roots

The museum to Ivar Aasen, the man who distilled a new national language for the emerging Norwegian nation, is carved out of his native hillside in the west country. locator plan Aasen's family farm is east of the new building. locator plan Aasen's family farm is east of the new building. Linguistically, Norway is a curious country, with only about four and a half million inhabitants scattered thinly along its huge length. Traditionally, to the south-east and Oslo, they speak Bokmal or Riksmal,...

Andro Linklater

Measuring America argues that America came to be what it is through the way it defined its landscape. Anyone who has flown across the US sees the world's largest human-made construct, though its significance is almost invisible unless you know what to look for - straight lines. In California's Great Central Valley they show up in the chequerboard arrangement of orchards flying over the Sierras they appear in the rectangular farms deep in valley bottoms crossing any big city, Phoenix, Arizona or...

Solar umbrella

Lawrence Scarpa's own family house in Venice Beach is an imaginative and ecologically aware response to the balmy Californian climate. FAMILY HOUSE, VENICE, CALIFORNIA, USA Frugality and sustainability are the hallmarks of Pugh + Scarpa's practice, and Lawrence Scarpa's family house is an imaginative manifestation of those principles. Despite its imposing facade, it is an addition a spacious living area grafted onto the rear of a vintage 60sqm bungalow, and an upstairs master suite cantilevered...

Antipodean cocoon

This unusual holiday house in the Australian bush is a lyrical yet highly practical response to site and climate. galvanised steel support its bulk, so it appears to hover weightlessly above the steeply sloping ground. A gangplank at one end connects it with a small barbecue area and a winding approach track. Within the bulbous metal carapace, a plywood-lined box houses the main living and dining spaces which face south towards a ridge of hills and the ocean beyond. Here, the long side of the...

The Joy Of Rust

Clad in a coarse carapace of rusted steel, this housing block is a startling urban presence. Ever since John Winter audaciously clad his seminal Highgate house in a skin of weathering steel back in 1969, Cor-ten's quasi industrial aesthetic of shipyard and factory floor has become globally ubiquitous. According to Neil Jackson, in his entertaining study of the genre in The Modern Steel House, it took seven years forWinter's little building to slowly acquire the coveted purplish-brown patina of...

Scene For The Future

Ness and intellectual terms, it has been impossible to make a consumer product that has relevance to creative architects and designers or viceversa - as the few examples that have been tried demonstrate. The successful ones seem to end up as superficial followers of fashion. They tend to go in for interviews illustrated by large pictures of designers rather than what they make. All are seduced by flashy gestures. When I started, the AR was in desperate straits commercially, rapidly losing money...

Wake up call

As governments around the world struggle to provide sufficient affordable homes in cities, BedZED has much 44 111 to teach architects, developers, and residents alike. suburban urbanization. A model of architectural imagination and mixed-use integration. And above all of optimism and progress. But before this, it is perhaps equally pertinent to state what BedZED is not. It is not a high budget, highly refined show piece. It is certainly not architectural wallpaper. It is instead an exemplary...

The Afterlife Of Gardens

London Reaktion Books. 2005. 25 Are designed gardens and landscapes experienced by the visitor as the designer intended What is the difference between his her intent and the 'received' experience and does it matter Why does the designer's view tend to prevail in narratives of gardens What culturally determines the design and how different would the perception of a visitor from a different culture or time be (each visitor's experience constitutes an 'afterlife' of the garden)...

1

Site plan museum to left, exhibition hall to right site plan museum to left, exhibition hall to right Makino Museum of Plants and People is spread over the gentle slopes of Mt Godai above Kochi City on the island of Shikoku. Designed by Naito Architect & Associates, the place is dedicated to the memory of Tomitaro Makino, eminent scholar and father of Japanese botany. This inspiration, the museum's botanical purpose, and the fact that Kochi Prefecture is an important timber-producing region,...

Malcolm Andrews

Origins of the term 'landscape' seem to lie in northern Europe the Dutch, Belgian, German terms, Lantschap, Lantskip, Landschaft respectively. Sometimes it was used to designate land in the immediate environs of a town or city, not just natural scenery. When eventually used in terms of art, it designates the area of a religious painting that forms the setting for the central drama and its protagonists. Thomas Blount's Glossographia (1670) gives a definition that might have applied to the term...

Fashion store Tokyo Japan

Ground floor plan (scale approx 1 250) Though it might appear capricious, the irregular geometry of the tower is in fact dictated by Tokyo's complex zoning and planning laws that have shaped and eroded the basic six-storey block. Herzog & de Meuron's early exploratory models resembled roughly carved pieces of ice, now evolved into a more streamlined and tautly chamfered form. This is wrapped in a rhomboidal grid, like a giant fishing net (or string vest), infilled with a mixture of flat,...

Ofp

Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Genoa Ove Arup & Partners, Studio Vitone The three halls are connected by a crescent-shaped concourse at lower level. From here, stairs lead up into the auditoria. 10 Inside medium-sized hall, intended for ballet and contemporary music. 11 The smallest of the three auditoria hosts chamber music and experimental performances. 12, 13 With its vineyard terraces of seating and caissoned ceiling, the large 2756 seat hall, designed for symphony concerts and major...

Singapore Site

A tall thin house in the Singapore suburbs suggests new patterns of development which will increase density, much needed in a tightly-packed island. But it draws on Chinese tradition and abstracts from it. Land is at a premium in the island state of Singapore, so permitted densities have been allowed to rise in the suburbs. As a result, new individual houses can be more tightly packed together and made taller than what was allowed before. So the Teng residence, designed for a single...

Teaching By Example

MODERN THE MODERN MOVEMENT IN BRITAIN By Alan Powers. London Merrell. 2005. 35 A picture in Alan Powers' Modern the Modern Movement in Britain captivates the ambiguities of the 1930s. Flanking the great Corbu are haughty Serge Chermayeff, raffish Wells Coates, jeune premier Jim Richards, the Hon Godfrey Samuel), and Max Fry who had not yet quite mastered the Corbusian hand-jive. Photographed at the opening of the legendary MARS Group exhibition of 1938, it makes a Modernist iconostasis. We...

A

From the top, the glass veil expresses mass but at the same time defies gravity - its support system being imperceptible. And, on this long, narrow site -only 12m wide - the translucent wall creates interior spaces that are both intimate and infinite. This was not easily done. The glass blocks are the largest ever made - 450mm square - cast in Italy, then hung in Tokyo in a steel frame transported from Switzerland. It is a marriage of handcraft and high-precision engineering, each block being...

8

South-north section through galleries Tadao Ando Architect & Associates, Tokyo Project team Tadao Ando, Masataka Yano, Kulapat Yantrasast, Peter Arendt, Larry Burns, Rollie Childers, Nobuhiko Shoga, Jory Alexander Lighting consultant George Sexton Associates Photographs All photographs by John E. Linden apart from 1 by Mitsuo Matsuoka and 2 by Tadao Ando Double-height gallery to house scale of contemporary artworks. 12 First-floor gallery with clerestorey light reflected off inclined...

Hanging About

Portable refuge, or portable prison The decision is yours Trapped or tranquil Or simply a nice garden ornament HONOURABLE MENTION TREE HOUSE, HUESCA, SPAIN The second of two projects by Barcelona-based ex.studio was possibly the most eye-catching and unusual of all the premiated submissions.This witty, humorous response to the visual richness of Senegalese culture elicited a warm glow from the judges indeed, what's not to like about a glorious technicolourTambabox The savannah region of eastern...

Australian Cliffhanger

Teetering on the edge of a cliff, Harry Seidler's latest remarkable house is an assertive work in the tradition of Heroic Modernism, shaped equally by global culture and technology and local influences from site and place. One of the few Modernists of the postwar generation to continue working in the Heroic tradition, Harry Seidler is best known for his innovative and sometimes controversial urban high-rise structures (see for instance AR August 1991 and June 2001). At the other end of the...

Peter Blundell Jones

Solar building, Ecopark, Hartberg, Austria Simple mass-produced components are used to reduce embodied energy. 6,7 Conference room on roof supported by exposed trusses over terrace that also carry shading fabrics. cross section through conference room, offices and north tract cross section through conference room, offices and north tract cippall yahoo.com or p n e i - 124 - The addition, by Simon Conder Associates, of a crystalline box to one side of a large nineteenth-century house in...

Double Bass

This coastal retreat on the Bass Strait poetically responds to climate and views Architecture's endless quest for 'transparent' buildings can simply mean excessive use of glass. This then requires ingenious design to solve problems created by the designer. In many parts of the world, sunlight, far from being the essential ingredient of a health and efficiency type of architecture, is the key problem which has to be overcome. Nor do extreme daytime temperatures imply a clement night-time...

Cruise Control

Built like a ship, Yokohama's new port terminal is an audacious fusion of architecture and engineering that creates a topographic landscape for public activities. In Japan, the economy has been mired in recession for at least a decade. Banks are sagging under the weight of bad debts, the social contract of guaranteed lifetime employment is beginning to fray, and yet construction is booming. Jean Nouvel, Richard Rogers, and Kevin Roche have built prestigious towers in the expansive new Shiodome...

Penny Mcguire

Marmol Radziner+Associates Project team Leo Marmol, Ron Radziner, Anna Hill, John Paul Benigno, Juli Brode, Patrick McHugh, Chris McCullough, Daniel Monti, Bobby Rees, Sturdy functional meeting room furniture and workstation enclosures (recalling cargo crates) designed by practice. 5 Communal area at upper level for informal meetings outside project room.

Tradition stood on end

Sheathed by glass shutters, this house makes the most of a tight urban site. The Glass Shutter House, which Shigeru Ban recently completed on a cramped site in the Meguro district of Tokyo, is the latest of the architect's experiments in blurring physical boundaries. It was commissioned by Yoshiharu Doi, a television chef, who wanted a restaurant, a studio where he could conduct classes or tape his programmes, plus living spaces for himself, his wife, and their teenage daughter. Ban stacked all...

Phyllida Barlow In and out of the city

The clich s about the city do have a kind of truth about them, particularly because of their use of the body as a metaphor for the city and the body, with its bowels, heart, pulse and soul, does seem to be an effective metaphor. It imbues the city with anthropomorphic qualities, as if it were a living, sentient thing. This is an accurate description of how the city affects us as a personality to reckon with. Such clich s evoke convincingly the exterior of the city in relationship to its...

Tuned Instrument

Piano's arts museum in Dallas rivals Kahn's in neighbouring Fort Worth in lucidity and the subtle use of limpid light. Sculpture museum, Dallas, Texas, USA Combining a gallery and walled garden, both displaying works in its collection, the Nasher Sculpture Center in Dallas joins Tadao Ando's recent Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth (AR August 2003) in further consolidating the neighbouring cities as a major art destination within the US. The Nasher is also the latest of a family of museums the...

Kettles Yard

Kettles Yard

Kettle's Yard is one of Cambridge's most popular cultural venues. Established by Jim Ede in 1957, its collection displays an extensive range of modern art. Likewise its buildings are an eclectic mix of old and new, with Leslie Martin's celebrated extensions. This year Jamie Fcippall yahOOiCO R'chitect for the next phase. 73 5 Kettle's Yard was once four tumbledown cottages in Cambridge. Today it is one of the City's most treasured cultural venues. In a city surrounded by the formal grandeur of...

Divided Views

When is a room not a room The Jury is still out By modelling the spaces, this tailor-made home offers an alternative to conventional domestic planning. 3 From the street, the faceted facade begins to express the complexity of the internal arrangement. T house - by Sou Fujimoto - was a highly contested choice. The house, which is essentially a single volume space, provides accommodation for a family of four and also serves as a space within which to display the owner's private collection of...

3

Gehry Partners, Los Angeles Principal project team Frank Gehry, James Glymph, Craig Webb, Terry Bell, David Pakshong, William Childers, David Hardie, Lawrence Reed Moline Melinda Taylor Landscape Design Theatre consultants Theatre Projects Photographs John E. Linden Arcaid except 7 and 8 by Hufton + Crow VIEW

Raymund Ryan

Northern Architect

Honeycomb, flies' eyes, frog spawn, cuckoo-spit - choose your organic simile. Built to contain biological specimens, the biomes of the Eden Project look like giant biological specimens themselves, some kind of fungus from outer space, perhaps, fruiting weirdly in this worked out Cornish china clay-pit. The design seems to have been inspired by natural and or science fiction images but, though some Grimshaw buildings are indeed image-inspired, in this case the impression is misleading. The...

Renzo Piano

It's easy to see in the open geometry of the plan a reference to some of Klee's compositions, and the skein of slender cables supporting walls, lights, and scrims evokes his spidery penmanship. Piano's greatest feat is to give these tiny, intense works the space they need to breathe. Such a concentration of invention could easily overwhelm the viewer here, each work seems to float in its own white void, bathed in a cloud of soft light, achieving an emotional as well as a formal resonance.Works...

Luminous paradigm

The Genzyme Center brings transforming imagination to US office design, adding environmental and human dimensions. Seen in passing, the Genzyme Center in Cambridge, Massachusetts does not seem particularly revolutionary. It looks very much like another glass-clad corporate headquarters, even if its profile and massing are slightly unusual, and its cladding is strangely varied. On the edge of the city near Longfellow Bridge and Broad Canal, it forms part of a new development on an abandoned...

La Palma

Sleek, spare and Scandinavian Elica folding chair by Gudmundur Ludvik for La Palma. Enquiry 505 www.arplus.com enq.html rotational moulded polyethylene and a choice of groovy colourways - white and orange, red and black, blue and light blue. Enquiry 506 www. arplus. com enq.html Aspen seating by Jean Marie Massaud for Cassina. Enquiry 508 www.arplus.com enq.html SAWAYA & MORONI Bella Rifatta stackable chair in opalescent acrylic, by William Sawaya for Sawaya & Moroni. Enquiry 509...

Cippallyahoo

Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners, London Project team Nicholas Grimshaw, Andrew Whalley, Jolyon Brewis, Vincent Chang, David Kirkland, Michael Pawlyn, Jason Ahmed, Vanessa Bartulovic, Dean Boston, Chris Brieger, Antje Bulthaup, Amanda Davis, Florian Eckardt, Alex Haw, Perry Hooper, Bill Horgan, Oliver Konrath, Angelika Kovacic, Quintin Lake, Richard Morrell, Tim Narey, Monica Niggemeyer, Killian O'Sullivan, Debra Penn, Martin Pirnie, Juan Porral-Hermida, Mustafa Salman, Tan Su Ling Structural...

Northern Exposure

In Norway's remote north, this research centre responds to challenging conditions. COMMENDED RESEARCH CENTRE, SVALBARD, NORWAY Even by Scandinavian standards, the Svalbard archipelago is challengingly remote. Over 600km north of the Norwegian mainland, the islands' glacier-scored landscape is frozen solid to a depth of 500m and temperatures plummet to SO deg C in winter. The upside of this inhospitability are rich deposits of coal that attracted Russian and Swedish mining operations in the...

The Snow Show

Oblong Voidspace Rovaniemi

During lunch at a Manhattan restaurant, independent curator Lance Fung and Tuula Yrjola from the Finnish Tourist Board came up with the idea of hosting a show celebrating ice and snow structures in Finland's Lapland. From February to April next year, the Snow Show will see struc tures of a minimum 80 per cent ice or snow, built by 30 teams from some 27 countries.1 The teams will consist of an architect and artist2 who, receiving no fee, will design experimental works using video, sound, light...

Representation

Images so as to establish a constant version of the things that pass partially and fleetingly before us. What we have seen influences what we now see. What we have been taught to see shapes our vision. And as we see we also feel and think. Ruskin believed that the unconscious, or semi-conscious ideas that come as we look at things could interfere with the truth of our perception. In cultural terms, people's eyes can be corrupted by conventions of one kind or another, most especially by the ways...

Pool Architekten

Typical sub block plan (upper level) Generally dictated by function and with an invariable physical prominence, air traffic control towers tend not to be the most lyrical of structures. This new tower at Vienna's main Schwechat airport is an admirable exception, and its efforts at recasting a fundamentally dreary building type impressed the jurors. Around five years ago, as the airport authorities put forward plans for expansion, it became clear that a new control tower would be required to...

Foil to nature

Frank Gehry's first building on a rural site is a model performance complex clad in swishing, sensuous steel drapery that animates its Arcadian campus setting. The Hudson River enjoys mythical status as the boundary between New York City and the rest of the republic, as the first of the mighty American streams that the European settlers had to ford, and, most of all, for the eponymous school of nineteenth-century landscape painters. When Frank Gehry first proposed his steel-wrapped performing...

Catherine Slessor

Gehry Partners, Santa Monica, USA Project team Frank O. Gehry, Randy Jefferson, Craig Webb, Marc Salette, Tensho Takemori, Laurence Tighe, Eva Sobesky, George Metzger, Jim Dayton, John Goldsmith, Jorg Ruegemer, Scott Uriu, Jeff Guga, Michael Jobes, Kirk Blaschke, Nida Chesonis, Tom Cody, Leigh Jerrard, Tadao Shimizu, Rick Smith, Bruce Shepard Planungsb ro f r Ingenieurleistungen All photographs by Christian Richters apart from 1 and 5 which are by Waltraud Krase

Architecture

To round off this issue's survey of The Architectural Review's last quarter-century, I asked some of the architects and critics who have often appeared in these pages to comment on what they perceived to be the most important ideas and buildings of the last 25 years and to speculate on what will happen in the next 25. Responses varied a good deal some concentrated on individual experience, some on future potential, with some focusing entirely on me. I am too vain (and touched) to leave the...

Vi

Supposedly built by a giant in one night, this highly sculptural mosque is a unique structure that borders the magical and fantastical. Middle women's quarters, Tangasoko, Burkina Faso. Among the Kassena people, each married woman has her own quarters in the family compound. Built by men and decorated by women, they contain living room and adjoining kitchen. On her death they are allowed to disintegrate, the land and crumbled earth to be reused by a future generation....

Honourable Mention

1 URBAN INSTALLATION, VANCOUVER, CANADA Entitled Balloon Caught, this ingenious urban installation by Tokyo-based architects Satoshi Matsuoka and Yuki Tamura was the outcome of an initiative to re-think and re-animate public space in Vancouver. Participants were asked to explore the spatial and urban potential of an alleyway in Gastown, the city's oldest district, through an intervention that would allow different forms of occupation through the day. Proposals were also intended as a generator...

Public image

Expansion of a leading advertising agency is another stage in its imaginative flight from stifling corporate design. As a leading advertising agency in America, Chiat Day's business is creating images that subliminally stir the imagination and amuse. In registering its presence in the public mind - in Los Angeles, New York and, most recently, San Francisco - it has employed original architectural minds to design offices for its inventive and technologically sophisticated staff. The firm's Boat,...

Peter Davey

1 In the end, to obtain permission, a car park for other users had to be made along the west side of the site, which means that the building opens little on this side 2 Which I am sure is unconscious. 3 In the Nature of Gothic, ch VI, vol II of The Stones of Venice, Ruskin argues that Gothic architecture is the only rational one because it changed its form according to function without suffering 'outside symmetries and consistencies' to interfere with real use. 4 Kristian Gullichsen's mother...

Light read

Architecture Glass Atrium Snow

One of the world's greatest academic libraries has been radically transformed from a dull badly-converted commercial building by giving it a new focus full of light and air. New stepped spiral ramp and its associated voids bring light and sense of place to whole building. But will it distribute sound equally efficiently ground floor plan (scale approx 1 775) ground floor plan (scale approx 1 775) cylinder, is a stepped, helical ramp spiralling around a pair of glass lifts. The whole confection...

Nil

KRISTALIA Cute CU coffee table by Monica Graffeo for Kristalia. cippall yah00.c0m m enq.html Architecture.Ebook The Architectural Review - Sellection 2002-2005 The crazy Campana brothers are at it again - Fernando and Humberto present Jenette, an injection moulded polyurethane seat with a brush-like backrest made from around 1000 long, thin stalks of flexible PVC. Available in a range of searing primary colours, Jenette marries the Brazilian brothers' quirkiness and flair with modern...