Faience

Faience is glazed terracotta, used either as structural units or in the form of decorative slabs applied as cladding. It was popular in the nineteenth century and was frequently used in conjunction with polychrome brickwork on the facades of buildings such as public houses. Either terracotta may be glazed

Half round ridge Fig. 8.4 Roof tiles- feature tiles and plain tile fittings
Fig. 8.5 Floor tiles- textured, smooth and specials

after an initial firing to the biscuit condition or the slip glaze may be applied prior to a single firing. The latter has the advantage that it reduces the risk of the glaze crazing although it also restricts the colour range. Faience, with an orange-peel texture, is available with either a matt or gloss finish and in plain or mottled colours. It is a highly durable material being unaffected by weathering, frost or ultraviolet light, but strong impacts can chip the surface causing unsightly damage.

Ceramics

Floor tiles. Photograph: Courtesy of Architectural

Ceramics

Floor tiles. Photograph: Courtesy of Architectural

Fig. 8.7 Terracotta ridge tiles and finials
Fig. 8.8 Terracotta rainscreen cladding. Drawing: Courtesy of CGL Comtec
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