An Evolving Typology

Typology, when it does not refer to the study of printing fonts, refers to the classification or categorization of specimens. 'We think, conceive, represent, and talk of places in and through categories, and we fabricate, occupy, and regulate places in categories as well' (Schneekloth and Franck, 1994). There is a long history to the classification of projects by architects and other design professionals usually in terms of use - building types, for instance, but also in terms of geometrical types, and structural and constructional systems (Pevsner, 1976). The classification of examples enables designers to refer to processes and products that might be of use in informing them about the situation that they face and the possible ways of dealing with it.

The argument presented in this book, particularly in Chapter 3, is that in order to understand the domain of urban design it is useful to categorize urban design projects using a three-dimensional matrix of types - in terms of: (1) the design and implementation procedure, (2) the product type and (3) the major paradigm that structures the process and gives form to the product. Implicit in the paradigm is the focus of design concern (i.e. the functions of the product considered to be more important). There are many more dimensions that one could add to the typology but there needs to be a balance between striving to achieve exhaustive completeness and the need to be able to use the typology. For the moment a three-dimensional model will have to suffice (see Figure 3.8).

This three-dimensional classification system enables the basic characteristics of any individual project to be identified and thus the important distinctions amongst project types to be understood. For design professionals this categorization provides the basis for asking questions about how best they might proceed in any given situation. The danger is that the similarities between the situation in a case and the situation that a designer faces may be seen to be


stronger than they are. A design is then imposed on a situation for which it is inappropriate (see Brolin, 1976 and Marmot, 1982 for examples). The problem being addressed in each case and the success or failure of the patterns used to solve it have to be clear.

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

Homeowners Guide To Landscaping

How would you like to save a ton of money and increase the value of your home by as much as thirty percent! If your homes landscape is designed properly it will be a source of enjoyment for your entire family, it will enhance your community and add to the resale value of your property. Landscape design involves much more than placing trees, shrubs and other plants on the property. It is an art which deals with conscious arrangement or organization of outdoor space for human satisfaction and enjoyment.

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